Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi

Nawab Mohammad Mansoor Ali Khan Siddiqui, Mansur Ali Khan, or M. A. K. Pataudi (5 January 1941 – 22 September 2011), nicknamed Tiger Pataudi, was an Indian cricketer and former captain of the Indian cricket team. He was the titular Nawab of Pataudi from 1952 until 1971, when by the 26th Amendment to the Constitution of India the privy purses of the princes were abolished and official recognition of their titles came to an end.[1]

Made captain at the age of 21, he has been described as one of "India's greatest cricket captains".[2] Pataudi was also called the "best fielder in the world" during his time by commentator John Arlott and former England captain and contemporary Ted Dexter.[3]

Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi
Nawab of Pataudi
Nawab of Bhopal
Nawab of Pataudi Tiger's Tale
Nawab of Pataudi
Titular
Pretend
1952-1971
1971-2011
PredecessorIftikhar Ali Khan Pataudi
SuccessorSaif Ali Khan (as pretender)
Nawab of Bhopal
Pretender1995-2011
PredecessorSajida Sultan
SuccessorSaif Ali Khan (as pretender)
BornMohammad Mansoor Ali Khan Siddiqui Pataudi
5 January 1941
Bhopal, Bhopal State, British India
(now in Madhya Pradesh, India)
Died22 September 2011 (aged 70)
New Delhi, India
Burial
ConsortSharmila Tagore (m. 1969–2011)
Issue3 (Saif, Saba, and Soha)
Urdu
Pashto
منصور علی خان پتاڈی
منصور علی خان پتاډي
HousePataudi
FatherIftikhar Ali Khan Pataudi
MotherSajida Sultan
ReligionIslam
OccupationCricketer

Early life

Born in (Bhopal),[4][5] Mansoor Ali Khan was the son of Iftikhar Ali Khan, himself a renowned cricketer, and the Begum of Bhopal, Sajida Sultan. His grandfather, Hamidullah Khan, was the last ruling Nawab of Bhopal, and his aunt, Abida Sultan, was a princess of Bhopal. Kaikhusrau Jahan, the Begum of Bhopal, was his great-grandmother, and Shahryar Khan, the chairman of Pakistan Cricket Board, was his first cousin.

Educated at Minto Circle[6] in Aligarh and Welham Boys' School in Dehradun (Uttarakhand), Lockers Park Prep School in Hertfordshire (where he was coached by Frank Woolley), and Winchester College. He read Arabic and French at Balliol College, Oxford.[7]

His father died while playing polo in Delhi on Mansoor's eleventh birthday in 1952, whereupon Mansoor succeeded as the ninth Nawab. Although the princely state of Pataudi had been merged with India after the end of the British Raj in 1947, he held the title until the entitlements were abolished by the Government of India through the 26th amendment to the constitution in 1971.

Cricketing career

Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi graph
Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi's career performance graph.
Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi
Personal information
NicknameTiger Pataudi
BattingRight-hand bat
BowlingRight-arm medium
RoleCaptain Indian Cricket Team
International information
National side
Career statistics
Competition Tests First-class
Matches 46 310
Runs scored 2,793 15,425
Batting average 34.91 33.67
100s/50s 6/17 33/75
Top score 203* 203*
Balls bowled 132 1192
Wickets 1 10
Bowling average 88.00 77.59
5 wickets in innings
10 wickets in match
Best bowling 20 1/0
Catches/stumpings 27/- 208/–
Source: ESPN Cricinfo, 27 September 2011

Pataudi Jr., as Mansoor came to be known during his cricket career, was a right-handed batsman and a right-arm medium pace bowler.[8] He was a schoolboy batting prodigy at Winchester, relying on his keen eyes to punish the bowling. He captained the school team in 1959, scoring 1,068 runs that season and beating the school record set in 1919 by Douglas Jardine. He also won the public schools rackets championship, with partner Christopher Snell.[7]

