Marika Kotopouli

Marika Kotopouli (Greek: Μαρίκα Κοτοπούλη; 3 May 1887 – 11 September 1954) was a Greek stage actress during the first half of the 20th century.

Marika Kotopouli
Κοτοπούλη
Born3 May 1887
Died11 September 1954 (aged 67)
Athens, Greece
OccupationActress
Spouse(s)Georgios Helmi (m. 1923-19??)

Biography

Kotopouli was born on 3 May 1887 in Athens, to Dimitris and Eleni. Her parents were also actors, and Marika's first stage appearance came during one of their tours, in the play "The Coachman of the Alps". She made her official debut in the Royal Theatre in 1903, before going to Paris in 1906 for theatrical studies.

From 1908, she had her own troupe, and theatre, the "Kotopouli Theatre". In this period she developed an intense artistic rivalry with another young actress, Cybele. The two had very devoted fans, and during the National Schism, their rivalry acquired political overtones also: whilst Cybele was favoured by the Venizelists, Kotopouli became a symbol of the royalist camp. In 1912 Kotopouli also had a personal love relationship with Ion Dragoumis, who became a major opponent of the Venizelists and was eventually assassinated. Kotopouli and Cybele collaborated in joint productions from 1932–1934 and again from 1950-52.

She married Georgios Helmi in 1923. Later, with Spyros Melas and Dimitris Myrat, she co-founded and participated in the "Free Scene" (Ελεύθερη Σκηνή, June 1929 to spring 1930), before embarking on a tour of the United States. In 1933, she played in her only movie, the Greek-Turkish production Bad Road, based on a novel by Grigorios Xenopoulos. A new theatre, the Rex, was built specifically for her troupe in Panepistimiou Street in central Athens in 1936. It still stands, as the Rex/Kotopouli theatre, and functions as a branch of the National Theatre of Greece. Her repertoire included many classic plays, both ancient Greek and modern ones, ranging from Aeschylus to Goethe and Ibsen.

Death

Her final appearance was in Syros on 24 March 1953. Kotopouli died on 11 September 1954, aged 67, in her native Athens, from undisclosed causes.[1] She received a state funeral (Cost for her funeral was paid by the State).[2]

Honours/legacy

During her lifetime, she was honoured with the Gold Cross of the Order of George I in 1921, and with the Education Ministry's arts and letters prize in 1923.

Her home in Zografou was converted into the Marika Kotopouli Museum, which opened in 1990 and features exhibitions of modern art.[3]

The Marika Kotopouli Award was founded in 1951 to honour Greek actors.

References

  • This article incorporates text from LivePedia.gr; licensed under the GFDL

References

  1. ^ Marika Kotopouli on IMDb
  2. ^ "Η Κοτοπούλη απέθανε χθες εκ συγκοπής", Eleftheria, Kotopouli died yesterady of cardiac arrest, 12 September 1954, p.1. Retrieved on 11-09-2016.
  3. ^ Marika Kotopouli Museum infosite, odysseus.culture.gr; accessed 31 March 2015.
Aidipsos

Aidipsos (Greek: Αιδηψός, Greek pronunciation: [eðiˈpsos]) is a village and a former municipality in Euboea, Greece. The municipality Aidipsos was founded in 1997 by the merger of the municipality Loutra Aidipsou with the communities Agios and Gialtra. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Istiaia-Aidipsos, of which it is a municipal unit. The municipal unit has an area of 115.461 km2. 80 of Greece's 752 hot springs are located in Aidipsos, making it a popular tourist destination. The spas date back more than 20,000 years. In 2011 the population was 6,141. Many famous personalities have visited the town so far, such as Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Sir Winston Churchill, Eleutherios Venizelos, Theodoros Deligiannis, Georgios Theotokis, Ioannis Kondilakis, Archbishop of Athens Theocletus I, Aristotelis Onassis, Maria Callas, Kostis Palamas, Marika Kotopouli and others. Within the modern borders of the municipal units are the remains of ancient town of Aedepsus.

Alexis Minotis

Alexis Minotis (Greek: Αλέξης Μινωτής; born Alexandros Minotakis (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Μινωτάκης); 8 August 1900 – 11 November 1990) was a Greek actor and director.

