Marathesium

Marathesium or Marathesion (Ancient Greek: Μαραθήσιον) was a town of ancient Ionia on the coast south of Ephesus, and not far from the frontiers of Caria, whence Stephanus of Byzantium calls it a town of Caria.[1] It is also mentioned in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax and by Pliny the Elder.[2] The town at one time belonged to the Samians; but they made an exchange, and, giving it up to the Ephesians, received Neapolis in return.[3] It was a member of the Delian League since it appears in tribute records of Athens between the years 443/2 and 415/4 BCE.[4]

Its site is located near Ambar Tepe, Asiatic Turkey.[5][6]

References

  1. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v.
  2. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 5.31.
  3. ^ Strabo. Geographica. xiv. p.639. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  4. ^ Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen (2004). "Ionia". An inventory of archaic and classical poleis. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 1082. ISBN 0-19-814099-1.
  5. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 61, and directory notes accompanying.
  6. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Marathesium". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 37°49′45″N 27°15′16″E / 37.829287°N 27.254483°E

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Lyrbe

Lyrbe (spelled Lyrba in the 1910 Catholic Encyclopedia; Ancient Greek: Λύρβη) was a city and episcopal see in the Roman province of Pamphylia Prima and is now a titular see.

Neapolis (Ionia)

Neapolis (Ancient Greek: Νεάπολις), was a town on the coast of ancient Ionia, south of Ephesus, on the road between Anaea and Marathesium. It was a small place which at first belonged to the Ephesians, and afterwards to the Samians, who received it in exchange for Marathesium. Scholarship in the 19th century identified its site with the place then called Scala Nova, at a distance of about three hours' walk from the site of ancient Ephesus; but William Martin Leake believed that this place marks the site of the ancient Marathesium, and that the ancient remains found about halfway between Scala Nova and Tshangli or Changli (modern Güzelçamlı), belong to the ancient town of Neapolis, and Charles Fellows identified Neapolis with Tshangli or Changli itself.Modern scholars treat its site as unlocated.

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Peraia, and Peraea or Peræa (from Ancient Greek: ἡ περαία, hē peraia, "land across") in the Classical Antiquity referred to "a community's territory lying 'opposite', predominantly (but not exclusively) a mainland possession of an island state" (Karl-Wilhelm Welwei). Notable examples include:

the peraia of Mytilene, which already in the 8th and 7th centuries BC comprised a number of coastal towns from the mouth of the Hellespont to the southern end of the Bay of Adramyttium. It lost this territory to Athens after its failed rebellion in 427 BC against Athenian domination, but appears to have re-acquired a peraia by the mid-4th century BC.

the Rhodian Peraia, the possessions of Rhodes in southwestern Asia Minor between the 5th century BC and the 1st century BC. Originally comprising parts of coastal Caria, after the Treaty of Apamea this briefly expanded to cover most of Caria and Lycia.

the peraia of Samos, which established control in ca. 700 BC over the opposite Asian coast from Marathesium to Trogilium and the town of Thebes at Mycale. Possession of the settlements of Carium and Dryussa on Mycale was disputed with Priene until the 2nd century BC, when it was settled through the arbitration of Rhodes.

the peraia of Samothrace, established by the 5th century BC and stretching from Mesembria to the mouth of the Evros River on the coast of Thrace. It partly survived into the Roman period.

the peraia of Tenedos, originally south of Sigeum. It survived into the Roman period, but was very limited.

the peraia of Thasos, established on the coast of Thrace in the 8th century BC and expanded until it comprised the coast between the Strymon and Nestos rivers, as well as the colony of Stryme. It lost control following its failed uprising against Athenian hegemony in 464 BC, but recovered it after the defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian War and retained it until the late 4th century BC, when the Macedonians took it over. In the 1st century BC, however, the Romans returned it to Thasos.

the city of Myus was disputed as a peraia between Miletus and Magnesia on the Maeander.

the Perachora peninsula in Greece, which took its name from its location across from Corinth.

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Stratonicea – (Greek: Στρατoνικεια, or Στρατονίκεια) also transliterated as Stratoniceia and Stratonikeia, earlier Indi, and later for a time Hadrianapolis – was an ancient city in the valley of the Caicus river, between Germe and Acrasus, in Lydia, Anatolia; its site is currently near the village of Siledik, in the district of Kırkağaç, Manisa Province, in the Aegean Region of Turkey.

Tyana

Tyana (Ancient Greek: Τύανα; Hittite Tuwanuwa) was an ancient city in the Anatolian region of Cappadocia, in modern Kemerhisar, Niğde Province, Central Anatolia, Turkey. It was the capital of a Luwian-speaking Neo-Hittite kingdom in the 1st millennium BC.

Üçayaklı ruins

The Üçayaklı ruins are in Mersin Province, Turkey.

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