Marianne Cope

Marianne Cope, also known as Saint Marianne of Molokaʻi, (January 23, 1838 – August 9, 1918) was a German-born American religious sister who was a member of the Sisters of St Francis of Syracuse, New York, and founding leader of its St. Joseph's Hospital in the city, among the first of 50 general hospitals in the country[1]. Known also for her charitable works, in 1883 she relocated with six other sisters to Hawaiʻi to care for persons suffering Hansen's Disease on the island of Molokaʻi and aid in developing the medical infrastructure in Hawaiʻi. Despite direct contact with the patients over many years, Cope did not contract the disease.

In 2005, Cope was beatified by Pope Benedict XVI.[2] Cope was declared a saint by the same pope on October 21, 2012, along with Kateri Tekakwitha, a 17th-century Native American.[3] Cope is the 11th person in what is now the United States to be canonized by the Catholic Church.[3]

Saint
Marianne Cope
Mother Marianne Cope in her youth
Marianne Cope shortly before her departure for Hawaii (1883)
Saint
BornMaria Anna Barbara Koob
January 23, 1838
Heppenheim, Grand Duchy of Hesse
DiedAugust 9, 1918 (aged 80)
Kalaupapa, Hawaiʻi
Resting placeCathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace, Honolulu, Hawaii
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
(Sisters of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities)
Episcopal Church
BeatifiedMay 14, 2005, Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI
CanonizedOctober 21, 2012, Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI
Major shrineSaint Marianne Cope Shrine & Museum
601 N. Townsend St.
Syracuse, New York, U.S.
FeastJanuary 23 (Roman Catholic Church)
April 15 (Episcopal Church (United States))
PatronageLepers, outcasts, those with HIV/AIDS, Hawaiʻi.

Life

Birth and vocation

Cope was baptized Maria Anna Barbara Koob, later anglicizing her last name to "Cope". She was born January 23, 1838, in Heppenheim in the Grand Duchy of Hesse to Peter Koob (1787–1862) and Barbara Witzenbacher (1803–1872). The following year her family emigrated to the United States, settling in the industrial city of Utica, New York. They became members of the Parish of St Joseph, where Cope attended parish school. By the time she was in eighth grade, her father had become an invalid. As the oldest child, Cope left school to work in a textile factory to help support her family.[4] Her father became naturalized as an American citizen, which at the time meant the entire family received automatic citizenship status.

By the time their father Peter Cope died in 1862, the younger children in the family were of age to support themselves, so Maria pursued her long-felt religious calling. She entered the novitiate of the Sisters of the Third Order Regular of Saint Francis in Syracuse, New York. After a year of formation, Cope received the religious habit of the Franciscan Sisters along with the new name Marianne. She became first a teacher and then a principal in newly established schools for the region's German-speaking immigrants. Following the revolutions of 1848, numerous German immigrants entered the United States.

By 1870, Cope had become a member of the governing council of her religious congregation. She helped found the first two Catholic hospitals in Central New York, with charters stipulating that medical care was to be provided to all, regardless of race or creed. She was appointed by the Superior General to govern St. Joseph's Hospital, the first public hospital in Syracuse, serving from 1870 to 1877.

As hospital administrator, Cope became involved with the move of Geneva Medical College of Hobart College from Geneva, New York, to Syracuse, where it became the College of Medicine at Syracuse University. She contracted with the college to accept their students for treating patients in her hospital, to further their medical education. Her stipulation in the contract—again unique for the period—was the right of the patients to refuse care by the students. These experiences helped prepare her for the special ministry she next pursued.[5]

Call to Hawaii

In 1883, Cope, by then Superior General of the congregation, received a plea for help from King Kalākaua of Hawaii to care for leprosy sufferers. More than 50 religious congregations had already declined his request for Sisters to do this, because leprosy was considered to be highly contagious. She responded enthusiastically to the letter:

I am hungry for the work and I wish with all my heart to be one of the chosen Ones, whose privilege it will be, to sacrifice themselves for the salvation of the souls of the poor Islanders... I am not afraid of any disease, hence it would be my greatest delight even to minister to the abandoned 'lepers.'[6]

Sisters of St. Francis in 1886 at the Branch Hospital for Lepers in Kakaako, Honolulu
The Sisters of St. Francis, at the Kakaʻako Branch Hospital.
Gibson and Mother Marianne Cope
Walter Murray Gibson with the Sisters of St. Francis and daughters of Hansen's disease patients, at the Kakaʻako Branch Hospital.

