Margaret Taylor-Burroughs (November 1, 1915 – November 21, 2010), also known as Margaret Taylor Goss, Margaret Taylor Goss Burroughs or Margaret T G Burroughs; was an American visual artist, writer, poet, educator, and arts organizer. She co-founded the Ebony Museum of Chicago, now the DuSable Museum of African American History. An active member of the African-American community, she also helped to establish the South Side Community Art Center, whose opening on May 1, 1941  was dedicated by the First Lady of the United States Eleanor Roosevelt. There at the age of 23 Burroughs served as the youngest member of its board of directors. A long-time educator, she spent most of her career at DuSable High School. Taylor-Burroughs was a prolific writer, with her efforts directed toward the exploration of the Black experience and to children, especially to their appreciation of their cultural identity and to their introduction and growing awareness of art. She is also credited with the founding of Chicago's Lake Meadows Art Fair in the early 1950s.
|Born||November 1, 1915|
St. Rose, Louisiana, U.S.
|Died||November 21, 2010 (aged 95)|
|Education||Englewood High School (now Englewood Technical Prep Academy), Chicago |
Chicago Teacher's College (now Chicago State University)
School of the Art Institute of Chicago
|Organization||South Side Community Art Center|
DuSable Museum of African American History
Charles Gordon Burroughs
|Children||Gayle Goss Toller|
Octavia Pierre Taylor
|Awards||President's Humanitarian Award (President Gerald Ford), 1975 |
Women's Caucus for Art Lifetime Achievement Award, 1988
Paul Robeson Award, 1989
Art Institute of Chicago's Legends and Legacy Award, 2010
Burroughs was born Victoria Margaret Taylor in St. Rose, Louisiana, where her father worked as a farmer and laborer at a railroad warehouse and her mother as a domestic. The family moved to Chicago in 1920 when she was five years old. There she attended Englewood High School along with Gwendolyn Brooks, who in 1985-1986 served as Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (now United States Poet Laureate). As classmates, the two joined the NAACP Youth Council. She earned teacher's certificates from Chicago Teachers College in 1937. She helped found the South Side Community Arts Center in 1939 to serve as a social center, gallery, and studio to showcase African American artists. In 1946, Taylor-Burroughs earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in art education from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago where she also earned her Master of Arts degree in art education, in 1948. Taylor-Burroughs married the artist Bernard Goss (1913–1966), in 1939, and they divorced in 1947. In 1949, she married Charles Gordon Burroughs and they remained married for 45 years until his death in 1994.
Taylor-Burroughs taught at DuSable High School on Chicago's South side from 1946 to 1969, and from 1969 to 1979 was a professor of humanities at Kennedy-King College, a community college in Chicago. She also taught African American Art and Culture at Elmhurst College in 1968. She was named Chicago Park District Commissioner by Harold Washington in 1985, a position she held until 2010.
She died on November 21, 2010.
Margaret and her husband Charles co-founded what is now the DuSable Museum of African American History in Chicago in 1961. The institution was originally known as the Ebony Museum of Negro History and Art and made its debut in the living room of their house at 3806 S. Michigan Avenue in the Bronzeville neighborhood on Chicago's south side, and Taylor-Burroughs served as its first Executive Director. She was proud of the institution's grass-roots beginnings: "we're the only one that grew out of the indigenous Black community. We weren't started by anybody downtown; we were started by ordinary folks." Burroughs served as Executive Director until she retired in 1985 and was then named Director Emeritus, remaining active in the museum's operations and fundraising efforts.
The museum moved to its current location at 740 E. 56th Place in Washington Park in 1973, and today is the oldest museum of black culture in the United States. Both the current museum building, and the Burroughs' S. Michigan Avenue home are now listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and the house is a designated Chicago landmark.
