Manhattan West

Manhattan West is a 5,400,000-square-foot (500,000 m2) mixed-use development by Brookfield Properties, being built as part of the Hudson Yards Redevelopment. The project consists of two large office towers and two smaller residential towers, as well as a 1.5-acre (0.6-hectare) public park.[4] The towers are being built on a platform over Penn Station storage tracks along Ninth Avenue. The buildings are close to the Hudson Yards mega-development to the west across Tenth Avenue. Upon its completion, the taller west tower will extend 995 feet (303 m) up to its roof and will be one of the tallest buildings in New York City.[2]


Manhattan West April 2016 3
New buildings under construction
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View of existing 450 West 33rd Street during construction

Ground was broken for the site in January 2013.[5][6][7] In May 2014, permits for complex were submitted and approved.[8][9] Under the updated 2014 plan, the complex is set to be completed by 2020. By the end of 2014, a $680 million platform over Long Island Rail Road tracks between Tenth and Dyer Avenues, atop which the Manhattan West development would be built, was completed.[10]

In October 2015, the Qatar Investment Authority invested a 44% stake in the $4.5 billion mixed-use development project.[11] The deal included the formation of a joint venture between Brookfield Property Partners and QIA for the development of 7 million square feet (650,000 m2) of residential and office space in five buildings, including 62-story and 67-story skyscrapers, that Brookfield said would be worth $8.6 billion upon completion.[12]

Manhattan West is part of the Hudson Yards Redevelopment, a larger plan to redevelop the Hudson Yards area, which extends from the west of Pennsylvania Station to the Hudson River.[13] The QIA was referred to as an "early bird" for their investment in an area that has not yet come under widespread development.[12] This strategy assumes taking on more development risk in the hope of better returns.[13]


1 Manhattan West

The development plans announced by Brookfield Property Partners and QIA include five buildings. The 67-story building is scheduled for completion in 2019 and law firm Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP have been confirmed as tenants.[14][15] In July 2018, Wells Fargo provided a $530 million construction loan for the project.[16] The structure topped out in August 2018.[17][18]

The structural system of the tower is composed of a central reinforced concrete core and a perimeter steel moment frame. Part of the tower overhangs the below ground train tracks leading into Penn Station. In order to avoid the tracks, the perimeter columns on the south, north, and east sides do not come down to ground level, but are transferred to the core above the building's lobby.[19]

2 Manhattan West

2 Manhattan West, which reportedly would not undergo construction until it secures an anchor tenant, will be completed following the first tower.[20][14] Updated permits filed in November 2017 show the building will span just under 1,750,000 square feet (163,000 m2) of office space on 59 stories and rise 849 feet (259 m) high.[21] In January 2019, Brookfield announced that construction of the building would begin in 2019 despite not having signed an anchor tenant.[22]

3 Manhattan West (The Eugene)

3 Manhattan West, located at 401 West 31st Street, is a residential tower that is part of the Manhattan West project, and broke ground in December 2014.[23] Now complete, it stands 64 floors and 730 feet (220 m) high. In total it has 844 units, split between 675 market-rate and 169 affordable.[3]

4 Manhattan West (Pendry Manhattan West)

4 Manhattan West will be a 21-story hotel with 164 guest rooms including 30 suites, a restaurant, a lounge, an open-air terrace bar, and meeting and event space operated by Pendry Hotels.[24][14][25] The building, designed by Skidmore Owings & Merrill, began construction in December 2018 and is set for a 2021 opening.[24]

5 Manhattan West

Manhattan W Feb 2017 3
5 Manhattan West as seen in 2017

The existing building at 450 West 33rd Street was the first building of Manhattan West to be built and houses the Associated Press.[26]. Located on the east side of 10th Avenue, it was designed by Davis Brody Bond and opened in 1969.[27][28] The 1,800,000 square feet (170,000 m2), 16-story building originally had a beige precast concrete facade with a sloped base, and although the facade was cleaned up in 2003, it was seen as out of place with the architecture of the surrounding neighborhood.[29] In 2014, the brutalist concrete exterior was replaced with a glass facade and its interior and mechanical systems were also renovated.[30] When renovation of the building was completed, it was renamed 5 Manhattan West.[31]

Tenants and owners


The law firm Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom is planned to move to Manhattan West from the Conde Nast Building. Another law firm, Fried Frank, is considering moving to Manhattan West when the development is completed.[32][33] In August 2017, Accenture signed a 250,000 square feet (23,000 m2) lease for the top eight floors of the tower.[34]