He first appeared on stage in his native Crete as Chorus Leader and later as Messenger in Sophocles' Oedipus Tyrannus. From 1925 until 1930, he worked in close collaboration with the famous Greek actress Marika Kotopouli in her own theatre. During this period, he appeared in the great Shakespearan roles in The Merchant of Venice, King Lear, Macbeth and played the title role in Hamlet, the first time the play had been staged in Greece. Other roles in the classical repertoire were Henrik Ibsen's Ghosts and Peer Gynt. He expanded his talents by directing ancient Greek tragedies such as Hecuba, Antigone, The Phoenissae, Prometheus Bound, Oedipus at Colonus, as well as Seán O'Casey's Juno and the Paycock, August Strindberg's The Father and Brecht`s Mother Courage.

In 1940, he married the actress Katina Paxinou, and together they appeared in many productions at the National Theatre of Greece in Athens, which was founded in 1930 by Minister of Education George Papandreou.

In 1946, he went to Hollywood to appear in Alfred Hitchcock's Notorious with Cary Grant, Ingrid Bergman and Claude Rains. In the same year, he also appeared with Robert Cummings and Michèle Morgan in The Chase. His other films include Siren of Atlantis (1949) with Maria Montez, Boy on a Dolphin (1957) with Sophia Loren, and Land of the Pharaohs (1955) with Joan Collins.

In 1955, he directed Katina Paxinou in Euripides' Hecuba for the National Theatre of Greece at The Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus and starred in Oedipus Rex as well as directing. In 1956, he made his first appearance in Oedipus at Colonus. The production received great acclaim, and Minotis went on a long international tour with the company.

He appeared on Broadway in Electra with the Marika Kotopouli company in 1930-31 and in Oedipus Tyrannus with the National Theatre of Greece in 1952.

In 1958, Minotis directed Maria Callas in a production of Medea presented in Dallas. The production was then seen at Covent Garden, Teatro alla Scala and Epidaurus. He also directed the Greek National Opera production of Norma with Callas in Epidaurus in 1961.

Antigoni Valakou

Antigoni Valakou (Greek: Αντιγόνη Βαλάκου; April 1930 – 12 November 2013) was one of Greece’s most important film and stage actresses.

Apollon Theater, Syros

The Apollo Theater, also known as the Municipal Theater "Apollo", is a theater located in Ermoupolis on Syros in the Cyclades. A cultural icon of the city, it was built in 1862-1864 to the designs of the Italian architect Pietro Sampò and opened on 20 April 1864.

Cybele Andrianou

Cybele (Greek: Κυβέλη) (13 July 1888 – 26 May 1978) was the stage name of the famous Greek actress Cybele Andrianou (Greek: Κυβέλη Ανδριανού).

She was born on 13 July 1888 to an unmarried couple in Smyrna and spent the first two years of her life in an Athens orphanage. At the age of two-and-a-half, she was adopted by Anastasis and Maria Andrianou. The family of a famous Athenian lawyer of the time, who had recently lost their only child, helped Cybele's adoptive parents financially. In 1901, at the age of 13, she received her first award for her stage performance.

First Cemetery of Athens

The First Cemetery of Athens (Greek: Πρώτο Νεκροταφείο Αθηνών, Próto Nekrotafeío Athinón) is the official cemetery of the City of Athens and the first to be built. It opened in 1837 and soon became a prestigious cemetery for Greeks and foreigners.

The cemetery is located behind the Temple of Olympian Zeus and the Panathinaiko Stadium in central Athens. It can be found at the top end of Anapafseos Street (Eternal Rest Street). It is a large green space with pines and cypresses.

In the cemetery there are three churches. The main one is the Church of Saint Theodores and there is also a smaller one dedicated to Saint Lazarus. The third church of Saint Charles is a Catholic church. The cemetery includes several impressive tombs such as those of Heinrich Schliemann, designed by Ernst Ziller; Ioannis Pesmazoglou; Georgios Averoff; and one tomb with a famous sculpture of a dead young girl called I Koimomeni ("The Sleeping Girl") and sculpted by Yannoulis Chalepas from the island of Tinos. There are also burial areas for Protestants and Jews, however, this segregation is not compulsory.

The cemetery is under the Municipality of Athens and is declared an historical monument.

Ion Dragoumis

Ion Dragoumis (Greek: Ίων Δραγούμης; September 14, 1878 – July 31, 1920) was a Greek diplomat, philosopher, writer and revolutionary.