Margaret Burroughs has created many of her own works of art as well. In one of Burroughs' linocuts, Birthday Party, both black and white children are seen celebrating. The black and white children are not isolated from each other; instead they are intermixed and mingling around the table together waiting for birthday cake. An article published by The Art Institute of Chicago described Burroughs' Birthday Party and said, "Through her career, as both a visual artist and a writer, she has often chosen themes concerning family, community, and history. 'Art is communication,' she has said. 'I wish my art to speak not only for my people - but for all humanity.' This aim is achieved in Birthday Party, in which both black and white children dance, while mothers cut cake in a quintessential image of neighbors and family enjoying a special day together". The painting puts in visual form Burroughs' philosophy that "the color of skin is a minor difference among men which has been stretched beyond its importance".
Burroughs was impacted by Harriet Tubman, Gerard L. Lew, Sojourner Truth, Frederick Douglass, and W.E.B. Du Bois. In Eugene Feldman's The Birth and Building of the DuSable Museum Feldman writes about the influence Du Bois had on Burroughs' life. He believes that Burroughs greatly admired Du Bois and writes that she campaigned to bring him to Chicago to lecture to audiences. Feldman wrote, "If we read about 'cannabalistic and primitive Africa,'…It is a deliberate effort to put down a whole people and Dr. Du Bois fought this… Dr. Burroughs saw Dr. Du Bois and what he stood for and how he suffered himself to attain exposure of his views. She identified entirely with this important effort." Therefore, Burroughs clearly believed in Dr. Du Bois and the power of his message.
In many of Burroughs' pieces, she depicts people with half black and half white faces. In The Faces of My People Burroughs carved five people staring at the viewer. One of the women is all black, three of the people are half black and half white and one is mostly white. While Burroughs is attempting to blend together the black and white communities, she also shows the barriers that stop the communities from uniting. None of the people in The Faces of My People are looking at each other, and this implies a sense of disconnect among them. On another level, The Faces of My People deals with diversity. An article from the Collector magazine website describes Burroughs' attempts to unify in the picture. The article says, "Burroughs sees her art as a catalyst for bringing people together. This tableau of diverse individuals illustrates her commitment to mutual respect and understanding".
Burroughs once again depicts faces that are half black and half white in My People. Even though the title is similar to the previously referenced piece, the woodcut has some differences. In this scene, there are four different faces – each of which is half white and half black. The head on the far left is tilted to the side and close to the head next to it. It seems as both heads are coming out of the same body – taking the idea of split personalities to the extreme. The women are all very close together, suggesting that they relate to each other. In The Faces of My People there were others pictured with different skin tones, but in My People all of the people have the same half black and half white split. Therefore, My People focuses on a common conflict that all the women in the picture face.
"Every individual wants to leave a legacy, to be remembered for something positive they have done for their community. Long after I'm dead and gone the [DuSable] museum will still be here. A lot of black museums have opened up, but we're the only one that grew out of the indigenous black community. We weren't started by anybody downtown; we were started by ordinary folks."
Margaret Burroughs, an artist, poet and founder of one of the oldest African-American History museums in the US, has died. Burroughs co-founded the Dusable Museum of African American History in Chicago along with her late husband Charles Burroughs in 1961. She was 95.
Burroughs is a surname of English origin. At the time of the British Census of 1881, its relative frequency was highest in Suffolk (8.9 times the British average), followed by Norfolk, Gloucestershire, Shropshire, Huntingdonshire, Somerset, Hampshire, Surrey, Lincolnshire, and Orkney.