Cope departed from Syracuse with six other Sisters to travel to Honolulu to answer this call, arriving on November 8, 1883. They traveled on the SS Mariposa. With Mother Marianne as supervisor, the Sisters' task was to manage Kakaʻako Branch Hospital on Oʻahu, which served as a receiving station for Hansen's disease patients gathered from all over the islands. The more severe cases were processed and shipped to the island of Molokaʻi for confinement in the settlement at Kalawao, and then later at Kalaupapa.

The following year, at the request of the government, Cope set up Malulani Hospital, the first general hospital on the island of Maui. Soon, she was called back to the hospital in Oahu. She had to deal with a government-appointed administrator's abuse of the leprosy patients at the Branch Hospital at Kakaako, an area adjoining Honolulu. She told the government that either the administrator had to be dismissed or the Sisters would return to Syracuse. She was given charge of the overcrowded hospital. Her return to Syracuse to re-assume governance of the congregation was delayed, as both the government and church authorities thought she was essential to the success of the mission.

Two years later, the king awarded Mother Marianne with the Cross of a Companion of the Royal Order of Kapiolani for her care of his people.[7] The work continued to increase. In November 1885, Cope opened the Kapiolani Home with the support of the government, to provide shelter to homeless female children of leprosy patients. The home was located on the grounds of a leprosy hospital because only the Sisters were willing to care for children so closely associated to people suffering from leprosy.

In 1887, a new government came into office. It ended the forced exile of leprosy patients to Molokai and closed the specialty hospital in Oahu. A year later, the authorities pleaded with Cope to establish a new home for women and girls on the Kalaupapa peninsula of Molokai. She accepted the call, knowing that it might mean she would never return to New York. "We will cheerfully accept the work…" was her response.[5]

Molokai

Father Damien on his funeral bier with Mother Marianne Cope by his side
Mother Marianne Cope and Sister Leopoldina Burns beside the funeral bier of Father Damien
Mother Marianne Cope with sisters and patients, 1918
Mother Marianne Cope (in the wheelchair) only a few days before she died.
Scale for medicine 1880s
Scales used by Mother Marianne Cope and the Sisters to measure medicine, Kalaupapa, Hawaii, late 1880s

In November 1888, Cope moved to Kalaupapa. She cared for the dying Father Damien, SS.CC., who was already known internationally for his work in the leper colony, and began to take over his burdens. She had met him shortly after her arrival in Hawaii.

When Father Damien died on April 15, 1889, the government officially gave Cope charge for the care of the boys of Kalaupapa, in addition to her existing role in caring for the female residents of the colony. A prominent local businessman, Henry Perrine Baldwin, donated money for the new home. Mother Marianne and two assistants, Sister Leopoldina Burns and Sister Vincentia McCormick, opened and ran a new girls' school, which she named in Baldwin's honor. A community of Religious Brothers was sought to come and care for the boys. After the arrival of four Brothers of the Sacred Heart in 1895,[8] Cope withdrew the Sisters to the Bishop Home for leprous women and girls. Joseph Dutton was given charge of Baldwin House by the government.

Death

Cope died on August 9, 1918, due to natural causes. She was buried on the grounds of the Bishop Home. In 2005, her remains were brought to Syracuse for reinterment at her motherhouse.[9] In 2014, her remains were returned to Honolulu and are enshrined at the Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace.[10][11]

Legacy and honors

  • 1927 — Saint Francis Hospital was founded in Honolulu in her memory as a community hospital and to train nurses to work with Hansen's disease patients.
  • 1957 — St. Francis opened the Child Development Center at the Honolulu Community Church.
  • 1962 — St. Francis Home Care Services was established, the first in Hawaii to specialize in home health care for Hawaiian people.
  • 2005, Induction into the National Women's Hall of Fame.[12]
  • 2006 — The Sisters of St. Francis chose to focus on long-term care, transferring the two facilities of St. Francis Hospital to a private board. The facilities are now known as the Hawaii Medical Center East in Liliha, and Hawaii Medical Center West in Ewa.[13] Both hospitals were closed at the end of 2011.[14] In August 2012, The Queen's Health Systems agreed to acquire the former Hawaii Medical Center West and reopen the hospital in the fall of 2013.[15]
  • The Saint Francis School was founded in Mother Marianne's honor in 1924, operating as a girls-only school for grades 6-9.[16]

The community which Cope founded on Molokai continues to minister to the few patients afflicted with Hansen Disease. The Franciscan Sisters work at several schools and minister to parishioners throughout the Hawaiian Islands.

Beatification

In 1993, Katherine Dehlia Mahoney was allegedly healed from multiple organ failure after praying to Marianne Cope for intercession. On October 24, 2003, the Congregation for the Causes of Saints declared Mother Marianne to have been "heroically virtuous". In April 19, 2004, Pope John Paul II issued a papal decree declaring her Venerable. On December 20, 2004, after receiving the unanimous affirmation of the Congregation of the Causes of Saints, Pope John Paul II ordered a decree to be issued authenticating this recovery as a miracle to be attributed to the intercession of Mother Marianne. On May 14, 2005, Marianne was beatified in Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI in his first beatification ceremony.[17][18] Over 100 followers from Hawaiʻi attended the beatification ceremony, along with 300 members of Cope's religious congregation in Syracuse. At the ceremony, presided over by Cardinal José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F., the Hawaiian song "Makalapua" (a favorite of Cope) was sung.[19] Her feast day was established as January 23 and is celebrated by her own religious congregation, the Diocese of Honolulu, and the Diocese of Syracuse.

After the announcement by the Holy See of her impending beatification, during January 2005, Blessed Marianne's remains were moved to the motherhouse of the congregation in Syracuse. A temporary shrine was established to honor her. By 2009, the erection of a marble sarcophagus in the mother house chapel was complete. Her remains were interred in the new shrine on her feast day of January 23.[20]

Mother Marianne Cope statue
Mother Marianne Cope statue dedicated January 23, 2010, in Honolulu

In 2007, a statue of her was erected at St Joseph's Church in her native Utica, whose parish school she had attended in her childhood.[21]

Canonization

On December 6, 2011, the Congregation for the Causes of Saints found that a second miracle could also be attributed to the intercession of Blessed Marianne. This finding was forwarded to Pope Benedict XVI by its Secretary, Cardinal Angelo Amato, for papal approval.[22] On December 19, 2011, Pope Benedict signed and approved the promulgation of the decree for Marianne's sainthood and she was canonized on October 21, 2012; a relic was carried to Honolulu from her mother church.

After Father Damien, Cope is the second person to be canonized who had served in the Hawaiian Islands. She was both the first Beatification and the last Canonisation under Pope Benedict XVI. In 2014, the church announced that the remains of Saint Marianne would be re-interred at the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu, which was undergoing an extensive renovation. This is a more convenient location for the faithful than the Kalaupapa National Historical Park on Molokaʻi, where access is primarily by plane or mule train. She sometimes attended Mass at the Cathedral and it was where Father Damien was ordained. The Franciscan Convent in New York which held her remains has had to move to a new location because its former buildings needed extensive repairs.[23]

Ecumenical veneration

Cope is honored jointly with Saint Damien of Moloka'i on the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church (USA). Their shared feast day is celebrated on April 15.

