Martin Motors was an Italian company headquartered in the Quinto Stampi district of Milan. It was established by Giuseppe Martinelli to manufacture automobiles, buses and commercial vehicles. The manufacturer's assembly plant was located in Tunisia.
|Martin Motors, S.p.A.|
|Headquarters||Quinto Stampi, Milan, Italy|
Martin Motors gained fame in the mid-1990s for their Allestimenti Linea and Allestimenti Turismo coaches. These had proven popular with travel agencies. Martin Motors extended the bus range in 1997 by adding the Pulmann Urbani. With a minibus, the MiniBus, the manufacturer tried to establish itself on the market of the small group buses.
Bus production was 30,000 units per year, the largest source of revenue of the manufacturer. The production line was 7,500 units per year.
Martin Motors' first attempt to establish itself in the passenger car market took place in 2006 with the Shuanghuan Noble small car, which they rebadged as the Bubble. “We want everyone to see in real life how a four-seat front-engine front-wheel drive minicar differs from a rear-engine rear-wheel drive two-seater,” said Martin Motors spokesperson Viviana Martinelli.
The following year, Martin marketed a sports utility vehicle called the Shuanghuan CEO, which, according to BMW, was a copy of the BMW E53. The CEO was the first model of the brand, sold throughout Europe.
In order to gain a foothold in other areas, Martin Motors's 2009 model initiative began with the MM520 series one, a vehicle in the compact class. As a manufacturer of microcars, the company also built the Changhe Ideal 1000 under license. Furthermore, Martin Motors brought the minivan Changhe CoolCar and the self-developed Pickup Cab Freedom in order to test the commercial vehicle waters.
Similarly, Martin Motors produced 10 different types of motorcycles with four-stroke engines have a displacement 50–205 cm³, and met the Euro II emission standard.
In motorcycle manufacturing, Martin Motors produced 80,000 units annually, and served a variety of engines and automobile manufacturers. 2012, the company added the MM620 to its line-up.
The 1954 Australian Grand Prix was a motor race held at the Southport Road Circuit near Southport in Queensland, Australia on 7 November 1954. The race was held over 27 laps of the nine mile (9.7 kilometre) circuit, a total distance of 153.9 miles (247.6 km). It was the nineteenth Australian Grand Prix and the second to be held in Queensland. With no suitable permanent circuit available, a course was mapped out on roads in sparsely settled coastal land 2.5 km south west of Southport, and just to the north of later circuits, Surfers Paradise Raceway and the Surfers Paradise Street Circuit. The Grand Prix race meeting was organised by the Queensland Motor Sporting Club and the Toowoomba Auto Club in conjunction with the Southport Rotary Club. The race, which was open to Racing and Stripped Sports Cars, had 28 starters.
The race was won by Lex Davison, later to become the most successful driver in the history of the Australian Grand Prix. It was Davison's first win in the Grand Prix having finished in the top three as far back as 1947. Davison drove a Formula 2 HWM re-engined with a 3.4 litre Jaguar engine. Davison finished a lap clear of Curley Brydon's MG TC special and two laps ahead of third placed Ken Richardson in a Ford based special. The gaps were caused by attrition amongst the fastest drivers. Jack Brabham was out on the second lap with a broken engine in his Cooper; Rex Taylor was black flagged for receiving outside assistance after spinning his Lago-Talbot; Dick Cobden retired his Ferrari after a spin and Stan Jones crashed heavily while leading after his chassis failed. It would be the last race for the Mk.II Maybach special, Charlie Dean's team rebuilding it as the Maybach III.A C Bertelli
Augustus Cesare Bertelli (1890–1979), known as "Bert" to his colleagues or "Gus" to his family, was an Anglo-Italian car designer, racing driver and mechanic and businessman.
Bertelli was born in Genoa, Italy on 23 March 1890. In 1894 the family emigrated and settled in Cardiff, South Wales where after leaving school he was taken on as an apprentice at a local steel works. He studied in the evenings at University College to gain technical qualifications and gained also a lifetime interest in rugby.
