Mark Fidrych

Mark Steven Fidrych (/ˈfɪdrɪtʃ/; August 14, 1954 – April 13, 2009), nicknamed "The Bird", was a Major League Baseball pitcher. He pitched his entire career for the Detroit Tigers (1976–1980).

In 1976, Fidrych led the major leagues with a 2.34 ERA, won the AL Rookie of the Year award, and finished with a 19–9 record. Shortly after, injuries piled up and his major league career ended after just five seasons.

Mark Fidrych
Mark Fidrych
Pitcher
Born: August 14, 1954
Worcester, Massachusetts
Died: April 13, 2009 (aged 54)
Northborough, Massachusetts
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 20, 1976, for the Detroit Tigers
Last MLB appearance
October 1, 1980, for the Detroit Tigers
MLB statistics
Win–loss record29–19
Earned run average3.10
Strikeouts170
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Early life

The son of an assistant school principal, Fidrych played baseball at Algonquin Regional High School in Northborough, Massachusetts, and at Worcester Academy, a day and boarding school in central Massachusetts.[1] In the 1974 amateur draft he was selected in the 10th round by the Detroit Tigers and later joked that when he got a call saying he had been drafted he thought he was drafted into the military, not thinking there were any teams looking at him. In the minor leagues one of his coaches with the Lakeland Tigers dubbed the lanky 6-foot-3 right-handed pitcher "The Bird" because of his resemblance to the "Big Bird" character of the Sesame Street television program.[2]

1976 season

Fidrych made the Tigers as a non-roster invitee out of the 1976 spring training, not making his Major League debut until April 20, and only pitching one inning through mid-May.

On May 15, Fidrych appeared in his first game as a starting pitcher for the Tigers. He held the Cleveland Indians hitless through six innings and ended up with a 2–1 complete game victory in which he gave up only two hits. In addition to his pitching, Fidrych attracted attention in his debut for talking to the ball while on the pitcher's mound, strutting in a circle around the mound after every out, patting down the mound, and refusing to allow groundskeepers to fix the mound in the sixth inning. After the game, sports writer Jim Hawkins wrote in the Detroit Free Press: "He really is something to behold."[3] Rico Carty of the Indians said he thought Fidrych "was trying to hypnotize them."[4]

On May 25, Fidrych started his second game at Fenway Park, playing in front of two busloads of fans who traveled from Fidrych's home town of Northboro. Fidrych pitched well, allowing two earned runs (a two-run home run by Carl Yastrzemski) in eight innings, but Luis Tiant shut out the Tigers, and Fidrych received his first major league loss.[5]

On May 31, Fidrych pitched an 11-inning, complete game victory over the Milwaukee Brewers.[6] On June 5, he pitched another 11-inning, complete game victory over the Texas Rangers in Arlington.[7] Fidrych continued to pitch well heading into the All-Star break:

  • June 11: Fidrych pitched a complete game 4–3 victory over the California Angels before a crowd of 36,377 on a Friday night at Tiger Stadium.[8]
  • June 19: Fidrych pitched a complete game 4–3 victory over the Kansas City Royals before a crowd of 21,659 on a Wednesday night at Tiger Stadium.[9]
  • June 24: Fidrych returned to Fenway Park with his family and friend in the stands. He gave up back-to-back home runs to Fred Lynn and Yastrzemski but won his sixth consecutive start.[10]
  • June 28: Fidrych pitched before 47,855 at Tiger Stadium and a national television audience in the millions, as the Tigers hosted the New York Yankees on ABC's Monday Night Baseball. Fidrych earned a 5–1 complete game victory that took only 1 hour and 51 minutes. Fans wouldn't leave the stadium until The Bird emerged from the dugout for a curtain call.[11] After the broadcast, which was filled with plenty of "Bird" antics, Fidrych became a national celebrity.[12][13]
  • July 9: Pitching in front of a sell-out crowd of 51,041 at Tiger Stadium, Fidrych held the Royals to one run in nine innings, but Dennis Leonard shut out the Tigers 1–0. Despite the loss, Detroit fans refused to leave the stadium until The Bird made a curtain call.[16]

Fidrych was named to the 1976 AL All-Star team. He started and earned the loss in the game, giving up two runs. Fidrych won his 10th game, a 1–0 victory over the A's, on July 16. Four days later in Minneapolis, before Fidrych's 13th start, the Twins released 13 homing pigeons on the mound before the game. According to Fidrych, "they tried to do that to blow my concentration."[17] Fidrych pitched another complete game and got his 11th win, 8–3. On July 24, Fidrych lasted only 4​13 innings but John Hiller got the win in relief.