Marika

Marika is a female given name. It has its origin in the Hungarian and Greek nickname for Maria, or its Silesian diminutive "Maryjka".

Marika Kotopouli Museum

The Marika Kotopouli Museum is a modern art museum in Zografou, Athens, Greece. The building housing the museum was built by the famous Greek theater actress Marika Kotopouli (1887–1954) as her holiday home in 1926. During the Second World War, the house was requisitioned by the Germans and after the war it housed the local Police Station. The Zographou Municipality with support of the Association of Greek Actors restored the building with its distinctive architecture and beautiful interiors. In 1990, it opened to the public as a museum of modern art. It hosts various interim art exhibitions as well as the permanent collection of Konstantinos Ioannides.

Marika Krevata

Marika Krevata (Greek: Μαρίκα Κρεβατά; 1910 – September 14, 1994) was a Greek actress of theatre and film.

Metaxourgeio

Metaxourgeio or Metaxourgio (Greek: Μεταξουργείο pronounced [me.ta.xuɾˈʝio]), meaning 'silk mill', is a neighbourhood of Athens, Greece. The neighbourhood is located north of the historical centre of Athens, between Kolonos to the east and Kerameikos to the west, and north of Gazi. Metaxourgeio is frequently described as a transition neighbourhood. After a long period of abandonment in the late 20th century, the area is acquiring a reputation as an artistic and fashionable neighbourhood due to the opening of many art galleries, museums, and trendy restaurants and cafes. Moreover, local efforts to beautify and invigorate the neighbourhood have reinforced a budding sense of community and artistic expression. Anonymous art pieces containing quotes and sayings in both English and Ancient Greek have begun springing up throughout the neighbourhood, containing statements such as "Art for art's sake" (Τεχνη τεχνης χαριν). Guerrilla gardening has also helped to beautify this area, taking advantage of the ample sunshine in Greece. The heart of the neighborhood is Avdi Square, which draws residents and visitors with its open space, greenery, periodic festivals and gatherings, and adjacent restaurants, theatres and art gallery.

Modern Greek theatre

Modern Greek theatre refers to the theatrical production and theatrical plays written in the Modern Greek language, from the post-Byzantine times until today.

Municipal Theatre of Corfu

The Municipal Theatre of Corfu (Greek: Δημοτικό Θέατρο Κέρκυρας) was the main theatre and opera house in Corfu, Greece, from 1902 to 1943. The theatre was the successor of the Nobile Teatro di San Giacomo di Corfù, which became the Corfu city hall. It was destroyed during a Luftwaffe aerial bombardment in 1943. During its 41-year history it was one of the premier theatres and opera houses in Greece, and as the first theatre in Southeastern Europe, it contributed to the Arts and to the history of the Balkans and of Europe.

National Conservatoire (Greece)

The Greek National Conservatoire (Greek: Εθνικό Ωδείο) was founded in Athens in 1926 by the composer Manolis Kalomiris and a number of other notable artists like Charikleia Kalomoiri, Marika Kotopouli, Dionysios Lavrangas, and Sophia Spanoudi. For a number of years the conservatoire was the only Greek educational and cultural organization to approach international Greek community by opening branches in Egypt and Cyprus (1948). Over the years, many well-known artists cooperated with the conservatoire, like Maria Callas, Gabriel Pierné, Dimitris Mitropoulos, and Avra Theodoropoulou. Among the conservatoire's students were Maria Callas, Leonidas Kavakos, Agnes Baltsa, and Manto. When the Greek National Opera was founded in 1940 two thirds of its resident staff were graduating students or graduates of the sources National Conservatoire.

The premises of National Conservatoire have moved around Athens over its lifetime. From its initial location in Irakleitou 6, it moved to Dorou 3 (1932), Solomou and G. Septemvriou (1935), and Solomou 67 and Aristotelous (1940). Its current location is Maizonos 8 and its artistic director is Periklis Koukos.

Higher School of Dramatic Arts of the Greek National Conservatoire 1926-1984 Founder:Manolis Kalomiris. The first collaborators: Marika Kotopouli, Thanos Tragas

The Higher School of Dramatic Arts was founded as an Department of Theatrical Studies of the Greek National Conservatoire, in Athens in 1926 and recognized by the greek state in 1959 (official recognition: ΦΕΚ 44/7 Φεβρουαρίου 1959. τ' Β' [Εφημερίδα της Κυβερνήσεως] Αριθ. 402/19).

