Mario Mattei

Mario Mattei (6 September 1792, Pergola, Marche – 7 October 1870) was an Italian Cardinal, of the Roman noble House of Mattei. He became Dean of the College of Cardinals in 1860.

Personal life

Mattei was born on 6 September 1792 in Pergola.

He was educated at the Collegio Ghislieri, a Roman Seminary, and at the La Sapienza University where he received a doctorate in utroque iure) and later attended the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles in 1810.[1] Around 1817, he was ordained a priest.

Elevation to Cardinal

He was elevated to Cardinal by Pope Gregory XVI in 1832 and was subsequently appointed to the following posts:[2]

Vatican service

In 1843, Mattei was appointed as Arch-Priest of St. Peter's Basilica and held this position until his death in 1870.

Records indicate that Mattei was appointed Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals twice; between 1834 and 1835 and between 1848 and 1850

He was appointed Dean of the College of Cardinals in 1860.

He was a participant in the First Vatican Council and in the Papal Conclave of 1846 that elected Pope Pius IX.


  1. ^ Florida International University - Mattei
  2. ^ Catholic Hierarchy - Mattei [self-published]
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Ludovico Micara
Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati
17 June 1844 – 23 June 1854
Succeeded by
Antonio Maria Cagiano de Azevedo
Preceded by
Luigi Lambruschini
Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina
23 June 1854 – 17 December 1860
Succeeded by
Giuseppe Milesi Pironi Ferretti
Preceded by
Vincenzo Macchi
Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia
17 December 1860 – 7 October 1870
Succeeded by
Costantino Patrizi Naro
Preceded by
Giacomo Giustiniani
Arch-Priest of St. Peter's Basilica
11 March 1843 – 7 October 1870
Succeeded by
Niccola Clarelli Parracciani
Preceded by
Luigi Gazzoli
Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals
20 January 1834 – 6 April 1835 (1st Term)
Succeeded by
Nicola Grimaldi
Preceded by
Castruccio Castracane degli Antelminelli
Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals
1848 – 1850 (2nd Term)
Succeeded by
Giacomo Luigi Brignole
Antonio Maria Cagiano de Azevedo

Antonio Maria Cagiano de Azevedo (14 December 1797 – 13 January 1867) was a Catholic Cardinal and held a number of significant legal positions within the Catholic Church during the 19th century.

Costantino Patrizi Naro

Costantino Patrizi Naro JUD (4 September 1798 – 17 December 1876) was a long-serving Italian Cardinal who became Dean of the College of Cardinals. Cardinal Benedetto Naro was his great-uncle.

Dean of the College of Cardinals

The Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals (Latin: Decanus Sacri Collegii) is the dean (president) of the College of Cardinals in the Roman Catholic Church. The position was established in the early 12th century.

The Dean presides over the College of Cardinals, serving as primus inter pares in the college. He always holds the rank of Cardinal Bishop. The Dean of the College of Cardinals is assisted by the Vice-Dean; in those roles they act as the president and vice-president of the college respectively. Both are elected by and from the Cardinal Bishops who are not Eastern Catholic patriarchs and subject to papal confirmation. Except for presiding, the Dean and Vice-Dean have no power over the other cardinals. In the order of precedence in the Catholic Church as the senior Cardinal Bishops, the Dean and Vice-Dean are placed second and third respectively after the pope.

The Dean is often, but not necessarily, the longest-serving member of the whole College. It had been customary for centuries for the longest-serving of the six cardinal bishops of suburbicarian sees to be Dean. This was required by canon law from 1917 until 1965, when Pope Paul VI empowered the six to elect the Dean from among their number. This election was a formality until the time of Pope John Paul II.The Dean holds the position until death or resignation; there is no mandatory age of retirement.

Gaspare Mattei

Gaspare Mattei (1598 - around 1am, 9 April 1650) was an Italian cardinal of the house of Mattei.

Giacomo Luigi Brignole

Giacomo Luigi Brignole (8 May 1797 – 23 June 1853) was a Catholic Cardinal and Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

Giovanni Battista Sommariva

Giovanni or Gian Battista Sommariva (died 6 January 1826, Milan) was an Italian politician in the Cisalpine Republic and the Second French Republic, as well as a notable arts patron.

List of Camerlengos of the Sacred College of Cardinals

The Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals was the treasurer of that body within the Catholic Church. The title is based on an Italian word for chamberlain, a word no longer used in secular contexts. The position existed from at least 1272 until 1997, when it was allowed to lapse.

He administered all property, fees, funds and revenue belonging to the College of Cardinals, celebrated the requiem mass for a deceased cardinal and was charged with the registry of the Acta Consistoralia.

It is believed that the post was created by Pope Eugene III in 1150, but there is no documentary proof of its existence before the pontificate of Pope Innocent III, or perhaps even before the year 1272.

Ludovico Micara

Ludovico Micara (12 October 1775 – 24 May 1847) was an Italian Capuchin and Cardinal. He was born at Frascati, in the Papal States. Ordained in 1798, he became Dean of the College of Cardinals in 1824.

He was in hiding for the end of the Napoleonic Wars period. He became Apostolic Preacher in 1820. He was created cardinal in 1824.

He became Bishop of Frascati in 1837 and Bishop of Ostia in 1844.

Mattei family

The House of Mattei was one of the most powerful noble families of Rome during the Middle Ages and early modern era, holding high positions in the papal curia and government office. The family amassed significant art collections under art enthusiasts such as Ciriaco Mattei.

