Marquette is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan and the county seat of Marquette County. The population was 21,355 at the 2010 census, making it the largest city of the state's Upper Peninsula. Marquette is a major port on Lake Superior, known primarily for shipping iron ore, and is the home of Northern Michigan University. In 2012, Marquette was listed among the 10 best places to retire in the United States by CBS MoneyWatch.
Downtown Marquette along Front Street
Location within Marquette County
Location within the state of Michigan
|• Mayor||Fred Stonehouse|
|• City manager||L. Michael Angeli|
|• City||19.40 sq mi (50.24 km2)|
|• Land||11.34 sq mi (29.36 km2)|
|• Water||8.06 sq mi (20.87 km2)|
|Elevation||633 ft (203 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,819.62/sq mi (702.56/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0631600|
The land around Marquette was known to French missionaries of the early 17th century and the trappers of the early 19th century. Development of the area did not begin until 1844, when William Burt and Jacob Houghton (the brother of geologist Douglass Houghton) discovered iron deposits near Teal Lake west of Marquette. In 1845, Jackson Mining Company, the first organized mining company in the region, was formed.
The village of Marquette began on September 14, 1849, with the formation of a second iron concern, the Marquette Iron Company. Three men participated in organizing the firm: Robert J. Graveraet, who had prospected the region for ore; Edward Clark, agent for Waterman A. Fisher of Worcester, Massachusetts, who financed the company, and Amos Rogers Harlow. The village was at first called New Worcester, with Harlow as the first postmaster. On August 21, 1850, the name was changed to honor Jacques Marquette, the French Jesuit missionary who had explored the region. A second post office, named Carp River, was opened on October 13, 1851 by Peter White, who had gone there with Graveraet at age 18. Harlow closed his post office in August 1852. The Marquette Iron Company failed, while its successor, the Cleveland Iron Mining Company, flourished and had the village platted in 1854. The plat was recorded by Peter White. White's office was renamed as Marquette in April 1856, and the village was incorporated in 1859. It was incorporated as a city in 1871.
During the 1850s, Marquette was linked by rail to numerous mines and became the leading shipping center of the Upper Peninsula. The first ore pocket dock, designed by an early town leader, John Burt, was built by the Cleveland Iron Mining Company in 1859. By 1862, the city had a population of over 1,600 and a soaring economy.
In the late 19th century, during the height of iron mining, Marquette became nationally known as a summer haven. Visitors brought in by Great Lakes passenger steamships filled the city's hotels and resorts.
South of the city, K. I. Sawyer Air Force Base was an important Air Force installation during the Cold War, host to B-52H bombers and KC-135 tankers of the Strategic Air Command, as well as a fighter interceptor squadron. The base closed in September 1995, and is now the county's Sawyer International Airport.
Marquette continues to be a shipping port for hematite ores and, today, enriched iron ore pellets, from nearby mines and pelletizing plants. About 7.9 million gross tons of pelletized iron ore passed through Marquette's Presque Isle Harbor in 2005.
In addition to the Marquette #1 Post Office there is the "Northern Michigan University Bookstore Contract Station #384".
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.45 square miles (50.38 km2), of which 11.39 square miles (29.50 km2) is land and 8.06 square miles (20.88 km2) is water.
The city includes several small islands (principally Middle Island, Gull Island, Lover's Island, Presque Isle Pt. Rocks, White Rocks, Ripley Rock, and Picnic Rocks) in Lake Superior. The Marquette Underwater Preserve lies immediately offshore.
Marquette Mountain, used for skiing, is located in the city, as is most of the land of Marquette Branch Prison of the Michigan Department of Corrections. Trowbridge Park (an unincorporated part of Marquette Township) is located to the west, Sands Township to the south, and Marquette Township to the northwest of the city.
The climate is a hemiboreal humid continental (Köppen: Dfb) with four distinct seasons that is strongly moderated by Lake Superior and is located in Plant Hardiness zone 5b. Winters are long and cold with a January average of 18.8 °F (−7.3 °C). Winter temperatures are slightly warmer than inland locations at a similar latitude due to the release of the heat stored by the lake, which moderates the climate. On average, there are 11.6 days where the temperature reaches below 0 °F (−18 °C) and most days during winter remain below freezing.
Being located in the snowbelt region, Marquette receives a significant amount of snowfall during the winter months, mostly from lake-effect snow. Because Lake Superior rarely freezes over completely, this enables lake effect snow to persist throughout winter, making Marquette the third snowiest location in the contiguous United States as reported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration with an average annual snowfall of 149.1 inches (379 cm). The snow depth in winter usually exceeds 10 inches (25 cm). Marquette is the city with the deepest snow depths with a population of more than 20,000 in the US (and one of the largest in North America on a plains after eastern Canada), as the averages remain low throughout the winter and cold, dry air is intercepted by the Great Lakes.
