Marshall Tymn

Marshall Benton Tymn (born 1937) is an editor, academic and bibliographer of science fiction and fantasy.[1] He received the Pilgrim Award in 1990. He was a founder of the Instructors of Science Fiction in Higher Education.


  • A Directory of Science Fiction and Fantasy Publishing Houses and Book Dealers (1974)
  • A Research Guide to Science Fiction Studies: An Annotated Checklist of Primary and Secondary Sources (1977) (with L.W. Currey and Roger C. Schlobin)
  • Index to Stories in Thematic Anthologies of Science Fiction (1978) (with L.W. Currey; Martin H. Greenberg and Joseph D. Olander)
  • The Year's Scholarship in Science Fiction and Fantasy: 1972-1975 (1979) (with Roger C. Schlobin)
  • Recent Critical Studies on Fantasy Literature: An Annotated Checklist (1978)
  • A Basic Reference Shelf for Science Fiction Teachers (1978)
  • American Fantasy and Science Fiction: Toward a Bibliography of Works Published in the United States, 1948-1973 (1979)
  • Fantasy Literature: A Core Collection and Reference Guide (1979) (with Robert H. Boyer and Kenneth J. Zahorski)
  • Horror Literature: A Core Collection and Reference Guide (1981)
  • The Science Fiction Reference Book (ed.) (1981)
  • A Teacher's Guide to Science Fiction (1981)
  • Survey of Science Fiction Literature: Biographical Supplement (1982)
  • The Year's Scholarship in Science Fiction and Fantasy: 1976-1979 (1983) (with Roger C. Schlobin)
  • The Year's Scholarship in Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Literature: 1980 (1983)
  • The Year's Scholarship in Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Literature: 1981 (1984)
  • The Year's Scholarship in Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Literature: 1982 (1985)
  • Science Fiction, Fantasy and Weird Fiction Magazines (1985) (with Mike Ashley)
  • Science Fiction: A Teacher's Guide & Resource Book (ed.) (1988)
  • The Celebration of the Fantastic: Selected Papers from the Tenth Anniversary International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts (1992) (with Csilla Bertha and Donald E. Morse)
  • Fantasy and Horror (1999) (with Neil Barron)


  1. ^ Clute 1993, "Marshall Benton Tymn", pp. 1251–1252.


  • Clute, John; Peter Nicholls (1993). The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. New York: St Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-09618-6.
  • Reginald, Robert (1992). Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature, 1975-1991. Detroit, MI/Washington, DC/London: Gale Research, inc. ISBN 0-8103-1825-3.
Galaxy Science Fiction

Galaxy Science Fiction was an American digest-size science fiction magazine, published from 1950 to 1980. It was founded by a French-Italian company, World Editions, which was looking to break into the American market. World Editions hired as editor H. L. Gold, who rapidly made Galaxy the leading science fiction (sf) magazine of its time, focusing on stories about social issues rather than technology.

Gold published many notable stories during his tenure, including Ray Bradbury's "The Fireman", later expanded as Fahrenheit 451; Robert A. Heinlein's The Puppet Masters; and Alfred Bester's The Demolished Man. In 1952, the magazine was acquired by Robert Guinn, its printer. By the late 1950s, Frederik Pohl was helping Gold with most aspects of the magazine's production. When Gold's health worsened, Pohl took over as editor, starting officially at the end of 1961, though he had been doing the majority of the production work for some time.

Under Pohl Galaxy had continued success, regularly publishing fiction by writers such as Cordwainer Smith, Jack Vance, Harlan Ellison, and Robert Silverberg. Pohl never won the annual Hugo Award for his stewardship of Galaxy, winning three Hugos instead for its sister magazine, If. In 1969 Guinn sold Galaxy to Universal Publishing and Distribution Corporation (UPD) and Pohl resigned, to be replaced by Ejler Jakobsson. Under Jakobsson the magazine declined in quality. It recovered under James Baen, who took over in mid-1974, but when he left at the end of 1977 the deterioration resumed, and there were financial problems—writers were not paid on time and the schedule became erratic. By the end of the 1970s the gaps between issues were lengthening, and the title was finally sold to Galileo publisher Vincent McCaffrey, who brought out only a single issue in 1980. A brief revival as a semi-professional magazine followed in 1994, edited by H. L. Gold's son, E. J. Gold; this lasted for eight bimonthly issues.

At its peak, Galaxy greatly influenced the science fiction genre. It was regarded as one of the leading sf magazines almost from the start, and its influence did not wane until Pohl's departure in 1969. Gold brought a "sophisticated intellectual subtlety" to magazine science fiction according to Pohl, who added that "after Galaxy it was impossible to go on being naive." SF historian David Kyle agreed, commenting that "of all the editors in and out of the post-war scene, the most influential beyond any doubt was H. L. Gold". Kyle suggested that the new direction Gold set "inevitably" led to the experimental New Wave, the defining science fiction literary movement of the 1960s.

Pilgrim Award

The Pilgrim Award is presented by the Science Fiction Research Association for Lifetime Achievement in the field of science fiction scholarship. It was created in 1970 and was named after J. O. Bailey’s pioneering book Pilgrims Through Space and Time. Fittingly, the first award was presented to Bailey.

1970 – J. O. Bailey (USA)

1971 – Marjorie Hope Nicolson (USA)

1972 – Julius Kagarlitski (USSR)

1973 – Jack Williamson (USA)

1974 – I. F. Clarke (UK)

1975 – Damon Knight (USA)

1976 – James E. Gunn (USA)

1977 – Thomas D. Clareson (USA)

1978 – Brian W. Aldiss (UK)

1979 – Darko Suvin (Canada)

1980 – Peter Nicholls (Australia)

1981 – Sam Moskowitz (USA)

1982 – Neil Barron (USA)

1983 – H. Bruce Franklin (USA)

1984 – Everett F. Bleiler (USA)

1985 – Samuel R. Delany (USA)

1986 – George E. Slusser (USA)

1987 – Gary K. Wolfe (USA)

1988 – Joanna Russ (USA)

1989 – Ursula K. Le Guin (USA)

1990 – Marshall Tymn (USA)

1991 – Pierre Versins (France)

1992 – Mark R. Hillegas (USA)

1993 – Robert Reginald (USA)

1994 – John Clute (UK)

1995 – Vivian Sobchack (USA)

1996 – David Ketterer (Canada)

1997 – Marleen Barr (USA)

1998 – L. Sprague de Camp (USA)

1999 – Brian Stableford (UK)

2000 – Hal W. Hall (USA)

2001 – David N. Samuelson (USA)

2002 – Mike Ashley (UK)

2003 – Gary Westfahl (USA)

2004 - Edward James (UK)

2005 - Gérard Klein (France)

2006 - Fredric Jameson (USA)

2007 - Algis Budrys (USA)

2008 - Gwyneth Jones (UK)

2009 - Brian Attebery (USA)

2010 - Eric Rabkin (USA)

2011 - Donna Haraway (USA)

2012 - Pamela Sargent (USA)

2013 - N. Katherine Hayles (USA)

2014 - Joan Gordon (USA)

2015 – Henry Jenkins (USA)

2016 – Mark Bould (UK)

2017 – Tom Moylan (Ireland)

2018 – Carl Freedman (USA)

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.