He returned to Italy and got a job in the development department of FIAT in Turin and while there met racing driver Felice Nazzaro and was taken on as a riding mechanic winning the 1908 Targa Bologna. Just before the outbreak of World War I he returned to the United Kingdom and studied aeronautical engineering and got a job in the design office of Grahame-White in Hendon, North London where he remained until 1918.
After the war he was called in as a consultant to overcome problems at Enfield-Allday where their first car was suffering design and cost problems and was soon employed there full time as Works Manager but was unable to save the company which collapsed in 1923. Enfield-Alldays had made a few racing cars based on their 10/20 model which Bertelli had driven with some success.
Even before Enfield-Alldays had failed Bertelli was working as a consultant assisting such companies as Armstrong Siddeley, Coventry Simplex and Rover. During this time he met Woolf Barnato and built at his Lingfield, Surrey house three cars based on Enfiled-Alldays chassis.While working at Armstrong Siddeley he had met William Renwick, an engineer who had inherited a great deal of money, and the two formed a company Renwick & Bertelli Ltd in Birmingham in 1924. The product of this partnership was a car called the R & B but known informally as "Buzzbox". This used a four cylinder 1.5 Litre overhead camshaft again mounted in an Enfield-Alldays chassis. The pair came to the notice of the Hon. John Benson whose mother Lady Charnwood had recently bought Bamford and Martin and in 1926 Bertelli and Renwick both joined the board of what became Aston Martin Motors Ltd. Buzzbox would become the basis of a new range of cars.
Aston Martin went through a succession of owners and in 1928 was purchased by Sidney Whitehouse who also bought Renwick & Bertelli and merged the companies. In 1931 Renwick left the company and moved to the United States.
Bertelli remained with Aston Martin until 1938, when following differences with R. Gordon Sutherland, son of the owner Sir Arthur Munro Sutherland, he resigned and returned to his previous occupation as an engineering consultant. He was then approached by Wallace Devereux of High Duty Alloys, a subsidiary of Hawker Siddeley, and asked to design a car but World War II broke out before a prototype was completed and work stopped. He continued however to work for High Duty Alloys until he retired in 1955.In 1940 the family had moved to a 150 acre farm at Wargrave, Berkshire where they raised pigs.Aston Martin
Aston Martin Lagonda Global Holdings plc is a British independent manufacturer of luxury sports cars and grand tourers. It was founded in 1913 by Lionel Martin and Robert Bamford. Steered from 1947 by David Brown, it became associated with expensive grand touring cars in the 1950s and 1960s, and with the fictional character James Bond following his use of a DB5 model in the 1964 film Goldfinger. Their sports cars are regarded as a British cultural icon. Aston Martin has held a Royal Warrant as purveyor of motorcars to the Prince of Wales since 1982. It has over 150 car dealerships in over 50 countries on six continents, making them a global automobile brand. The company is traded at the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index. In 2003 it received the Queen's Award for Enterprise for outstanding contribution to international trade.Headquarters and main production site are in Gaydon, Warwickshire, England, alongside one of Jaguar Land Rover's development centres on the site of a former RAF V Bomber airbase. One of Aston Martin's recent cars was named after the 1950s Avro Vulcan bomber. Aston Martin has announced plans to turn itself into a global luxury brand, and is increasingly branching out into projects including speed boats, bicycles, clothing and real estate development, even submarines and aircraft, mostly on a licensing basis.Bologna Motor Show
The Bologna Motor Show (known as the "Salone internazionale dell'auto e della moto di Bologna" in Italian) is an auto show scheduled to be held annually in December, in Bologna, Italy.
The editions of 2009 and 2012 were the shortest events in its history, whereas the editions of 2013 and 2015 were not held due to unfavourable economic conditions initially, and a lack of planning by new organizers and diminished interest by exhibitors, respectively. The edition of 2018 was also cancelled as well.
