Mariehamn

Mariehamn (Finnish: Maarianhamina) is the capital of Åland, an autonomous territory under Finnish sovereignty. Mariehamn is the seat of the Government and Parliament of Åland, and 40% of the population of Åland live in the city. Like all of Åland, Mariehamn is unilingually Swedish-speaking and around 88% of the inhabitants speak it as their native language.[3]

Mariehamn
Town
Mariehamns stad
View of Mariehamn
View of Mariehamn
Coat of arms of Mariehamn

Coat of arms
Location of Mariehamn in Finland
Location of Mariehamn in Finland
Mariehamn is located in Åland
Mariehamn
Mariehamn
Location in Åland
Mariehamn is located in Finland
Mariehamn
Mariehamn
Mariehamn (Finland)
Coordinates: 60°06′N 019°56′E / 60.100°N 19.933°ECoordinates: 60°06′N 019°56′E / 60.100°N 19.933°E
Country Finland
RegionÅland
Sub-regionMariehamn
Charter1861
Government
 • MayorBarbara Heinonen
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total20.75 km2 (8.01 sq mi)
 • Land11.79 km2 (4.55 sq mi)
 • Water8.96 km2 (3.46 sq mi)
Area rank311th largest in Finland
Population
(2019-01-31)[2]
 • Total11,775
 • Rank89th largest in Finland
 • Density998.73/km2 (2,586.7/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Swedish87.7% (official)
 • Finnish5.8%
 • Others6.5%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1414.8%
 • 15 to 6467.8%
 • 65 or older17.4%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]16.5%
Websitewww.mariehamn.ax

History

MariehamnSödragatan
Södragatan, one of the oldest streets of Mariehamn.

The town was named after the Russian empress Maria Alexandrovna. Mariehamn was founded in 1861, around the village of Övernäs, in what was at the time part of the municipality of Jomala. The city has since expanded and incorporated more of Jomala territory. Mariehamn was built according to a very regular scheme which is well-preserved. One of the oldest streets is Södragatan where many wooden houses dating from the 19th century can be seen.

Transportation

Harbours

Pommern2009
The museum ship Pommern is anchored in the western of Mariehamn's two harbours, Västerhamn.

The city is located on a peninsula. It has two important harbours, one located on the western shore and one on the eastern shore, which are ice-free for nearly the whole year, and have no tides.[6] The Western Harbour is an important international harbour with daily traffic to Sweden, Estonia and mainland Finland. A powerful incentive for Baltic ferries to stop at Mariehamn is that, with respect to indirect taxation, Åland is not part of the EU customs zone and so duty-free goods can be sold aboard. Åland and Mariehamn have a reputable heritage in shipping. The Flying P-Liner Pommern museum ship is anchored in the Western Harbour. The Eastern Harbour features one of the largest marinas in Scandinavia. The famous Dutch steamer Jan Nieveen (now called F.P. von Knorring, after Åland teacher and vicar Frans Peter von Knorring) can also be found here.

Airport

Mariehamn airport serves the city; it has scheduled flights on two airlines including Finnair.

Culture

MariehamnStadsbibliotek
Municipal library

The city is an important centre for Åland media; both of the local newspapers (Ålandstidningen and Nya Åland), several radio stations and the local TV channels (TV Åland and Åland24) operate out of the city. The islanders are traditionally fond of reading, and had public libraries before 1920. A printing works was established in the town in 1891.[6] The municipal library, which was built in 1989, is one of the most interesting modern buildings.

Architecture

Mariehamn Church
Saint George's church

Mariehamn features several buildings drawn by Finnish architect Lars Sonck, who moved to Åland as a child. Buildings drawn by him include the church of Mariehamn (1927), the main building of the Åland Maritime College (1927) and the town hall (1939). Hilda Hongell also designed several buildings, although only a few are still standing.

Demographics

A chart on population increase.

