Marilyn Horne

Marilyn Horne (born January 16, 1934) is an American mezzo-soprano opera singer. She specialized in roles requiring beauty of tone, excellent breath support, and the ability to execute difficult coloratura passages. She is a recipient of the National Medal of Arts (1992)[1] and the Kennedy Center Honors (1995).[2][3] She has won four Grammy Awards.[4]

Marilyn Horne and Henry Lewis
Horne and Henry Lewis in 1961, photo by Carl Van Vechten

Biography

Horne was born in Bradford, Pennsylvania, but moved with her parents to Long Beach, California, when she was 11. At the age of 13, she became part of the newly formed Los Angeles Concert Youth Chorus. She attended the University of Southern California where she was a member of Pi Beta Phi sorority. She is an alumna of Long Beach Polytechnic High School and returned in 1989 in a performance to benefit its music program. As a high school student, Marilyn was part of the St. Luke's Choir of Long Beach under the direction of William Ripley Dorr. This prestigious choir often worked for the movie studios and recorded with Capitol Records. Marilyn and her sister Gloria were part of St. Luke's Quartet along with tenor Bob James and baritone Philip D. Haynes.

She studied voice under William Vennard at the University of Southern California School of Music and participated in Lotte Lehmann's vocal master classes at Music Academy of the West.[5][6]

Career

Horne's first major professional engagement was in 1954, when she dubbed the singing voice of Dorothy Dandridge in the film Carmen Jones. Until that point, she had worked as a background singer for several TV sitcoms, as well as recorded covers of popular songs of the early 1950s, which were sold in dimestores around the country for $1.98. She made an appearance on The Odd Couple as a character named "Jackie", her own nickname, a meek and nervous would-be singer who develops a crush on character Oscar Madison (Jack Klugman) and into a full-blown diva as well, playing the role of Carmen in Felix Unger's (Tony Randall) opera group production. She also sang on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. She made her Los Angeles debut the same year when she performed the role of Hata in The Bartered Bride with the Los Angeles Guild Opera.

Her first major breakthrough came when her singing ability was recognized by Igor Stravinsky; her operatic career began when he invited her to perform in the 1956 Venice festival. She remained in Europe for three seasons singing for the Gelsenkirchen Opera.

She was highly acclaimed for her performance as Marie in Alban Berg's Wozzeck at the inauguration of Gelsenkirchen's new opera house on May 22, 1960. In 1964, she returned to the United States to appear in Wozzeck at the San Francisco Opera.

For many years, Horne was associated with the Australian soprano Dame Joan Sutherland in their performances of the bel canto repertoire. They first performed together in a concert version of Vincenzo Bellini's Beatrice di Tenda at The Town Hall in Manhattan in February 1961. This performance was so successful, it was repeated twice at Carnegie Hall. In 1965, they were paired again in a performance of Rossini's Semiramide with the Opera Company of Boston, and sang in a joint concert on October 15, 1979, which was telecast as "Live from Lincoln Center".

Horne made her debut at the Royal Opera House in October 1964 as Marie in Wozzeck. Her La Scala debut was as Jocasta in Stravinsky's opéra-oratorio Œdipus rex on March 13, 1969. Another of Horne's breakthroughs occurred that same year during a performance of Rossini's Le siège de Corinthe at La Scala, when Horne received a remarkable mid-act seven-minute ovation. Horne made her debut at the Metropolitan Opera in 1970 as Adalgisa in Bellini's Norma with Sutherland in the title role. She thereafter appeared regularly at the Met, opening the 1972/1973 season as Carmen. A great success there was in Meyerbeer's Le prophète, in John Dexter's production. In 1984, she sang the title role of Handel's opera seria Rinaldo (directed by Frank Corsaro), the first Handel opera ever performed at the Met.