After the July 24 game, Fidrych was interviewed on live television, and a small controversy arose when Fidrych said "bullshit" on the air. Fidrych recalled: "He (NBC commentator Tony Kubek) said, it looked like you were gonna cry. I just said, No, I wasn't about to cry. I was just bullshit.... And then I said, excuse me. I said, I didn't mean to swear on the air but I just showed you my feelings."[18] The next day, Fidrych received a telegram informing he had been fined $250 by baseball commissioner Bowie Kuhn, but it was a prank sent by his own teammates.[19][20]

On July 29 and August 7, Fidrych threw consecutive six-hit complete games. He won one of the games and lost the other. The Tigers beat the Rangers, 4–3, on August 11 as Fidrych notched his 13th win over Gaylord Perry. Six days later, the Tigers drew a season-high 51,822 fans as Fidrych went to 14–4, beating opposing pitcher Frank Tanana 3–2. On August 25, the Tigers beat the White Sox, 3–1, in front of 40,000 fans on a Wednesday night in Detroit. Fidrych held the White Sox to five hits in a game that lasted only one hour and 48 minutes. Between August 29 and September 17, Fidrych lost three consecutive decisions, bringing his record to 16–9.[21]

Fidrych beat the Indians two starts in a row on September 21 and 28. In his last start of the 1976 season, Fidrych got his 19th win, beating the Brewers, 4–1, giving up five hits.[21] A month later, Fidrych was announced as the runner-up for the Cy Young Award, with Jim Palmer taking the award.

Fidrych won the AL Rookie of the Year Award and was named Tiger of the Year by the Detroit baseball writers. He led all of MLB in ERA (2.34) and Adjusted ERA+ (158), while leading the AL in complete games (24). He finished in the top five in several other statistical categories, including wins, win percentage, shutouts, walks plus hits per innings pitched (WHIP), and bases on balls per nine innings pitched. He got the 11th-highest vote total in the year's AL MVP voting.

In Fidrych's 18 home starts in 1976, he compiled a 12–6 record while the Tigers averaged 33,649 fans; the team drew an average of only 13,843 in his non-starts.[22]

During the offseason between the 1976 and 1977 seasons, Fidrych published an autobiography with Tom Clark titled No Big Deal.

Injury and retirement

Fidrych tore the cartilage in his knee fooling around in the outfield during spring training in 1977.[23] He picked up where he left off after his return from the injury, but about six weeks after his return, during a July 4 game against Baltimore, he felt his arm just, in his words, "go dead." It was a torn rotator cuff, but it would not be diagnosed until 1985.[24] Fidrych managed to finish the season 6–4 with a 2.89 ERA and was again invited to the All-Star Game, but he declined the invitation due to injury. Still on the disabled list toward the end of the season, Fidrych worked as a guest color analyst on a Monday Night Baseball telecast for ABC; he was subsequently criticized for his lack of preparation, as when play-by-play partner Al Michaels tried talking with him about Philadelphia Phillies player Richie Hebner and Fidrych responded, "Who's Richie Hebner?"[25] As an American League player, Fidrych had never had to face Hebner, who played in the National League.

He pitched only three games in 1978, winning two, including an opening day win. On August 12, 1980, 48,361 fans showed up at Tiger Stadium to see what turned out to be his last attempt at a comeback. Fidrych pitched his last MLB game on October 1, 1980 in Toronto, going five innings and giving up four earned runs, while picking up the win in an 11–7 Tigers victory which was televised in Detroit.

At the end of the 1981 season, Detroit gave Fidrych his outright release and he signed as a free agent with the Boston Red Sox, playing for one of their minor league teams. However, his torn rotator cuff, still undiagnosed and untreated, never healed. At age 29, he was forced to retire. After seeing everyone from chiropractors to hypnotists, Fidrych went to famed sports doctor James Andrews in 1985. Dr. Andrews discovered the torn rotator cuff and operated; still, the damage already done to the shoulder effectively ended Fidrych's chance of coming back to a professional baseball career.

Fidrych remained cheerful and upbeat. In a 1998 interview, when asked who he would invite to dinner if he could invite anyone in the world, Fidrych said, "My buddy and former Tigers teammate Mickey Stanley, because he's never been to my house."