Year
Population
1987
9,966
1990
10,263
1997
10,408
2000
10,488
2002
10,632
2004
10,712
2006
10,824
2008
11,005
2009
11,123
2010
11,190
2011
11,262
2012
11,345
2013 (May)
11,446
People with a foreign background[7][8]
County of origin Population (2017)
 Sweden 1,093 (9.55%)
 Romania 173 (1.51%)
 Latvia 163 (1.42%)
 Iran 95 (0.83%)
 Estonia 92 (0.80%)
 Russia 88 (0.77%)
 Yugoslavia 86 (0.75%)
 Thailand 73 (0.64%)
 Philippines 55 (0.48%)
 United Kingdom 45 (0.39%)

Geography

Climate

Mariehamn has a transitional climate between humid continental climate with certain maritime influence as a result of the strong maritime moderation from being an island in the Baltic Sea. This renders summers to be cooler than both the Swedish and Finnish mainlands, with winters being similar in cold to the adjacent coastal part of Sweden but milder than Finland's mainland.

Twin towns and sister cities

Mariehamn is twinned with:[11]

Notable person

References

  1. ^ "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  6. ^ a b Prothero, G.W. (1920). The Åland Islands. Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section. p. 5.
  7. ^ http://pxnet2.stat.fi/PXWeb/pxweb/fi/StatFin/StatFin__vrm__vaerak/statfin_vaerak_pxt_032.px/table/tableViewLayout2/?rxid=726cd24d-d0f1-416a-8eec-7ce9b82fd5a4
  8. ^ http://pxnet2.stat.fi/PXWeb/pxweb/fi/StatFin/StatFin__vrm__vaerak/statfin_vaerak_pxt_029.px/?rxid=726cd24d-d0f1-416a-8eec-7ce9b82fd5a4
  9. ^ "Finland climate averages 1981-2010". Météo Climat.
  10. ^ "Extreme values for Jomala Maarianahaminan Lentoansema". Météo Climat. March 19, 2017.
  11. ^ Mariehamns stads vänorter. Accessed July 14, 2015

External links

2006 Veikkausliiga

The 2006 season of the Veikkausliiga the 17th season in the league's history, began on April 19 and ended on October 29.

The league was originally supposed to have 14 teams, but AC Allianssi was refused a license, and the league was subsequently played with only 13 teams.

2010 Veikkausliiga

The 2010 Veikkausliiga was the eightieth season of top-tier football in Finland. It began on 16 April 2010 and ended on 23 October 2010.

2012 Veikkausliiga

The 2012 Veikkausliiga is the eighty-second season of top-tier football in Finland. It began on 15 April 2012 and ended on 27 October 2012. HJK Helsinki were the defending champions and successfully defended their title.

2013 Veikkausliiga

The 2013 Veikkausliiga was the eighty-third season of top-tier football in Finland. The season began on 13 April 2013 and is scheduled to end on 26 October 2013. HJK Helsinki are the defending champions.

2014 Finnish League Cup

The 2014 Finnish League Cup will be the 18th season of the Finnish League Cup, Finland's second-most prestigious cup football tournament. FC Lahti are the defending champions, having won their second league cup last year.

The cup consists of two stages. First there will be a group stage that involves the 12 Veikkausliiga teams divided into four groups. The top two teams from each group will enter the one-legged elimination rounds – quarter-finals, semi-finals and the final.

2014 Veikkausliiga

The 2014 Veikkausliiga was the eighty-fourth season of top-tier football in Finland. The league started on 6 April 2014 and ended on 25 October 2014. HJK Helsinki are the defending champions.

2015 Veikkausliiga

The 2015 Veikkausliiga was the eighty-fifth season of top-tier football in Finland. HJK Helsinki were the defending champions. The season was won by SJK.

2016 Finnish League Cup

The 2016 Finnish League Cup was the 20th season of the Finnish League Cup, Finland's second-most prestigious cup football tournament. HJK were the defending champions, having won their fifth league cup the previous year.

