Mardin Province

Mardin Province (Classical Syriac: ܡܪܕܐ‎, Turkish: Mardin ili, Kurdish: Parêzgeha Mêrdînê‎, Arabic: ماردين,), is a province of Turkey with a population of 809,719 in 2017. The population was 835,173 in 2000. The capital of the Mardin Province is Mardin (Classical Syriac: ܡܶܪܕܺܝܢ‎ "Mardin" in related Semitic language Arabic: ماردين, Mardīn). Located near the traditional boundary of Anatolia and Mesopotamia, it has a diverse population, composed of Kurdish, Arab and Assyrian people, with Kurds forming the majority of the province's population.[2]

Mardin Province

Mardin ili
Location of Mardin Province in Turkey
Location of Mardin Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionSoutheast Anatolia
SubregionMardin
Government
 • Electoral districtMardin
 • GovernorMustafa Yaman
Area
 • Total8,891 km2 (3,433 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total829,195
 • Density93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Area code(s)0482
Vehicle registration47

History

Mardin comes from the Syriac word (ܡܪܕܐ) and means "fortresses".[3][4]

The first known civilization were the Subarian-Hurrians who were then succeeded in 3000 BCE by the Hurrians. The Elamites gained control around 2230 BCE and were followed by the Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians, Romans and Byzantines.[5]

The local Assyrians/Syriacs, while very reduced due to the massacres of the Assyrian Genocide and conflicts between the Kurds and Turks, hold on to two of the oldest monasteries in the world, Dayro d-Mor Hananyo (Turkish Deyrülzafaran, English Saffron Monastery) and Deyrulumur Monastery. The Christian community is concentrated on the Tur Abdin plateau and in the town of Midyat, with a smaller community (approximately 200) in the provincial capital.

Districts

Mardin districts
Mardin districts

Mardin province is divided into 10 districts (capital district in bold):

Gallery

Killit Mor Yuhanun ici P1030894

Mor Yuhanun church

Mar Jacob Church, Nisibis

Mar Jacob Church in Nusaybin

View from Mardin to the Mesopotamian plains

Minaret of the grand mosque of Mardin (12th century) and the view of the Mesopotamian plains.

Mardin P1050254 20080426114925

Kasimiye madrasa (14th century)

MardinSultanIsaDomes

Zinciriye Madrasa (14th century)

Savur P1040131 20080424144611

View of Savur and the grand mosque in the center

Mardin P1030527 20080423132754

Abdullatif mosque (14th century)

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Watts, Nicole F. (2010). Activists in Office: Kurdish Politics and Protest in Turkey (Studies in Modernity and National Identity). Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-295-99050-7.
  3. ^ Lipiński, Edward (2000). The Aramaeans: Their Ancient History, Culture, Religion. Peeters Publishers. p. 146. ISBN 978-90-429-0859-8.
  4. ^ Payne Smith's A Compendious Syriac Dictionary, Dukhrana.com
  5. ^ "- Antik Tatlıdede Konağı - Mardin". www.tatlidede.com.tr. Retrieved 19 March 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 37°21′47″N 40°54′31″E / 37.36306°N 40.90861°E

Dara (Mesopotamia)

Dara or Daras (Greek: Δάρας) was an important East Roman fortress city in northern Mesopotamia on the border with the Sassanid Empire. Because of its great strategic importance, it featured prominently in the Roman-Persian conflicts of the 6th century, with the famous Battle of Dara taking place before its walls in 530. The former (arch)bishopric remains a multiple Catholic titular see. Today the Turkish village of Oğuz, Mardin Province, occupies its location.

Dargeçit

Dargeçit (Syriac: ܟܪܒܘܪܢ‎ Kerburan, Kurdish: Kerboran) is a district of the Mardin Province of Turkey, traditionally populated by ethnic-Kurds. In 1900, the town had approximately 300 families. Prior to the Assyrian and Armenian Genocides this city was inhabited by Kurds, Assyrians/Syriacs and Armenians. Before 1979, it was still inhabited by Kurds and Assyrians, but most of the Assyrian/Syriac people fled/left the city after the murder of Andreas Demir Lahdik, the Mayor of Kerburan at the time. The government then changed the name of the city to Dargeçit by force. After the exodus, the town was nearly completely populated by a Kurdish majority, with a tiny Assyrian remnant.

There is the Syriac Orthodox Church of Mor Kuriyakos, which is now restored thanks to the Assyrian/Syriac diaspora. There are also two other churches, one Protestant and the other Catholic. They are both abandoned.

Derik, Turkey

For the given name, see Derek.Derik (Syriac: ܖܪܝܟܐ‎ Dêrike, Kurdish: Dêrika Çiyayê Mazî‎) is a district of the Mardin Province in the southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey. It has borders with Mazıdağı, Viranşehir and Kızıltepe.

Dumluca Dam

Dumluca Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

June 2016 Midyat bombing

On June 8, a car bomb exploded in the Kurdish town of Midyat, in the southeastern Mardin Province. It happened in close proximity to Midyat's police office, drawing parallels with the June 2016 Istanbul bombing just one day prior. Five people were killed in the blast – two police officers and three civilians – with 30 others being injured. Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim blamed the bombing on the PKK.Two reporters from the US state-funded Voice of America were attacked by local residents when investigating the scene.

Kasrık mine

The Kasrık mine is a large mine in the south-east of Turkey in Mardin Province 743 km south-east of the capital, Ankara. Kasrık represents one of the largest phosphates reserve in Turkey having estimated reserves of 110 million tonnes of ore grading 25% P2O5.