Fidrych lived with his wife Ann, whom he married in 1986, on a 107-acre (0.43 km2) farm in Northborough. They had a daughter, Jessica. Aside from fixing up his farmhouse, he worked as a contractor hauling gravel and asphalt in a ten-wheeler. On weekends, he helped out in his mother-in-law's business, Chet's Diner, on Route 20 in Northborough, currently operated by his daughter. Through working at Chet’s Diner, Mark made relationships with people of all ages that lasted a lifetime. At his funeral there were people that had some type of funny story dealing with Mark because that is the person he was. Several of those people who had stories were from the diner where Mark had served them for several years.[26] He would also frequent the local baseball field to help teach and play ball with the kids.

Pitching style

Fidrych was not an overpowering pitcher, posting strikeout rates below the league average throughout his career. He was, however, praised for having exceptional control (compiling a walk rate of 1.77 per 9 IP over his first two seasons), and for having good late movement on his pitches while keeping the ball down and inducing many ground balls. He allowed only 23 home runs in ​412 13 major league innings (0.5/9 rate).[27]

Personality

Fidrych also captured the imagination of fans with his antics on the field. He would crouch down on the pitcher's mound and fix cleat marks, what became known as "manicuring the mound", talk to himself, talk to the ball, aim the ball like a dart, strut around the mound after every out, and throw back balls that "had hits in them", insisting they be removed from the game. Mark Fidrych also was known for shaking everyone's hands after a game.

Every time he pitched, Tiger Stadium was jam-packed with fans who became known as "Bird Watchers". Fidrych's fan appeal was also enhanced by the fact that he had his own "personal catcher". Because Tigers coaching and managerial staff were somewhat superstitious about "jinxing" Fidrych's success, Bruce Kimm, a rookie catcher, caught each of Fidrych's outings.

It became common to hear the crowd chant "We want the Bird, we want the Bird" at the end of each of his home victories. The chants would continue until he emerged from the dugout to tip his cap to the crowd. While these "curtain calls" have become more common in modern sports, they were less so in mid-1970s baseball. In his 18 appearances at Tiger Stadium, attendance equaled almost half of the entire season's 81 home games. Teams started asking Detroit to change its pitching rotation so Fidrych could pitch in their ballparks, and he appeared on the cover of numerous magazines, including Sports Illustrated (twice, including once with Sesame Street character Big Bird), Rolling Stone (as of 2015, the only baseball player ever to make the cover of the rock and roll magazine), and The Sporting News. In one week, Fidrych turned away five people who wanted to be his agent, saying, "Only I know my real value and can negotiate it."

Fidrych also drew attention for the simple, bachelor lifestyle he led in spite of his fame, driving a green subcompact car, living in a small Detroit apartment, wondering aloud if he could afford to answer all of his fan mail on his league-minimum $16,500 salary, and telling people that if he hadn't been a pitcher, he'd work pumping gas in Northborough. He fascinated everyone, most especially young women, with his frizzy blond curls, blue jeans, and devil-may-care manner.

At the end of his rookie season, the Tigers gave him a $25,000 bonus and signed him to a three-year contract worth $255,000. Economists estimated that the extra attendance Fidrych generated around the league in 1976 was worth more than $1 million. Fidrych also did an Aqua Velva television commercial after the 1976 season.

Death

According to the Worcester District Attorney's office, a family friend found Fidrych dead beneath his ten-wheel dump truck at his Northborough home around 2:30 p.m, April 13, 2009. He appeared to have been working on the truck at the time of the accident.[28] Authorities said Fidrych suffocated after his clothes had become entangled with a spinning power takeoff shaft on the truck. The state medical examiner's office ruled the death an accident, according to a release from the Worcester District Attorney's office.[29]

Joseph Amorello, owner of a road construction company who had occasionally hired Fidrych to haul gravel or asphalt, had stopped by the farm to chat with him when he found the body underneath the dump truck. "We were just, in general, getting started for the [road-building] season this week and it seems as though his truck was going to be needed. It looked like he was doing some maintenance on it", Amorello said in a telephone interview. "I found him under the truck. There's not much more I can say. I dialed 911 and that's all I could do."[30] A funeral was held in Fidrych's honor and thousands of people came to pay their respects.[31]

A 2012 wrongful death suit filed by Fidrych's widow was dismissed by a Massachusetts appeals court in November 2017.[32] In a unanimous decision, the court ruled that the companies in question did provide warnings and that their equipment was free of design defects. Further, the court decreed that the companies had no legal compunction to provide any such warnings because Fidrych modified the truck.

