Marshall Rogers

William Marshall Rogers III (January 22, 1950[1] – March 24, 2007),[2] known professionally as Marshall Rogers, was an American comics artist best known for his work at Marvel and DC Comics in the 1970s.

Marshall Rogers
Marshall Rogers 1979
Marshall Rogers, New York City, 1979
BornWilliam Marshall Rogers III
January 22, 1950
Flushing, New York
DiedMarch 24, 2007 (aged 57)
Fremont, California
NationalityAmerican
Area(s)Penciller, Inker, Colourist
Notable works
Detective Comics
Detectives Inc.
AwardsExtended list

Biography

Detective Comics 475
Detective Comics #475 (Feb. 1978). Cover art by Rogers and Terry Austin. The story "The Laughing Fish" is considered a Batman classic.[3]

Rogers was born in the Flushing neighborhood of the New York City borough of Queens,[4] and raised there and in Ardsley, New York.[5] He took up mechanical drawing in high school,[6] and then attended Kent State University in Ohio,[7] where he studied architecture. He said later that he felt this

would keep my parents happy, because it's a legitimate profession, and would allow me some artistic outlet as I worked. Well, I quickly found out that the world wasn't ready for another Frank Lloyd Wright ... and I would end up doing parking lots and designing heating / cooling systems. I had wanted to draw and be imaginative. And then there was one last stumbling block, and that was calculus. ... I just couldn't grasp those weird theories that were running around.[6]

He studied architectural drawing, and his work was characterized by detailed rendering of buildings and structures.[5]

He left college in 1971 before graduating, and returned home to New York, where he discovered his family was moving to Denver, Colorado, where his father's employer, Johns Manville, was relocating. Opting to remain, he completed a 52-page story he had begun in college and presented it in 1972 as a sample to Marvel Comics production manager John Verpoorten, who found Rogers' work wanting.[6] To earn a living, Rogers did illustrations for men's magazines that he described as "[r]eal low-grade schlock sleazo magazines that had illustrations to precede the stories". When one client went bankrupt owing him at least $1,000, a friend, Jim Geraghty, offered him a rent-free house for the winter in Easthampton, New York, on Long Island, in exchange for "four or five illustrations" for a local art project.[8] The following summer he worked in a hardware store for several months, was fired, and while living on unemployment benefits approached the short-lived Atlas/Seaboard Comics and, he said:

was given a couple of very small assignments. One was to design a costume for a kung-fu character they were going to establish, and another was to do a couple of illustrations for a back-up feature in a black-and-white monster book. The kung-fu costume I designed was rejected because they said, 'It was too good,' which meant, I felt, the costume was too intricate to draw over and over. The black-and-white illustrations were used. One appeared in the back of the black-and-white monster book on a little game-page they called 'Dr. Frankenstein's Brain Twisters.'[8]

At some unspecified point, Rogers recalled, he "bounced in and out of a shipping clerk job" and did some retouching work for DC Comics on reprints of 1940s Batman stories.[8] He continued showing samples to both Marvel and DC, and in 1977, his artwork began interesting Marie Severin and Vince Colletta, the two companies' respective art directors. "That got me my first job; it wasn't really the drawing ability", he said in 1980, "as much as my design capabilities."[6]

Marshall Rogers Portrait
Marshall Rogers portrait by Michael Netzer

Some of his first comic-book work appeared in the black-and-white magazine The Deadly Hands of Kung Fu, where he worked with writer Chris Claremont on a story featuring the "Iron Fist" supporting characters Misty Knight and Colleen Wing as the Daughters of the Dragon. He eschewed the grey wash that was used in other black-and-white comics stories in favor of applying screentone.

