Martin's Light Railways

Martin's Light Railways (MLR) consisted of seven narrow-gauge railway lines in the states of West Bengal, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh in India. The railways were built and owned by Martin & Co., which was a British company.[1]

Martin's Light Railways
Overview
LocaleWest Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh
Operation
Opened1897-1927
OwnerMartin's Light Railways
Operator(s)Martin's Light Railways
Technical
Line length388 mi (624 km)
Track gauge2 ft 6 in (762 mm) and 2 ft (610 mm)

Arrah–Sasaram light railway

The Arrah–Sasaram light railway connecting Arrah and Sasaram in Bihar in India was opened in 1914. The railway was built in 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge and total length was 69 miles (111 km).[2][3]

Due to increasing losses, the railway was closed in 1978. In 2006-07, the railway was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) and train services were resumed.[4]

Barasat–Basirhat light railway

The Barasat–Basirhat light railway connecting Barasat and Basirhat in West Bengal in India was opened in 1914. The railway was built in 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge and total length was 69 miles (111 km).[2] The line was later extended to Hasnabad.

Due to increasing losses, the railway was closed in 1955.[5] In 1962, the railway was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) and train services were resumed.[6] The route is now part of Kolkata Suburban railway

Bakhtiarpur–Bihar Sharif light railway

The Bakhtiarpur–Bihar light railway connecting Bakhtiarpur in Bihar and Bihar Sharif in state of Bihar in India was opened in 1902. The line was later extended to Rajgir. The railway was built in 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge and total length was 33 miles (53 km).[7]

In 1962, the railway was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge and train services were resumed.[8]

Fatuha–Islampur light railway

The Fatuha–Islampur light railway connecting Fatuha and Islampur in Bihar was opened in 1922. The railway was built in 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge and total length was 40 miles (64 km).[9][10] The railway ran parallel to road for almost its entire route.

The line operated three 0-6-2T locomotives constructed by Manning Wardle of Leeds.[9][10]

Due to increasing losses, the railway was closed in 1987. Later, the railway was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge and train services were resumed. Futwah station is now called Fatuha.

Howrah–Amta light railway

Waiting Room - Chamrail Station - Martin's Light Railways - Chamrail Athletic Club - Benaras Road - Chamrail - Howrah 2013-09-08 2350
The waiting room of Chamrail station, now used by the Chamrail Athletic Club near Howrah, Sept. 2013

The Howrah–Amta light railway had its origin in an agreement, dated 12 June 1889 between the District Board of Howrah and Messrs. Walsh, Lovett & Co., which was subsequently renewed with Messrs. Martin & Co., and sanctioned by Government notification in the Calcutta Gazette of 27 March 1895.[11] This was one of the Martin lines which was on 2'0" gauge instead of the more common 2'6".

The railway connecting Howrah and Amta in West Bengal was opened up to Domjur in 1897, and to Amta in 1898. An extension from Bargachhia (Bargechhe) Junction to Autpur was opened in 1904, and a further extension to Champadanga in 1908. The total length of the railway was 42 miles (68 km). Both the Howrah- Amta and Howrah-Sheakhala lines used to start from Telkalghat on the Hooghly river, running to Kadamtala station. Here they separate, the Howrah-Sheakhala line running north-west along the Benares road to Sheakhala in Hooghly district. The Howrah–Amta line runs west, chiefly along the side of the Jagatballabhpur road, and then goes south-west to Amta. [11] At various times of the narrow gauge operations, the passenger trains started from different places. In the 1943 Indian Bradshaw they were shown as running from Kadamtala.

The management decided to close the line from 1 January 1973 and in view of the growing demand of local people for a railway service, the Indian Railways agreed to construct a broad-gauge-way from Amta to Champadanga.[12]

The railway was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge in phase starting from 1984 and completing in 2000. Only the Howrah–Amta section was rebuilt, while the line from Bargachia to Champadanga does not exist now.