Honors and tributes

Fidrych was inducted into the Shrine of the Eternals of the Baseball Reliquary in 2002.[33]

In one of Bill James' baseball books, he quoted the Yankees' Graig Nettles as telling about an at-bat against Fidrych, who, as usual, was talking to the ball before pitching to Nettles. Immediately Graig jumped out of the batter's box and started talking to his bat. He reportedly said, "Never mind what he says to the ball. You just hit it over the outfield fence!" Nettles struck out. "Damn", he said. "Japanese bat. Doesn't understand a word of English." Nettles actually hit Fidrych very well in his career, though, with a .389 average [7-for-18] and two home runs.

On April 15, 2009, the Tigers paid tribute to Fidrych at Comerica Park with a moment of silence and a video before their game against the Chicago White Sox.[34]

At the time of his death he was about to be inducted into the National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame.[35] He was inducted posthumously on June 18, 2009.[36][37]

On June 19, 2009, Jessica Fidrych honored her father at Comerica Park by throwing out the ceremonial first pitch to manager Jim Leyland for the Tigers game against the Milwaukee Brewers. Prior to throwing the first pitch, Jessica "manicured the mound" just like her father. Ann Fidrych, widow of Mark Fidrych, was also present on the field for the ceremony.[38]

The Baseball Project honored Fidrych in their song "1976".[39]

See also

References

General
  • Fidrych, Mark; Tom Clark (1977). No Big Deal. Lippincott. ISBN 978-0-397-01233-6.
  • Wilson, Doug (2013). The Bird: The Life and Legacy of Mark Fidrych. Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 978-1-250-00492-5.

Henning, Lynn (April 14, 2009). "Former Tigers pitcher Mark 'The Bird' Fidrych dies at 54". The Detroit News.

Specific
  1. ^ Wilson, Doug. The Bird: the Life and Legacy of Mark Fidrych. Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martins Press, 2014.
  2. ^ Marquard, Bryan (April 14, 2009). "Mark 'The Bird' Fidrych, 54; pitcher enthralled fans". The Boston Globe.
  3. ^ Jim Hawkins (May 16, 1976). "The Bird 2-Hits Cleveland, 2-1". Detroit Free Press. p. 1E – via Newspapers.com.
  4. ^ Fidrych 1977, p. 131
  5. ^ "Tiant Tames the Tigers, 2-0". Detroit Free Press. May 26, 1976. p. 1D – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "Tigers Win for 'Bird' in 11th, 5–4". Detroit Free Press. June 1, 1976. p. 1D – via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^ "Tigers rally, defeat Rangers, Blyleven". The Austin American-Statesman. June 6, 1976. p. C4 – via Newspapers.com.
  8. ^ Jim Hawkins (June 12, 1976). "Fidrych's Magic Works Again, 4–3". Detroit Free Press. p. 1B – via Newspapers.com.
  9. ^ Jim Hawkins (June 17, 1976). "Fidrych Cools Off Royals, 4–3". Detroit Free Press. p. 1F.
  10. ^ Jim Hawkins (June 25, 1976). "Bird Rules Again . . . Tigers Win, 6-3". Detroit Free Press. p. 1D.
  11. ^ Jim Hawkins (June 29, 1976). "Go, Bird, Go! Fidrych Kills NY, 5-1: 47,855 Hail 8th Win". Detroit Free Press. p. 1D – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ Dow, Bill (June 28, 2016). "40 years ago, Mark (The Bird) Fidrych was 'some kind of unbelievable'". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  13. ^ June 28, 1976: The Bird captivates the nation, SABR (Society for American Baseball Research), Scott Ferkovich, article originally appeared in "Tigers by the Tale: Great Games at Michigan & Trumbull" (SABR, 2015), edited by Scott Ferkovich.
  14. ^ Jim Hawkins (July 4, 1976). "Fidrych Fills the Old Ball Park With Bird-Lovers". Detroit Free Press. p. 1D – via Newspapers.com.
  15. ^ Jim Hawkins (July 4, 1976). "Bird Swoops Down on O's, 4-0 . . . And 51,032 Tiger Fans Go Wild". Detroit Free Press. p. 1D – via Newspapers.com.
  16. ^ Jim Hawkins (July 10, 1976). "The Bird Falls Back to Earth, 1-0". Detroit Free Press. p. 1B – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ Fidrych 1977, p. 174
  18. ^ Fidrych 1977, p. 170
  19. ^ Fidrych 1977, p. 172
  20. ^ The Bird: The Life and Legacy of Mark Fidrych – Doug Wilson – Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  21. ^ a b "Mark Fidrych 1976 Pitching Gamelogs". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
  22. ^ "1976 Detroit Tigers Schedule and Results". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
  23. ^ "Mark Fidrych Baseball Stats, facts, biography, images and video". The Baseball Page. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  24. ^ Bodley, Hal (August 10, 2006). "'Bird' Fidrych was workhorse in '76". usatoday.com. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  25. ^ "The Bird doesn't rule the roost in the television announcer's booth". The Miami News. Associated Press. September 6, 1977.
  26. ^ Wilson, Doug. The Bird: the Life and Legacy of Mark Fidrych. Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martins Press, 2014.
  27. ^ "Mark Fidrych at FanGraphs.com". fangraphs.com. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
  28. ^ Ulman, Howard (April 14, 2009). "Mark 'The Bird' Fidrych Dies". Archived from the original on April 16, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
  29. ^ "Examiner: Fidrych suffocated to death". ESPN.com. Associated Press. April 16, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
  30. ^ "Fidrych, 54, dies in apparent accident". ESPN.com. Associated Press. April 14, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
  31. ^ Wilson, Doug. The Bird: the Life and Legacy of Mark Fidrych. Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martins Press, 2014.
  32. ^ "Court dismisses lawsuit filed by widow of ex-pitcher Mark Fidrych". ESPN. Associated Press. November 28, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  33. ^ "2002 Baseball Reliquary Induction Ceremony Information". The Baseball Reliquary. July 28, 2002. Archived from the original on September 29, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
  34. ^ "Galarraga outduels Contreras as Polanco, Tigers spank White Sox". ESPN. Associated Press. April 15, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
  35. ^ "Mark Fidrych, Andy Banachowski, Bobby Czyz, Joe Verdeur to be inducted into The National Polish-American Sports Hall Of Fame". newspostonline.com. Archived from the original on June 27, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
  36. ^ "Banachowski Inducted Into National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame". UCLA. June 19, 2009. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
  37. ^ "Mark Fidrych « National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame and Museum". Polishsportshof.com. Archived from the original on April 26, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  38. ^ "Thames leads Tigers past Brewers in rain, 10–4". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Associated Press. June 19, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
  39. ^ "The Baseball Project – 1976 Lyrics". songlyrics.com. Retrieved April 25, 2014.