The warmest months, July and August, each average 66.6 °F (19.2 °C), showing somewhat of a seasonal lag. The surrounding lake cools summertime temperatures and as a result, temperatures above 90 °F (32 °C) are rare, with only 3.4 days per year. Spring and fall are transitional seasons that are generally mild though highly variable due to the alternation of air masses moving quickly. Spring is usually cooler than fall because the surrounding lake is slow to warm than the land while in fall, the lake releases heat, warming the area.
Marquette receives 29 in (737 mm) of precipitation per year, which is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year, though September and October are the wettest months with January and February being the driest. The average window for nighttime freezes is October 15 thru May 7. The highest temperature ever recorded in Marquette was 108 °F (42 °C) on July 15, 1901 and the lowest was −33 °F (−36 °C) on February 8, 1861. Marquette receives an average of 2,294 hours of sunshine per year or 51% of possible sunshine, ranging from a low of 29% in December to a high of 68% in July.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 21,355 people, 8,321 households, and 3,788 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,874.9 inhabitants per square mile (723.9/km2). There were 8,756 housing units at an average density of 768.7 per square mile (296.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.1% White, 4.4% African American, 1.5% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.
There were 8,321 households of which 18.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.3% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 54.5% were non-families. 38.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.71.
The median age in the city was 29.1 years. 12.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 30.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.3% were from 25 to 44; 21.9% were from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.8% male and 48.2% female.
At the 2000 census, there were 19,661 people, 8,071 households and 4,067 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,723.9 per square mile (665.3/km²). There were 8,429 housing units at an average density of 739.1 per square mile (285.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95% White, 0.8% African American, 1.7% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.77% of the population. 15.5% were of German, 12.6% Finnish, 8.9% French, 8.5% English, 8.2% Irish, 6.8% Italian and 6.7% Swedish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 8,071 households of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.6% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.81.
Age distribution was 16.8% under the age of 18, 25.9% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.
The median household income was $29,918, and the median family income was $48,120. Males had a median income of $34,107 versus $24,549 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,787. About 7.2% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.
Along with Northern Michigan University, the largest employers in Marquette are the Marquette Area Public Schools, UP Health System-Marquette (a regional medical center that is the only Level 2 Trauma center in the Upper Peninsula), Marquette Branch Prison, RTI Surgical, Charter Communications, and Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan.
The city of Marquette has a number of parks and recreational facilities that are used by city and county residents. Presque Isle Park is Marquette's most popular park located on the north side of the city. It includes 323 acres (131 ha) of mostly forested land and juts out into Lake Superior. The park was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, noted for designing Central Park in New York City. Amenities include a wooden band shell for concerts, a park pavilion, a gazebo, a marina, a concession stand, picnic tables, barbecue pits, walking/skiing trails, playground facilities, and Moosewood Nature Center. The city has two popular beaches, South Beach Park and McCarty's Cove. McCarty's Cove, flanked by the red U.S. Coast Guard Station lighthouse on its south shore, serves as a reprieve from hot summer days, where city and county residents alike take advantage of the cool, but tolerable, water temperatures and the cooling effects of the lake-generated sea breeze. Both beaches have picnic areas, grills, children's playgrounds and lifeguard stands. Other parks include Tourist Park, Founder's Landing, LaBonte Park, Mattson Lower Harbor Park, Park Cemetery, Shiras Park, Williams Park, Harlow Park, Pocket Park, Spring Street Park and Father Marquette Park.
There are also numerous other recreational facilities located within the city. Lakeview Arena is best known for its use as an ice hockey facility, but it also hosts a number of public events. A skateboard park is located just outside the arena and open during the summer. Lakeview Arena was home to the Marquette Electricians and Marquette Senior High School's Redmen hockey team. In 1974, the arena replaced the historic Palestra, which had been located a few blocks away. Gerard Haley Memorial Baseball field home of the Marquette Blues and Reds is located in the north side along with numerous little league and softball fields. Marquette has the largest wooden dome in the world, the Superior Dome—unofficially but affectionately known as the YooperDome. During the football season, the Dome is used primarily for football on its newly renovated astro turf field. The turf was installed in July 2009. Northern Michigan University holds its home football games in the Dome, as does the Michigan High School Athletic Association with the upper peninsula's High School football playoffs. The dome also hosts numerous private and public events that draw in thousands from around the region. The Marquette Golf Club has brought international recognition to the area for its unique and dramatic Greywalls course, opened in 2005. The course features several panoramic views of Lake Superior and winds its way through rocky outcroppings, heaving fairways and a rolling valley, yet is located less than two miles (3 km) from the downtown area.
The city is also known for fishing for deep water lake trout, whitefish, salmon and brown trout.