The surname Burroughs may refer to:
PeopleAlvin Burroughs (1911–1950), American musician
Augusten Burroughs (b. 1965), American writer
Bryson Burroughs (1869-1934), American artist
Charles Burroughs (1876–1902), American track and field athlete and Olympian
Derrick Burroughs (b. 1962), American football player and coach
Diane Burroughs (b. ?), American television writer
Dillon Burroughs (b. 1976), American writer
Don Burroughs (1931–2006), American football player
Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875–1950), American author, creator of the John Carter of Mars series and the Tarzan series
Edith Burroughs (b. 1939), American professional bowler
Edith Woodman Burroughs (1871–1916), American sculptor
Edward Burroughs (bishop) (1885–1934), English Anglican priest
Ellen Burroughs, better known as Sophie Jewett (1861–1909), American poet and professor
Elzy Burroughs (1771/1777-1825), American stonemason, engineer, lighthouse builder, and lighthouse keeper
Franklin Burroughs (businessman) (1834–1897), American entrepreneur
Franklin Burroughs (author) (b. ?), American author
George Burroughs (1650–1692), American Congregational pastor
Henry Burroughs (1845–1878), American professional baseball player
Jackie Burroughs (b. 1939), Canadian actress
Jeff Burroughs (b. 1951), American baseball player
Jeremiah Burroughs (ca. 1600-1646), also written "Jeremiah Burroughes," English Congregationalist and Puritan preacher
Jerrold Burroughs (b. 1967), American politician
John Burroughs (1837–1921), American naturalist and essayist
John Burroughs (governor) (1907–1978), American businessman and politician
Sir John Burroughs (fl. 17th century), English soldier and military commander
John A. Burroughs, Jr. (b. 1936), American government official
John Coleman Burroughs (1913–1979), American illustrator
John H. Burroughs (? - ?), American and Confederate naval engineer and shipwright
John J. Burroughs (1798–1872), American lawyer and circuit court clerk
Jordan Burroughs, (b. 1988), American wrestler
Joseph Burroughs (1685–1761), English Baptist minister
Kyle Burroughs (b. 1995), Canadian professional ice hockey player
Lane Burroughs, American college baseball coach
Nannie Helen Burroughs (1879–1961), American educator, orator, religious leader, and businesswoman
Robert P. Burroughs (?-1994), American businessman, political advisor, and statesman
Sammie Burroughs (born 1973), American football player
Sean Burroughs (b. 1980), American baseball player
Sherman E. Burroughs (1903-1992), American naval Rear-Admiral
Sherman Everett Burroughs (1870–1923), American politician
Silas Mainville Burroughs (disambiguation), more than one person with the name
Stanley Burroughs (1903–1991), American dietary theorist and author
Tim Burroughs (b. ?), American basketball player
Tom Burroughs (b. ?), American politician
Wilbur Burroughs (1884–1960), American track and field athlete and Olympian
William Burroughs, more than one person with the name
William Seward Burroughs I (1855–1898), American inventor
William S. Burroughs (1914–1997), American author and grandson of William Seward Burroughs
William S. Burroughs, Jr. (1947–1981), also known as William S. Burroughs III, an American author, son of William S. Burroughs, and great grandson of William Seward Burroughs
Williana Burroughs (1882–1945), American teacher, communist political activist, and politician
Margaret Taylor-Burroughs (1917–2010), American artist and writer
Frederick Traill-Burroughs (1831–1905), British military officer
Frederick Augustus McAlpine Burroughs (1885-1978) American politician, landowner, Commissioner of Revenue, Princess Anne County, Virginia, early 1900's, descendent of Elzy Burroughs
Joseph Edward Burroughs (1933-present) American farmer, community leader, American antique car collector, son of F.A.M. Burroughs, descendent of Elzy BurroughsFictional charactersHilda Burroughs, a character in Robert A. Heinlein's novel The Number of the Beast
Lord Burroughs, a character in the video game Clock Tower 3
Maggie Burroughs, a character in the Nightmare on Elm Street series; see List of characters in the Nightmare on Elm Street seriesCharles Sebree
Charles Sebree (1914-1985) was an African-American painter and playwright best known for his involvement in Chicago's black arts scene of the 1930s and 1940s.Debra Hand
Debra Hand is a self-taught artist and sculptor from Chicago, Illinois.
