Manisa Province

Manisa Province (Turkish: Manisa ili) is a province in western Turkey. Its neighboring provinces are İzmir to the west, Aydın to the south, Denizli to the southeast, Uşak to the east, Kütahya to the northeast, and Balıkesir to the north. The city of Manisa is the seat and capital of the province. The traffic code is 45.

Manisa Province

Manisa ili
Location of Manisa Province in Turkey
Location of Manisa Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionAegean
SubregionManisa
Government
 • Electoral districtManisa
Area
 • Total13,810 km2 (5,330 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total1,429,643
 • Density100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Area code(s)0236
Vehicle registration45
Yürük Kilim.tiff
Yürük Kilim from Manisa, mid 19th century
Ali Tandoğan
Ali Tandoğan, football coach & former player from Manisa

Districts

Sites of interest

Mount Sipylus National Park (Spil Dağı Milli Parkı) near the city of Manisa embraces a richly forested area, hot springs, the famous "crying rock" of Niobe, and a Hittite carving of the mother-goddess Cybele. The park boasts about 120 varieties of native plants within its boundaries, especially wild tulips. The park provides opportunities for mountaineering and camping.

Sardis, in the present-day municipality of Salihli, was the ancient capital of Lydia, once ruled by King Croesus, who was renowned for his wealth. Due to numerous earthquakes, most of the visible remains date back only to Roman times. There are the remains of the temple of Artemis and a restored gymnasium, exhibiting of the past splendor of this ancient city. The splendid synagogue from the 3rd century is worth visiting, with its elaborate mosaics and artfully carved colored-stone panels.

Akhisar, the ancient city of Thyatira, was one of the Seven Churches of the Book of Revelation and the remains of the ancient city is found in part of the city called Tepe Mezarlığı (hill cemetery). More recently, it has become an important commercial center in the province and is its second largest after Manisa.

The city of Alaşehir is where the remains of the ancient city of Philadelphia, another of the Seven Churches, is found. There is little left of the ancient city, except some ruins of a Byzantine church.

The villages of Mount Yunt (Yunt Dağı) and the towns of Gördes, Kula and Demirci are known for their carpets and kilims. The houses in Kula are also local examples of Ottoman architecture.

In addition, there are many thermal springs throughout the area.

The province is highly developed in terms of industrial activities, which are especially concentrated in the largest four centers of Manisa, Turgutlu, Akhisar and Salihli.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.

External links

Coordinates: 38°44′58″N 28°07′22″E / 38.74944°N 28.12278°E

Afşar Dam

Afşar Dam is a dam in Manisa Province, Turkey, built between 1973 and 1977. The dam creates a lake which is 5.25 km ² and irrigates 13,500 hectares.

Aigai (Aeolis)

Aigai, also Aigaiai (Ancient Greek: Αἰγαί or Αἰγαῖαι; Latin: Aegae or Aegaeae; Turkish: Nemrutkale or Nemrut Kalesi) was an ancient Greek, later Roman (Ægæ, Aegae), city and bishopric in Aeolis. Aegae is mentioned by both Herodotus and Strabo as being a member of the Aeolian dodecapolis. It was also an important sanctuary of Apollo. Aigai had its brightest period under the Attalid dynasty, which ruled from nearby Pergamon in the 3rd and 2nd century BC.

The remains of the city are located near the modern village of Yuntdağı Köseler in Manisa Province, Turkey. The archaeological site is situated at a rather high altitude almost on top of Mount Gün (Dağı), part of the mountain chain of Yunt (Dağları).

Akhisar Museum

Akhisar Museum is a museum in Turkey

Akhisar is a populous ilçe (district) in Manisa Province. The museum is in Akhisar at 38°55′13″N 27°50′14″E

The museum building was built in 1933 and it was used as a junior high school up to 1992.Between 1994-2007 it was the teachers' lodge of Akhisar. After a period of restoration it was opened as a museum in 2012.

There are 11 rooms in the two-storey building. In the natural history section, there are some examples of the natural history such as 11-18 million years-old fossils. In archaeology section, ceramics of the 6000–3000 years B.C., Hellenistic ceramics, figurines, oil lamps, steles, gold, silver and glass objects are exhibited. Lyre playing Eros from 500 B.C., stamp of Heracles and various objects from the Roman Empire era are also in this section. In the ethnography section kitchen tools, oil lamps from Ottoman Empire era and weapons are exhibited. A special section is reserved for the almost forgotten professions of Akhisar like tinsmithing and saddle making. The most important of these is the tobacco works, the main source of revenue around Akhisar.

Daldis

Daldis (Ancient Greek: Δάλδις, ἡ Δάλδις), was a town on the borders of ancient Lydia and Phrygia, a former bishopric, and is now a Latin Catholic titular see. It also minted coins in antiquity with the legend Δαλδιανων. It also bore the name Flaviocaesaria or Phlabiokaisareia, which is not attested among ancient authors but is reconstructed from epigraphic and other evidence.

Demirköprü Dam

Demirköprü Dam is an embankment dam on the Gediz River in Manisa Province, Turkey. Constructed between 1954 and 1960, the development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works. The dams supports a 69 MW power station and provides water for the irrigation of 99,220 hectares (245,200 acres).

Gölmarmara Dam

Gölmarmara Dam is a dam in Manisa Province, Turkey, built in 1944. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Gördes Dam

The Gördes Dam is a concrete-face rock-fill dam on the Gördes River located 13 km (8 mi) northeast of Gölmarmara in Manisa Province, Turkey. It was constructed between 1998 and 2004 by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works. The primary purpose of the dam is water supply. It provides drinking water for the city of Manisa while also irrigating 19,260 ha (47,592 acres).