Lessons: Dramatic Art (Narrative Pantomime, Miming/mimetic mode - training methods, improvisation, vocal projection, scene-work, audition techniques), History and philosophy of theatre, History of Neo-hellenic Literature, General History of Arts, Aesthetic,Dance-rhythmic art , Music-singing-soundtrack,Theatre costume design, Theatrical makeup.

Over the years, many distinguished professors, writers and creators of the theater art cooperated with the School, like Thanos Tragas (director of the school), Miranda Myrat, Angelos Grimanis, Dimitrios Hatzis, Jean Gaitanos, Nikolaos Sifakis, Mitsos Lygizos, Kostis Michaelides, Nikos Papakonstantinou, Kakia Panagiotou, Mary Voyatzis, Angelos Fouriotis, Evangelos Andreou, Yannis Synodinos, ect

Sources (Greece)

Θάνος Τράγκας /"Δραματική ΣχολήΕθνικού Ωδείου Αθηνών"https://www.tragadramaschool.gr/index.php/directors/thanostragas.html

Θάνος Τράγκας /"Δραματική ΣχολήΕθνικού Ωδείου Αθηνών"https://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/Θάνος_Τράγκας

Smaro Stefanidou

Smaro Stefanidou (Greek: Σμάρω Στεφανίδου; April 9, 1913 – November 7, 2010) was a Greek theatre, film, television and radio actress.

Thomas Oikonomou

Thomas Oikonomou (Greek: Θωμάς Οικονόμου, 1864–1927) was a Greek actor and one of the first modern Greek directors.

Tsepelovo

Tsepelovo (Greek: Τσεπέλοβο) is a village in the Zagori region (Epirus region). It stands at a height of 1,200 meters in a panoramic location on the mountain range of Tymfi. It is the biggest of the 45 villages of Zagori and it was the seat of Tymfi municipality. Its name is of Slavic origin. It lies in the middle of the Vikos–Aoös National Park, 48 km from Ioannina.

Vasilis Logothetidis

Vasilis Logothetidis (Greek: Βασίλης Λογοθετίδης; 1897 – 20 February 1960) was a Greek comedian. He is considered one of the most significant modern Greek actors.

Logothetidis was born as Vasilis Tavlaridis (Βασίλης Ταυλαρίδης) in 1897 in Myriophyton, a village in Eastern Thrace close to Istanbul. One year after graduating from high school, in 1916, he started to participate as an amateur actor in local shows. In 1918, he moved to Athens where, one year later, he joined the Marika Kotopouli theater company, with which he remained until 1946, with a brief pause in 1935. From 1947, he performed with his own theater company.

During his very successful career, he starred in more than 110 Greek comedies and in more than 200 international plays, including Arsenic and Old Lace by Joseph Kesselring, As You Like It by William Shakespeare, Volpone by Ben Jonson and Knock by Jules Romains.

Logothetidis was among the first Greek actors to appear in film, mostly as a protagonist. His memorable roles include:

Panagiotakis in Madam Sousou (1948)

Thodoros Ginopoulos in Oi Germanoi xanarhontai (1948)

Manolis Skoudris in Ena votsalo sti limni (1952)

Fotis Fagris in Santa Chiquita (1953)

Tilemahos in Despoinis eton 39 (1954)

Lalakis Makrykostas in Oute gata, oute zimia (1955)

Anargyros Loubardopoulos in Istoria mias kalpikis liras (1955)

Potis Antonopoulos in O Ziliarogatos (1956)

Antonis Dellistavrou in Dellistavrou kai ios (1957)

General Labros Dekavallas in Enas iros me padoufles (1958)In 1957, he toured the United States with successful appearances in eight different cities.

Logothetidis died in Athens on 20 February 1960, by heart attack.

Zografou

Zografou (Greek: Ζωγράφου) is a suburb of approximately 71,000 in the eastern part of the Athens agglomeration, Greece. Actual the community reports a population of 150.000 inhabitants. It was named after the Greek politician Ioannis Zografos. To the east of Zografou lies mount Hymettus. The area, being close to the centre of Athens, developed similar urban sprawl characteristics, with high-rise buildings of even 10 stories tall being the norm. The city is also home to the Athens university campus and polytechnical school campus and therefore, a great part of its population is university students. Zografou includes the smaller areas of Ilissia and Goudi.

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