Marlborough (formerly spelled Marlboro) is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 38,499 at the 2010 census. Marlborough became a prosperous industrial town in the 19th century and made the transition to high technology industry in the late 20th century after the construction of the Massachusetts Turnpike.
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in the United States
|Incorporated||September 20, 1660|
|• Type||Mayor-council city|
|• Mayor||Arthur G. Vigeant (R)|
|• Total||22.2 sq mi (57.4 km2)|
|• Land||21.1 sq mi (54.6 km2)|
|• Water||1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)|
|Elevation||450 ft (137 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,700/sq mi (670/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern)|
|Area code(s)||508 / 774|
|GNIS feature ID||0611360|
John Howe in 1656 was a fur trader and built a house at the intersection of two Indian trails, Nashua Trail and Connecticut path. He could speak the language of the Algonquian Indians though the local tribe referred to themselves as the Pennacooks. The settlers were welcomed by the Indians because they protected them from other tribes they were at war with. In the 1650s, several families left the nearby town of Sudbury, 18 miles west of Boston, to start a new town. The village was named after Marlborough, the market town in Wiltshire, England. It was first settled in 1657 by 14 men led by Edmund Rice, John Ruddock and John Howe; in 1656 Rice and his colleagues petitioned the Massachusetts General Court to create the town of Marlborough and it was officially incorporated in 1660. Rice was elected a selectman at Marlborough in 1657. Sumner Chilton Powell wrote, in Puritan Village: The Formation of a New England Town, "Not only did Rice become the largest individual landholder in Sudbury, but he represented his new town in the Massachusetts legislature for five years and devoted at least eleven of his last fifteen years to serving as selectman and judge of small causes."
Marlborough was one of the seven "Praying Indian Towns" because they were converted to Christianity by the Rev. John Eliot of Roxbury. In 1674 a deed was drawn up dividing the land between the settlers and the natives. This is the only record of names of the natives.
In 1711 Marlborough's territory included Northborough, Southborough, Westborough and Hudson. As population, business, and travel grew in the colonies, Marlborough became a favored rest stop on the Boston Post Road. Many travelers stopped at its inns and taverns, including George Washington, who visited the Williams Tavern soon after his inauguration in 1789.
In 1836, Samuel Boyd, known as the "father of the city," and his brother Joseph, opened the first shoe manufacturing business - an act that would change the community forever. By 1890, with a population of 14,000, Marlborough had become a major shoe manufacturing center, producing boots for Union soldiers, as well as footwear for the civilian population. Marlborough became so well known for its shoes that its official seal was decorated with a factory, a shoe box, and a pair of boots when it was incorporated as a city in 1890.
The Civil War resulted in the creation of one of the region's most unusual monuments. Legend has it that a company from Marlborough, assigned to Harpers Ferry, appropriated the bell from the firehouse where John Brown last battled for the emancipation of the slaves. The company left the bell in the hands of one Mrs. Elizabeth Snyder for 30 years, returning in 1892 to bring it back to Marlborough. The bell now hangs in a tower at the corner of Route 85 and Main Street.
Around that time, Marlborough is believed to have been the first community in the country to receive a charter for a streetcar system, edging out Baltimore by a few months. The system, designed primarily for passenger use, provided access to Milford to the south, and Concord to the north. As a growing industrialized community, Marlborough began attracting skilled craftsmen from Quebec, Ireland, Italy, and Greece.
Shoe manufacturing continued in Marlborough long after the industry had fled many other New England communities. Rice & Hutchins, Inc. operated several factories in Marlborough from 1875 to 1929. Famous Frye boots were manufactured here through the 1970s, and The Rockport Company, founded in Marlborough in 1971, continues to maintain an outlet store in the city. In 1990, when Marlborough celebrated its centennial as a city, the festivities included the construction of a park in acknowledgment of the shoe industry, featuring statues by the sculptor David Kapenteopolous.