Although best known for her bel canto and opera seria roles, Horne also sang much American music, both contemporary music by composers such as William Bolcom, and traditional popular songs. She can be heard on the soundtrack of the 1961 film Flower Drum Song singing "Love, Look Away" and she sang the role of Lady Thiang on the Philips recording of The King and I starring Julie Andrews and Ben Kingsley. She had previously sung in the women's chorus for the 1956 film version of The King and I.

Horne was married from 1960 to 1979 (separated 1974) to the conductor Henry Lewis, with whom she maintained a home in the Echo Park neighborhood of Los Angeles for many years, and with whom she had a daughter, Angela. Horne's mother initially had misgivings that the interracial marriage would have a negative impact on Horne's career, saying, "Be his mistress, for God's sake, not his wife", but soon reconciled with the couple.[7]

In 1983, she published (with co-writer Jane Scovell) a candid autobiography, My Life, and a continuation volume, Marilyn Horne, The Song Continues, appeared in 2004.

Horne received many honors during her career. A New York Times article by Robert Jacobson, editor of Opera News, in celebration of the Met's 100th anniversary in 1983, listed the hundred greatest singers who had ever performed at the house and included Horne, the only one still actively singing at the time. She was awarded Yale University's Sanford Medal.[8]

On July 5, 1986, she performed on the New York Philharmonic's tribute to the 100th anniversary of the Statue of Liberty, which was televised live on ABC Television.[9] The orchestra, conducted by Zubin Mehta, performed in Central Park. She sang an aria from Carmen by Georges Bizet.

In January 1993, Horne sang "Make A Rainbow" by American singer and songwriter Portia Nelson, and the Shaker hymn "Simple Gifts" at the inauguration of President Bill Clinton.

Horne retired from the concert stage in 1999 with a recital at the Chicago Symphony Center. She still occasionally performs at pop concerts (most recently with Broadway star Barbara Cook). Horne has also established the Marilyn Horne Foundation to help preserve the art of vocal recitals. She teaches a series of annual Master Classes at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music; the University of Maryland, College Park; the Manhattan School of Music; and the University of Oklahoma.

In December 2005, shortly before Horne's 72nd birthday, she was diagnosed with localized pancreatic cancer.[10] In January 2007, she appeared at a public function for her Foundation.[11] Interviewed by Norman Lebrecht on BBC Radio 3 on July 26, 2010, she spoke briefly about her cancer and cheerfully said, "I'm still here!"[12]

From 1997 to 2018 Horne directed the Voice Program at the Music Academy of the West in Santa Barbara, California. Since 2018 she holds the position of Honorary Voice Program Director.[13] In this position she will continue to teach and remain the head of the jury for the Marilyn Horne Song Competition.[14]

In 2013, Horne donated her personal archives to the University of Pittsburgh. Since May 6, 2017, a rotating portion of the collection is publicly displayed in the Marilyn Horne Museum and Exhibit Center located at the regional campus in Bradford, from which she received an honorary degree in 2004.[15][16]

Partial discography

Abridged videography

  • Corigliano: The Ghosts of Versailles (Stratas, Fleming; Levine, Graham, 1992) [live] Deutsche Grammophon
  • Rossini: L'italiana in Algeri (M.Merritt, Ahlstedt; Levine, Ponnelle, 1986) [live] Deutsche Grammophon
  • Rossini: Semiramide (Anderson, Ramey; Conlon, Copley, 1990) [live] Kultur
  • Verdi: Falstaff (Freni, Bonney, Lopardo, Plishka; Levine, Zeffirelli, 1992) [live] Deutsche Grammophon
  • Vivaldi: Orlando furioso (Behr, Pizzi, 1989) [live] Kultur

Works

  • Marilyn Horne: The Song Continues by Marilyn Horne and Jane Scovell, Baskerville Publishers; ISBN 1-880909-71-5
  • Marilyn Horne: My Life by Marilyn Horne and Jane Scovell, Atheneum Books; ISBN 0-689-11401-X