She created a bronze statue of the poet Paul Laurence Dunbar, after receiving a commission to do so from the Chicago Park District in 2012. The statue, which is 9 feet (2.7 m) tall, was unveiled at the city's Dunbar Park in 2014.Douglas, Chicago
Douglas, on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, is one of 77 Chicago community areas. The neighborhood is named for Stephen A. Douglas, an Illinois politician, whose estate included a tract of land given to the federal government. This tract later was developed for use as the Civil War Union training and prison camp, Camp Douglas, located in what is now the eastern portion of the Douglas neighborhood. Douglas gave that part of his estate at Cottage Grove and 35th to the Old University of Chicago. The Chicago 2016 Olympic bid planned for the Olympic Village to be constructed on a 37-acre (150,000 m2) truck parking lot south of McCormick Place that is mostly in the Douglas community area and partly in the Near South Side.The Douglas community area stretches from 26th Street South to Pershing Road along the Lake Shore, including parts of the Green Line along State Street and the Metra Electric and Amtrak passenger railroad tracks, which run parallel to Lake Shore Drive. Burnham Park runs along its shoreline, containing 31st Street Beach. The community area also contains part of the neighborhood of Bronzeville, the historic center of African-American culture in the city since the early 20th century and the Great Migration.DuSable High School
Jean Baptiste Point DuSable High School is a public 4–year high school campus located in the Bronzeville neighborhood on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, United States. DuSable is owned by the Chicago Public Schools district. The school was named after Chicago's first permanent non-native settler, Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable. Constructed between 1931–34, DuSable opened in February 1935. Since 2005, The school campus serves as home to two smaller schools; the Bronzeville Scholastic Institute and the Daniel Hale Williams Preparatory School of Medicine. Both of the schools use the DuSable name in an athletics context. The DuSable Leadership Academy was housed at the location until it closed after the 2015–16 school year. The school building was designated a Chicago Landmark on May 1, 2013.DuSable Museum of African American History
The DuSable Museum of African American History is dedicated to the study and conservation of African American history, culture, and art. It was founded in 1961 by Dr. Margaret Taylor-Burroughs, her husband Charles Burroughs, Gerard Lew, Eugene Feldman, Marian M. Hadley, and others. Taylor-Burroughs and other founders established the museum to celebrate black culture, at the time overlooked by most museums and academic establishments. The museum is located at 740 E. 56th Place at the corner of Cottage Grove Avenue in Washington Park, on the South Side of Chicago. The museum has an affiliation with the Smithsonian Institution.Jean Baptiste Point du Sable
Jean Baptiste Point du Sable (also spelled Point de Sable, Point au Sable, Point Sable, Pointe DuSable; before 1750 – August 28, 1818) is regarded as the first permanent non-Indigenous settler of what later became Chicago, Illinois, and is recognized as the "Founder of Chicago". A school, museum, harbor, park, and bridge have been named in his honor. The site where he settled near the mouth of the Chicago River around the 1780s is identified as a National Historic Landmark, now located in Pioneer Court.
Point du Sable was of African descent but little else is known of his life prior to the 1770s. During his career, the areas where he settled and traded around the Great Lakes and in the Illinois Country changed hands several times among France, Britain, Spain and the new United States. Described as handsome and well educated, Point du Sable married a Native American woman, Kitiwaha, and they had two children. In 1779, during the American Revolutionary War, he was arrested by the British military on suspicion of being an American sympathizer. In the early 1780s he worked for the British lieutenant-governor of Michilimackinac on an estate at what is now the city of St. Clair, Michigan.