Marquette has an extensive network of biking and walking paths. The city has been gradually expanding the paths and has been promoting itself as a walkable and livable community. Cross Country ski trails are also located at Presque Isle Park and the Fit Strip.
Camping facilities are located at Tourist Park.
Live theatrical productions are also provided through Northern Michigan University's Forest Roberts Theatre and Black Box Theatre, Marquette's Graverate School Kaufman Auditorium and Lake Superior Theatre, a semi-professional summer stock theatre.
Marquette is served by American Eagle and Delta Connection out of Sawyer International Airport (KSAW) with daily flights to Chicago, Detroit and Minneapolis–Saint Paul, as of March 2017. The airport is located 20 miles (32 km) south of downtown Marquette.
The city is served by a public transit system known as MarqTran, which runs buses through the city and to nearby places such as Sawyer International Airport and Ishpeming. The system operates out of a transit center in the adjacent Marquette Township in addition to a small transfer station in downtown.
Marquette has limited freight rail service by the Lake Superior and Ishpeming Railroad (LS&I). The Canadian National Railway also goes through nearby Negaunee. The LS&I serves the Upper Harbor Ore Dock, which loads iron ore pellets from nearby mining operations onto lake freighters for shipment throughout the Great Lakes.
Three state highways serve Marquette. They are:
The City of Marquette is served by the Marquette Area Public Schools. The district is the largest school district in the Upper Peninsula and Northern Wisconsin, with about 3,100 students and 420 faculty and Staff.
Multiple media outlets provide local coverage of the Marquette area.
Adam Curtis Hamari (born May 25, 1983) is a Major League Baseball (MLB) umpire.
Hamari began umpiring baseball for Little League teams at the age of 12. He began umpiring Minor League Baseball games in 2006, and was promoted to the major leagues on a part-time basis in 2013. Hamari was one of four umpires named to the full-time staff in February 2017, upon the retirements of Jim Joyce, John Hirschbeck, Tim Welke and Bob Davidson.Hamari was the plate umpire when Tim Lincecum of the San Francisco Giants threw his second career no-hitter on June 25, 2014. He was also behind the plate when Derek Jeter of the New York Yankees hit a walk-off single in his final career home game on September 25, 2014.Hamari was the third base umpire for Miami Marlins pitcher Edinson Vólquez's no-hitter against the Arizona Diamondbacks on June 3, 2017.Frederic Baraga
Irenaeus Frederic Baraga (June 29, 1797 – January 19, 1868; Slovene: Irenej Friderik Baraga) was a Slovenian Roman Catholic missionary to the United States and a grammarian of Native American languages. He became the first bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Marquette, Michigan, originally sited at Sault Sainte Marie, which he led for 15 years.
His letters about his missionary work were published widely in Europe, inspiring Saint John Neumann and Father Francis Xavier Pierz to emigrate to the United States. In 2012, during the reign of Pope Benedict XVI, Baraga was declared "Venerable."Gospel Opportunities Radio Network
The Gospel Opportunities Radio Network is a group of non-commercial FM radio stations, based in Marquette, Michigan.
Gospel Opportunities, Incorporated was formed in 1975 to provide religious radio programming in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. WHWL became its first station when it went on the air in April 1976. WHWL is a Christian station with a focus on Bible teaching programs and traditional, conservative music.Jacques Marquette (Trentanove)
Jacques Marquette is a statue by Gaetano Trentanove of Jacques Marquette, the most well known version being the 1896 marble one installed in the National Statuary Hall Collection in the Capitol in Washington D.C..James Henry Garland
James Henry Garland (born December 13, 1931) is a retired American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as bishop of the Diocese of Marquette, Michigan from 1992–2005.Mark Francis Schmitt
Mark Francis Schmitt (February 14, 1923 – December 14, 2011) served as the tenth Roman Catholic bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Marquette, in Marquette, Michigan.Marquette County, Michigan
Marquette County is a county located in the Upper Peninsula of the US state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 67,077. The county seat is Marquette. The county is named for Father Marquette, a Jesuit missionary. It was set off in 1843 and organized in 1851. Marquette County is the largest county in land area in Michigan, and the most populous county in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
Marquette County comprises the Marquette, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area.Marquette Senior High School (Marquette, Michigan)
Marquette Senior High School (MSHS) is a public high school located in Marquette, Michigan. The high school serves grades 9-12. In the 2017-18 school year, the enrollment was 974. High-school age resident athletes from the U.S. Olympic Education Center at Northern Michigan University attend classes at MSHS. The present high school is located on the site of the former Munising Wood Products factory at the corner of Fair Avenue and Lincoln Avenue. It was also known as the Piqua Location. In the 2018-19 school year, the school had 54 members on its teaching staff, with a teacher to student ratio of 1:18.Marquette Township, Marquette County, Michigan
Marquette Charter Township is a charter township of Marquette County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 3,286 at the 2000 census. The City of Marquette is located at the southeast corner of the township, but is administratively autonomous.Mike Bordick
Michael Todd Bordick (born July 21, 1965) is an American retired professional baseball shortstop. He played in Major League Baseball from 1990 to 2003 with four teams: the Oakland Athletics, Baltimore Orioles, New York Mets, and Toronto Blue Jays.Northern Michigan University
Northern Michigan University (NMU) is a public university in Marquette, Michigan. The university was established in 1899. With enrollment of about 8,000 undergraduate and graduate students, Northern Michigan University is the Upper Peninsula's largest university.