In arts and media

Paul Cox directed the film Molokai: The Story of Father Damien (1999). Mother Marianne was portrayed by South African actress Alice Krige. Father Damien was portrayed by David Wenham.[24]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Today in History: St. Joseph's Hospital Opens on Prospect Hill". Onondaga Historical Association. May 7, 2017. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  2. ^ Pope Benedict XVI (May 14, 2005). "Apostolic Letter by which the Supreme Pontiff has raised to the glory of the altars the Servants of God: Ascensión Nicol Goñi and Marianne Cope". The Holy See. Retrieved March 19, 2010. (Latin)
  3. ^ a b CNN.com (October 21, 2012). "Mother Marianne becomes an American saint". CNN. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  4. ^ Krista J. Karch (May 11, 2005). "The road to sainthood: Mother Marianne worked years in Utica mills before joining convent". The Utica Observer-Dispatch. Retrieved March 19, 2010.
  5. ^ a b "Biography of St Marianne Cope". Sisters of St Francis of the Neumann Communities.
  6. ^ "Biography - Marianne Cope (1838-1918)". Official Vatican website. Retrieved March 19, 2010.
  7. ^ Mary Laurence Hanley; O. A. Bushnell (January 1992). Pilgrimage and Exile: Mother Marianne of Molokai. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 225–226. ISBN 978-0-8248-1387-1.
  8. ^ website of the Damien Memorial School, damien.edu; accessed April 19, 2015.
  9. ^ "Mother Marianne Cope and the Sisters of St Francis". Kalaupapa National Historic Park website. National Park Service. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  10. ^ "Homecoming for Saint Marianne – Sisters of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities". sosf.org. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  11. ^ "St. Marianne Cope's remains returning to Hawaii". syracuse.com. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  12. ^ National Women's Hall of Fame, Mother Marianne Cope
  13. ^ "Historical Timeline: A Legacy of Firsts in the Islands". St Francis Healthcare System website. St Francis Healthcare System of Hawaii. Archived from the original on May 2, 2010. Retrieved March 19, 2010.
  14. ^ "Last five patients leave Hawaii Medical Center West". web site. Pacific Business News. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
  15. ^ "Queen's Medical Center and St. Francis reach agreement on Hawaii Medical Center West acquisition". Hawaii Medical Center West infosite. Pacific Business News. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
  16. ^ "About Us: Welcome to Saint Francis School". School website. Saint Francis School. Archived from the original on March 24, 2010. Retrieved March 19, 2010.
  17. ^ "History of Cause of Blessed Marianne Cope at the Congregation for Causes of Saints in Vatican City, Italy". Sisters of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  18. ^ "THE BEATIFICATION OF MOTHER MARIANNE COPE". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  19. ^ Mary Adamski (May 5, 2005). "'Blessed' Mother Cope: The Kalaupapa nun reaches the second step to sainthood". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved March 19, 2010.
  20. ^ Shrine of Blessed Marianne Cope; accessed April 19, 2015.
  21. ^ Jessica Doyle (October 3, 2007). "Shrine to Mother Marianne honors life of serving poor". The Utica Observer-Dispatch. Archived from the original on September 15, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2010.
  22. ^ "Path to Sainthood Cleared for Blessed Marianne Cope" (news release) Archived April 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, The Sisters of St Francis of the Neumann Communities, December 6, 2011.
  23. ^ "Saint's remains return to Hawaii permanently", CBS News Interactive, 31 July 2014
  24. ^ "Father Damien: The Leper Priest (1980)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved July 21, 2010.

Further reading

External links

Abraham Armand

Abraham Armand was a priest of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, a religious institute of the Roman Catholic Church. He was one of the first Catholic missionaries to arrive in the Kingdom of Hawaii, arriving in 1827 in the company of Alexis Bachelot, Patrick Short and six lay brothers. He became instrumental in the establishment of the Hawaii Catholic Church.

Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace

The Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace — also known by its original French name Cathédrale de Notre Dame de la Paix, its Portuguese variant Catedral de Nossa Senhora da Paz and its Hawaiian derivative Malia o ka Malu Hale Pule Nui — is the mother church of the Diocese of Honolulu and houses the cathedra of the Bishop of Honolulu in Honolulu, Hawaiʻi. It is located at the north end of Fort Street Mall in downtown Honolulu. Another cathedra was installed in the Co-Cathedral of Saint Theresa of the Child Jesus, also serving the diocese.

The Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments conferred the title of Minor Basilica upon the Cathedral on May 10, 2014, the liturgical memorial of St. Damien. The inaugural Mass was celebrated on October 11, 2014, the fifth anniversary of the canonization of St. Damien.The Cathedral Basilica was built during Hawaiʻi's missionary era and served as the mother church of the Vicariate Apostolic of the Hawaiian Islands. It was dedicated by Msgr. Maigret on August 15, 1843, under the title of Our Lady of Peace or Malia O Ka Malu.

It is said to be the oldest cathedral in continuous use as a cathedral in the United States as well as the church in which Saint Damien of Molokaʻi was ordained to the presbyterate on May 21, 1864. For these reasons, the Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. Though older, the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Archdiocese of Baltimore was a co-cathedral throughout most of its history and the Saint Louis Cathedral in the Archdiocese of New Orleans was closed for a long period of time in its history.

Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception (Syracuse, New York)

The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Syracuse, New York is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Syracuse. It is the seat of the Bishop of Syracuse, currently Douglas Lucia.