He made his first-class debut for Sussex in August 1957, aged 16, and also played for Oxford while he was at university and was the first Indian captain there.[9] On 1 July 1961, he was a passenger in a car which was involved in an accident in Hove. A shard of glass from the broken windscreen penetrated and permanently damaged his right eye.[10] The surgeon named Dr. David St Clair Roberts was called to operate on his eye, and was praised by Pataudi for saving one of his eyes. The damage caused Pataudi to see a doubled image, and it was feared this would end his cricketing career, but Pataudi was soon in the nets learning to play with one eye.[7][11][12]

Despite his eye injury less than 6 months before, he made his Test debut playing against England in Delhi in December 1961.[7] He found it easiest to play with his cap pulled down over his damaged right eye. He scored 103 in the Third Test in Madras, helping India to its first series win against England.[13] He was appointed vice-captain for the tour to the West Indies in 1962. In March 1962, Mansoor became captain of the Indian cricket team after the sitting captain Nari Contractor was ruled out of the Fourth Test in Barbados due to an injury sustained by Contractor batting against Charlie Griffith in a tour match against Barbados.[12] At 21 years and 77 days, he held the world record for the youngest Test captain until he was surpassed by Tatenda Taibu in May 2004. As of November 2015, he remains the youngest Indian Test captain and second youngest International Test captain worldwide.[14]

He played in 46 Test matches for India between 1961 and 1975, scoring 2,793 runs at a Test batting average of 34.91, including 6 Test centuries.[8] Mansoor was captain of the Indian cricket team in 40 of his 46 matches, only 9 of which resulted in victory for his team, with 19 defeats and 19 draws. [15] His victories included India's first ever Test match win overseas against New Zealand in 1968. India went on to win that series, making it India's first ever Test series win overseas.[16] He lost the captaincy of the Indian cricket team for the tour to the West Indies in 1970-1, and did not play Tests from 1970 to 1972. He returned to the India side captained by Ajit Wadekar in 1973, for the Third Test against England, and captained India against West Indies in 1974-5, but was finally dropped as a player in 1975.

Between 1957 and 1970 Mansoor, following his countrymen Ranjitsinhji and Duleepsinhji, played 137 first class matches for Sussex County Cricket Club scoring 3,054 runs at an average of 22.29.[17] He captained Sussex in 1966. In India, he played first-class cricket for Delhi in the North Zone until 1966, and then for Hyderabad in the South Zone.

He was an Indian Cricket Cricketer of the Year in 1962, and a Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1968. He published an autobiography, Tiger's Tale, in 1969. He was the manager of the India team in 1974-5, and referee for two Ashes Tests in 1993.[18] He was later a member of the council of the Indian Premier League. In 2007, in commemoration of the 75th anniversary of India's Test debut, the Marylebone Cricket Club has commissioned a trophy for Test match series between India and England which was named the Pataudi Trophy in honour of his father, the 8th Nawab.

Pataudi holds the record for facing the most balls in a single test match when batting at number six position in Test history (554).[19]

Personal life

On 27 December 1969, Mansoor married Indian film actress Sharmila Tagore. They had three children: Saif Ali Khan (b. 1970), a Bollywood actor, Saba Ali Khan (b. 1976),[20] a jewellery designer, and Soha Ali Khan (b. 1978), a Bollywood actress and TV personality.

Controversies

Pataudi was arrested in October 2005 over poaching of a blackbuck and two hares[21]. He was subsequently released on bail. The case went on for 9 years, and in January 2015, six people were convicted. Mr. Pataudi had died in August 2011 and was thus not part of the accused anymore[22].

It is to be noted that his son, Saif Ali Khan Pataudi was also arrested in 1999 over poaching blackbucks along with Salman Khan, Tabu, Sonali Bendre and Neelam Kothari[23].