The construction of Interstates 495 and 290 and the Massachusetts Turnpike has enabled the growth of the high technology and specialized electronics industries. With its easy access to major highways and the pro-business, pro-development policies of the city government, the population of Marlborough has increased to over 38,000 at the time of the 2010 census.
Marlborough is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.2 square miles (57 km2), of which, 21.1 square miles (55 km2) of it is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) of it (4.87%) is water. The Assabet River cuts across the northwest corner of the city. Within city limits are three large lakes, known as Lake Williams, Millham Reservoir and Fort Meadow Reservoir. (A portion of Fort Meadow Reservoir extends into nearby Hudson.)(42.350909, -71.547530).
Marlborough is located in eastern Massachusetts, bordered by six municipalities: Berlin, Hudson, Sudbury, Framingham, Southborough, and Northborough.
|* = population estimate. |
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
As of the census of 2000, there were 36,255 people, 14,501 households, and 9,280 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,719.4 people per square mile (663.7/km²). There were 14,903 housing units at an average density of 706.8 per square mile (272.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.70% White, 2.17% African American, 0.20% Native American, 3.76% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.27% from other races, and 2.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.06% of the population.
There were 14,501 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 36.7% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $56,879, and the median income for a family was $70,385. Males had a median income of $49,133 versus $32,457 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,723. About 4.7% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.
Marlborough is home to numerous businesses, stores and restaurants.
Companies from a wide variety of industries with a significant presence in Marlborough include TJX, Raytheon, Hewlett-Packard, AMD, Navilyst Medical, Netezza, Boston Scientific, Sunovion (formerly Sepracor), AT&T, Apple Inc., Egenera, Evergreen Solar, Fidelity Investments, Quest Diagnostics, Lucent Technologies, VCE, Cavium, NAPA Auto Parts and the many other businesses large and small that provide the strong business community in the city.
The Marlborough Regional Chamber of Commerce is the local chamber of commerce for Marlborough and five other surrounding towns in MetroWest Massachusetts. The chamber represents the business needs of over 650 businesses and thousands of employees in the area and is headquartered in the city.
The Chamber of Commerce's role has included working with the MetroWest Regional Transit Authority to improve transportation options and to obtain recognition for Marlborough's Downtown Village as a cultural district.
See also Marlborough Public Schools
Advanced Math & Science Academy grades ( 6-12 )
|Route number||Type||Local name||Direction|
|Interstate 495 (Massachusetts)||Interstate||Interstate 495 (Massachusetts)||north–south|
|Interstate 290 (Massachusetts)||Interstate||Interstate 290 (Massachusetts)||east–west|
|U.S. Route 20||United States highway||Boston Post Rd., East/West Main St.
Lakeside Ave and Granger Blvd.
|Route 85||State route||Washington St., Bolton St. and
The MetroWest Daily News, a daily newspaper covering Marlborough and surrounding communities in the MetroWest region
The Marlborough Enterprise, the city's weekly newspaper
Marlborough Patch (online daily)
The Main Street Journal, a weekly newspaper.
Channel 96 (Comcast), Channel 33 (Verizon): Marlborough Access, Public Access Television (Marlborough Cable Trust). 
Channel 98: Marlborough Public Schools' student run station
Ghost Light Players is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization based in Marlborough. The group has been performing in and around the Marlborough area since 2012, with productions including Hamlet, Dog Sees God, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Godspell, and Love Comics.
Marlborough Mayor Arthur G. Vigeant, on the other hand, said he is backing the incumbent senator, Scott Brown, because the fellow Republican from Wrentham 'has been available for us in Marlborough ... I think he’s done a good job.'
Advanced Math and Science Academy Charter School (AMSACS) is a charter school founded in 2005. It is located at 201 Forest Street in Marlborough, Massachusetts, U.S., in a few remodeled office buildings.
The school is widely recognized for its academic achievements, consistently scoring in the highest percentile among Massachusetts schools in the English, math and science MCAS exams. In 2018, U.S. News & World Report ranked the school the #2 high school in Massachusetts.As a charter school, AMSACS receives funding from school districts in which its students reside. Students and their families have no direct costs other than uniforms and the fees for extra activities that have become common among most of Massachusetts' public schools.