Cope (surname)

Cope is a surname, and may refer to

Sir Anthony Cope (c. 1486–1551)

Arthur C. Cope, American chemist

Bob Cope, American football coach

Charles West Cope, (1811–1890) English artist

Cuthbert Leslie Cope (1903–1975), English physician

Davey Cope, (1877–1898), South African rugby union player

David Cope, artificial intelligence and music researcher

David Cope (economist), British energy & resource economist

Derrike Cope, American racing driver

Don Cope, Title Operations - AMC Settlement Services LLC

Edward Drinker Cope, American anatomist and palaeontologist

Edward Meredith Cope, English classical scholar

Frederick Cope, Canadian politician

Geoff Cope, English cricketer

George Cope (Tobacco manufacturer), English tobacco manufacturer

Jack Cope, South African writer

James Cope (UK politician), British MP and Resident to the Hanseatic League in the mid-eighteenth century

Jamie Cope, English snooker player

Jean-François Copé, French politician

Jim Cope (1911–1999), Australian politician

John Cope (British Army officer), English general during the 1745 Jacobite Uprising

John Cope, Baron Cope of Berkeley, English politician

Julian Cope, English musician

Kenneth Cope, English actor

Kenneth Cope (musician), American composer

Kit Cope, American martial arts fighter

Marianne Cope, American nun and Catholic saint

Mike Cope, American racing driver

Myron Cope, American radio personality

Peter Cope, American test pilot

Sidney Cope (1904–1986), English cricketer

Thomas Cope (1827-1884), English tobacco manufacturer

Thomas D. Cope, American historian and physicist

Warner Cope, American judge

Wendy Cope, English poet

Zachary Cope, English physician and surgeon

Elaine Roulet

Sister Elaine Roulet (born 1930) is a Roman Catholic sister who created programs that connect incarcerated mothers and their children. She was instrumental in the prison reform movement and established the precedent of connecting imprisoned mothers with their babies that many United States prisons now use as a model.

Gloria Yerkovich

Gloria Jean Yerkovich (born 1942) is an American victims' rights activist who founded Child Find of America to prevent and resolve child abductions and missing children cases. Yerkovich is a 1993 inductee into the National Women's Hall of Fame for her work.

Helen LaKelly Hunt

Helen LaKelly Hunt (born 1949) is an American philanthropist and feminist. The daughter of H. L. Hunt, she grew up in Dallas, Texas. After graduating from the Hockaday School and Southern Methodist University, she earned a master's degree in clinical psychology and a Ph.D. in church history.

Helio Koaʻeloa

Helio Koa'eloa (ca. 1815–1846), was a Hawaiian Catholic lay missionary called as the "Apostle of Maui" for converting about 4,000 natives to the Catholic faith. Landmarks and memorials were dedicated to him at Maui. A cross (called Hâna cross) was erected in Wailua valley in his memory in 1931.

James Joseph Sweeney

James Joseph Sweeney (June 19, 1898 – June 19, 1968) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the first Bishop of Honolulu, serving from 1941 until his death in 1968.

Leopoldina Burns

Maria Leopoldina Burns (August 28, 1855 – June 3, 1942), was an American religious sister who was a member of the Sisters of St Francis of Syracuse, New York, and a close companion and biographer of Saint Marianne Cope during the 1883 Hansen's Disease epidemic on the island of Molokaʻi, Hawaii.Born on August 28, 1855, she was the daughter of James and Mary Burns, of Utica, New York. She joined the Sisters of St Francis of Syracuse, New York in 1881.Together with Mother Marianne Cope and 5 other sisters, they departed from Syracuse to travel to Honolulu to answer the request of King Kalākaua of Hawaii to care for leprosy sufferers arriving on November 8, 1883. They traveled on the SS Mariposa. With Mother Marianne as supervisor, the Sisters' task was to manage Kakaʻako Branch Hospital on Oʻahu, which served as a receiving station for Hansen's disease patients gathered from all over the islands. The more severe cases were processed and shipped to the island of Molokaʻi for confinement in the settlement at Kalawao, and then later at Kalaupapa.

In 1889, together with Mother Marianne and Sister Vincentia McCormick, they opened and ran a girls' school in Hawaii, which they named in Henry Perrine Baldwin's honor, a prominent local businessman who supported their missions.

After serving for nearly 40 years on Molokai, she retired in 1928 to the St. Francis Convent in Manoa Valley where she lived until her death.Sister Leopoldina died on June 3, 1942 with the reputation for holiness. She was the last of the Catholic sisters to serve alongside Father Damien.

Louise McManus

(Rachel) Louise McManus (1896 – May 29, 1993) was the first nurse to earn a Ph.D. She established schools of nursing in college and helped to develop nationally standardized methods for nursing licensure in the United States.