Sources

  1. ^ "National Medal of Arts". arts.gov. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2014-08-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Marilyn Horne, A Diva Now Serene, Is Among Kennedy Center Honorees". philly-archives. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  4. ^ "Past Winners Search". The GRAMMYs. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  5. ^ Kennedy Center: Biographical information for Marilyn Horne Archived 2008-01-06 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Horne, Marilyn; Scovell, Jane (2004). Marilyn Horn: the song continues. Baskerville Publishers, Inc. p. 52. ISBN 1-880909-71-5.
  7. ^ Ryan, Michael (January 23, 1984). "Marilyn Horne". People. 21 (3). ISSN 0093-7673. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
  8. ^ "Leading clarinetist to receive Sanford Medal". tourdates.co.uk. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  9. ^ "Liberty Receives Classical Salute". Sun Sentinel. July 5, 1986. Archived from the original on February 23, 2015.
  10. ^ Opera News > The Met Opera Guild
  11. ^ Anne Midgette: Marilyn Horne Puts Her Protégés on Parade in Song, The New York Times, January 29, 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2007.
  12. ^ Norman Lebrecht interviews Marilyn Horne for 45 minutes on BBC Radio 3, 26 July 2010 at 21:15, available on podcast
  13. ^ "Marilyn Horne | Music Academy". www.musicacademy.org. Archived from the original on 2018-12-28. Retrieved 2018-12-28.
  14. ^ "Marilyn Horne transitions to Honorary Voice Program Director". Music Academy. Archived from the original on 2018-12-28. Retrieved 2018-12-28.
  15. ^ "Horne archives to be housed in downtown museum" (Press release). University of Pittsburgh at Bradford. September 3, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2013.
  16. ^ "About the Marilyn Horne Museum". THE MARILYN HORNE MUSEUM. Archived from the original on 2017-10-21. Retrieved 2018-12-28.

External links

Bradford, Pennsylvania

Bradford is a city in McKean County, Pennsylvania, United States, close to the border with New York State and approximately 78 miles (126 km) south of Buffalo, New York. Bradford is the principal city in the Bradford, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Claudio Scimone

Claudio Scimone (23 December 1934 – 6 September 2018) was an Italian conductor.

He was born in Padua, Italy and studied conducting with Dmitri Mitropoulos and Franco Ferrara. He established an international reputation as a conductor, as well as a composer. He revived many baroque and renaissance works. His discography includes over 150 titles, and he won numerous prizes, including the Grand Prix du Disque of the Académie Charles Cros.

Claudio Scimone was the founder of I Solisti Veneti (the ensemble with which most of his recordings were made) and at the time of his death was the honorary conductor of the Gulbenkian Orchestra in Lisbon, Portugal.With the Philharmonia of London, he conducted the first recording of Muzio Clementi’s Symphonies.Scimone led the world to discover the importance of Vivaldi’s theatrical works, beginning with the first modern performance of Orlando furioso, featuring Marilyn Horne and Victoria de Los Angeles.In the reborn Fenice Claudio Scimone directed the first modern revival of the Venetian version of Maometto secondo by Rossini.

He also gave the modern premieres of Moses in Egypt and Oedipus at Colonus by Rossini, and The Last Judgement by Salieri.

Claudio Scimone was awarded the title of Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (the highest ranking honour of the Republic). He was also awarded an honorary law degree from the University of Padua.