Point du Sable is first recorded as living at the mouth of the Chicago River in a trader's journal of early 1790. He established an extensive and prosperous trading settlement in what later became the city of Chicago. He sold his Chicago River property in 1800 and moved to St. Charles, now in Missouri, where he was licensed to run a Missouri River ferry. Point du Sable's successful role in developing the Chicago River settlement was little recognized until the mid-20th century.John Wesley Hardrick
John Wesley Hardrick (September 21, 1891 – October 18, 1968) was an American artist. He painted landscapes, still lifes and portraits.List of African-American visual artists
This list of African-American visual artists is a list that includes dates of birth and death of historically recognized African-American fine artists known for the creation of artworks that are primarily visual in nature, including traditional media such as painting, sculpture, photography, and printmaking, as well as more recent genres, including installation art, performance art, body art, conceptual art, video art, and digital art. The entries are in alphabetical order by surname.List of School of the Art Institute of Chicago people
This is a list of notable people affiliated with the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.List of beaches in Chicago
The beaches in Chicago are an extensive network of waterfront recreational areas operated by the Chicago Park District. The Chicago metropolitan waterfront includes parts of the Lake Michigan shores as well as parts of the banks of the Chicago, Des Plaines, Calumet, Fox, and DuPage Rivers and their tributaries. The waterfront also includes the Illinois and Michigan Canal and the Sanitary and Ship Canal. Historically, the waterfront has been used for commerce, industry, and leisure. Leisure, such as fishing, swimming, hunting, walking and boating, was much more prevalent throughout the river sections of the waterfront system early in the 19th century before industrial uses altered the landscape. By midcentury, much leisure shifted to Lake Michigan as a result of industrial influence. The first City of Chicago Public Beach opened in Lincoln Park in 1895. Today, the entire 28 miles (45 km) Chicago lakefront shoreline is man-made, and primarily used as parkland. There are twenty-four beaches in Chicago along the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan.Typically, Chicago beaches take the name of the east-west street that runs perpendicular to the lake at each beach's location.Margaret Taylor (disambiguation)
Margaret Taylor may refer to:
Margaret Taylor (1788–1852), wife of Zachary Taylor and First Lady of the United States from 1849 to 1850
Margaret Young Taylor (1837–1919), American leader in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Margaret L. Curry (born Taylor, 1898–1986), American state parole officer and medical social worker
Peggy Taylor (1912–2002), American singer and television announcer
Peg Taylor (cricketer) (1917–2004), New Zealand cricketer
Peggy Taylor (spy) (1920–2006), French World War II spyNovember 1
November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 60 days remaining until the end of the year.November 21
November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 40 days remaining until the end of the year.Solon Spencer Beman
Solon Spencer Beman (October 1, 1853 – April 23, 1914) was an American architect based in Chicago, Illinois and best known as the architect of the planned Pullman community and adjacent Pullman Company factory complex. Several of his other largest commissions, including the Pullman Office Building, Pabst Building, and Grand Central Station in Chicago, have since been demolished. Beman designed numerous Christian Science churches and influenced the design of countless more.South Side Community Art Center
The South Side Community Art Center is a community art center in Chicago that opened in 1940 with support from the Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project in Illinois. Opened in Bronzeville, it became the first black art museum in the United States and has been an important center for the development Chicago's African American artists. Of more than 100 community art centers established by the WPA, this is the only one that remains open.
The center was awarded Chicago Landmark status in 1994. Named a "National Treasure" by the National Trust for Historic Preservation in 2017, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2018.St. Charles Parish, Louisiana
St. Charles Parish (French: Paroisse de Saint-Charles) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,780. The parish seat is Hahnville.The parish was formed in 1807, following the Louisiana Purchase by the United States in 1803. It was originally part of the German Coast, an area along the east bank of the Mississippi River that was settled by numerous German pioneers in the 1720s. This was historically an area of sugarcane plantations. The parish includes territory on both sides of the river.
St. Charles Parish is included in the New Orleans-Metairie, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area.St. Rose, Louisiana
Saint Rose (usually written as St. Rose) is a census-designated place (CDP) in St. Charles Parish, Louisiana, United States. St. Rose is on the east bank of the Mississippi River, two miles (3 km) north of the Jefferson Parish border and is part of the Greater New Orleans metropolitan area. The population was 6,540 in the 2000 census.Thomas Miller (visual artist)
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