With writer Steve Englehart, Rogers penciled an acclaimed run on the Batman in Detective Comics #471-476 (Aug. 1977 - April 1978),[9] providing one of the definitive interpretations that influenced the 1989 movie Batman and that was adapted for the 1990s animated series.[3] The Englehart and Rogers pairing was described in 2009 by comics writer and historian Robert Greenberger as "one of the greatest" creative teams to work on the Batman character.[10] DC Comics writer and executive Paul Levitz noted in 2010: "Arguably fans' best-loved version of Batman in the mid-1970s, writer Steve Englehart and penciller Rogers's Detective run featured an unambiguously homicidal Joker...in noirish, moodily rendered stories that evoked the classic Kane-Robinson era."[11] In their story "The Laughing Fish", the Joker is brazen enough to disfigure fish with a rictus grin, then expects to be granted a federal trademark on them, only to start killing bureaucrats who try to explain that obtaining such a claim on a natural resource is legally impossible.[12] The supervillain Deadshot was redesigned by Rogers during his Detective Comics run.[13] Rogers also penciled the origin story of the Golden Age Batman in Secret Origins #6 (Sept. 1986) with writer Roy Thomas and inker Terry Austin.[14]

The two also did a sequel miniseries, Batman: Dark Detective,[15] and worked together on other series, including Marvel's The Silver Surfer and a short run on DC's revived Mister Miracle.[16] Englehart and Rogers' first Batman run was collected in the trade paperback Batman: Strange Apparitions (ISBN 1-56389-500-5), and the second run in Batman: Dark Detective (ISBN 1-4012-0898-3). Rogers remained as artist on Detective Comics for a few issues after Englehart's departure from the series. With writer Len Wein, he co-created the third version of the supervillain Clayface.[17] Rogers' other Batman work included a story arc in Batman: Legends of the Dark Knight that was begun by writer Archie Goodwin and completed by James Robinson.[18]

An Englehart-Rogers story featuring Madame Xanadu that sat in inventory for a few years was published as a one-shot in 1981, in DC's first attempt at marketing comics specifically to the "direct market" of fans and collectors.[19] In 1986, Rogers drew a graphic novel adaptation of "Demon with a Glass Hand", an episode of The Outer Limits television series, based on a script by Harlan Ellison.[20] It was the fifth title of the DC Science Fiction Graphic Novel series.

At Eclipse Comics during the early 1980s, he collaborated on the graphic novel Detectives Inc. with writer Don McGregor, drew the Scorpio Rose series and the first Coyote series written by Englehart, and wrote and drew his own whimsical series Cap'N Quick & A Foozle. In 1992, McGregor and Rogers crafted a two part-story for Marvel in Spider-Man issues #27-28 dealing with bullying and gun violence.[21]

Personal life

Rogers' mother was Ann White Rogers. He had a sister, Suzanne, and an adopted son, Russell Young.[5]

Rogers died on March 24, 2007,[2] at his home in Fremont, California.[5] His Batman collaborator Steve Englehart said he was told by Spencer Beck, Rogers' agent: "His son found him. They think it was a heart attack, and that he might have been dead for a while."[22]

Awards

  • 1978: nominated at the Eagle Awards for Favourite Artist, for Favourite Single Story for Detective Comics #472: "I am the Batman" with Steve Englehart and for Favourite Continued Story for Detective Comics #471-472 with Steve Englehart[23]
  • 1979: Inkpot Award[24]
  • 1979: nominated at the Eagle Awards for Favourite Comicbook Artist (US), for Best Continued Story for Detective Comics #475-476 with Steve Englehart, and for Best Cover for Detective Comics #476[25]

Bibliography

Comics work (interior pencil art, except where noted) includes:

DC Comics

Eclipse Comics

Marvel Comics

Books and compilations

  • Batman: Dark Detective collects Batman: Dark Detective #1–6, April 2006, DC Comics, 144 pages, ISBN 978-1401208981
  • Batman: Strange Apparitions includes Detective Comics #471–476 and #478–479, December 1999, DC Comics, 176 pages, ISBN 978-1563895005
  • Coyote Volume 1 collects Eclipse Magazine #2–8 and Scorpio Rose #1–2, September 2005, Image Comics, 128 pages, ISBN 978-1582405193
  • Legends of the Dark Knight - Marshall Rogers collects Detective Comics #468, #471–479 and #481, DC Special Series #15, Secret Origins #6, Batman: Legends of the Dark Knight #132–136 and Batman: Dark Detective #1–6, November 2011, DC Comics, 496 pages, ISBN 978-1401232276
  • Shadow Of The Batman miniseries #1–5 (covers) (1985–1986), DC Comics
  • Daughters Of The Dragon Special #1 (2005), Marvel Comics
  • Silver Surfer Epic Collection #3: Freedom collects Silver Surfer #1–10 and #12, Marvel Comics