Admission includes completing an application, attending an open house, and taking math and language arts tests that are solely used to determine placement in the right level of classes. Preference for the limited spaces is given first to siblings of current students regardless of residence, then to residents of Marlborough, Hudson, Clinton, and Maynard, and finally to any resident of Massachusetts.
The school is currently divided into a Lower School (grades 6-8) and an Upper School (grades 9-12) thus making a distinction between two parts of one continuous school.Channel 66 virtual TV stations in the United States
The following television stations operate on virtual channel 66 in the United States:
KFSF-DT in Vallejo, California
KPXO-TV in Kaneohe, Hawaii
WFXP in Erie, Pennsylvania
WGBO-DT in Joliet, Illinois
WLGA in Opelika, Alabama
WPXW-TV in Manassas, Virginia
WSMH in Flint, Michigan
WUNI in Marlborough, Massachusetts
WWIW-LD in Raleigh, North Carolina
WXPX-TV in Brandenton, FloridaThe following stations, which are no longer licensed, formerly operated on virtual channel 66:
WNNB-CD in Beaver, Pennsylvania
WNYJ-TV in West Milford, New JerseyDanielle Gregoire
Danielle W. Gregoire is an American state legislator serving in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. She is a Marlborough resident and a member of the Democratic Party.Dry Hill
Dry Hill is a 206-acre (0.83 km2) nature preserve in New Marlborough, Massachusetts and is managed by the Trustees of Reservations, who acquired the land in 2000. It includes a 1.5-mile (2.4 km) hiking trail of medium to strenuous difficulty.Haywood Gilliam
Haywood Stirling Gilliam Jr. (born October 13, 1969) is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California.Jim Reynolds
James Norris Reynolds IV (born December 22, 1968) is a Major League Baseball umpire. He joined the major league staff in 1999 and wears uniform number 77.John Joseph Mitchell
John Joseph Mitchell (May 9, 1873 – September 13, 1925) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts. He was born in Marlboro, Massachusetts on May 9, 1873. He attended public schools, Boston College, and the Albany Law School. Mitchell was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Marlboro. He was elected a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, and served in the Massachusetts State Senate.
He was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-first Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Charles Q. Tirrell and served from November 8, 1910, to March 3, 1911. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1910 to the Sixty-second Congress, but was elected to the Sixty-third Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John W. Weeks and served from April 15, 1913 to March 3, 1915. He was again an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1914 to the Sixty-fourth Congress.
Mitchell served as United States Marshal for Massachusetts during World War I. He was a collector of internal revenue for the district of Massachusetts 1919-1921, and practiced as an attorney in Boston until his death in the Brighton neighborhood of Boston on September 13, 1925. His interment was in Immaculate Conception Cemetery in Marlboro.John Patrick Treacy
John Patrick Treacy (July 23, 1891 – October 11, 1964) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Bishop of the Diocese of La Crosse, Wisconsin from 1948 until his death in 1964.Konkapot River
The Konkapot River is a 22.1-mile-long (35.6 km) river in southwestern Massachusetts and northern Connecticut. It is a tributary of the Housatonic River, not to be confused with the smaller Konkapot Brook in Stockbridge (another Housatonic tributary).
The river was named for Captain John Konkapot, an Indian chief.The Konkapot River begins at Lake Garfield (42.1907°N 73.2133°W / 42.1907; -73.2133) in Monterey, Massachusetts, and the stream from Lake Buel feeds into the Konkapot about 5 miles (8 km) downstream in Hartsville (42.1593°N 73.2633°W / 42.1593; -73.2633). It then runs south to the Connecticut border near East Sheffield, Massachusetts (42.0466°N 73.2861°W / 42.0466; -73.2861), and then primarily west to its confluence with the Housatonic River in Ashley Falls, Massachusetts (42.0505°N 73.3430°W / 42.0505; -73.3430). About 20 miles (32 km) of the river are within Massachusetts, with the remainder in Connecticut.