The cup consisted of two stages. First there was a group stage that involved the 12 Veikkausliiga teams divided into two groups. The top teams from each group then played each other in the final.

2016 Veikkausliiga

The 2016 Veikkausliiga is the eighty-sixth season of top-tier football in Finland. The season started on 2 April 2016; the regular season ended on 23 October 2016, with a promotion/relegation playoff continuing until 29 October. SJK were the defending champions.

2017 Veikkausliiga

The 2017 Veikkausliiga was the eighty-seventh season of top-tier football in Finland. IFK Mariehamn were the defending champions.

Fixtures for the 2017 season were announced on 19 January 2017. The season started on 5 April 2017 and ended on 28 October 2017.

2018 Veikkausliiga

The 2018 Veikkausliiga was the eighty-eighth season of top-tier football in Finland. HJK were the defending champions.

Fixtures for the 2018 season were announced on 17 January 2017. The season started on 7 April 2018 and ended on 27 October 2018.

Daniel Sjölund

Henrik Daniel "Daja" Sjölund (born 22 April 1983) is a Finnish footballer who plays as a midfielder. He plays for IFK Mariehamn. He has also appeared with the Finnish national team 37 times.

IFK Mariehamn

IFK Mariehamn is an Ålandic football club based in Mariehamn, the capital of the Åland Islands. It plays in the Finnish Premier Division (Veikkausliiga). The club is managed by Peter Lundberg, and it plays its home matches at Wiklöf Holding Arena.

Jani Lyyski

Jani Lyyski (born 16 March 1983) is a Finnish former footballer.

Lyyski started his career in IFK Mariehamn he played for seven years, before moving on to Vaasan Palloseura in 2008. On 26 November, he signed on for Swedish side Djurgårdens IF.In March 2012 Lyyski returned to IFK Mariehamn. His father Pekka Lyyski is a former manager of IFK Mariehamn.

List of companies of Åland

The Åland Islands are an archipelago at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea belonging to Finland. Åland's economy is heavily dominated by shipping, trade and tourism. Shipping represents about 40% of the economy, with several international carriers owned and operated off Åland. Most companies aside from shipping are small, with fewer than ten employees. Farming and fishing are important in combination with the food industry. According to Eurostat, in 2006 Åland was the 20th wealthiest of the EU's 268 regions, and the wealthiest in Finland, with a GDP per inhabitant 47% above the EU mean.

Mariehamn Airport

Mariehamn Airport (Swedish: Mariehamns flygplats, Finnish: Maarianhaminan lentoasema) (IATA: MHQ, ICAO: EFMA) is located in Jomala, Åland (a territory of Finland). The airport is located some 3 kilometres (2 mi) north-west of Mariehamn town centre. It served 61,568 passengers in 2017 and is operated by the state-owned Finavia.

The airport has a duty-free shop where passengers can buy goods such as alcohol without having to pay VAT and other taxes. This is allowed before flying to any destination outside Åland, even to Finland. Normally local taxes must be paid in airport shops before travelling inside the EU, but Åland is outside the EU VAT area, for the very reason to allow tax-free sales onboard ferries and at the airport. Åland is in other respects a part of the EU.

The Aero Flight 217 aviation accident that resulted in 22 deaths occurred near the airport in 1963.

Markus Paatelainen

Markus Paatelainen (born 23 January 1983 in Valkeakoski, Finland) is a retired Finnish football midfielder, who last playing alongside his brother Mikko for IFK Mariehamn.

He has represented Finland at Under-21 level.

Pommern (ship)

The Pommern, formerly the Mneme (1903–1908), is a windjammer. It is a four-masted barque that was built in 1903 in Glasgow, Scotland at the J. Reid & Co shipyard.

The Pommern (German for Pomerania) is one of the Flying P-Liners, the famous sailing ships of the German shipping company F. Laeisz. Later she was acquired by Gustaf Erikson of Mariehamn in the Finnish Åland archipelago, who used her to carry grain from the Spencer Gulf area in Australia to harbours in England or Ireland until the start of World War II.