External links

1974 Detroit Tigers season

The 1974 Detroit Tigers compiled a record of 72–90. They finished in last place in the American League East, 19 games behind the Baltimore Orioles. They were outscored by their opponents 768 to 620.

1976 Detroit Tigers season

The 1976 Detroit Tigers season was a season in American baseball. The team finished in fifth place in the American League East with a record of 74–87, 24 games behind the New York Yankees. They were outscored by their opponents 709 to 609. The Tigers drew 1,467,020 fans to Tiger Stadium in 1976, ranking 4th of the 14 teams in the American League.

1976 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1976 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 47th midseason exhibition between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was played on July 13, 1976, at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, home of the Philadelphia Phillies of the National League. The game resulted in a 7–1 victory for the NL.

This was the third time that the All-Star Game had been played in Philadelphia, though the first to be played in Veteran's Stadium. Both the 1943 and 1952 games were played in Philadelphia's Shibe Park with the then Philadelphia Athletics hosting in 1943 and the Phillies hosting in 1952. The All-Star Game would return to Veterans Stadium in 1996.

The honorary captains were Robin Roberts (for the NL) and Bob Lemon (for the AL).Starting with this All-Star Game, both "O Canada" and "The Star-Spangled Banner" would be sung as part of the annual pregame ceremonies.

1976 Major League Baseball season

The 1976 Major League Baseball season was the last post 1961-season until 1993 in which the American League (AL) and the National League (NL) had the same number of teams. The season ended with the Cincinnati Reds taking the World Series Championship for the second consecutive season by sweeping the New York Yankees in four games. It would be the Reds' last title until Lou Piniella guided the club in 1990, and the second time that the Yankees were swept in World Series history. The only team to do it before was the 1963 Los Angeles Dodgers.

1976 in Michigan

Events from the year 1976 in Michigan.