Hermokapeleia

Hermokapeleia, also possibly known as Thyessos, was a town of ancient Lydia.Its site is located south of Suleymanköy in Asiatic Turkey.

Hierocaesarea

Hierocaesarea or Hierocaesarea or Hierokaisareia, from the Greek for 'sacred' and the Latin for 'Caesar's', also known as Hieracome or Hierakome, was a town and bishopric in the late Roman province of Lydia, the metropolitan see of which was Sardis. It was inhabited during Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine times.

Hyrcanis (Lydia)

Hyrcanis or Hyrkaneis, also known as Hyrcania (Ancient Greek: Ὑρκανία), was a Roman and Byzantine-era city and bishopric in ancient Lydia, now in western Turkey. It was situated in the Hyrcanian plain (τὸ Ὑρκάνιον πεδίον), which is said to have derived its name from a colony of Hyrcanians being settled here by the Persians. They were afterwards mingled with some Macedonians, who also settled in this district, whence they are called by Pliny the Elder and Tacitus "Macedones Hyrcani." The city minted its own coins.Its site is located west of Halit Paşa in Asiatic Turkey.The city was also the seat of an ancient bishopric. Known bishops include:

Asyncritus

John Attendee at First Council of Constantinople

Eustathius

Dionesius fl.1157

Magnesia ad Sipylum

Magnesia ad Sipylum (Greek: Mαγνησία ἡ πρὸς Σιπύλῳ or Mαγνησία ἡ ἐπὶ Σιπύλου; modern Manisa, Turkey), was a city of Lydia, situated about 65 km northeast of Smyrna (now İzmir) on the river Hermus (now Gediz) at the foot of Mount Sipylus. The city should not be confused with its older neighbor, Magnesia on the Maeander, both founded by colonists from the Greek region of Magnesia.

The first famous mention of the city is in 190 BC, when Antiochus the Great was defeated in the battle of Magnesia by the Roman consul Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus. It became a city of importance under Roman rule and, though nearly destroyed by an earthquake in the reign of Tiberius, was restored by that emperor and flourished through the Roman empire. It was an important regional centre through the Byzantine Empire, and during the 13th-century interregnum of the Empire of Nicea. Magnesia housed the Imperial mint, the Imperial treasury, and served as the functional capital of the empire until the recovery of Constantinople in 1261. Magnesia was one of the few towns in this part of Anatolia which remained prosperous under the Turkish rule.

Sardis

Sardis () or Sardes (; Lydian: 𐤮𐤱𐤠𐤭𐤣 Sfard; Ancient Greek: Σάρδεις Sardeis; Old Persian: Sparda; Biblical Hebrew: ספרד‎ Sfarad) was an ancient city at the location of modern Sart (Sartmahmut before 19 October 2005), near the Salihli in Turkey's Manisa Province. Sardis was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, one of the important cities of the Persian Empire, the seat of a Seleucid Satrap, the seat of a proconsul under the Roman Empire, and the metropolis of the province Lydia in later Roman and Byzantine times. As one of the seven churches of Asia, it was addressed by John, the author of the Book of Revelation in the New Testament, in terms which seem to imply that its church members did not finish what they started, that they were about image and not substance. Its importance was due first to its military strength, secondly to its situation on an important highway leading from the interior to the Aegean coast, and thirdly to its commanding the wide and fertile plain of the Hermus.

Satala in Lydia

Satala (Ancient Greek: Σάταλα) or Satala in Lydia was a Roman era city and Bishopric in ancient Lydia.

Setae (Lydia)

Setae or Setai (Ancient Greek: Σέται), or Settae or Settai (Σέτται), or Saettae or Saittai or Saittae (Σαίτται) was a town of ancient Lydia, located at Sidas Kaleh in Modern Turkey. The ruins of that town consist of a stadium, tombs and ruins of several temples. The town is not mentioned by any of the earlier writers, but appears in Ptolemy and Hierocles.

Sevişler Dam

Sevişler Dam is a dam in Manisa Province, Turkey, built between 1977 and 1981. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Silandus

Silandus or Silandos (Ancient Greek: Σιλάνδος) was an episcopal city in the late Roman province of Lydia. It was near and gave its name to the present town of Selendi in Manisa Province, Turkey.

Stratonicea (Lydia)

Stratonicea – (Greek: Στρατoνικεια, or Στρατονίκεια) also transliterated as Stratoniceia and Stratonikeia, earlier Indi, and later for a time Hadrianapolis – was an ancient city in the valley of the Caicus river, between Germe and Acrasus, in Lydia, Anatolia; its site is currently near the village of Siledik, in the district of Kırkağaç, Manisa Province, in the Aegean Region of Turkey.

Tabala (Lydia)

Tabala (Ancient Greek: Τάβαλα), is the name of a Roman and Byzantine town and a Bishopric in ancient Lydia. Tabala was on the Hermus River, and minted its own coins. It is no doubt the same as the one mentioned by Hierocles under the name of Gabala, which is perhaps only miswritten for Tabala. It is even possible that it may be the town of Tabae or Tabai (Τάβαι), which Stephanus of Byzantium assigns to Lydia.Its site is located near Burgaz in Asiatic Turkey.

Thyatira

Thyateira (also Thyatira) was the name of an ancient Greek city in Asia Minor, now the modern Turkish city of Akhisar ("white castle"). The name is probably Lydian. It lies in the far west of Turkey, south of Istanbul and almost due east of Athens. It is about 50 miles (80 km) from the Aegean Sea.

Manisa Province of Turkey
Districts

Languages

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