Marshal of the Russian Federation (Russian: Маршал Российской Федерации, tr. Marshal Rossiyskoy Federatsii) is the highest military rank of Russia, created in 1993 following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. It ranks immediately above General of the Army and Admiral of the Fleet (also called Fleet Admiral in some English-language texts), and is considered the successor to the Soviet-era rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union.
A Marshal of the Russian Federation outranks Generals of the Army (four stars), Colonel-Generals (three stars), Lieutenant-Generals (two stars) and Major-Generals (one star). It is roughly equivalent to American General of the Army and the UK's Field Marshal.
The only officer to have held the rank is the former Minister of Defence Igor Sergeyev, who had been elevated from the General of the Army of the Strategic Rocket Forces. Sergeyev was Marshal from 1997 until his death in 2006.
The insignia for Marshal of the Russian Federation is similar to the one for the Marshal of the Soviet Union, with the Soviet crest replaced by the Russian one. An officer who is given this rank would also wear the Marshal's star.
|Marshal of the Russian Federation|
The insignia used from 2010
|Service branch||Russian Armed Forces|
|Next lower rank||General of the army|
The Moscow Victory Day Parade of 2000 was held on 9 May 2000 to commemorate the 55th anniversary of the capitulation of Nazi Germany in 1945. The parade marks the Soviet Union's victory in the Great Patriotic War. The parade was commanded by Colonel General Ivan E Puzanov, Commander of the Moscow Military District, and reviewed by the Minister of Defence, Marshal of the Russian Federation Igor Sergeyev. The historical part of the parade was commanded by the former Moscow Military District commander General of the Army Vladimir Govorov. A speech was made by the newly elected president Vladimir Putin.
This parade was the last to feature the old national anthem of Russia (used 1990-1991 by the Russian SFSR and 1991-2000 by the Russian Federation). It was also the last parade to feature veterans on foot.Admiral of the fleet (Russia)
This article is about the OF9-rank admiral of the fleet (Russia), not to be confused with the OF10-rank admiral of the fleet of the Soviet Union. For the equivalent OF9-rank in anglophone naval forces see admiral of the fleet; in the former Sovier Union see admiral of the fleet (USSR).Admiral of the fleet or fleet admiral (Russian: aдмирал флoта, admiral flota) is the highest naval (deck) rank of the Russian Federation. It is the equivalent of the Soviet naval rank of admiral of the fleet and the present Russian rank of general of the army. The rank is roughly equivalent to 4-star admiral ranks of other nations. Marshal of the Russian Federation is the only superior rank in the Russian armed forces.Army general (Russia)
General of the Army (Russian: генерал армии, general armii) is the second highest military rank in the Russian Federation, inferior only to a marshal and superior to a colonel general. It is a direct counterpart of the Soviet "General of the Army" rank.
At present it is also the highest rank in the air force, artillery, aerospace defense forces, armored troops, engineer troops and signal troops. Unlike the Soviet Union where similarly ranked officers were called marshals and chief marshals of a branch. The corresponding naval rank is admiral of the fleet.
On appointment as Defense Minister on 7 May 1992, Pavel Grachev was the first officer to be promoted to this rank. Vladimir Yakovlev was promoted to this grade while serving as commander of the Strategic Missile Troops (1997–2001).Army ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation
The Russian Federation inherited the ranks of the Soviet Union, although the insignia and uniform were altered slightly.
The Russian armed forces have two styles of ranks: army-style ranks and navy-style ranks. The army and air force use only army-style ranks.Field marshal
Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is a very senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks. Usually it is the highest rank in an army, and when it is, few (if any) persons are appointed to it. It is considered as a five-star rank (OF-10) in modern-day armed forces in many countries. Promotion to the rank of field marshal in many countries historically required extraordinary military achievement by a general (a wartime victory). However, the rank has also been used as a divisional command rank and also as a brigade command rank. Examples of the different uses of the rank include Austria-Hungary, Prussia, Germany and Sri Lanka for an extraordinary achievement; Spain and Mexico for a divisional command (Spanish: mariscal de campo); and France, Portugal and Brazil for a brigade command (French: maréchal de camp, Portuguese: marechal de campo).