The National Hockey League is planned to move its headquarters to 1 Manhattan West.[35] Ernst & Young also announced in 2017 that it would relocate to 600,000 square feet (56,000 m2) at One Manhattan West, occupying the 6th through 22nd floors.[36] The company is moving from its previous location at 5 Times Square, leaving a million square feet of office space vacant.[37] also plans to open an operations office on the sixth and seventh floors of 5 Manhattan West.[38][39]

QIA ownership stake

By late 2015, reports emerged that the Qatar Investment Authority (QIA) had plans to invest $35 billion in the U.S. over five years.[40] The QIA investments focus on diversifying the fund’s assets and concentrate on direct investments in real estate, with one of these investments being a 44% stake in Manhattan West.[12] Since the announcement, QIA has made a series of high-level investments in the U.S. including the purchase of a minority stake in the Empire State Building's owner.[41] In September 2015, QIA opened an office in New York City for closer management of the fund’s U.S. assets.[42]

See also


  1. ^ London Investor Presentation & Tour (PDF), Brookfield Property Partners, May 19, 2015
  2. ^ a b c "Manhattan West". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  3. ^ a b Brookfield Property Partners Investor's Day Presentation (PDF), Brookfield Property Partners, September 26, 2018
  4. ^ Slatin, Peter (January 15, 2013). "Already Wooing Tenants in Hudson Yards". The New York Times. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
  5. ^ Chaban, Matt (January 15, 2013). "Manhattan West on the Rise: Brookfield Breaks Ground on 60-Story Twin Towers | New York Observer". Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  6. ^ Cuozzo, Steve (January 14, 2013). "Brookfield Office Properties starts long-awaited Manhattan West deck | New York Post". New York Post. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  7. ^ Chung, Jen (January 15, 2013). "Photos: Brookfield Properties Breaks Ground On $4.5 Billion Far West Side Project". Gothamist. Archived from the original on April 5, 2015. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  8. ^ "Permits Filed: 401 West 31st Street". New York YIMBY. May 21, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  9. ^ "401 West 31st Street | Manhattan West | Brookfield Office". The Real Deal. May 21, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  10. ^ "Brookfield Makes Headway On Manhattan West Apt. Tower". Law360. May 21, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  11. ^ "Qatar Investment Authority Makes Mark in NYC RE". Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute. October 29, 2015. Retrieved October 30, 2015.
  12. ^ a b c "Qatar Joins Brookfield's $8.6 Billion Manhattan West Project". October 28, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Qatar fund backs Brookfield's $8bn Manhattan West project". Financial Times. Retrieved February 1, 2017. (Subscription required (help)).
  14. ^ a b c "Brookfield and Qatar Investment Authority Form Joint Venture on $8.6 Billion Manhattan West Development". Marketwired. Yahoo Finance. October 28, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  15. ^ Rosenberg, Zoe (May 27, 2015). "New View, Details For Massive Manhattan West Complex". Curbed NY. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  16. ^ Burke, Mack (July 31, 2018). "Wells Fargo Lends $530M Construction Package for Brookfield's 1 Manhattan West". Commercial Observer.
  17. ^ Nelson, Andrew (August 16, 2018). "One Manhattan West's Mushrooming Steel Reaches Top Floor, Midtown West". New York YIMBY.
  18. ^ Hall, Miriam (September 23, 2018). "Inside Brookfield's Manhattan West Megaproject". Bisnow.
  19. ^ Charles Besjak, Preetam Biswas, Georgi I. Petrov, Matthew Streeter, Devin Austin (2017). "Effects of Perimeter to Core Connectivity on Tall Building Behavior". International Journal of High-Rise Buildings. 6 (1).CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  20. ^ Warerkar, Tanay (May 26, 2016). "New Renderings Reveal More of Brookfield's Manhattan West Megaproject". Curbed NY. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  21. ^ "Brookfield moves forward with plans for 2 Manhattan West". The Real Deal. November 27, 2017.
  22. ^ Geiger, Daniel (January 28, 2019). "Brookfield to build West Side tower without committed tenant". Crains New York.
  23. ^ "Excavation Begins for 3 Manhattan West, 401 West 31st Street". New York YIMBY. December 23, 2014. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  24. ^ a b Morris, Sebastian (December 19, 2018). "Construction Kicks-Off For Pendry Hotel At 4 Manhattan West, Hudson Yards". New York Yimby.
  25. ^ "New Renderings Revealed Of Five-Building Manhattan West Development, Midtown West". New York YIMBY. May 27, 2016. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  26. ^ Dobnik, Verena (May 25, 2014). "Big plans in works for NYC's gritty 'Wild West'". North Jersey. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
  27. ^ Cunningham, Cathy; Grossman, Matt; Cunningham, Cathy (April 13, 2018). "Brookfield Lands $1.2B Landesbank Loan for 5 Manhattan West". Commercial Observer. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  28. ^ "Ad giant IPG grows to 280K sf at Brookfield's 5 Manhattan West". The Real Deal New York. January 26, 2015. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  29. ^ Cuozzo, Steve (February 10, 2014). "It's beast to beauty on 33rd". New York Post. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  30. ^ Morris, Keiko (February 10, 2014). "'Brutalist' Building Set for Yet Another Look". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
  31. ^ Hughes, C.J. (March 17, 2017). "Hudson Yards, Meet Your New Neighbor, Manhattan West". The New York Times. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  32. ^ Geiger, Daniel (March 5, 2015). "Fried Frank mulls move to Hudson Yards". Crain's New York. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  33. ^ Rosenberg, Zoe (May 27, 2015). "New View, Details For Massive Manhattan West Complex". Curbed. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
  34. ^ "Accenture inks 15-year lease at Brookfield's 1 Manhattan West". The Real Deal. August 3, 2017.
  35. ^ Associated Press (December 7, 2016). "NHL moving headquarters to Manhattan's west side". Sportsnet. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
  36. ^ "The 10 biggest office leases of November". The Real Deal. December 14, 2017. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  37. ^ "Times Square Is Having Trouble Hanging On to Office Workers". Bloomberg. November 15, 2017. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
  38. ^ Green, Dennis (September 21, 2017). "Amazon is hiring 2,000 people in New York City as the $5 billion bidding war for its new headquarters rages". Business Insider. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  39. ^ "Amazon to Create 2,000 Jobs in New Manhattan Office". Bloomberg. September 21, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  40. ^ "Qatar Planning $35 Billion of U.S. Investments to Diversify". Bloomberg. September 28, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  41. ^ Brown, Eliot (August 24, 2016). "Qatar Buys Stake in Empire State Building". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  42. ^ Parasie, Nicolas (September 28, 2015). "Qatar's Sovereign-Wealth Fund Opens Office in New York". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved February 1, 2017.