The river powered mills in Monterey and several villages of New Marlborough, Massachusetts, including grist and cider mills, a box factory, and three major paper mills. As many as 15 mills were built along one three-mile stretch, although they did not operate simultaneously. It still suffers from mercury pollution.Lorrin A. Cooke
Lorrin Alanson Cooke (April 6, 1831 – August 12, 1902) was an American politician and the 57th Governor of Connecticut from 1897 to 1899.Marcia Cross
Marcia Anne Cross (born March 25, 1962) is an American actress. She began her career on daytime soap operas such as The Edge of Night, Another World, and One Life to Live before moving to primetime television with a recurring role on Knots Landing. From 1992 to 1997, she starred as Dr. Kimberly Shaw on Melrose Place. Cross played the role of the conservative housewife Bree Van de Kamp on the ABC television series Desperate Housewives (2004–12), for which she was nominated for three Golden Globe Awards for Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy, and a Primetime Emmy for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series. She also recurred as President Claire Haas on the ABC series Quantico.Mike Burns (soccer)
Michael Thomas Burns (born September 14, 1970 in Marlborough, Massachusetts) is a retired American soccer player. During his playing career, he played for Danish club Viborg FF, three MLS teams, as well as the United States national team.
Burns was most recently the General Manager for the New England Revolution of Major League Soccer.National Register of Historic Places listings in Marlborough, Massachusetts
List of Registered Historic Places in Marlborough, Massachusetts
This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted May 3, 2019.New Marlborough, Massachusetts
New Marlborough is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,509 at the 2010 census. New Marlborough consists of five villages: Clayton, Hartsville, Mill River, New Marlborough Village and Southfield.Philo C. Fuller
Philo Case Fuller (August 14, 1787 near Marlboro, Middlesex County, Massachusetts – August 16, 1855 near Geneva, Ontario County, New York) was an American lawyer and politician.Questing (New Marlborough, Massachusetts)
Questing is a 438-acre (177 ha) open space preserve and colonial era historic site located in New Marlborough, Massachusetts within The Berkshires. The property, acquired in 1996 by the land conservation non-profit organization The Trustees of Reservations, is named for a mythical beast from Arthurian Mythology called the Questing Beast.
The reservation includes hiking trails, open meadows and hay fields, vernal pools, and streams. It is open to hiking, picnicking, cross country skiing, and hunting (in season). A trailhead is located on New Marlborough Hill Road in New Marlborough. Bikes, snowmobiles and motorized vehicles are prohibited.Solomon Pond Mall
The Solomon Pond Mall, operated by Simon Property Group, who owns 56.4% of it, is a two-level enclosed shopping mall located off Interstate 290, near its terminus at Interstate 495, in Marlborough, Massachusetts (with the northern part of the mall in Berlin). The mall features JCPenney, Macy's (originally Filene's), and Sears as anchors.Umpachene River
The Umpachene River is an 8.3-mile-long (13.4 km) tributary of the Housatonic River in New Marlborough, Massachusetts. Issuing from small ponds and wetlands on the east side of town, it meanders generally westward through mostly wooded areas before emptying into the Konkapot River near the village of Southfield.WUNI
WUNI, virtual channel 66 (UHF digital channel 27), is an Univision-owned television station serving Boston, Massachusetts, United States that is licensed to Marlborough. The station is owned by the Univision Local Media subsidiary of Univision Communications, as part of a duopoly with Derry, New Hampshire-licensed Justice Network affiliate WWJE-DT (channel 50); Entravision Communications, which owns Worcester-licensed UniMás affiliate WUTF-TV (channel 27), operates both WUNI and WWJE under respective joint sales and local marketing agreements. The three stations share studios on 4th Avenue in Needham; WUNI and WWJE share transmitter facilities on Parmenter Road in Hudson.
Places adjacent to Marlborough, Massachusetts
Municipalities and communities of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
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