As its name in Italian suggests, the Bologna Motor Show also plays the role of an annual Motorbike Exhibition, incorporating bicycle exhibitors for the first time in 1994.Another highlight is its various motorsport competitions, which see the participation of leading drivers and motorbike riders. From 1988 to 1996, the main event was a Formula 1 single elimination competition, with competitors like Rubens Barrichello, Johnny Herbert, Gabriele Tarquini and Giancarlo Fisichella. From 1997 to 2007, it featured the Euro Formula 3000, with drivers like Thomas Biagi, André Lotterer and Marco Bonanomi.Changhe
Changhe, officially Jiangxi Changhe Automobile Co Ltd, is a Chinese automobile manufacturer based in Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province, China.Currently a majority-owned subsidiary of a large, state-owned automaker, BAIC, Changhe was previously engaged in a joint venture with Suzuki Motor Corporation of Japan, and some of the products it manufactures carry the Suzuki brand.
It may be partner in the lesser of the two Suzuki joint ventures in China, and in the span of six years from 2008-2014 Changhe underwent a series of ownership changes and mergers that saw it transform from a subsidiary of a sedentary maker of military aircraft to a neglected division of a struggling, second-rate automaker (Chang'an)already overburdened with excess production lines for Suzuki microvans at a time when consumers in third- and fourth-tier cities were snapping up cheap and cheerful sedans and hatchbacks. As of 2014, Changhe's prospects look brighter having been merged with a different state-owned automaker (BAIC) serving first-tier cities but looking to expand into the faster growing interior of the country.
Making cars and microvans, small trucks and vans for commercial purposes, Changhe has an estimated 200,000 (227,000 to 260,000) units/year production capacity as of 2010. Production capacity figures may consider engines and vehicles as discrete.Changhe Ideal
The Changhe Ideal is a city car produced by Jiangxi Changhe Suzuki Automobile Company, in a joint-venture between Chinese and Japanese automakers Changhe and Suzuki, since 2003. The model is known in Brazil as the Effa M100, in Uruguay as the Effa Ideal and in Italy as Martin Motors Ideal 1000.
The Ideal was designed by Bertone, available initially with a 1.1-litre gasoline engine and safety items such as anti-lock braking system and airbags. It was facelifted in 2006, when it received new lights, a new grille and an updated interior.
The Ideal was sold in Colombia as taxi mainly in 2009 and 2010, but due to the lack of quality most vehicles are out of service today.DR Automobiles
DR Automobiles S.r.l. (previously DR Motor Company) is an Italian automobile company, based in Macchia d'Isernia, founded in 2006 by Massimo Di Risio. The company produces cars adding design and Italian standards to components supplied by foreign companies such as Chery Automobile.
The company, based in Macchia d'Isernia, Molise, soon became famous for its unusual initial marketing strategy; initially, without its own distribution network, the company has entered into partnership with Finiper Group. Until 2009 you could find and buy cars at hypermarkets. Today the company has its own supply chain with more than seventy dealers and more than a hundred Service DR on all the Italian territory.Dustin Martin
Dustin Martin (born 26 June 1991) is a professional Australian rules footballer playing for the Richmond Football Club in the Australian Football League (AFL). Martin grew up in Castlemaine, Victoria, and as a junior played for the Castlemaine Football Club and the Bendigo Pioneers. He was drafted by Richmond with the third pick in the 2009 national draft, and made his debut for the club in round one of the 2010 season. He was nominated for the 2010 AFL Rising Star award, but was ineligible to win due to suspension.
