Main Street in Marshall
Location within Fauquier county
Marshall (the US)
|• Total||2.89 sq mi (7.49 km2)|
|• Land||2.88 sq mi (7.47 km2)|
|• Water||0.008 sq mi (0.02 km2)|
|Elevation||685 ft (209 m)|
|• Density||513/sq mi (198.1/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1495902|
Marshall was originally known as "Salem". It became Marshall after a short-lived incorporation. It is named after John Marshall, the former United States Supreme Court Chief Justice who grew up at Oak Hill in nearby Delaplane.
Marshall is home to the Fauquier Heritage and Preservation Foundation, as well as the Number 18 School in Marshall, which was the last one-room school in Fauquier County. Originally a whites-only schoolhouse, it was a blacks-only schoolhouse until it closed in the 1960s as a result of desegregation. It has been restored, and school groups often visit.
Marshall is also home to the oldest continually operating Ford automobile dealership in the United States; it has been in the same building since 1915.
Marshall is centered along State Route 55 between two exits on Interstate 66. Via I-66 it is 50 miles (80 km) east to Washington, D.C., and 20 miles (32 km) west to Front Royal, Virginia. U.S. Route 17 runs south from Marshall 12 miles (19 km) to Warrenton, the Fauquier County seat.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Marshall CDP has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.23%, is water. The community sits on a low watershed divide: the north and west sides of town drain north toward Goose Creek, a tributary of the Potomac River, while the south side drains south via Carter Run to the Rappahannock River.
Although Marshall has historically been an agricultural community, its designation as one of nine service districts within Fauquier County, and the only one in northern Fauquier County, has resulted in a unique set of business and professional service offerings to the mostly equestrian and agricultural interests in the surrounding region.