Grammy Award for Best Classical Vocal Solo

The Grammy Award for Best Classical Vocal Solo has been awarded since 1959. There have been several minor changes to the name of the award over this time:

From 1959 to 1960 and from 1962 to 1964 the award was known as Best Classical Performance - Vocal Soloist (with or without orchestra)

In 1961 it was awarded as Best Classical Performance - Vocal Soloist

In 1965 it was awarded as Best Vocal Soloist Performance (with or without orchestra)

In 1966, 1968 and from 1971 to 1990 it was awarded as Best Classical Vocal Soloist Performance

In 1967 it was awarded as Best Classical Vocal Soloist Performance (with or without orchestra)

In 1969 it was awarded as Best Vocal Soloist Performance

In 1970 it was awarded as Best Vocal Soloist Performance, Classical

In 1991 it was awarded as Best Classical Vocal Performance

In 1992 it was awarded as Best Classical Vocal Soloist

From 1993 to 2011 it returned to being awarded as Best Classical Vocal Performance

From 2012 to 2014 it was awarded as Best Classical Vocal Solo

From 2015 the award has been known as Best Classical Solo Vocal Album and is open for albums only (in previous years single tracks were also eligible for the award, although in most cases the awards and nominations went to albums)Up to and including 2015, the Grammy was awarded to one or more vocal soloist(s). Accompanying musicians, orchestras and/or conductors were not eligible for the award. From 2016, "collaborative artists" (such as solo accompanists, conductors or chamber groups) have also been included. Accompanying large orchestras or multiple instrumentalists, however, remain ineligible..

Years reflect the year in which the Grammy Awards were presented, for works released in the previous year.

Gwendolyn Koldofsky

Gwendolyn Koldofsky (November 1, 1906 – November 12, 1998) was a Canadian piano accompanist and music educator.

She was born Gwendolyn Williams in Bowmanville, Ontario and studied piano with Viggo Kihl in Toronto, with Tobias Matthay in London and with Marguerite Hasselmans in Paris. She also studied accompanying in London with Harold Craxton. In 1943, she married Adolph Koldofsky, a violinist. Koldofsky lived in Toronto until 1944, first moving to Vancouver and then to Los Angeles in 1945. She created the first Department of Accompanying at the music school at the University of Southern California in 1947, teaching accompanying chamber music and song literature. She also gave master vocal classes for singers and taught accompanying at other North American music schools and universities. in 1951 Koldofsky founded the annual Koldofsky Fellowship in Accompanying scholarship at USC music school to commemorate her husband, who had died in the same year. Koldofsky was director of vocal accompanying at the Music Academy of the West from 1951 to 1989.She was accompanist for Lotte Lehmann, Rose Bampton, Jeanne Dusseau, Herta Glaz, Jan Peerce, Hermann Prey, Martial Singher and Marilyn Horne. Horne, Martin Katz and Carol Neblett were students of Koldofsky.Koldofsky retired from teaching in 1990 and moved to Santa Barbara in 1991. She died there at the age of 92.The annual Marilyn Horne Song Competition is presented in Kodolfsky's memory since 1997. Marilyn Horne recalls Kodofsky as “Teacher, mentor, accompanist, and my dear friend.”

In 2012, the University of Toronto established the Gwendolyn Williams Koldofsky Prize in Accompanying. The University of Southern California offers a Gwendolyn and Adolph Memorial Scholarship.

Horne (surname)

Horne is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Alexander Robert Horne (1881–1953) Scottish engineer

Alistair Horne (1925–2017), British historian

Barry Horne (1952–2001), British animal-rights activist

Barry Horne (footballer) (born 1962), Welsh footballer

Charles Silvester Horne (1865–1914), British minister and politician

Des Horne (born 1939), South African and English footballer

Donald Horne (1921–2005), Australian writer and social critic

Edmond Henry Horne (1864–1953), Canadian prospector

Edward Horne (1835–1908), English clergyman and cricketer

Frederick J. Horne (1880–1959), a four-star admiral in the United States Navy

Henry Horne, 1st Baron Horne (1861–1929), British general

James A. Horne, British sleep scientist and co-developer of the Morningness–eveningness questionnaire

James H. Horne (1874–1959), American college sports coach

James W. Horne (1881–1942), American actor, screenwriter, and film director

James Welton Horne (1853–1922), Canadian land developer, businessman, and political figure