After becoming a household name in his first few seasons, Martin won the Jack Dyer Medal as Richmond's best and fairest player in 2016, along with his first All-Australian selection. In 2017, Martin had an individual season which was described by AFL legend Leigh Matthews as the greatest ever by a VFL/AFL player. Despite constant media speculation over his contractual future, Martin won the league's highest individual honour, the Brownlow Medal, with a record 36 votes, as well as the Leigh Matthews Trophy, the AFLCA Champion Player of the Year Award, his second All-Australian selection, a premiership and the Norm Smith Medal as the best afield in the 2017 AFL Grand Final, among other accolades. By achieving this feat, Martin became the first player to win a Brownlow Medal, premiership and Norm Smith Medal in a single season. He then capped off his season by winning the Gary Ayres Award as the best player in that year's finals series, along with his second Jack Dyer Medal. Martin won his third All-Australian selection the following year.International Motor Show Germany
The International Motor Show Germany or simply International Motor Show, in German known as the Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung (IAA - International Automobile Exhibition), is the world's largest motor show. It is held annually, with passenger vehicles (including some motorcycles) being displayed in odd-numbered years in Frankfurt am Main, and commercial vehicles in even-numbered years in Hanover, Germany. Before 1991 the show was held solely in Frankfurt.
The IAA is organized by the Verband der Automobilindustrie (VDA – Association of the German Automotive Industry) and is scheduled by the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles. Currently, the show in Frankfurt occupies twelve buildings.Lifan 620
The Lifan 620 is a four-door compact sedan produced by the Lifan Motors division of Lifan Group.
Launched in 2009, it is powered by a 4-cylinder engines 1.6 L (1587cc) Tritec engine producing 85 kW (116 PS; 114 bhp).The Lifan 620 is sold in China in and several export markets including Brazil and Vietnam. In Russia, where it is assembled by Derways, it is known as the Lifan Solano. In a Tunisian plant the model is assembled since 2012 by Martin Motors as the Martin Motors MM620 for the European markets.Lifan Group
Lifan Industry (Group) Co., Ltd. (Lifan Group or Lifan, Chinese: 力帆, lit. "Great Sail") is a civilian owned Chinese motorcycle and automobile manufacturer headquartered in Chongqing, China. It was founded in 1992 and began to manufacture automobiles in 2005, with license-built microvans and a small sedan developed by Lifan themselves.Lifan's vehicle products include passenger cars, microvans, dirt bike engines, entry-level motorcycles, mini-vehicles, and commercial trucks. The company's non-vehicle-related activities include the manufacture of sports shoes and winemaking. Outside of China, Lifan is currently best known for the sale of small passenger cars in emerging markets.List of Italian brands
This is a list of Italian brands, which encompasses brand-name products and services produced by companies in Italy.List of aircraft engine manufacturers
This is a list of aircraft engine manufacturers both past and present.List of aircraft engines
This is an alphabetical list of aircraft engines by manufacturer.Shuanghuan Noble
The Shuanghuan Noble (also sold as the Shuanghuan Bubble, the Martin Motors Noble and the Martin Motors Bubble) is a 4-seater Chinese hatchback that was made by Shuanghuan Auto. It was sold in various European and Asian countries and has generated large controversies due to its similar styling to that of the Smart Fortwo.Shuanghuan SCEO
The Shuanghuan SCEO (Chinese:双环SCEO) is an off-road vehicle manufactured by the Chinese auto maker Shuanghuan Auto based in Shijiazhuang, Hebei.
The company has copied the looks of the Toyota Land Cruiser Prado inside and at the front end, the BMW X5 (E53) at the rear end, the BMW X3 at the sides.The Shuanghuan SCEO's codename is known as the HBJ6474Y.Smart Fortwo
The Smart Fortwo (stylized as "smart fortwo") is a rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive, 2-seater hatchback city car manufactured and marketed by the Smart division of Daimler AG, introduced in 1998, now in its third generation.
Marketed in 46 countries worldwide, Fortwo production had surpassed 1.7 million by early 2015.The brand name Smart derives from its early history as a cooperative venture between Swatch and Mercedes: Swatch Mercedes ART. The Fortwo nameplate derives from its two-person seating capacity. Until 2004, the Fortwo had been marketed as the smart City-Coupé.