The Associated Press (AP) selected the top Michigan news stories of 1976 as follows:

United Auto Workers strikes against Ford Motor Company lasting 28 days (from September 14 to October 12) and General Motors lasting 12 hours (from midnight until noon on November 19);

A forest fire lasting for two months from July until September that blackened 65,000 acres in the Seney National Wildlife Refuge in the Upper Peninsula with state and federal firefighting costs reaching $7.5 million;

Continued fallout from the Michigan PBB contamination incident in which a flame retardant chemical (PBB) was mixed with livestock feed, distributed to Michigan farms, and fed to 1.5 million chickens, 30,000 cattle, 5,900 pigs, and 1,470 sheep;

Voter approval on November 2 of a ballot proposal banning throwaway beverage containers;

Gerald Ford's November 2 loss to Jimmy Carter in the 1976 U.S. Presidential election, though Ford took Michigan's 21 electoral votes with 51.8% of the state's votes to 46.4% for Carter;

A March 3 ice storm that left 200,000 homes in southern Michigan without power and caused millions of dollars in damage;

Congressman Donald Riegle's election to replace retiring U.S. Senator Philip Hart after defeating Secretary of State Richard H. Austin and Congressman James G. O'Hara in the Democratic primary on August 3 and Marvin Esch in the general election on November 2;

A violent melee on August 15 that erupted following a concert at Cobo Hall featuring Average White Band and Kool & the Gang with multiple robberies and beatings and two gang rapes;

The prosecution of two Filipina nurses, Filipina Narciso and Leonora Perez, in the Ann Arbor Hospital Murders in which 10 patients at the Veterans Hospital in Ann Arbor died mysteriously from respiratory failure; and

The state's fiscal year is extended by three months to avoid a deficit.The AP also selected the state's top sports stories as follows:

The success of rookie pitcher Mark Fidrych who won 19 games for the Detroit Tigers, was the starting pitcher for the American League in the All-Star Game, led the American League with a 2.34 earned run average, and was named American League Rookie of the Year;

The NCAA's imposition of three years of probation against the Michigan State Spartans football team for illegal recruiting and the firing of head coach Denny Stolz and athletic director Burt Smith;

The 1976 Michigan Wolverines football team that compiled a compiled a 10–1 record in the regular season and was ranked No. 1 before being upset by Purdue;

The 1975–76 Michigan Wolverines men's basketball team that compiled a 25–7 record and advanced to the Final Four, losing to Indiana in the championship game;

Ron LeFlore compiling a 30-game hitting streak, the longest in the American League in 27 years, and stealing 56 bases for the Detroit Tigers;

Detroit speedskater Sheila Young winning gold, silver and bronze medals at the 1976 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria;

Rick Forzano's resignation as head coach of the Detroit Lions on October 4, the hiring of Tommy Hudspeth as head coach on October 5, and the team compiling a 6–8 record;

The 1975-76 Western Michigan Broncos men's basketball team compiling a 25-3 record and advancing to the Sweet 16 round of the 1976 NCAA Division I Basketball Tournament before narrowly losing to No. 2 ranked Marquette;

The Detroit Pistons selection of Marvin Barnes on August 5 with the fourth overall pick in the ABA dispersal draft; and

Bo Schembechler undergoing open heart surgery to perform four bypasses on May 20 and deciding to continue coaching.

1976 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 1976 throughout the world.

1977 Detroit Tigers season

The 1977 Detroit Tigers finished in fourth place in the American League East with a record of 74–88, 26 games behind the New York Yankees. They were outscored by their opponents 751 to 714. The Tigers drew 1,359,856 fans to Tiger Stadium in 1977, ranking 7th of the 14 teams in the American League.

1977 in Michigan

Events from the year 1977 in Michigan.

The Associated Press (AP) selected Michigan's top stories of 1977 as follows:

The emergence of the Michigan PBB contamination scandal as a political issue and related medical investigation and legislative actions (the PBB scandal was one of the state's top stories for the fourth consecutive year dating back to 1974);

Cold weather through the winter of 1977 with many cities recording the coldest temperatures of the century, Lake Michigan frozen solid, several deaths due to exposure, closure of automobile plants due to natural gas shortages, and snow closing U.S. Route 131 between Grand Rapids and Kalamazoo for a week;

The Oakland County Child Killings involving the unsolved murders of at least four Oakland County youths reportedly tied to the driver of a blue Gremlin;

The 13-week trial, conviction, and subsequent new trial order in the prosecution of two Filipina nurses, Filipina Narciso and Leonora Perez, in the Ann Arbor Hospital Murders in which 10 patients at the Veterans Hospital in Ann Arbor died mysteriously from respiratory failure (the Ann Arbor Hospital Murders were one of the state's top stories for the third consecutive year dating back to 1975);