Jim Horne (model) (1917–2008), American model

John Horne (1848–1928), British geologist

John Horne (botanist) (1835–1905), British botanist

Keith Horne (born 1971), South African golfer

Kenneth Horne (1907–1969), English comedian and businessman

Kenneth Horne (writer) (1900–1975), English writer and playwright

Lena Horne (1917–2010), American singer, actress and civil rights activist

Marilyn Horne (born 1934), American opera singer

Mathew Horne (born 1978), British actor and comedian

Matt Horne (born 1970), New Zealand cricketer

Richard Henry Horne (1803–1884), English poet

Robert Horne (1871–1940), Scottish businessman, advocate and Unionist

Thomas Horne (disambiguation), various people

Willie Horne (1922–2001), British rugby league player

Isabel Leonard

Isabel Leonard (born February 18, 1982) is an American mezzo-soprano opera singer. She is of Argentine ancestry on her mother's side.Leonard was born in New York City. For five years she sang with the Manhattan School of Music children's chorus. She attended the Joffrey Ballet School. She is a graduate of The Cathedral School of St. John the Divine and the Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts. She earned her Bachelor of Music and Master of Music degrees at the Juilliard School, where she was a pupil of Edith Bers. She has also studied with Marilyn Horne, Brian Zeger, Warren Jones, and Margo Garrett. She is a 2005 winner of the Marilyn Horne Foundation Vocal Competition. In 2006, she received The Licia Albanese-Puccini Foundation Award. She was also chosen as a recipient of a Movado Future Legends award in 2006. In 2013, she received the Richard Tucker Music Foundation Award.

In New York, Leonard has performed with the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center and with the Juilliard Opera Center. Her first appearance with the New York Philharmonic was in a concert version of Leonard Bernstein's Candide, and she later sang the part of the Squirrel in L'enfant et les sortilèges in concert with the orchestra and Lorin Maazel. In February 2007, Leonard made her professional operatic stage debut as Stéphano in Roméo et Juliette. In September 2007, she made her Metropolitan Opera debut in the same role. Leonard made her debut with Santa Fe Opera as Cherubino in 2008. Her commercial recordings include a DVD recording for Euroarts as Dorabella in the 2009 Salzburg Festival production of Così fan tutte. On April 26, 2014, Leonard sang the role of Dorabella in a performance at the Metropolitan Opera that was transmitted worldwide as part of the Metropolitan Opera Live in HD program. In February 2011, Leonard made her Vienna State Opera debut singing Cherubino in Le nozze di Figaro, returning to the venue in January 2012 as Rosina in Il barbiere di Siviglia. 2014 to 2016 Leonard and Sharon Isbin performed a well-received series of eleven soprano/guitar-duet recitals, including at Zankel Hall (Carnegie Hall).Leonard won two Grammy Awards for Best Opera Recording: in 2014 for Thomas Adès' The Tempest, and in 2016 for Maurice Ravel's L'enfant et les sortilèges.

Leonard married baritone Teddy Tahu Rhodes in December 2008; they are now divorced. Based in New York City, Leonard raises their son, Teo, born 17 May 2010.