Death

Tiger was admitted to New Delhi's Sir Ganga Ram Hospital on 15 August 2011 with an acute lung infection caused by chronic interstitial lung disease which prevented his lungs from exchanging oxygen properly.[16] He died of respiratory failure on 22 September 2011 after being in hospital for more than a month in New Delhi[24][16][25] His body was buried at Pataudi near Delhi[26]

Awards and recognitions

In honour of his outstanding contributions towards cricket, the Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi Memorial Lecture was instituted by the BCCI on 6 February 2013[27] with the inaugural lecture by Sunil Gavaskar on 20 February 2013.[28]

References

  1. ^ The 26th amendment of the Indian constitution
  2. ^ "A passage to Mayfair". The Economist. 27 July 2013.
  3. ^ "Dexter dubs Pataudi world's best fieldsman". The Indian Express. 29 August 1963. p. 10. Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  4. ^ "Bhopal gave Mansoor Ali Khan actual royal status". hindustantimes.com. 22 September 2011. Archived from the original on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Pataudi had a long association with Bhopal". The Hindu. 23 September 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  6. ^ http://www.indiaonline.in/about/Personalities/Cricketers/Mansoor-Ali-Khan-Pataudi.html
  7. ^ a b c d Obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 23 September 2011
  8. ^ a b Cricinfo – Nawab of Patudi
  9. ^ "King of Indian cricket". The Economist. 1 October 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
  10. ^ "Royalty on the cricket field". International Cricket Council. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  11. ^ 'Captaincy has not changed... only the pressures have...'
  12. ^ a b Barbadose by dose SPORTSTAR Vol. 25 :: No. 18 :: 04 – 10 May. 2002
  13. ^ Obituary, The Guardian, 25 September 2011
  14. ^ Records: Youngest Test Captains cricinfo. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  15. ^ "Gwaskar praises the man for his performance". The Hindu. 12 June 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  16. ^ a b c "Legendary cricketer Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi passes away". The Times of India. 22 September 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  17. ^ Christopher Martin-Jenkins. The Wisden Book of County Cricket. Wisden. p. 373. ISBN 0-362-00545-1.
  18. ^ Obituary, The Independent, 24 September 2011
  19. ^ "Batting records | Test matches | Cricinfo Statsguru | ESPNcricinfo.com". Cricinfo. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  20. ^ "To Saif with love: Soha & Saba". rediff.com.
  21. ^ "Pataudi booked under Wildlife Act: Police". www.rediff.com. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  22. ^ "6 convicted in Pataudi blackbuck poaching case - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  23. ^ "Rediff On The NeT, Movies: Salman arrested". www.rediff.com. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  24. ^ "India loses its favourite Tiger". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 22 September 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  25. ^ "Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi passes away". Cricket Country. 22 September 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  26. ^ "Tiger on final journey to Pataudi". Indiavision news. 23 September 2011. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013.
  27. ^ "An annual lecture in memory of Pataudi". The Hindu. 7 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-25.
  28. ^ "Tiger brought fun to the game". The Hindu. 21 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-25.

External links

Preceded by
Iftikhar Ali Khan
Nawab of Pataudi
1952–1971
Succeeded by
Title abolished in 1971
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Nari Contractor
Indian National Test Cricket Captain
1961/62–1967/68
Succeeded by
Chandu Borde
Preceded by
Chandu Borde
Indian National Test Cricket Captain
1967/68–1969/70
Succeeded by
Ajit Wadekar
Preceded by
Ajit Wadekar
Indian National Test Cricket Captain
1974/75–1974/75 (1 Test Match)
Succeeded by
Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan
Preceded by
Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan
Indian National Test Cricket Captain
1974/75–1974/75
Succeeded by
Sunil Gavaskar
Preceded by
Ted Dexter
Sussex county cricket captain
1966
Succeeded by
J.M. Parks
Preceded by
Ajit Wadekar
Indian national cricket coach
1974/75
Succeeded by
Bishen Singh Bedi
1963–64 Duleep Trophy

The 1963–64 Duleep Trophy was the third season of the Duleep Trophy, a first-class cricket tournament contested by five zonal teams of India: Central Zone, East Zone, North Zone, South Zone and West Zone.

The title was shared by West Zone and South Zone.

1967–68 Duleep Trophy

The 1967–68 Duleep Trophy was the seventh season of the Duleep Trophy, a first-class cricket tournament contested by five zonal teams of India: Central Zone, East Zone, North Zone, South Zone and West Zone.

South Zone won the final against West Zone on first innings lead.

Indian cricket team in England in 1967

The Indian cricket team toured England in the 1967 season and played 18 first-class fixtures, winning only two, losing 7 and drawing 9.