Portfolios

  • Strange (1979), Schanes & Schanes, six plates, 1200 signed and numbered
  • The Batman - Portfolio #1 (1981), S.Q. Productions Inc, five plates, s/n 1000[26]
  • F.O.O.G. (Friends Of Old Gerber) (1982), one plate (Cap'N Quick & A Foozle)
  • Heroines (1979), one plate (Pulp Heroine)
  • Heroes, Heavies & Heroines (1981), one plate (Nightcrawler)

Comic strips

  • In 1989, he was the first artist to work on the new Batman newspaper comic strip.[27] Rogers drew the strip from its launch on November 6, 1989 until the conclusion of its first storyline on January 21, 1990. The entirety of Rogers work on the strip was reprinted in Comics Revue #41-43.[28]

References

  1. ^ Miller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide. Iola, Wisconsin. Archived from the original on October 30, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
  2. ^ a b William Marshall Rogers III, Social Security Number 084-38-8742, at United States Social Security Death Index via FamilySearch.org. Accessed March 2, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Batman Artist Rogers is Dead". SciFi Wire, Syfy.com. March 28, 2007. Archived from the original on July 9, 2007. Even though their Batman run was only six issues, the three laid the foundation for later Batman comics. Their stories include the classic 'Laughing Fish' (in which the Joker's face appeared on fish); they were adapted for Batman: The Animated Series in the 1990s. Earlier drafts of the 1989 Batman movie with Michael Keaton as the Dark Knight were based heavily on their work.
  4. ^ Englehart, Steve (March 1980). "From Detective to Detectives, Inc.: An Interview With Marshall Rogers". The Comics Journal. Introduction, reprinted from 1979 New York Comic Art Convention program book (54): 56. Archived from the original on October 24, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d Tidwell, Beau (March 29, 2007). "Marshall Rogers, 57, Artist Who Drew Batman Comics, Dies". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 28, 2011. Retrieved December 13, 2010. Rogers drew highly detailed architectural features for the moody backdrops of Batman's exploits, down to the individual bricks in the buildings of Gotham.
  6. ^ a b c d Rogers interview, The Comics Journal (54): 57. Archived from the original on October 24, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  7. ^ "An Interview With Marshall Rogers". Swashbucklers. fanzine: Don Secrease, editor-publisher; reprinted at Marshall Rogers Fan Site (2). Spring 1980. Archived from the original on October 24, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c "From Detective to Detectives Inc." An Interview with Marshall Rogers". The Comics Journal (54): 58. March 1980. Archived from the original on October 24, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  9. ^ McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 174. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. ...first-time collaborators Steve Englehart and artist Marshall Rogers firmly entrenched Batman in his dark, pulp roots.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Greenberger, Robert; Manning, Matthew K. (2009). The Batman Vault: A Museum-in-a-Book with Rare Collectibles from the Batcave. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Running Press. p. 27. ISBN 0-7624-3663-8. Batman was now a true creature of the night, and every artist and writer team worth their creative salt wanted a piece of him. One of the greatest of such pairs consisted of writer Steve Englehart and artist Marshall Rogers...when Rogers joined Englehart in Detective Comics issue #471 (August 1977), their styles meshed with such ease that the result gave the impression of years' worth of collaboration.
  11. ^ Levitz, Paul (2010). "The Bronze Age 1970-1984". 75 Years of DC Comics The Art of Modern Mythmaking. Cologne, Germany: Taschen. p. 489. ISBN 9783836519816.
  12. ^ Greenberger and Manning, p. 163: "In this fondly remembered tale that was later adapted into an episode of the 1990s cartoon Batman: The Animated Series, the Joker poisoned the harbors of Gotham so that the fish would all bear his signature grin, a look the Joker then tried to trademark in order to collect royalties."
  13. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Dougall, Alastair, ed. (2014). "1970s". Batman: A Visual History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 127. ISBN 978-1465424563. After a total overhaul by artist Marshall Rogers, Deadshot developed the iconic look that would last for decades.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  14. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dougall, p. 162
  15. ^ Manning "2000s" in Dougall, p. 281
  16. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 175: "Writer Steve Englehart and artist Marshall Rogers, having garnered acclaim for Detective Comics, picked up Mister Miracle where the series had ended three years before."
  17. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 179: "Writer Len Wein and artist Marshall Rogers vividly depicted Batman's battle with a third Clayface."
  18. ^ Manning "2000s" in Dougall, p. 250: "Archie [Goodwin] was unable to complete the assignment for health reason. Writer James Robinson was hired to finish this interesting examination of the new mercenary Brass and the Wayne legacy. Aided by the art of Marshall Rogers, this story was a fine tribute to Goodwin's brilliant body of work."
  19. ^ Catron, Michael (June 1981). "DC Taps Fan Market for Madame Xanadu". Amazing Heroes. Fantagraphics Books (1): 25. Madame Xanadu, a 32-page/$1.00 comic that marks DC's first attempt at marketing comics specifically to fans and collectors, went on sale in early April. The book contains a 25-page tale by Steve Englehart and Marshall Rogers entitled 'Dance for Two Demons' ... The tale was originally commissioned for Doorway to Nightmare but was put into DC's inventory when that title was cancelled.
  20. ^ Science Fiction Graphic Novel #5 at the Grand Comics Database
  21. ^ Cowsill, Alan; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1990s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 200. ISBN 978-0756692360. Writer Don McGregor and artist Marshall Rogers created one of the most original Spidey stories of the year with this two-part tale. The story told of events that happened after bullied 12-year-old Elmo Oliver found a gun dropped by a bad guy during a shootout...Once again, a Spider-Man story provided a platform for real-life issues.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  22. ^ Contino, Jennifer M. (March 26, 2007). "R.I.P. Batman Artist Marshall Rogers". The Pulse (column), ComiCon.com. Archived from the original on October 24, 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2008.
  23. ^ "Eagle Awards Previous Winners 1978". Eagle Awards. 2013. Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
  24. ^ "Inkpot Award Winners". Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012.
  25. ^ "Eagle Awards Previous Winners 1979". Eagle Awards. 2013. Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
  26. ^ Kronenberg, Michael (February 2011). "How the Batman Nearly Stepped Out of the Mainstream and into Independent Comic". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (46): 26. Marshall did a portfolio called 'Strange' in 1979 that had Batman-esque plates, sans Batman. ... It is also worth noting that in 1981, courtesy of Sal Quartuccio Publishing, Marshall Rogers released 'The Batman', a color portfolio consisting of four plates (if you purchased the signed edition of the portfolio, you received a fifth plate) that allowed Rogers to illustrate Batman and his world unencumbered by comic book panels.
  27. ^ Greenberger and Manning, p. 41: "Shortly after the 1989 feature [film], Batman even returned to the funny pages for a bit, in a comic strip by...legendary artist Marshall Rogers."
  28. ^ Norwood, Rick, ed. Comics Revue #41 (1989), #42 (1990), and #43 (1990) Fictioneer Books