Mary Joseph Rogers

Mary Joseph Rogers (October 27, 1882 – October 9, 1955) was the founder of the Maryknoll Sisters, the first congregation of Catholic women to organize a global mission in the United States. Rogers attended Smith College and was inspired in 1904 by graduating Protestant students preparing to leave for missionary work in China. After her graduation, she returned to the school and founded a mission club for Catholic students in 1905. While organizing the club, she met Father James A. Walsh, director of Boston’s Office for the Propagation of the Faith, later founder of Maryknoll Fathers & Brothers, through whom she was inspired to establish a mission congregation for women. Rogers moved to Boston in 1908 to teach at public schools and attend the Boston Normal School. The Maryknoll Sisters were founded in 1912. By 1955, the Maryknoll Sisters had over 1000 sisters working in some twenty countries. Mother Mary Joseph Rogers was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 2013.

Maximin Alff

Reverend Maximin Alff, SS.CC., was born in Treves, Belgium, on 24 July 1866. He made his profession in the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary on 6 July 1867. He studied at the Catholic University of Leuven and was ordained to the presbyterate on 24 August 1890. He was subsequently appointed as professor of theology at Miranda de Ebro in Spain, from 1892 until 1894. He was then sent to the Vicariate Apostolic of the Hawaiian Islands, arriving in Honolulu on 25 October 1894. He served as parochial vicar in Kona, Kaua‘i, Hana and Wailuku. In 1912, he was elected provincial superior. He died on 1 January 1927 and was buried in the Honolulu Catholic Cemetery.

Molokai

Molokaʻi (Hawaiian: [ˈmoloˈkɐʔi]) anglicized as Molokai (; ), nicknamed “The Friendly Isle”, is the fifth largest island of eight major islands that make up the Hawaiian Islands archipelago in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. It is 38 by 10 miles (61 by 16 km) in size at its extreme length and width with a usable land area of 260 square miles (673.40 km2), making it the fifth-largest of the main Hawaiian Islands and the 27th largest island in the United States. It lies east of Oʻahu across the 25-mile (40 km) wide Kaiwi Channel and north of Lānaʻi, separated from it by the Kalohi Channel.

The island has been known both for developments by Molokaʻi Ranch on much of the island, for pineapple production, cattle ranching and tourism. Residents or visitors to the west end of Molokaʻi can see the lights of Honolulu on Oʻahu at night; they can view nearby Lānaʻi and Maui from anywhere along the south shore of the island. In Kalawao County, on the Kalaupapa Peninsula on the north coast, settlements were established in 1866 for quarantined treatment of persons with leprosy; these operated until 1969. The Kalaupapa National Historical Park now preserves this entire county and area.

National Women's Hall of Fame

The National Women's Hall of Fame is an American institution created in 1969 by a group of people in Seneca Falls, New York, the location of the 1848 women's rights convention.The National Women's Hall of Fame inducts distinguished American women through a rigorous national honors selection process involving representatives of the nation's important organizations and areas of expertise. Nominees are selected on the basis of the changes they created that affect the social, economic or cultural aspects of society; the significant national or global impact and results of change due to their achievement; and the enduring value of their achievements or changes. Induction ceremonies are held every odd- numbered year in the fall, with the names of the women to be honored announced earlier in the spring, usually during March, Women's History Month.

SS Mariposa (1883)

SS Mariposa was a steam cargo liner which served in the Pacific Ocean from 1883 to 1917.

Saint Francis School (Hawaii)

Saint Francis School was a private Roman Catholic school located in Honolulu, Hawaii. It was founded in 1924 by the Sisters of Saint Francis of the Neumann Communities. It had an enrollment limited to just over 500 in grades PK through 12.

St. Joseph's Church (Utica, New York)

St. Joseph's Church, also known as St. Joseph & St. Patrick Church, is a historic Roman Catholic church complex at 704-708 Columbia Street in Utica, Oneida County, New York. The complex consists of the church, St. Joseph's Parochial School (1885), St. Joseph's Parochial Residence (1906), and Parish Convent building (1891).

The church was built in 1871 and is 180 feet long with a simple basilican plan in the German Romanesque style. It is built of brick with limestone trim. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.In 2007 a statue was erected in honor of Mother Marianne Cope, who attended the church in her childhood, after her beatification.

Victoria Jackson (entrepreneur)

Victoria Jackson ran the cosmetics business Victoria Jackson Cosmetics for many years. In 2008, after her daughter was diagnosed with neuromyelitis optica (NMO), Jackson and her husband established the Guthy-Jackson Charitable Foundation, funding research into NMO treatment and cures. In 2017, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in Seneca Falls, New York.

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