India played three Test matches and lost the series to England 3-0. The Indian team was captained by Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, while Brian Close led the England side. England won the First Test by 6 wickets at Headingley; the Second at Lord's by an innings and 124 runs; and the Third at Edgbaston by 132 runs.

Indian cricket team in New Zealand in 1967–68

The India national cricket team toured New Zealand from 15 February to 12 March 1968 and played a four-match Test series against New Zealand. India won the series 3–1.

Indian cricket team in the West Indies in 1961–62

The India cricket team toured the West Indies during the 1961–62 season to play a five-match Test series against the West Indies. The tour also included four tour matches against the West Indies' first-class sides. The West Indies won the Test series 5–0. In the total of 12 games that India played, they won two, lost six and drew four.

Mansur

Mansur (Arabic: منصور‎, Manṣūr; also spelled Mounsor, Monsur (Bengali), Mansoor, Manser, Mansour, Mansyur (Indonesian) or Mensur) is a male Arabic name that means "the one who is victorious", from the Arabic root naṣr (نصر), meaning "victory."

The first known bearer of the name was Al-Mansur, second Abbasid caliph and the founder of Baghdad.

Other people called Mansur during the golden Age of Islam include:

Ismail al-Mansur, third Caliph of the Fatimids

Mansur ad-Din of Adal, a sultan of Adal

Mansur Al-Hallaj, a Persian mystic, writer, and teacher of Sufism

Almanzor, 10th-century ruler of al-Andalus

Mansur ibn Ilyas, a Timurid physician

Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan), a khan of Moghulistan

Mansur Shah of Malacca, a sultan of Malacca

Mansur I of Samanid and Mansur II of Samanid, amirs of the Samanids

Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi Memorial Lecture

The Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi Memorial Lecture was started by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) on 6 February 2013. It was established to honour the former Indian captain Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi, who died in 2011. The inaugural Lecture was delivered by former captain of the Indian cricket team Sunil Gavaskar on 20 February 2013, at the Taj Coromandel hotel in Chennai. The BCCI indicated that the lecture would be an annual event.

Minto Circle

Minto Circle, officially Syedna Tahir Saifuddin School (STS School), is a semi-residential high school under Aligarh Muslim University at Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India. The school was established as Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental Collegiate School by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in 1875, which later evolved as Aligarh Muslim University. It is one of the five senior secondary schools run by the university.

The school, a Muslim-minority institution, aims primarily at the education of the Muslim community. Admission, however, is open to children of all communities without distinction of caste and creed. The school has an all-India and all-denominational membership. There is provision for nearly three hundred students to reside in the hostels within the campus. The total strength of the school is around two thousand students.

Henry George Impey Siddons was the first head master of this school.The current principal is Mr. Faisal Nafis.

Nawab of Pataudi

The term Nawab of Pataudi refers to the lineage of rulers of the former princely Pataudi State in Northern India. Pataudi was established in 1804 by the British East India Company, when Faiz Talab Khan, an Afghan Muslim Pashtun of the Barech tribe, who was made the first Nawab, aided them in their battle against the Maratha Empire, during the Second Anglo-Maratha War. The family traces their origin to 16th century India, when their ancestors immigrated from present day Afghanistan to India during the period of the Lodi dynasty.The 8th Nawab of Pataudi, Iftikhar Ali Khan Pataudi, played first-class cricket for both England and India while his son, Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, was the nawab later on. Saif Ali Khan is the present Nawab of Pataudi.

Nawabs of Bhopal

The Nawabs of Bhopal were the Muslim rulers of Bhopal, now part of Madhya Pradesh, India. The nawabs first ruled under the Mughal Empire from 1707 until 1818, then under British rule from 1818 to 1947, and independently thereafter until it was acceded to India in 1949. The females nawabs of Bhopal held the title Nawab Begum of Bhopal.