The case of Francine Hughes (subsequently the topic of The Burning Bed), a 29-year-old woman from Danville who killed her husband by setting his bed on fire in March after years of domestic abuse and was found not guilty in November by reason of temporary insanity;

Gov. William Milliken's veto of Project Seafarer, a proposed underground military extremely low frequency (ELF) network in the Upper Peninsula;

A civil lawsuit by farmers Roy and Marilyn Tacoma against several parties for the loss of cattle in connection with the Michigan PBB contamination scandal (See #1 above) and resulting in the longest court case in Michigan history;

The August 25 abduction of Evelyn Van Tassel from her Upper Peninsula home and the subsequent trial and conviction of her abductor, Douglas Henry, for kidnapping and rape;

The closure of Kincheloe Air Force Base in the eastern Upper Peninsula; and

The April announcement by U.S. Senator Robert P. Griffin that he would not run for reelection in 1978.The AP and the United Press International (UPI) each selected the state's top sports stories of 1977 as follows:

The second season of Detroit Tigers pitcher Mark Fidrych (2.89 ERA in 11 games) which was shortened by injuries (AP-1, UPI-1);

The 1977 Michigan Wolverines football team led by quarterback Rick Leach and running back Russell Davis compiling a 10–1 record in the regular season, including a victory over Ohio State (AP-3, UPI-3 [tie]);

The Detroit Red Wings' firing of Alex Delvecchio after the 1976–77 team compiled a 16–55–9 record, the hiring of Ted Lindsay as the team's general manager, and Lindsay's rebuilding program and promise to bring back aggressive hockey (AP-5, UPI-2);

The 1976–77 Detroit Titans men's basketball team led by John Long and Terry Tyler compiling a 25–4 record followed by Dick Vitale's resignation as head coach (AP-4 [season], AP-6 [resignation], UPI-5 [season]);

Magic Johnson's decision to attend Michigan State University after leading Lansing's Everett High School to the Michigan Class A high school basketball championship (AP-2, UPI-9);

The 1976–77 Michigan Wolverines men's basketball team led by Phil Hubbard and Rickey Green compiling a 26–4 record, receiving the No. 1 ranking at the end of the regular season, and advancing to the Elite Eight round in the NCAA tournament (AP-8, UPI-3 [tie])

The 1976 Michigan Wolverines football team's 14–6 loss to USC in the 1977 Rose Bowl (AP-7, UPI-7);

The performances of Detroit Tigers players Dave Rozema (15-7 record, 3.09 ERA), Ron LeFlore (.325 batting average, 212 hits), and Steve Kemp (18 home runs, 88 RBIs) (AP-9 [Rozema and LeFlore], UPI-8 [Rozema and Kemp]);

The trade of highly touted 1976 draft pick Marvin Barnes on November 23 after appearing in only 65 games for the Detroit Pistons to the Buffalo Braves in exchange for Gus Gerard, John Shumate and a 1979 first round draft pick (Roy Hamilton was selected) (UPI-6); and

The April 12 trade of designated hitter Willie Horton, who had played for the Detroit Tigers since 1963, to the Texas Rangers in exchange for pitcher Steve Foucault (UPI-10).

1982 Boston Red Sox season

The 1982 Boston Red Sox season was the 82nd season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished third in the American League East with a record of 89 wins and 73 losses, six games behind the Milwaukee Brewers.

Battery (baseball)

In baseball, the term battery refers collectively to the pitcher and the catcher, who may also be called batterymen or batterymates of one another.

Bird (disambiguation)

A bird is a feathered, winged, bipedal, warm-blooded, egg-laying, vertebrate.

Bird, BIRD, or the bird may also refer to:

Bird (gesture), an obscene hand gesture

Bird (nickname)

Bird or The Bird is a nickname for:

Bird Averitt (born 1952), American retired National Basketball Association and American Basketball Association player

Charlie Parker (1920–1955), American jazz musician

Mark Fidrych (1954–2009), American baseball pitcher

Mutsuhiro Watanabe (died 2003), Japanese World War II sergeant and war criminal

George Yardley (1928–2004), American basketball player

Kathleen York, American singer, songwriter and actress

Harry Coveleski

Harry Frank Coveleski (April 23, 1886 – August 4, 1950) was a Major League Baseball pitcher with the Philadelphia Phillies, Cincinnati Reds, and Detroit Tigers.

Jay Porter

J. W. "Jay" Porter (born January 17, 1933, in Shawnee, Oklahoma) is a former Major League Baseball player who appeared with the St. Louis Browns (1952), Detroit Tigers (1955–1957), Cleveland Indians (1958), Washington Senators (1959), and St. Louis Cardinals (1959).