The Mattei gave eight Cardinals to the Catholic Church, among them Girolamo Mattei (1586), Gaspare Mattei (1643), Alessandro Mattei (1803), Mario Mattei (1832), Lorenzo Girolamo Mattei (1833) and (as late as 1875) Ruggero Luigi Emidio Antici Mattei. The founder of one powerful branch of the Mattei was Giovanni Giacomo Mattei.


Matteis is an ancient family surname of Italian origin. Most Matteis families now reside in the southern part near Naples in a town called Avellino. The name originated in Chiusano San Domenico, and was often characterized with the nickname "Controme". Chiusano San Domenico is a very small town, but yet very old, going back more than 2000 years. It is mostly a residential community, with many families, including those bearing the name Matteis, including one "Pasquale Matteis". Its a very religious town, yet very nice and peaceful. Near the community is a great mountain which is very important to the people of Chiusano. It has religious significance, and has a cross at its top.

Mikis Mantakas

Mikis Mandakas (Greek: Μίκης Μάντακας; June 13, 1952 – February 28, 1975) was a Greek neo-fascist student who was murdered by far-leftists in Italy during riots.

Niccola Clarelli Parracciani

Niccola Clarelli Parracciani (12 April 1799 – 7 July 1872) was a Catholic Cardinal and was Arch-Priest of St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican.

He was also Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Prefect of the Congregation for Bishops and Secretary of the Roman Curia.

Primavalle fire

The Primavalle Fire (Rogo di Primavalle in Italian) was an arson which occurred in Rome on 16 April 1973, and which caused the death of two youngsters, children of neo-fascist Movimento Sociale Italiano (MSI) member Mario Mattei.

The fire was caused by the far left autonomist group Potere Operaio, who, during the night, threw an inflammable substance on the door of the house of Mattei, in the quarter of Primavalle. Mattei was the local leader of the MSI, the Italian post-Fascist party. When the fire broke out, Mattei and part of his family managed to escape, but his sons, Virgilio, aged 22, and Stefano, aged 8, burnt to death. Virgilio was a member of Volontari Nazionali, the militant branch of the MSI.

In the aftermath of the fire, some prominent Italian intellectuals (e.g. Norberto Bobbio) mobilized in favor of the left-wing activists accused of committing these murders, and tried to attribute the attack to internal dissensions among MSI members.

Activists of Potere Operaio Achille Lollo, Marino Clavo, Manlio Grillo were eventually convicted and condemned to 18 years in a second degree sentence. However, while on bail, Lollo fled to Brazil, where his crime was declared prescribed. Grillo fled to Nicaragua, helped by Oreste Scalzone, who had also assisted Lollo. As of 2007, Marino Clavo is in hiding.

In two interviews released in 2005, both Lollo and Grillo admitted for the first time their responsibility in the act. Grillo also declared that Potere Operaio had connections with the Red Brigades. Franco Piperno, national secretary of Potere Operaio in 1973, also confirmed that the leaders of the organization were informed of the fire facts some days after it, and kept all members' responsibilities hidden.

Roman Catholic Suburbicarian Diocese of Frascati

The Diocese of Frascati (Lat.: Tusculana) is a suburbicarian see of the Holy Roman Church and a diocese of the Catholic Church in Italy, based at Frascati, near Rome. The bishop of Frascati is a Cardinal Bishop; from the Latin name of the area, the bishop has also been called Bishop of Tusculum. Tusculum was destroyed in 1191. The bishopric moved from Tusculum to Frascati, a nearby town which is first mentioned in the pontificate of Pope Leo IV. Until 1962, the Cardinal-Bishop was concurrently the diocesan bishop of the see in addition to any curial duties he possessed. Pope John XXIII removed the Cardinal Bishops from any actual responsibility in their suburbicarian dioceses, and made the title purely honorific.

Roman Catholic Suburbicarian Diocese of Velletri-Segni

The Roman Catholic Suburbicarian Diocese of Velletri-Segni is one of the suburbicarian dioceses, Catholic dioceses in Italy close to Rome with a special status and a Cardinal Bishop, the bishop of Velletri-Segni. Historically, the see of Velletri was combined with the see of Ostia from 1060 to 1914.

In 1981, the diocese of Velletri was combined with the diocese of Segni. The Cardinal-Bishop is now the titular bishop of the diocese, while the diocesan bishop administers the diocese.

Ruggero Luigi Emidio Antici Mattei

Ruggero Luigi Emidio Antici Mattei (March 23, 1811, Recanati, Marche — April 21, 1883) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Latin Patriarch of Constantinople from 1866 to 1875, and was elevated to the cardinalate by Pope Pius IX in 1875.

Sacra Consulta

The Sacred Congregation of the Consulta or Sacra Consulta was a dicastery of the Roman Curia. It was set up as a 'special commission' by pope Paul IV in 1559 and officialised on 22 January 1588 by Pope Sixtus V in the papal bull Immensa Aeterni Dei. Sixtus named it the 'Congregation over the consultations of the ecclesiastical state' (Congregatio decimoquarta pro consultationibus negociorum Status Ecclesiastici) and established its composition of four cardinals, the Secretary of State as prefect and a suitable number of prelates (around eight), one of whom would act as secretary.

Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri

The Basilica of St. Mary of the Angels and the Martyrs (Latin: Beatissimae Virgini et omnium Angelorum et Martyrum, Italian: Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri) is a titular basilica church in Rome, Italy built inside the ruined frigidarium of the Roman Baths of Diocletian in the Piazza della Repubblica.

It was constructed in the 16th century following an original design by Michelangelo Buonarroti. Other architects and artists added to the church over the following centuries. During the Kingdom of Italy, the church was used for religious state functions.

Vincenzo Macchi

Vincenzo Macchi (30 August 1770 – 30 September 1860) was an Italian Cardinal.

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