There was some construction of a new alignment from Howrah station which utilized the existing route up to Santragachhi Junction and skipped some of the older stations up to Makardaha, while new stations came up on this alignment at Bankaranayabaz, Baltikuri, Kona, Dansi and Jhaluarber. While some stations from the old line have been retained, some stations on the rebuilt line are at new locations. The route is now part of Kolkata Suburban Railway. It has been electrified and EMU local trains run between Howrah and Amta. This route now comes under the jurisdiction of the South Eastern Railway.[13][14][15]

Howrah–Sheakhala light railway

The Howrah–Sheakhala light railway had its origin in an agreement, dated 12 June 1889 between the District Board of Howrah and Messrs. Walsh, Lovett & Co., which was subsequently renewed with Messrs. Martin & Co., and sanctioned by Government notification in the Calcutta Gazette of 27 March 1895.[11]

Like the Howrah–Amta light railway, this was of 2'0" gauge. The railway connecting Howrah and Sheakhala in West Bengal was opened in November 1897 and the Chanditala-Janai Branch Line was opened in 1898. The total length of the railway was 42 miles (68 km). Both the Howrah- Amta and Howrah-Sheakhala lines started from Telkalghat on the Hooghly river, running to Kadamtala station. Here they separate, the Howrah-Sheakhala line running north-west along the Benares road to Sheakhala in Hooghly district. The Howrah–Amta line runs west, chiefly along the side of the Jagatballabhpur road, and then goes south-west to Amta.[11]

While the Howrah–Amta section was reopened as broad gauge in 2000, there has been no sign of reopening any part of the Howrah-Sheakhala light railway.

Shahdara–Saharanpur light railway

The Shahdara–Saharanpur light railway connecting Shahdara in Delhi and Saharanpur in Uttar Pradesh was opened to traffic in 1907. The railway was built in 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge and total length was 93 miles (150 km).[16][16][17][18]

Due to increasing losses, the railway was closed in 1970. It was later converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge and repopened in the late 1970s.[18][19][17] Although the broad gauge largely follows the same trackbed and alignment as the erstwhile narrow gauge, there is a minor deviation near Saharanpur. The broad gauge line takes off south towards Delhi from Tapri on the main line, while the narrow gauge line did not touch Tapri at all. Other than that, the stations are the same as before.[17]

References

  1. ^ "[IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: Non-IR Railways". IRFCA. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  2. ^ a b R.P.Saxena. "Indian Railway History timeline". Archived from the original on 14 July 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
  3. ^ "Non-IR Railways in India". IRFCA. Retrieved 2011-12-01.
  4. ^ "Speech of Shri Lalu Prasad Introducing the Railway Budget 2006-07 On 24th February 2006". New lines. Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 2011-12-01.
  5. ^ "The Chronology of Railway development in Eastern Indian". railindia. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  6. ^ "Non-IR Railways in India". IRFCA. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  7. ^ [IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: Non-IR Railways
  8. ^ consultant
  9. ^ a b Whetham, Bob 1996 In Search of the Narrow Gauge. Sono Nis Press, Victoria BC.
  10. ^ a b Hughes, Hugh 1994 Indian Locomotives Pt. 3, Narrow Gauge 1863-1940. Continental Railway Circle.
  11. ^ a b c d "Howrah District (1909)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
  12. ^ Indian Railways. 1974. p. 37.
  13. ^ "Howrah–Amta BG line section inaugurated". The Hindu Business Line, 24 July 2000. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  14. ^ "Lalu remote-launches 2 S-E Rly projects". The Hindu Business Line, 1 January 2005. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  15. ^ "RAJYA SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO 2689 TO BE ANSWERED ON 15.12.2006". Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  16. ^ a b "Shahdara–Saharanpur light railway". fibis. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
  17. ^ a b c R. Sivaramakrishnan. "Shahdara–Saharanpur light railway". IRFCA. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
  18. ^ a b "IR History Part V (1970–1995)". IRFCA. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  19. ^ "Speech of Shri Lalit Narayan Mishra introducing the Railway Budget for 1973-74, on 20th February 1973" (PDF). Light Railways. Indian Railways. Retrieved 8 March 2014.

External links

Aizawl Monorail

Aizawl Monorail is the proposed Monorail for the town of Aizawl, capital of the state of Mizoram in North-East India.

The decision for Monorail is taken because of increase in number of vehicles in town causing too much traffic problems.

Bakhtiyarpur–Tilaiya line

The Bakhtiyarpur–Tilaiya line is a railway line connecting Bakhtiyarpur on the Howrah-Delhi main line and Tilaiya on the Gaya-Kiul line both in the Indian state of Bihar.