James Westman

James Westman (born September 16, 1972) is a Canadian baritone known for his interpretation of the Verdi, Puccini and bel canto operatic repertoire, and particularly his signature role of Germont in La traviata, which he has sung in over 150 performances, with opera companies such as San Francisco Opera, Houston Grand Opera, Pittsburgh Opera, Florida Grand Opera, Graz Opera, Santa Fe Opera, Chicago Lyric Opera, Opéra de Montréal, Los Angeles Opera, Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux, Canadian Opera Company, Boston Lyric Opera, Cologne Opera, Vancouver Opera, English National Opera, San Diego Opera, Dallas Opera, Utah Opera, and Opera Theatre of St. Louis. On January 29, 2011 Westman created the lead role of Sandy Keith In the world premiere of Bramwell Tovey's The Inventor. In 2017 he played Sir John A. MacDonald in Harry Somers's Louis Riel for the Canadian Opera Company's tribute to Canada's 150th celebrations. As a recitalist, he has performed for the Marilyn Horne Foundation, Aldeburgh Connection, Aldeburgh Festival, Musikverein, Wigmore Hall, Queen Elizabeth Hall, Morgan Library & Museum, Koerner Hall, Carnegie Hall, Saito Kinen Festival in Japan, Stratford Summer Music, British Broadcasting Corporation, and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Westman first came to attention at the age of twelve when he was the first boy soprano to perform and record Mahler 4th Symphony with Benjamin Zander and the Boston Philharmonic Orchestra in 1984. Westman is regularly featured as the Anthem singer for the Toronto Maple Leafs and numerous other NHL franchises. Four of Westman's recordings have been nominated for a Juno Award. Two recordings nominated for a Grammy Award.

Jane Scovell

Jane Scovell (born in Brockton, Massachusetts) is an American author, journalist and playwright.She is the author of collaborative autobiographies with Marilyn Horne, Elizabeth Taylor, Kitty Dukakis, Ginger Rogers, Cheryl Landon Wilson (Michael Landon), Maureen Stapleton, Kathy Levine, Petra Nemcova and Tim Conway. She has also written biographies of Oona O’Neill Chaplin and Samuel Ramey.

La Navarraise

La Navarraise is an opera in two acts by Jules Massenet to a French libretto by Jules Claretie and Henri Cain, based on Claretie's short story La Cigarette. It was first performed at Covent Garden in London on 20 June 1894, with Emma Calvé in the title role.The first performance was attended by the Prince of Wales and a command performance was then given at Windsor Castle. Flon conducted the Brussels premiere on 26 November 1894 with Georgette Leblanc in the title role,

while Calvé returned for the Paris premiere by the Opéra-Comique at their temporary quarters on the Place du Châtelet (the present Théâtre de la Ville) on 3 October 1895, which led to more than 180 performances of the work by the company over the next 60 years.La Navarraise is widely agreed to be Massenet's answer to Italian verismo and was very popular in its day, often being performed on a double bill with Mascagni's Cavalleria rusticana. Its popularity has waned since operatic tastes changed in the early part of the twentieth century, and today the opera is rarely performed. However, at the Wexford Festival in October/November 2013, La Navarraise was performed in a double bill with Massenet's Thérèse. It has, however, been recorded a number of times, most notably in the 1970s with Marilyn Horne and Plácido Domingo, and with Lucia Popp and Alain Vanzo.

Live from the Metropolitan Opera

Live from the Metropolitan Opera (or: Live from the Met) was an American television program that presented performances of complete operas from the Metropolitan Opera in New York City on the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) network.

The program began in 1977 and was telecast live for its first few seasons. The first telecast, La Bohème, featured Luciano Pavarotti as Rodolfo and Renata Scotto as Mimì, with James Levine conducting; all three were interviewed during the intermission. Celebrated singers featured on Live from the Met included Plácido Domingo, Luciano Pavarotti, Beverly Sills, Samuel Ramey, Renée Fleming, Joan Sutherland, Marilyn Horne, Renata Scotto, Leontyne Price, and Sherrill Milnes. During the intermissions of its live broadcasts, the program offered interviews and other features on opera topics; these segments were often up to a half-hour in length.

Live from the Met functioned as a supplement to the company's regular Saturday Metropolitan Opera radio broadcasts. During its first fifteen years the program was frequently simulcast, enabling some audiences to hear the opera in stereo via radio as well. Hosts included Tony Randall, Speight Jenkins, Alexander Scourby, and Garrick Utley. The announcer was Peter Allen.

In 1988 the program title was changed to The Metropolitan Opera Presents to reflect the fact that the performances were now taped prior to broadcast.The Metropolitan Opera Presents was replaced on PBS in 2007 by Great Performances at the Met. Operas aired in this series are repeats of the performances presented live on video in movie theaters in the Met's "Live in HD" series. Not all PBS affiliate stations may carry the program.