NMU offers programs in undergraduate and master's degrees, as well as specialist certification. NMU is home to the TLC (teaching, learning and communication) initiative, providing every student with a laptop as part of their tuition. The average class size is 22 students, with a 22:1 student-faculty ratio.Richmond Township, Marquette County, Michigan
Richmond Township is a civil township of Marquette County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 974 at the 2000 census. Palmer, the Empire iron mine and the unincorporated areas of Suomi Location and Midway Location are located in the township.Robert William Davis
Robert William Davis (July 31, 1932 – October 16, 2009) was an American politician from the state of Michigan. He represented the state's 11th congressional district, which at that time included the Upper Peninsula and a large portion of Northern Michigan, in the United States House of Representatives from 1979 until 1993.St. Peter Cathedral (Marquette, Michigan)
St. Peter Cathedral is a large Roman Catholic cathedral located on Baraga Avenue in Marquette, Michigan. As the mother church of the Diocese of Marquette, it is one of the most notable marks of Catholic presence in the Upper Peninsula. The cathedral was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2012.U.S. Route 41 Business (Marquette, Michigan)
Business US Highway 41 (Bus. US 41) was a state trunkline highway that served as a business loop off US 41 and M-28 in Marquette, Michigan, along Washington and Front streets. The streets serve the downtown area of Marquette and are bordered by several commercial properties and businesses. Those two streets originate with the early founding of the city in the middle of the 19th century. Jurisdiction over them was transferred to the city as part of a highway swap that resulted in the decommissioning of the trunkline in 2005. It was also previously co-designated Bus. M-28, mirroring the Bus. US 41/Bus. M-28 designation previously used along Bus. M-28 in Ishpeming and Negaunee. Washington and Front streets had been a part of the state highway system since the 1910s, and a part of the United States Numbered Highway System since 1926. The business loop designation dates back to the 1960s and was removed in 2005.WLUC-TV
WLUC-TV is a dual NBC/Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Marquette, Michigan, United States, serving the Central and Western Upper Peninsula of Michigan. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 35 (or virtual channel 6 via PSIP) from a transmitter on South Helen Lake Road in Republic Township southeast of unincorporated Republic. The station can also be seen on Charter Spectrum channel 6. Owned by Gray Television, WLUC has studios on US 41/M-28 in Negaunee Township.
WLUC is relayed on translator station W14EM-D channel 14 (also mapped to virtual channel 6 via PSIP) from the top of the Landmark Inn in Marquette in order to extend its primary signal; the translator is used for areas of Marquette that get a poor reception from the station's main transmitter.WNMU (TV)
WNMU is a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television station licensed to Marquette, Michigan, United States, serving the Central and Western Upper Peninsula of Michigan. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on virtual and VHF channel 13 from a transmitter in Ely Township southwest of Ishpeming. Owned by Northern Michigan University, WNMU has studios in the Edgar L. Harden Learning Resource Center on NMU's campus in Marquette.Wells Township, Marquette County, Michigan
Wells Township is a civil township of Marquette County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the township population was 292.West Branch Township, Marquette County, Michigan
West Branch Township is a civil township of Marquette County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,648 at the 2000 census.
|Climate data for Marquette, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1875–present|
|Record high °F (°C)||57
|Mean maximum °F (°C)||39.0
|Average high °F (°C)||25.0
|Daily mean °F (°C)||18.8
|Average low °F (°C)||12.5
|Mean minimum °F (°C)||−14.8
|Record low °F (°C)||−26
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.83
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||29.5
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||17.3||11.5||11.9||10.6||10.3||11.4||10.8||11.0||13.1||13.8||13.6||15.1||150.4|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||18.4||12.5||10.3||4.3||0.2||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.1||0.8||7.7||14.8||69.1|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||105.5||128.8||181.3||225.3||278.8||289.7||322.8||270.6||191.5||140.6||80.7||78.2||2,293.8|
|Percent possible sunshine||38||45||49||55||60||61||68||62||51||42||29||29||51|
|Source: NOAA (normals 1981–2010, sun 1961–1990, extremes 1860–present)|
Municipalities and communities of Marquette County, Michigan, United States
County seat: Marquette
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties