Mansehra (Hindko/Urdu/Pashto: مانسہرہ) (elevation 1,088 m (3,570 ft)) is a city located in Mansehra District in the eastern part of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Mansehra is one of the largest cities of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Kashmir lies to the east.
The name of the city is derived from that of its founder, Sardar Maha Singh Mirpuri, who was a Sikh administrator and general in the Sikh Khalsa Army during the rule of the Khalsa Empire of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
|District Headquarter / City|
Mansehra is surrounded by verdant mountains
|Elevation||1,088 m (3,570 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
Ashoka governed this area as a prince, and when he ascended to the imperial throne c. 272 B.C. he made it one of the major seats of his government. The Edicts of Ashoka inscribed on three large boulders near Mansehra record fourteen of Ashoka's edicts, presenting aspects of the emperor's dharma or righteous law. These represent some of the earliest evidence of writing in South Asia, dating to middle of the third century BC, and are written from right to left in the Kharosthi script.
The fall of the Afghan Durrani Empire made way for the Sikhs to rise to power under Ranjit Singh. The Sikhs gained control of the area in 1818. The town of Mansehra was founded by Mahan Singh Mirpuri, a Sikh governor. There were popular uprisings against Sikh rule, but these uprisings failed and the Sikhs remained in power until 1849 when the area came under British rule. The town is named in Mahan Singh Mirpuri's honor.
By 1849, the British had gained control of all of Mansehra. To maintain peace in the area, the British took preventive measures by co-opting the local chiefs.
The British divided Hazara region into three tehsils (administrative subdivisions): Mansehra, Abbottabad, and Haripur; and decided to annex it to the Punjab. In 1901, when the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) was formed, Hazara was separated from Punjab and made a part of it.
During Bhutto's regime, Mansehra was upgraded to a district, containing two subdivisions: Mansehra and Battagram. Later, the Mansehra district was divided into the districts Mansehra and Battagram, and subdivisions Balakot and Oghi.
Mansehra City is the administrative capital of District and Tehsil Mansehra. The City of Mansehra is administratively divided into four Union Councils: Mansehra City Wards No. 1–4 and Mansehra (Rural)/suburban. Each union council is divided into Mohallas.
During the festival of Durgashtami, held in the first month of the Hindu calendar and the seventh month of the Nanakshahi calendar, about 400 local Hindus assemble on Bareri Hill to worship Devi (as Durga). Offerings are taken by a Brahmin of Mansehra. The assembly on each occasion lasts only one day. The site is ancient, as at the base of Bareri Hill are the boulders inscribed with the Edicts of Ashoka.
Further north; go to the black mountain near Oghi or to see the Asokan inscriptions on boulders near base of Bareri Hill close to Mansehra.
|Edicts of Ashoka|
(Ruled 269-232 BCE)
|Type of Edict
(and location of the inscriptions)
|Year 8||End of the Kalinga war and conversion to the "Dharma"|
|Year 10||Minor Rock Edicts||Related events:|
Visit to the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya
Construction of the Mahabodhi Temple and Diamond throne in Bodh Gaya
Predication throughout India.
Dissenssions in the Sangha
Third Buddhist Council
In Indian language: Sohgaura inscription
Erection of the Pillars of Ashoka
|Kandahar Bilingual Rock Inscription|
(in Greek and Aramaic, Kandahar)
|Minor Rock Edicts in Aramaic:|
Laghman Inscription, Taxila inscription
|Year 11 and later||Minor Rock Edicts (n°1, n°2 and n°3)|
(Panguraria, Maski, Palkigundu and Gavimath, Bahapur/Srinivaspuri, Bairat, Ahraura, Gujarra, Sasaram, Rajula Mandagiri, Yerragudi, Udegolam, Nittur, Brahmagiri, Siddapur, Jatinga-Rameshwara)
|Year 12 and later||Barabar Caves inscriptions||Major Rock Edicts|
|Minor Pillar Edicts||Major Rock Edicts in Greek: Edicts n°12-13 (Kandahar)|
Major Rock Edicts in Indian language:
Edicts No.1 ~ No.14
(in Kharoshthi script: Shahbazgarhi, Mansehra Edicts
(in Brahmi script: Kalsi, Girnar, Sopara, Sannati, Yerragudi, Delhi Edicts)
Major Rock Edicts 1-10, 14, Separate Edicts 1&2:
|Schism Edict, Queen's Edict|
(Sarnath Sanchi Allahabad)
Rummindei Edict, Nigali Sagar Edict
|Year 26, 27
|Major Pillar Edicts|
|In Indian language:|
Major Pillar Edicts No.1 ~ No.7
(Allahabad pillar Delhi pillar Topra Kalan Rampurva Lauria Nandangarh Lauriya-Araraj Amaravati)