Marilyn Horne Song Competition

The Marilyn Horne Song Competition is an annual competition for participants of the voice and piano programs at the Music Academy of The West.

Martin Katz

Martin Katz (born November 27, 1944) is an American pianist, educator and conductor, primarily known for his work as an accompanist.

Over his 30 years as a performer, Mr. Katz has accompanied such stars as Marilyn Horne, Cecilia Bartoli, Kathleen Battle, Kiri Te Kanawa, Sylvia McNair, Frederica von Stade, Karita Mattila, David Daniels, and José Carreras.Editions of Baroque and bel canto operas prepared by Katz have been performed at the Metropolitan Opera, the Houston Grand Opera, and Opera Lyra Ottawa.Musical America's "Accompanist of the Year" in 1998, Katz currently teaches at the University of Michigan School of Music, Theatre & Dance.From 1966 to 1969, Mr. Katz was in the U.S. Army and was assigned to The United States Army Band (Pershing's Own) in Washington, DC. He served as piano soloist and accompanist with the United States Army Chorus.

He is a member of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, a professional music fraternity that he joined while working towards his undergraduate degree at The University of Southern California.

Music Academy of the West

The Music Academy of the West is a summer music conservatory located in Montecito, California, United States, near Santa Barbara. Participation is merit-based and tuition free.

Myra Merritt

Myra Merritt is an American operatic soprano, who was born in Washington, DC. She earned a Bachelor of Music from the Peabody Conservatory of Music, and a Master of Music from the Catholic University of America.

She made her debut with the Metropolitan Opera in 1982, as the Shepherd in Tannhäuser, conducted by James Levine. She was to appear with that company many times through 1991, including appearances in L'enfant et les sortilèges (as the Fire, directed by John Dexter), the Centennial Gala (the duet from Don Giovanni), La bohème (as Musetta, opposite Plácido Domingo), Les contes d'Hoffmann (as Antonia, conducted by Julius Rudel), Porgy and Bess (as Clara), L'italiana in Algeri (as Elvira) and Don Giovanni (as Zerlina). Elsewhere, she has sung under Sarah Caldwell and Mstislav Rostropovich.

Merritt has performed in many capitals and cities throughout Europe and the United States. In 2007, Deutsche Grammophon issued a DVD of her 1986 Met performance of L'italiana in Algeri, with Marilyn Horne, and Levine conducting Jean-Pierre Ponnelle's production.

Currently, the soprano is Professor of Voice at Bowling Green State University, in Ohio.