Bansberia (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Saptagram(Vidhan Sabha constituency) was an assembly constituency in Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It was part of Hooghly (Lok Sabha constituency).

Bengal Dooars Railway

The Bengal Dooars Railway was formed in 1891 and amalgamated with the Eastern Bengal Railway in 1951. The Bengal Dooars Railway (shortened BDR) was one of the pioneering railway companies that operated from 1893 to 1941, in Bengal province of British India, connecting the Dooars with its junction with Eastern Bengal Railway at Lalmonirhat with locations up to the foot of the Himalayas near the border with Bhutan.

Bhurshut

Bhurshut (Bengali: ভুরশুট Bhurasuta)/ Bhurisrestha was a medieval Hindu kingdom spread across what is now Howrah and Hooghly districts in the Indian state of West Bengal.Bhurshut kingdom grew up in the southern parts of Rarh region. It had a high concentration of Bhurisresthis, a community of traders and as such came to be called Bhurshut. However, it was possibly the main centre of Rarhi Brahmins. It could have been ruled by a Sur king during the period when the Pala Empire was a rising force. Different feudatory kings may have ruled over the kingdom. At a later time there is mention in folklore of a Dhibar dynasty, possibly in the 14th–15th century. Subsequently, the area came to be ruled by a Brahmin family.Shanibhangar, the last Dhibar king of Burshut, was defeated by Chaturanan Neogi of Garh Bhawanipur. Chaturanan's grandson (by his daughter) Krishna Roy of the Mukhti royal family of Phulia took over the reins and established the Brahmin dynasty of Bhurshut. Krishna Roy ruled in 1583–84, at a time when Akbar was the Mughal emperor. Krishna Roy's great-grandson Pratap Narayan Roy (ruled around 1652–1684) was the greatest of Bhurshut kings. There is mention about the exemplary bravery of a lady of the family, popularly referred to as Roy Baghini, but it is difficult to identify the person. She is probably named Rani Bhavashankari Devi.

In Ain-i-Akbari it is mentioned that amongst the thirty-one mahals under Sirkar Suleimanabad, the highest revenue was earned by Basandhari pargana, followed by Bhurshut. No other pargana under Sirkar Satgaon or Sirkar Mandaran earned so much revenue. Bhurshut was conquered by Kirtichand Rai of Bardhaman in the 18th century.Bhushut kingdom had three forts at Garh Bhabanipur, Pandua (Pedo or Pedo Basantapur) and Rajbalhat. There is hardly any trace of these forts, There still is a place called Dihi Bhurshut in Howrah district, across the Damodar from Rajbalhat.Bharatchandra Ray, ‘Raygunakar’, 18th-century Bengali poet, hailed from Pedo Bhurshut and possibly belonged to the ruling family of Bhurshut kingdom.

Cherra Companyganj State Railways

Cherra Companyganj State Railways (CCSR) was a narrow gauge mountain railway that existed in British India.

Fatuha–Tilaiya line

The Fatuha–Tilaiya line is a railway line connecting Fatuha on the Howrah-Delhi main line and Tilaiya on the Gaya-Kiul line both in the Indian state of Bihar. The line was earlier known as Fatuha-Islampur line. A small portion of the line from Islampur to Natesar is still to be opened for use.

Gaya–Mughalsarai section

The Gaya–Mughalsarai section is a railway line connecting Gaya and Mughalsarai. This 197-kilometre (122 mi) track is part of the Grand Chord, Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line and Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. This section includes Arrah-Sasaram and Son Nagar branch lines. It is under the jurisdiction of East Central Railway.

Howrah–Bardhaman chord

The Howrah–Bardhaman chord is a broad-gauge rail line connecting Howrah and Bardhaman. The 95-kilometre long (59 mi) railway line operates in Howrah, Hooghly and Purba Bardhaman districts in the state of West Bengal. It is part of the Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line, Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line and the Kolkata Suburban Railway system.

Howrah–Bardhaman main line

The Howrah–Bardhaman main line is a broad-gauge railway line connecting Howrah and Bardhaman via Bandel. The 108 kilometres (67 mi) railway line operates in Howrah, Hooghly and Purba Bardhaman districts in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is part of the Howrah–Delhi main line and the Kolkata Suburban Railway system.