External links

138 East 50th Street

138 East 50th Street, officially named The Centrale, is a residential building under construction in Midtown Manhattan.

1 Park Avenue

One Park Avenue was a proposed supertall skyscraper that would have been 550 m (1,804 ft) tall and would have had 125 floors, to be built in Jumeirah Garden City, Dubai. The project was cancelled due to the 2009 financial crisis.

520 West 41st Street

520 West 41st Street is a proposed 106-story supertall skyscraper in New York City, U.S. state of New York. It would have been located in Midtown Manhattan. The building would have surpass all other skyscrapers on the island by floor-count. Upon completion, it would either have been the fifth or sixth tallest building in New York.

9 DeKalb Avenue

9 DeKalb Avenue, (originally referred to as 340 Flatbush Avenue Extension) is a supertall residential skyscraper under construction for Brooklyn, New York originally owned by Michael Stern's JDS Development Group and Joseph Chetrit's Chetrit Group, now being developed solely by JDS. When completed it will become the tallest structure in New York City outside Manhattan, as well as the first supertall building in Brooklyn.

Charlton Street Gang

The Charlton Street Gang was a New York City street gang and river pirates during the mid-nineteenth century.

The Charlton Street Gang were one of the earliest river pirate gangs. They raided small cargo ships in the North River of New York Harbor during the post-Civil War period of the 1860s. After a time the ocean liners and major shipping vessels around the Manhattan west side dockyards became so well protected that the gang moved upriver.

In 1869, under the leadership of Sadie the Goat, the gang stole a sloop, and soon began raiding merchant ships and homes along the Hudson River, from the Harlem River as far as Poughkeepsie and Albany, New York. Flying the flag of the Jolly Roger, the gang was extremely successful. They became known for kidnapping wealthy men, women, and children for ransom. According to newspapers of the period, Sadie the Goat allegedly had forced several male victims to walk the plank. However, after several victims had been murdered by the gang, local Hudson Valley residents formed a vigilante group. After a number of Charlton Street gang members were killed in a series of violent battles, the gang decided to retreat to the New York waterfront, where they returned to street crime. They eventually dissolved by the end of the decade.

District 3 (New York City Council)

District 3 is an electoral district of the New York City Council. Created in 1966, it consists of parts of Manhattan (West Village, SoHo, NoHo, Flatiron), Chelsea, Hell’s Kitchen/Clinton, and parts of Murray Hill.

Christine Quinn, was the first female and first lesbian City Council Speaker.