Philadelphia Lyric Opera Company

The Philadelphia Lyric Opera Company was an American opera company located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania that was active between 1958 and 1974. The company was led by a number of Artistic Directors during its history, beginning with Aurelio Fabiani. Other notable Artistic Directors include Julius Rudel and Anton Guadagno (1966–1972). The company produced between four and six of their own operas every year in addition to sponsoring numerous traveling productions from the New York City Opera. In 1975 the company merged with the Philadelphia Grand Opera Company but retained its original name. With the combined resources of both companies, the Philadelphia Lyric Opera Company began producing higher quality productions with name artists such as Luciano Pavarotti, Joan Sutherland, Roberta Peters, Montserrat Montserrat Caballé, and others. For the bicentennial year 1976, the company commissioned famed opera composer Gian Carlo Menotti to create a new opera. The work, The Hero, premiered on June 1, 1976. In 1980, the company artistically reorganized to form the Opera Company of Philadelphia.The company's first production, Giacomo Puccini's La bohème, was held on February 10, 1958 at the Academy of Music. The production starred Elaine Malbin as Mimì and John Alexander as Rodolfo. Although the company performed works from a variety of composers and musical periods, for the most part the company concentrated on Italian grand opera and verismo opera; particularly operas by Giuseppe Verdi and Puccini. The company notably presented the United States premiere of Renzo Rossellini's Uno sguardo dal ponte on October 17, 1967 with Nicola Rossi-Lemeni as Eddie Carbone and Gloria Lane as Beatrice.Many notable singers performed leading roles with the company including Luigi Alva, Carlo Bergonzi, Grace Bumbry, Montserrat Caballé, José Carreras, Elisabeth Carron, Richard Cassilly, Franco Corelli, Phyllis Curtin, Plácido Domingo, Simon Estes, Eileen Farrell, Mirella Freni, Nicolai Gedda, Peter Glossop, Marilyn Horne, Alfredo Kraus, James King, Albert Lance, Leon Lishner, Catherine Malfitano, Robert Merrill, Sherrill Milnes, Anna Moffo, Birgit Nilsson, Luciano Pavarotti, Roberta Peters, Leontyne Price, Louis Quilico, Samuel Ramey, Judith Raskin, Regina Resnik, Seymour Schwartzman, Renata Scotto, Cesare Siepi, Beverly Sills, Eleanor Steber, John Stewart, Joan Sutherland, Renata Tebaldi, Richard Tucker, Theodor Uppman, Cesare Valletti, Shirley Verrett, Camilla Williams, and Frances Yeend to name just a few. The final opera performance by the company was held on November 22, 1974. Another staging of La bohème, it starred Jean Fenn as Mimì and Luciano Rampaso as Rodolfo.

Richard Conrad

Richard Conrad (born 1935) is an American singer whose voice has at times inhabited both the tenor and baritone ranges. He has sung in opera, cabaret and musicals. He is perhaps best known for his 1963 recorded collaboration with Joan Sutherland and Marilyn Horne, conducted by Richard Bonynge, known as The Age of Bel Canto.

Simone Osborne

Simone Osborne is a Canadian lyric and operatic soprano. She was one of the youngest-ever winners of the Metropolitan Opera National Council Auditions in 2008 at age 21.Osborne was born in British Columbia. She studied opera performance at the University of British Columbia and later joined the Canadian Opera Company's Studio Ensemble program. Prior to joining the COC, she busked on the streets of Toronto in order to be able to afford singing lessons.She is "considered one of Canada's most sought-after sopranos". She sings with the Canadian Opera Company and has also appeared with ensembles from around the world, including the New York City Opera, the Vancouver Symphony, and the Los Angeles Philharmonic. Her operatic roles have included Susanna in Le nozze di Figaro, Gilda in Rigoletto, and Pamina in Die Zauberflöte. One of her performances of Pamina, with the Vancouver Opera, required her to learn an English and Musqueam adaptation. She also participated in the Viva Verdi! gala in Zurich in celebration of Giuseppe Verdi's bicentennial.Osborne has received significant critical recognition. F. Paul Driscol of Opera News called her a "lyric soprano with outstanding ability and impressive charm". Marilyn Horne, who Osborne cites as a mentor, said Osborne is "half athlete and half artist...She understands that voices need to be brilliant, dark and bright, all at once". Osborne was the first winner of the Jeunesses Musicales Canada's Maureen Forrester Award Tour, which comprises two seasons of recitals across Canada and a commission from the Canadian Art Song Project. Osborne has also won the Marilyn Horne Foundation Vocal Competition and the International Czech and Slovak Opera Competition.

The King and I (1992 studio cast album)

The King and I is the 1992 studio cast recording of the musical play conducted by John Mauceri of the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra and starring Julie Andrews, Ben Kingsley, Lea Salonga, Peabo Bryson, and Marilyn Horne.

Three songs not used in the 1956 film were restored ("Shall I Tell You What I Think of You," "My Lord and Master," "I Have Dreamed")The King & I: Recording a Hollywood Dream was a 1993 PBS documentary about the making of the recording.

Awards for Marilyn Horne

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