External links

Preceded by
Walt Simonson
Detective Comics artist
1977–1978
Succeeded by
Don Newton
Preceded by
Gene Colan
Doctor Strange artist
1981–1982
Succeeded by
Paul Smith
2007 in comics

Notable events of 2007 in comics. See also List of years in comics.

Batman (Earth-Two)

The Batman of Earth-Two is an alternate version of the fictional superhero Batman, who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was introduced after DC Comics created Earth-Two, a parallel world that was retroactively established as the home of characters whose adventures had been published in the Golden Age of comic books. This allowed creators to publish Batman comic books taking place in current continuity while being able to disregard Golden Age stories, solving an incongruity, as Batman had been published as a single ongoing incarnation since inception.

Beefeater (comics)

The Beefeater is a fictional character, a comic book superhero published by DC Comics. He appeared in his civilian identity as Michael Morice in Justice League International Annual #3 (1989), and debuted as Beefeater in Justice League Europe #20 (November 1990) in a story by Keith Giffen, Gerard Jones and Marshall Rogers. His code name and appearance are both taken from the uniform of the Yeomen Warders.

Coyote (comics)

Coyote is an American comic book series created by Steve Englehart and Marshall Rogers.

DC Special Series

DC Special Series was an umbrella title for one-shots and special issues published by DC Comics between 1977 and 1981. Each issue featured a different character and was often in a different format than the issue before it. DC Special Series was published in four different formats: Dollar Comics, 48 page giants, digests, and treasury editions. Neither the umbrella title nor the numbering system appear on the cover; the title "DC Special Series" appeared only on the first page in the indicia. Most issues featured new material, but eight issues were reprints of previously published material.

