Martin Schiele

Martin Schiele (17 January 1870 – 16 February 1939) was a German nationalist politician. Schiele was part of the leadership of the German National People's Party (DNVP) from its 1918 founding until Alfred Hugenberg became leader in 1928. He was also the chief representative of the agrarian wing of the DNVP.[1] As a member of Hans Luther's coalition government Schiele secured the restoration of agricultural and industrial protectionism with the tariff of 1925.[2] As Minister of Food in 1927–28, Schiele favoured state credit as a means for subsidising agriculture.[3]

He was persuaded by President Hindenburg to return as Minister of Food in Heinrich Brüning's cabinet.[4] The Agricultural League under Schiele's leadership was criticised by Richard Walther Darré's Nazi Agrarian Apparatus. Schiele ceased to be leader of the Agricultural League shortly after the 1930 election.[5] Unhappy with Hugenberg's leadership, Schiele left the DNVP and moved closer to the Conservative People's Party.[6]

Bundesarchiv Bild 102-02063, Reichskabinett Luther I
First Luther cabinet (Martin Schiele sitting, second from the right)
Martin Schiele - Grabstein
Martin Schiele's gravestone.


  1. ^ Dieter Gessner, 'Agrarian Protectionism in the Weimar Republic', Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 12, No. 4 (Oct., 1977), p. 765.
  2. ^ Gessner, p. 765.
  3. ^ Gessner, p. 766.
  4. ^ Larry Eugene Jones, 'German Conservatism at the Crossroads: Count Kuno von Westarp and the Struggle for Control of the DNVP, 1928-30', Contemporary European History, Vol. 18, No. 2 (May, 2009), p. 166.
  5. ^ Gessner, p. 771.
  6. ^ Jones, p. 174.

External links

Government offices
Preceded by
Karl Jarres
Interior Minister of Germany
Succeeded by
Otto Gessler
Preceded by
Heinrich Haslinde
Minister for Food
Succeeded by
Hermann Dietrich
Preceded by
Hermann Dietrich
Minister for Food
Succeeded by
Magnus Freiherr von Braun
Agricultural League

The Imperial Agricultural League (German: Reichs-Landbund) or National Rural League was a German agrarian association during the Weimar Republic. It was led by landowners with property east of the Elbe and was allied with the German National People's Party.

First Luther cabinet

The First Luther cabinet (German: Erstes Kabinett Luther) was the 12th democratically elected Reichsregierung of the German Reich, during the period in which it is now usually referred to as the Weimar Republic. The cabinet was named after Reichskanzler (chancellor) Hans Luther and was in office for only a year. On 15 January 1925 it replaced the Second Marx cabinet which had resigned on 15 December 1924. Luther resigned with his cabinet on 5 December 1925 following the signature of the Locarno treaties but remained in office as caretaker. He formed another government on 20 January 1926.

Friedrich Dickel

Friedrich Dickel (9 December 1913 – 23 October 1993) was a German politician, who served as the interior minister of East Germany for nearly twenty-six years.

Josef Frenken

Lambert Josef Alois Frenken (27 September 1854 – 10 September 1943) was a German jurist and politician (Centre Party). During the Weimar Republic era, he briefly served as Minister of Justice in the first cabinet of Hans Luther (from January to November 1925).

Karl Jarres

Karl Jarres (21 September 1874 – 20 October 1951) was a politician of the German People's Party (Deutsche Volkspartei, or DVP) during the Weimar Republic. From 1923 to 1924/1925, he was Minister of the Interior and Vice-Chancellor of Germany. Jarres was also the long-serving mayor of Duisburg from 1914 to 1933. After the Nazis deposed him, he started a career in industry.

Karl Maron

Karl Maron (27 April 1903 – 2 February 1975) was a German politician, who served as the interior minister of East Germany. He also assumed different posts in East Germany's government.

List of German interior ministers

The Federal Minister of the Interior (German: Bundesminister des Innern) is the head of the Federal Ministry of the Interior and a member of the Cabinet of Germany. The current office holder is Horst Seehofer.