Kharagpur–Bankura–Adra line

The Kharagpur–Bankura–Adra line is part of Mednipur, Bankura, Purulia district. It links Kharagpur to Adra and Bankura in Eastern India, and also serves as a major freight line for transporting iron ore, coal and steel products to Haldia Port.

Laukaha Bazar railway station

Laukaha Bazar railway station serves Laukaha town in Madhubani district in the Indian state of Bihar. It located near the India-Nepal border.

Malatipur railway station

Malatipur is a Kolkata Suburban Railway station on the Barasat-Hasnabad line. It is located in North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Barasat Basirhat Railway constructed a 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) narrow gauge line in 1914 as a part of Martin's Light Railways. The line was closed in 1955.The 33.06 km (21 mi) long 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge Barasat-Hasnabad branch line was constructed between 1957 and 1962.

Mayurbhanj State Railway

Mayurbhanj State Railway (MSR) was a 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge railway owned by Mayurbhanj State in British India.

Patna Monorail

Patna Monorail is a proposed monorail system for the city of Patna.

Saptagram (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Saptagram (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (Bengali: সপ্তগ্রাম বিধানসভা কেন্দ্র) is an assembly constituency in Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal. As a consequence of the orders of the Delimitation Committee Bansberia (Vidhan Sabha constituency) ceases to exist from 2011 and a new constituency comes into being at Saptagram.

Tarakeswar railway station

Tarakeswar is a Kolkata Suburban Railway station on the Sheoraphuli-Tarakeswar branch line and is located in Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It serves Tarakeswar and surrounding areas.

Uluberia Purba

Uluberia Purba (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is an assembly constituency in Howrah district in the Indian state of West Bengal. As a consequence of the orders of the Delimitation Commission, while Uluberia Purba (Vidhan Sabha constituency) came into existence in 2011, Kalyanpur (Vidhan Sabha constituency) ceased to exist from the same year.

Uluberia railway station

Uluberia is a railway station on the Howrah-Kharagpur line and is located in Howrah district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It serves Uluberia.

Barasat–Basirhat Railway
0 km Barasat
3 km Kazipara Barasat
6 km Karea Kadambagachhi
10 km Bahira Kalibari
12 km Sondalia
15 km Beliaghata Road
18 km Lebutala
20 km Bhasila
24 km Harua Road
27 km Kankra Mirzanagar
31 km Malatipur
33 km Ghorarash Ghona
36 km Champapukur
41 km Bhyabla Halt
42 km Basirhat
45 km Matania Anantpur
47 km Madhyampur
48 km Nimdanri
51 km Taki Road
53 km Hasnabad Junction
Delhi–Shamli–Saharanpur line
165 Saharanpur
on Moradabad-Ambala line
158 Tapri
to Delhi-Meerut-Saharanpur line
State Highway 57
147 Manani
142 Bhankala (Halt)
State Highway 57
137 Rampur Maniharan
Rampur-Badgaon-Deoband Road
132 Sona Arjunpur
State Highway 57
129 Nanauta
113 Thana Bhawan
108 Hahar Fatehpur
105 Heend
101 Silawar
State Highway 12
94 Shamli
89 Gujran Balwa
86 Khandrawali
80 Kandhla
75 Ailam
72 Asra (Halt)
68 Bhudpur
64 Qasimpur Kheri
60 Baoli
55 Baraut
52 Barka
48 Alwalpur
45 Sujra
39 Baghpat Road
State Highway 14
36 Ahera (Halt)
33 Sanhera (Halt)
29 Khekra
26 Fakharpur (Halt)
23 Gotra (Halt)
18 Nursatbad Kharkhar
15 Noli
12 Behta Hazipur (Halt)
Uttar Pradesh-Delhi border
Grand Trunk Road
to Delhi-Kalka line
to Delhi-Fazilka line
0 Delhi
6
Delhi Shahdara / Yamuna
8 Vivek Vihar
Uttar Pradesh-Delhi border
5 Sahibabad
12 Ghaziabad
23 New Delhi
24 Shivaji Bridge
26 Tilak Bridge
Chander Nagar
28 Pragati Maidan
Yamuna
Anand Vihar Terminal
30 Hazrat Nizamuddin
NH2
to Delhi-Meerut-Saharanpur line
to Delhi-Moradabad line
to Agra Chord
to Kanpur-Delhi section

Source: Google maps
74021 Old Delhi-Saharanpur DMU

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