Porter played in 229 major league games, 91 as a catcher, 62 as an outfielder, 16 as a first baseman, 3 at third base and was a career .228 hitter who had his best season in 1957 when he hit .250 in 58 games while with the Detroit Tigers.

Porter was signed as an 18-year-old "bonus baby" in 1951. Bobby Mattick was scouting Porter, when he noticed another prospect, Frank Robinson. Mattick wound up signing both Porter and Robinson, "with Porter signing for a much higher bonus." (John Eisenberg, "From 33rd Street to Camden Yards" (McGraw-Hill 2001), p. 161.)

Despite showing the early promise Porter played in only 33 games for the St. Louis Browns in 1952.

On December 4, 1952, Porter was traded by the Browns with Owen Friend and Bob Nieman to the Tigers for Virgil Trucks (who threw two no-hitters in 1952), Hal White, and Johnny Groth. Porter did not make it to the Tigers' big league team until 1955 and played only 92 games for the Tigers from 1955–1957.

Though he never became a starter in Detroit, he was selected by Sports Illustrated in October 2006 as one of the "10 Greatest Characters in Detroit Tigers History", along with Mark Fidrych, Norm Cash, Boots Poffenberger, and Herbie Redmond.

[1]

Porter's favorite meal was "two dozen (eggs) over light", which he would eat all at once. This became a "favorite meal" when his teammates encouraged him to compete against the world champion for eating the most eggs in one sitting and Porter began his "training." A date was set for the contest; however, the current world champion failed to arrive.

On February 18, 1958, the Tigers traded Porter to the Cleveland Indians with Hal Woodeshick for Jim Hegan and Hank Aguirre. Porter learned of the trade while driving to Spring Training in Florida, driving from his home in Oregon, down the West Coast, stopping in Tucson, Arizona to visit friends in the Indians training camp. Later on, when he was an hour outside Lakeland, Porter heard on the car radio that he had been traded to the Indians, made a U-turn and headed right back to Arizona. (Van Dusen, Ewald & Hawkins, "The Detroit Tigers Encyclopedia (Sports Publishing 2003), p. 94).

While playing for Cleveland, Porter had the task of catching Baseball Hall of Fame knuckleballer Hoyt Wilhelm at which he was, reportedly, so baffled by Wilhelm's knuckleball he used a first baseman's glove. [2]

After his playing career ended, he served as a minor league manager in the Montreal Expos organization, including a stint with the West Palm Beach Expos in 1970 and also managed the Expos entry in the 1969 Florida Instructional League.

Porter is the youngest living former member of the remaining 10 St. Louis Browns.

His initials of J.W. do not represent any actual given names and he is referred to by all as either JW or Jay.

Jerry Green (writer)

Jerry Green is an American sports journalist and author. He was a staff writer for the Associated Press from 1956 to 1963 and for The Detroit News from 1963 to 2004. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2005 and the Michigan Sports Hall of Fame in 2003. He is one of four sports writers to cover each of the first 53 Super Bowls from 1967 to 2019.

National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame

The National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame and Museum was founded in 1973 to honor and recognize outstanding American athletes, both amateur and professional, of Polish descent. The hall is located in Orchard Lake Village, Michigan.Each year, inductees are elected in a nationwide vote among NPASHOF officers, Hall of Fame inductees and more than 500 members of the Sports Panel Council. With 128 inductees, the National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame has an outstanding collection of historic artifacts on display at the American Polish Cultural Center in Troy, Michigan. Stan Musial, the first inductee, is represented with items worthy of being in Cooperstown.

Visitors can also see uniforms worn by greats such as Steve Gromek, Carol Blazejowski, Mark Fidrych and Ed Olczyk; the boxing gloves used by 1940s heavyweight champion Tony Zale; basketballs, baseballs, footballs, and bowling balls used and signed by Mike Krzyzewski, Whitey Kurowski, Ted Marchibroda, and Eddie Lubanski. Among other items is a football signed by Bob Skoronski, Vince Lombardi and other members of the 1967 Super Bowl I Champion Green Bay Packers.

The National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame held its 47th Annual Induction Banquet on June 20, 2019 inducting Mike McCoy, Allison Mleczko, Arlene Limas and Mark Grudzielanek. David Dombrowski and Adrian Wojnarowski will be honored with the NPASHF Excellence in Sports Award and the NPASHF Tony Kubek Media Award, respectively.

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