Kızıltepe

Kızıltepe (Kurdish: Qoser‎, Ottoman Turkish: Koçhisar‎ or Tell-Ermen (meaning "Armenian hill"), Arabic: دنيصر‎) is a town in, and a district of Mardin Province of Turkey. As of 2014, the town had a population of 225,888. Most of the people are Kurds but there are some Arabs, Turks (who came here for government business) and Christians.

The town has a historic 13th century great Friday mosque built by the Artukids. It was also the scene of clashes between protesting Kurds and Turkish riot police in 2006.Kızıltepe, with +48.8 °C (119.84 °F) on August 14, 1993, holds the record for the highest temperature ever recorded in Turkey.

List of populated places in Mardin Province

Below is the list of populated places in Mardin Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

Mardin

Mardin (Syriac: ܡܶܪܕܺܝܢ‎, Kurdish: Mêrdîn‎, Arabic/Ottoman Turkish: ماردين‎ Mārdīn) is a city and multiple (former/titular) bishopric in southeastern Turkey. The capital of Mardin Province, it is known for the Artuqid (Artıklı or Artuklu in Turkish) architecture of its old city, and for its strategic location on a rocky hill near the Tigris River that rises steeply over the flat plains.

Mardin (electoral district)

Mardin is an electoral district of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. It elects six members of parliament (deputies) to represent the province of the same name for a four-year term by the D'Hondt method, a party-list proportional representation system.

Mardin Airport

Mardin Airport is an airport in Mardin, Turkey (IATA: MQM, ICAO: LTCR), located in Kızıltepe, 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast from Mardin.

Mardin Museum

Mardin Museum is a museum in Mardin, Turkey

Mardin railway station

Mardin station (Turkish: Mardin Garı) is a railway station in Mardin on the Mardin-Senyurt Railway Line. The station is located 4.9 km (3.0 mi) away from Mardin.

Mazıdağı

Mazıdağı (Syriac:Samrah, Kurdish: Şemrex‎) is a district of Mardin Province in the southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey. Today Sunni Muslim Kurdish people form a majority in this district as a result of the Assyrian Genocide and migration of the local Assyrian/Syriac people. Prior to this, nomadic Kurdish tribes inhabited the surrounding mountains.

Many Kurdish inhabitants moved to the provinces centre such as Diyarbakır, Mardin and Batman due to poverty and the conflict between the Turkish government and the PKK. The municipality towns elections were won by Hasip Aktas a member of the Democratic Society Party with %57 of all votes in 2009. Mazıdağı region is very rich in phosphate mines.

Midyat

Midyat (Kurdish: Midyad‎, Syriac: ܡܕܝܕ Mëḏyaḏ or Miḏyôyo in the local Turoyo dialect, Arabic: مديات‎) is a town in Mardin Province of Turkey. The ancient city is the center of a centuries-old Hurrian town in Southeast-Turkey, widely familiar under its Syriac name Tur Abdin. A cognate of the name Midyat is first encountered in an inscription of the Assyrian king Ashur-nasir-pal II (883-859 B.C.). This royal text depicts how his forces conquered the city and the surrounding villages. In its long history the city of Midyat has been ruled by various different leaders and nations.

Nusaybin

Nusaybin (pronounced [nuˈsajbin]; Akkadian: Naṣibina; Classical Greek: Νίσιβις, Nisibis; Arabic: نصيبين‎, Kurdish:

Nisêbîn; Syriac: ܢܨܝܒܝܢ‎, Nṣībīn; Armenian: Մծբին, Mtsbin) is a city in Mardin Province, Turkey. The population of the city is 83,832 as of 2009. The population is predominantly Kurdish, Sunni as well as Yezidi, but a small Assyrian community can also be found.

With a history going back nearly 3,000 years, Nusaybin was ruled and settled by various groups. First mentioned as an Aramean settlement Naşibīna in 901 BCE, it was captured by Assyria in 896 BCE. In the 4th and 5th centuries CE it was one of the great centers of Syriac scholarship, along with nearby Edessa.

Nusaybin railway station

Nusaybin station is a railway station in the town of Nusaybin in Turkey next to the Turkey–Syria border. The station is the easternmost station in Turkey on the Baghdad Railway. The station was opened on 25 October 1918 by the Baghdad Railway. The station has no passenger service.

State road D.400 (Turkey)

D-400 is an east–west state road in southern Turkey. The 2,057-kilometre (1,278 mi) road starts at Datça in the southwest corner of the Anatolian peninsula. The road ends at the Iranian border at Esendere.

D-400 runs through the cities of Marmaris, Fethiye, Antalya, Alanya, Mersin, Adana, Gaziantep, Şanlıurfa, and Hakkâri and links to Road 16 in Iran. Between Nizip and Cizre, D-400 is part of the European route E90.

Zeynel Abidin Mosque Complex

Zeynel Abiddin Mosque Complex (Turkish: Zeynel Abidin Camii ve Külliyesi) is a historic religious building complex in Nusaybin, Mardin Province, southeastern Turkey.

It is located in Nusaybin ilçe (district) of Mardin Province at 37°04′02″N 41°12′51″E. The complex is named after Zeynel Abidin. Zeynel Abidin and his sister Siti Zeynep are known as 13th-generation grand children of Muhammad. According to an inscription, the complex was built in 1159, during Zengid dynasty. It consists of a mosque, a medrese (school) and tombs of both Zeynel Abidin and his sister Sitti Zeynep.

The building material of the L-plan mosque complex is rough stone. The mimbar, mihrab and the minaret are later additions. The tombs of Zeynel Abidin and Siti Zeynep are located at the south east of the mosque.

Mardin Province of Turkey
Districts
Identity
Syriac
Christianity
Aramaic/Syriac
languages
Syriac script
Culture
History
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