Marie of Brabant, Queen of France

Marie of Brabant (13 May 1254 – 12 January 1322[1]) was Queen consort of France by marriage to Philip III of France. Born in Leuven, Brabant, she was a daughter of Henry III, Duke of Brabant, and Adelaide of Burgundy.[2]

Marie of Brabant
MariaofBrabant
Queen consort of France
Tenure 21 August 1274 – 5 October 1285
Born 13 May 1254
Leuven
Died 12 January 1322 (aged 67)
Les Mureaux, France
Burial Cordeliers Convent, Paris
Spouse Philip III of France
Issue Louis d'Évreux
Blanche, Duchess of Austria
Margaret, Queen of England
House House of Reginar
Father Henry III, Duke of Brabant
Mother Adelaide of Burgundy
Religion Roman Catholicism
MarieBrabant
Marie, at her coronation

Queen

Marie married the widowed Philip III of France on 21 August 1274.[3] His first wife, Isabella of Aragon, had already given birth to three surviving sons: Louis, Philip and Charles.

Philip was under the strong influence of his mother, Margaret of Provence and his minion, surgeon and chamberlain (Chambellan) Pierre de La Broce. Not being French, Marie stood out at the French court. In 1276, Marie's stepson Louis died under suspicious circumstances. Marie was suspected of ordering him to be poisoned.[4] La Brosse, who was also suspected, was imprisoned and later executed for the murder.

Queen dowager

After the death of Philip III in 1285, Marie lost some of her political influence, and dedicated her life to their three children: Louis (May 1276 – 19 May 1319), Blanche (1278 - 19 March 1305) and Margaret (died in 1318).[5] Her stepson, Philip IV was crowned king of France on 6 January 1286 in Reims.

Together with Joan I of Navarre and Blanche of Artois, she negotiated peace in 1294 between England and France with Edmund Crouchback, the younger brother of Edward I of England.[6]

Marie lived through Philip IV's reign and she outlived her children. She died in 1321, aged 66, in the monastery at Les Mureaux, near Meulan, where she had withdrawn to in 1316. Marie was not buried in the royal necropolis of Basilica of Saint-Denis, but in the Cordeliers Convent, in Paris. Destroyed in a fire in 1580, the church was rebuilt in the following years.

Ancestry

Ancestors of Marie of Brabant, Queen of France
16. Godfrey III, Count of Leuven
8. Henry I, Duke of Brabant
17. Margaret of Limburg
4. Henry II, Duke of Brabant
18. Matthew, Count of Boulogne
9. Matilda of Flanders
19. Marie I, Countess of Boulogne
2. Henry III, Duke of Brabant
20. Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor
10. Philip of Swabia
21. Beatrice I, Countess of Burgundy
5. Marie of Swabia
22. Isaac II Angelos
11. Irene Angelina
23. Unknown Palaiologina?, afterwards Irene
1. Marie of Brabant
24. Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy
12. Odo III, Duke of Burgundy
25. Alice of Lorraine
6. Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy
26. Hugues, Seigneur de Vergy
13. Alice of Vergy
27. Gillette de Trainel
3. Adelaide of Burgundy
28. Robert II, Count of Dreux
14. Robert III, Count of Dreux
29. Yolanda of Coucy
7. Yolande of Dreux
30. Thomas de Saint-Valéry
15. Aenor of Saint-Valéry
31. Adela de Ponthieu, Dame de Saint-Aubin

See also

  • Marie of Brabant (disambiguation)

Notes

  1. ^ Viard 1930, p. 362 note3.
  2. ^ Dunbabin 2011, p. xiv.
  3. ^ Bradbury 2007, p. 238.
  4. ^ Jordan 2009, p. 141.
  5. ^ Stanton 2001, p. 219.
  6. ^ Morris 2008, p. 267-268.

Sources

  • Bradbury, Jim (2007). The Capetians, Kings of France 987-1328. Hambledon Continuum.
  • Dunbabin, Jean (2011). The French in the Kingdom of Sicily, 1266–1305. Cambridge University Press.
  • Jordan, William Chester (2009). A Tale of Two Monasteries: Westminster and Saint-Denis in the Thirteenth Century. Princeton University Press.
  • Morris, Marc (2008). Edward I and the Forging of Britain. Windmill Books.
  • Stanton, Anne Rudloff (2001). The Queen Mary Psalter: A Study of Affect and Audience. Volume 91 Part 6. American Philosophical Society.
  • Viard, Jules Marie Édouard (1930). Grandes Chroniques de France. Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion.
French royalty
Preceded by
Isabella of Aragon
Queen consort of France
1274–1285
Succeeded by
Joan I of Navarre

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