Lothar Ahrendt

Lothar Ahrendt (born 13 March 1936 in Erfurt) is one of the former interior ministers of the German Democratic Republic.

Members of the IV. German Reichstag (Weimar Republic)

The German parliament or Reichstag that was elected in the general election of May 1928 and sat until that of September 1930 was the fourth parliament of the Weimar Republic.

Otto Gessler

Otto Karl Gessler (or Geßler) (6 February 1875 – 24 March 1955) was a liberal German politician during the Weimar Republic. From 1910 until 1914, he was mayor of Regensburg and from 1913 to 1919 mayor of Nuremberg. He served in numerous Weimar cabinets, most notably as Reichswehrminister (Minister of Defence) from 1920 to 1928.

Paul Moldenhauer

Paul Moldenhauer (2 December 1876 in Cologne – 1 February 1947) was a German lawyer, economist and politician (DVP). He served as a German congressman (reichstagsabgeordneter) 1920-1932 and was Germany’s Minister of Finance and Minister of Trade and Industry in the late 1920s and early 1930s.

Peter-Michael Diestel

Peter-Michael Diestel (born 14 February 1952, in Prora, Kreis Rügen) is a German lawyer and former politician. He was the last Interior Minister of East Germany, under prime minister Lothar de Maizière.



Armand Schiele (born 1967), French Alpen skier

Egon Schiele (1890, Tulln an der Donau - 1918, Vienna), an Austrian painter

Egon Schiele – Exzess und Bestrafung (film)

Egon Schiele: Death and the Maiden (film)

Egon-Schiele-Museum, Tulln

Egon Schiele Art Centrum, Český Krumlov

Music for Egon Schiele, the second LP from the instrumental group Rachel's

Schiele in Prison, a 1980 British independent film

Fred "Buddy" L(yle). Schiele, Sr. (1933, Vidalia - 2002), an American politician

Friedrich Michael Schiele (1867, Zeitz - 1913), a Protestant theologian

Georg (Wilhelm) Schiele (1868, Naumburg - 1932), a German politician (DNVP)

Konstanty (Edward) Schiele (1817, Warszawa - 1886)Haberbusch i Schiele, a (now defunct) Warsaw-based brewery holding founded in 1846 by Konstanty and Błażej Haberbusch

Martin Schiele (1870, Groß Schwarzlosen, Altmark - 1939, Zislow), a German politician (DNVP)

Michael Schiele (1978, Heidenheim), a German footballer

Oscar Schiele (1889, Halberstadt - 1950), a German freestyle and backstroke swimmer

Otto H. Schiele (born 1922, Baden-Baden), a German industrial director

Tadeusz Schiele (1920, Zakopane - 1986, Zakopane), Polish pilot

Walter von Keudell

Walter von Keudell (17 July 1884 – 7 May 1973) was a German forest expert and politician. He served as interior minister of Germany between 1927 and 1928 during the period of the Weimar Republic.

Wilhelm Marx

Wilhelm Marx (15 January 1863 – 5 August 1946) was a German lawyer, Catholic politician and a member of the Centre Party. He was Chancellor of Germany twice, from 1923 to 1925 and again from 1926 to 1928, and he also served briefly as Minister President of Prussia in 1925, during the Weimar Republic. With a total of 3 years, 73 days, he was the longest-serving Chancellor during the Weimar Republic (when adding both of his terms; Heinrich Brüning had the longest continuous tenure with 2 years, 61 days, slightly longer than Marx' first term).

Willi Stoph

Willi Stoph (German pronunciation: [ˈvɪli ˈʃtoːf]; 9 July 1914 – 13 April 1999) was an East German politician. He served as Prime Minister (Chairman of the Council of Ministers) of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) from 1964 to 1973, and again from 1976 until 1989. He also served as chairman of the State Council (head of state) from 1973 to 1976.

Imperial Interior Secretaries
(1871–1918) German Empire
Weimar Republic
(1918–1933) Weimar Republic
Nazi Germany
(1933–1945) Nazi Germany
German Democratic Republic
(1949–1990) East Germany
Federal Republic of Germany
(1949–) Germany
First Luther cabinet – 15 January to 5 December 1925


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