Marine Living Resources Act, 18 of 1998

The Marine Living Resources Act, 18 of 1998 is a South African statutory law to provide for the conservation of the marine ecosystem and sustainable utilisation of marine living resources within the territorial waters and exclusive economic zone of the Republic of South Africa.[1]

Purpose

The purpose as stated in the preamble is:

To provide for the conservation of the marine ecosystem, the long-term sustainable utilisation of marine living resources and the orderly access to exploitation, utilisation and protection of certain marine living resources; and for these purposes to provide for the exercise of control over marine living resources in a fair and equitable manner to the benefit of all the citizens of South Africa; and to provide for matters connected therewith.[1]

Promulgation

The act was published in Gazette No. 18930, as Notice No 747, with Commencement date 1 September 1998, and is amended by:[1]

  • Marine Living Resources Amendment Act 68 of 2000, published in Gazette No. 21844, Notice No. 1315.
  • National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act 57 of 2003, published as Government Notice 445 in Government Gazette 37710 of 2 June 2014
  • Marine Living Resources Amendment Act 5 of 2014, published as Government Notice 383 in Government Gazette 37659 of 19 May 2014

References

  1. ^ a b c Marine Living Resources Act No. 18 of 1998. Pretoria: Government Printer. 1998.
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Aliwal Shoal

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Dwesa-Cwebe Marine Protected Area

The Dwesa-Cwebe Marine Protected Area is an inshore conservation region in the Eastern Cape province in the territorial waters of South Africa

Goukamma Marine Protected Area

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Hluleka Marine Protected Area

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Jutten Island Marine Protected Area

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Langebaan Lagoon Marine Protected Area

The Langebaan Lagoon Marine Protected Area is an inshore conservation region in the territorial waters of South Africa

Malgas Island Marine Protected Area

The Malgas Island Marine Protected Area is an inshore conservation region in the territorial waters of South Africa in the entrance to Saldanha Bay on the west coast of the Western Cape province.

Marcus Island Marine Protected Area

The Marcus Island Marine Protected Area is a inshore conservation region in the territorial waters of South Africa

Marine protected areas of South Africa

A marine protected area of South Africa is an area of coastline or ocean within the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of the Republic of South Africa that is protected in terms of specific legislation for the benefit of the environment and the people who live in it and use it. An MPA is a place where marine life can thrive under less pressure than unprotected areas, like underwater parks, and this healthy environment can benefit neighbouring areas.There are a total of 45 marine protected areas in the South African EEZ, with a total area of 5% of the waters. The target is to have 10% of the oceanic waters protected by 2020. All but one of the MPAs are in the exclusive economic zone off continental South Africa, and one is off Prince Edward Island in the Southern Ocean.

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Robberg Marine Protected Area

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Sardinia Bay Marine Protected Area

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South African environmental law

South African environmental law describes the legal rules in South Africa relating to the social, economic, philosophical and jurisprudential issues raised by attempts to protect and conserve the environment in South Africa. South African environmental law encompasses natural resource conservation and utilization, as well as land-use planning and development. Issues of enforcement are also considered, together with the international dimension, which has shaped much of the direction of environmental law in South Africa. The role of the country's Constitution, crucial to any understanding of the application of environmental law, also is examined. The National Environmental Management Act (NEMA) provides the underlying framework for environmental law.

Table Mountain National Park Marine Protected Area

The Table Mountain National Park Marine Protected Area is a marine protected area around the Cape Peninsula, in the vicinity of Cape Town, South Africa It was proclaimed in Government Gazette No. 26431 of 4 June 2004 in terms of the Marine Living Resources Act, 18 of 1998.The MPA is of value for conservation of a wide range of endemic species, and has considerable economic value as a tourist destination. It encloses a large number of recreational dive sites visited by local residents and tourists from further afield. The shark and whale watching tourist industries are also represented, and there are several popular surf breaks. The MPA is mainly a controlled zone where extractive activities are allowed under permit, with six small no-take zones. The MPA is administrated by the Table Mountain National Park, a branch of SANParks.

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Walker Bay Whale Sanctuary

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Coastal MPAs
Offshore MPAs
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MPA species lists
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Main areas
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