Pataudi family

The Pataudi family is an Indian dynasty of nawabs of the former princely state of Pataudi, from which they take their name. The first nawab was Faiz Talab Khan who was granted the state in 1804 by the British for aiding them in the Second Anglo-Maratha War. His descendants subsequently ruled the state until 1948, when it was merged with East Punjab and acceded to Dominion of India. The Pataudis retained their titles and were granted privy purses until both were abolished by the Indian government in 1971. The last ruling nawab was Iftikhar Ali Khan Pataudi and the last recognised titular nawab was his son Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi. The current head of the family is Saif Ali Khan.Both Iftikhar Ali Khan Pataudi and Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi were cricket players and played for, and also captained, the Indian national cricket team; the former had also played for the England cricket team in 1930s. The present members of the family consist mostly of actors who work predominantly in the Hindi film industry.

Saba Ali Khan

Saba Ali Khan (Born 1976) is a jewelry designer and mutawalli (Chief Trustee) of the Auqaf-e-Shahi (Royal Trust) established by the princely state of Bhopal as a royal charitable endowment. She is the daughter of the late Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi and Sharmila Tagore and the sister of Indian actors, Saif Ali Khan and Soha Ali Khan. She is the granddaughter of Sajida Begum, the Nawab Begum of Bhopal.

Sara Ali Khan

Sara Ali Khan (pronounced [saːɾaː əˈli ˈxaːn]; born 12 August 1995) is an Indian actress who works in Hindi films. A member of the Pataudi family, she is the daughter of actors Amrita Singh and Saif Ali Khan and the paternal granddaughter of Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi and Sharmila Tagore. After graduating from Columbia University, Khan ventured into acting by playing the leading lady in the 2018 films Kedarnath and Simmba. Both films were commercially successful and the former earned her the Filmfare Award for Best Female Debut.

Sri Lankan cricket team in India in 1993–94

The Sri Lanka national cricket team are toured India in January and February 1994 to play three Test matches and three One Day Internationals (ODIs).The tour followed the Sri Lankan's participation in the 1993 Hero Cup, where they reached the semi-final and was surrounded by controversy.

Sri Lanka only toured India after the Pakistan national cricket team pulled out citing security concerns. The Sri Lankan team manager, Bandula Warnapura, as was the case a few months earlier at the Hero Cup, blamed the batting failures of the first two test matches on poor umpiring decisions.

The series was played on spin-friendly pitches on which India had built up a formidable record. India won their eighth straight home win since the defeat of Sri Lanka in 1990-91 and their second successive series whitewash after beating England in 1992-93. Contrary to popular beliefs of the time that test matches in India produced boring draws, this series meant that the last 12 tests, from Madras in 1987-88 had produced a result- 11 wins for India. Azharuddin joined Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi and Sunil Gavaskar as India's most successful captains, with 9 wins each.

Further cause for celebration for India came when Kapil Dev became test cricket's highest wicket-taker, surpassing Richard Hadlee's tally of 431, which had stood for three and a half years.

Welham Boys' School

Welham Boys' School is a boarding school located in Dehra Dun, India. The school is a residential school for boys and is affiliated with CBSE.

West Indian cricket team in India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka in 1974–75

The West Indies cricket team, captained by Clive Lloyd, toured India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan from November 1974 to March 1975 and played a five-match Test series against the India national cricket team followed by a two-match series against the Pakistan national cricket team. West Indies won the series in India 3–2 and the series in Pakistan was drawn 0–0. In Sri Lanka, the West Indians played two internationals against the Sri Lanka national cricket team which had not then achieved Test status; therefore, the internationals played at the Colombo Cricket Club Ground and the Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu Stadium, both in Colombo, are classified as first-class matches. India were captained by Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, Pakistan by Intikhab Alam and Sri Lanka by Anura Tennekoon.

West Indian cricket team in India and Ceylon in 1966–67

The West Indian cricket team toured India and Ceylon in December 1966 and January 1967 to play a three-match Test series against the Indian national cricket team. West Indies won the Test series 2–0. India were captained by Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi and West Indies by Garfield Sobers. In January, the West Indians played a first-class rated international against the Ceylon national cricket team at the Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu Stadium, Colombo. The match was drawn. Ceylon were captained by Michael Tissera.

1st generation
2nd generation
3rd generation
4th generation
5th generation
6th generation
7th generation
8th generation
9th generation
History
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(PCC, RCC & TCC)
Presidents
Leaders in the Lok Sabha
Leaders in the Rajya Sabha

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