The origin of the term dates to the early Middle Ages, originally meaning the keeper of the king's horses (from Old German Marh-scalc = "horse-servant"), from the time of the early Frankish kings. The exact wording of the titles used by field marshals varies: examples include "marshal" and "field marshal general". The air force equivalent in Commonwealth and many Middle Eastern air forces is marshal of the air force (not to be confused with air marshal). Navies, which usually do not use the nomenclature employed by armies or air forces, use titles such as "fleet admiral," "grand admiral" or "admiral of the fleet" for the equivalent rank. The traditional attribute distinguishing a field marshal is a baton. The baton nowadays is purely ornamental, and as such may be richly decorated. That said, it is not necessary for the insignia to be a baton (Such is the case in Russia post-1991 and the former Soviet Union, which use a jewelled star referred to as a Marshal's Star).History of Russian military ranks
Modern Russian military ranks trace their roots to Table of Ranks established by Peter the Great. Most of the rank names were borrowed from existing German/Prussian, French, English, Dutch, and Polish ranks upon the formation of Russian regular army in the late 17th century.Igor Sergeyev
Igor Dmitriyevich Sergeyev (Russian: Игорь Дмитриевич Сергеев) (20 April 1938 — 10 November 2006) was a Soviet/Russian military officer who was Minister of Defense of Russia from 22 May 1997 to 28 March 2001. He was the first and (as of 2019) only Marshal of the Russian Federation.Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
The Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" (Russian: Юбилейная медаль «70 лет Вооружённых Сил СССР») was a state military commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established on January 28, 1988 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote the seventieth anniversary of the creation of the Soviet Armed Forces.Jubilee Medal "Forty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
The Jubilee Medal "Forty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" (Russian: Юбилейная медаль «Сорок лет Победы в Великой Отечественной войне 1941—1945 гг.») was a state commemorative medal of the Soviet Union established on April 12, 1985 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to denote the fortieth anniversary of the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany in World War II.Marsal
Marsal may refer to the following articles:
Marshal of the Russian Federation, the top rank (OF-10) in the Russian Federation´s armed forces
Marshal of the Soviet Union, the top rank (OF-10) in the Soviet Union´s armed forces
Chief marshal of the branch, a OF9-rank in the Soviet Union´s armed forces
Marshal of the branch, a OF9-rank in the Soviet Union´s armed forces
Generalfeldmaschall, the top rank (OF-10) in German-speaking armed forcesMarsal may refer also to the following places in France:
Marsal, Moselle, a commune in the Moselle department
Marsal, Tarn, a commune in the Tarn departmentMarshal's star
The marshal's star (Russian: маршальская звезда) is an additional badge of rank worn by marshals of the armed forces of the Soviet Union, and subsequently the Russian Federation. The armed forces of the former Soviet Union and the Russian Federation have two such insignia for higher military ranks, both in the form of a five-pointed star of gold and platinum with diamonds. They are worn around neck when in parade uniform (originally under the collar of the parade tunic, since 1955 on top of the necktie). There are two different sizes of star. Officially their names have changed, depending on what ranks received the right to wear them, and are known as the large marshal's star and the small marshal's star.
The marshal's star corresponds with the western use of the marshal's baton. On the death of the recipient, the award is returned to the diamond fund for re-use.In 2013, new shoulder insignias were instituted for generals of the army, fleet admirals, and generals of the army (air force) which have one large marshal's star on the board similar to the style worn by Soviet generals from the early 1970s through 1997.Marshal of the Soviet Union
Marshal of the Soviet Union (Russian: Маршал Советского Союза; Russian pronunciation: [ˈmarʂəɫ sɐˈvʲɛtskəvə sɐˈjuzə]) was the highest military rank of the Soviet Union.
The rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union was created in 1935 and abolished in 1991, and forty-one people held this rank. The equivalent naval rank was until 1955 Admiral of the fleet and from 1955 Admiral of the fleet of the Soviet Union. Both ranks were comparable to NATO rank codes OF-10, and to the five-star rank in anglophone armed forces.
While the supreme rank of Generalissimus of the Soviet Union, which would have been senior to Marshal of the Soviet Union, was proposed for Joseph Stalin after the Second World War, it was never officially approved.Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
The Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" (Russian: Медаль «Ветеран Вооружённых Сил СССР») was a long service award of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union established on May 20, 1976 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and awarded for twenty-five years of impeccable service to troops of the army, navy, of internal forces and of border troops. Its statute was twice amended by further decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, first on July 18, 1980 and lastly on January 10, 1984.Order of Military Merit (Russia)
The Order "For Military Merit" (Russian: Орден «За военные заслуги») is a military decoration of the Russian Federation established by presidential decree № 442 of March 2, 1994 to reward military excellence. Its statute was amended three times, first on January 6, 1999 by decree № 19, then on September 7, 2010 by decree № 1099 which modernised the entire Russian awards system and finally on December 16, 2011 by Presidential Decree № 1631.Ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation's armed forces 1994–2010
Ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation's armed forces from 1994 to 2010 were affected by the disintegration of the former Soviet armed forces, and there were other changes in insignia design when the newly established Russian Federation came into existence. The ranks depicted below were replaced with those adopted by decree № 293 of the President of the Russian Federation on 11 March 2010. The transition began with the issue of new military uniforms to the armed services in 2008 in the Moscow area and in 2010 nationwide. The ranks of marshal of the branch and chief marshal were officially abolished as a result of the 1994 regulations.Three-star rank
An officer of three-star rank is a senior commander in many of the armed services holding a rank described by the NATO code of OF-8. The term is also used by some armed forces which are not NATO members. Typically, three-star officers hold the rank of vice admiral, lieutenant general, or in the case of those air forces with a separate rank structure, air marshal.Troyekurovskoye Cemetery
The Troyekurovo Cemetery (Russian: Троекуровское кладбище, romanized: Troyekurovskoye Cemetery), alternatively known as Novo-Kuntsevo Cemetery (Russian: Ново-Кунцевское кладбище, romanized: Novo-Kuntsevskoye Cemetery), is a cemetery in Moscow, Russia.
The cemetery is located in the former village of Troyekurovo on the western edge of Moscow, which derives its name from the Troyekurov princely family, a branch of the Rurikid House of Yaroslavl, that owned the village in the 17th century. Troyekurovo Cemetery Cemetery includes the Church of Saint Nicholas, built by Prince Troyekurov in 1699-1704, which was closed during the Soviet era but reopened in 1991.
Troyekurovo Cemetery is administered as a branch of the Novodevichy Cemetery and is the resting place of numerous notable Russian and Soviet figures.
Star officer grades
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