Daughters of the Dragon

The Daughters of the Dragon are the duo of Colleen Wing and Misty Knight, fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. They first appeared as a team in Deadly Hands of Kung Fu #32 (January 1977) in a story titled Daughters of the Dragon written by Chris Claremont and illustrated by Marshall Rogers. This followed the introduction of each individual character in mid-1970s Iron Fist stories.

Detective Comics

Detective Comics is an American comic book series published by DC Comics. The first volume, published from 1937 to 2011 (and later continued in 2016), is best known for introducing the superhero Batman in Detective Comics #27 (cover dated May 1939).

A second series of the same title was launched in the fall of 2011 but in 2016 reverted to the original volume numbering. The series is the source of its publishing company's name, and—along with Action Comics, the series that launched with the debut of Superman—one of the medium's signature series. The series published 881 issues between 1937 and 2011 and is the longest continuously published comic book in the United States.

Detectives Inc.

Detectives Inc. is a series of two original graphic novels written by Don McGregor and published by Eclipse Enterprises in 1980 and 1985. The first, Detectives Inc.: A Remembrance of Threatening Green, featured black-and-white art by penciler-inker Marshall Rogers. The second, Detectives Inc.: A Terror Of Dying Dreams, was drawn by Gene Colan, and printed directly from his detailed pencils; a later comic-book reprinting added a sepia-tone wash in place of inking.

These two early graphic novels were not superhero or science fiction/fantasy stories, and A Remembrance of Threatening Green (1980) was the first naturalistic graphic novel to follow Will Eisner's influential A Contract with God. The Gay League's "LBGT Comics Timeline" cites the book as "featuring the first lesbian characters in mass-market comics".

Eclipse Magazine

Eclipse, The Magazine (or simply Eclipse) was a black-and-white comics anthology magazine published by Eclipse Comics from 1981 to 1983. The magazine introduced several new characters and series — including Coyote, Ms. Tree, and Masked Man — that would get published in collections and new series by Eclipse and others.

Many of the features from Eclipse were carried over into the color anthology Eclipse Monthly, which ran from August 1983 to July 1984.

Eclipse Monthly

Eclipse Monthly was a full color comics anthology title published in 1983–1984 by Eclipse Comics. An attempt by Eclipse to revive the comics anthologies of the Golden Age of Comic Books, Eclipse Monthly was the successor to Eclipse's black-and-white anthology Eclipse, the Magazine, which was published from May 1981 to January 1983. Eclipse Monthly featured many characters — including Steve Ditko's Static and B. C. Boyer's The Masked Man — that had been part of Eclipse, the Magazine and were later featured in their own series or collections.

Fourth World (comics)

"Fourth World" is a storyline told through a metaseries of interconnecting comic book titles written and drawn by Jack Kirby, and published by DC Comics from 1970 to 1973. Although they were not marketed under this title until the August–September 1971 issues of New Gods and Forever People, the terms Fourth World and Jack Kirby's Fourth World have gained usage in the years since.

John M. Rogers

John Marshall Rogers (born June 26, 1948 in Rochester, New York) is a Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.

Marshall Rogers (basketball)

Marshall Lee Rogers (August 27, 1953 – June 15, 2011) was an American professional basketball player and former NCAA basketball scoring champion with Pan American University.

Steve Englehart

Steve Englehart (; born April 22, 1947) is an American writer of comic books and novels. He is best known for his work at Marvel Comics and DC Comics in the 1970s and 1980s. His pseudonyms have included John Harkness and Cliff Garnett.

Sumner High School (St. Louis)

Sumner High School, also known as Charles H. Sumner High School, is a St. Louis public high school that was the first high school for African-American students west of the Mississippi River. Together with Vashon High School, Sumner was one of only two segregated public high schools in St. Louis City for African-American students. Established in 1875 only after extensive lobbying by some of St. Louis' African-American residents, Sumner moved to its current location in 1908.

The Superman Family

The Superman Family was an American comic book series published by DC Comics from 1974 to 1982 featuring supporting characters in the Superman comics. The term "Superman Family" is often used to refer to the extended cast of characters of comics books associated with Superman. A similarly titled series Superman Family Adventures was launched in 2012.

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