On 2 March 1925, Pommern ran aground at Port Germein, South Australia, but she was refloated and returned to service.

On 25 November 1928, Pommern was completely dismasted in the English Channel. Her 79 crew were taken off by the German tug Heros. The British ocean liner Lancastria offered assistance but Pommern refused it. Pommern was towed into Saint-Malo, Brittany, France, where she arrived on 30 November 1928. She was repaired and returned to service.

After World War II, Pommern was donated to the town of Mariehamn as a museum ship. It is now a museum ship belonging to the Åland Maritime Museum and is anchored in western Mariehamn, Åland. A collection of photographs taken by Ordinary Seaman Peter Karney in 1933 showing dramatic pictures of life on a sailing ship rounding Cape Horn can be found in the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich.

A 1:35-scale model of Pommern hangs in Grundtvigs Kirke, in Copenhagen, Denmark, though on being donated to the church in 1939, the model was renamed Dronning Alexandrine in honour of Denmark's then- queen consort.Pommern is so-called "bald-headed barque": it does not have royals over her upper topgallant sails. The topsails and topgallant sails have been divided in two (upper and lower) to ease their handling.

Pommern has the reputation of being a "lucky ship". She survived both world wars unscathed, lost only four crew members at sea on her journeys, and won the Great Grain Races twice, 1930 and 1937. "Pommern" is thus one of the most popular landmarks of Åland, and is visited by thousands of visitors annually.

Four other Clyde-built tall ships are still afloat:

Balclutha (San Francisco)

Falls of Clyde (Hawaii)

Glenlee (Glasgow)

Moshulu (Philadelphia)

Wiklöf Holding Arena

Wiklöf Holding Arena (formerly Idrottsparken) is a multi-purpose stadium in Mariehamn, Finland. It is used mostly for football matches and is the home ground of IFK Mariehamn. The stadium has a capacity 1 635 people and was built in 1932.

Climate data for Mariehamn normals 1981-2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
10.5
(50.9)
15.4
(59.7)
21.1
(70.0)
26.7
(80.1)
29.4
(84.9)
29.9
(85.8)
30.7
(87.3)
24.8
(76.6)
19.0
(66.2)
14.1
(57.4)
10.1
(50.2)
30.7
(87.3)
Average high °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
2.3
(36.1)
7.4
(45.3)
13.3
(55.9)
17.2
(63.0)
20.4
(68.7)
19.4
(66.9)
14.7
(58.5)
9.5
(49.1)
4.6
(40.3)
1.7
(35.1)
9.3
(48.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.5
(38.3)
8.5
(47.3)
12.8
(55.0)
16.2
(61.2)
15.3
(59.5)
10.9
(51.6)
6.5
(43.7)
2.2
(36.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
5.7
(42.3)
Average low °C (°F) −5.3
(22.5)
−6.6
(20.1)
−4.1
(24.6)
−0.5
(31.1)
3.7
(38.7)
8.2
(46.8)
11.8
(53.2)
11.1
(52.0)
7.1
(44.8)
3.5
(38.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
−3.7
(25.3)
2.1
(35.8)
Record low °C (°F) −32.3
(−26.1)
−32.9
(−27.2)
−25.0
(−13.0)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−6.5
(20.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
1.2
(34.2)
0.5
(32.9)
−6.7
(19.9)
−11.8
(10.8)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−28.9
(−20.0)
−32.9
(−27.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 49.7
(1.96)
31.4
(1.24)
33.4
(1.31)
28.6
(1.13)
33.4
(1.31)
52.3
(2.06)
55.6
(2.19)
75.1
(2.96)
60.0
(2.36)
68.1
(2.68)
66.5
(2.62)
56.5
(2.22)
610.5
(24.04)
Source #1: Météo Climat[9]
Source #2: Météo Climat[10]

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