Since 2014, the incumbent council member for the District is Corey Johnson

Hudson Yards (development)

Hudson Yards is a real estate development in the Chelsea and Hudson Yards neighborhoods of Manhattan, New York City. It is the largest private real estate development in the United States by square footage. Upon completion, 13 of the 16 planned structures on the West Side of Midtown South would sit on a platform built over the West Side Yard, a storage yard for Long Island Rail Road trains. The first of its two phases comprises a public green space and eight structures that contain residences, a hotel, office buildings, a mall, and a cultural facility. It opened to the public on March 15, 2019. The second focuses on residential space, along with an office building and a school. Construction has not begun on the second phase.

Related Companies is the primary developer, and Oxford Properties is a major equity partner. Related and Oxford, along with several large investors, have funded Hudson Yards' construction from a number of capital sources, including from foreign investors through the EB-5 investment program. Mitsui Fudosan owns a 92.09 percent stake in 55 Hudson Yards, and a 90 percent stake in 50 Hudson Yards. The architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox designed the master plan for the site, and architects including Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill, Thomas Heatherwick, Roche-Dinkeloo, and Diller Scofidio + Renfro contributed designs for individual structures. Major office tenants include or will include fashion company Tapestry, consulting firm BCG, and Alphabet subsidiary Sidewalk Labs.

The site of Hudson Yards was initially intended for other developments, most notably in the early 2000s as the site of the West Side Stadium, during the New York City bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics. The plans for Hudson Yards were developed after the failure of the West Side Stadium. Construction began in 2012 with the groundbreaking for 10 Hudson Yards, and the first phase opened on March 15, 2019. Both phases are projected to be complete by 2024. Agreements between various entities including the local government, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), and the state of New York made the development possible.

The special zoning for Hudson Yards (an area roughly bound by 30th Street in the south, 41st Street in the north, 11th Avenue in the west, and Eighth Avenue in the east) further incentivized the building of other large-scale projects. Hudson Yards is adjacent but unrelated to Manhattan West, 3 Hudson Boulevard, and The Spiral.

Hudson Yards (neighborhood), Manhattan

Hudson Yards is an area on the West Side of Midtown Manhattan for which a large-scale redevelopment program is being planned, funded, and constructed under a set of agreements among the State of New York, City of New York, and Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), with the aim of expanding the Midtown Manhattan business district westward to the Hudson River. The program includes a major rezoning of the Far West Side, an extension of the New York City Subway's 7 and <7>​ trains to a new subway station at 34th Street and 11th Avenue, a renovation and expansion of the Javits Center, and a financing plan to fund the various components. The Hudson Yards Financing District is an irregular shape bounded roughly by 30th Street in the south, 43rd Street in the north, the West Side Highway in the west, and Eighth Avenue in the east. The various components are being planned by New York City Department of City Planning and New York City Economic Development Corporation.

The largest of the projects made possible by the rezoning is the 28-acre (11 ha) multiuse Hudson Yards real estate development by Related Companies and Oxford Properties, which is being built over the West Side Rail Yard. Construction began in 2012 with the groundbreaking for 10 Hudson Yards, and is projected to be completed by 2024. According to its master plan, created by Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates, the Hudson Yards development would include 16 skyscrapers to be constructed in two phases. Architects including Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill, Thomas Heatherwick, Roche-Dinkeloo, and Diller Scofidio + Renfro contributed designs for individual structures. Major office tenants include or will include fashion company Tapestry, gym chain Equinox Fitness, and financial company BlackRock.

The area also includes other redevelopment projects. One such project is Manhattan West, developed by Brookfield Property Partners over the rail yard west of Ninth Avenue between 31st and 33rd streets. Other structures being developed in the Hudson Yards Zoning District include 3 Hudson Boulevard, and The Spiral. The special district also includes Pennsylvania Station, the subject of a major overhaul.

India International Trade Center

India International Trade Centre is a proposed skyscraper in the city of Mumbai in India. Its set to be 320 m tall with 72 floors.

Joshua Prince-Ramus

Joshua Ramus (born August 11, 1969) is founding principal of REX, an internationally acclaimed architecture and design firm based in New York City, whose name signifies a re-appraisal (RE) of architecture (X).Current projects include The Ronald O. Perelman Performing Arts Center at the World Trade Center in New York; the Mercedes-Benz Future Lab and Museum in Stuttgart; the new performing arts center for Brown University in Providence; 2050 M Street, a premium office building in Washington, DC that will host CBS's Washington Bureau; PERTH+, a 60-story mixed-use tower in Western Australia; and the Necklace Residence on Long Island. In the fall of 2017, REX completed the transformation of Five Manhattan West, the re-cladding and interior renovation of a 160,000 m2 exemplar of late-Brutalism straddling Penn Station's rail yard in New York.

REX's work has been recognized with the profession's top accolades, including two AIA National Honor Awards, a U.S. Institute for Theatre Technology National Honor Award, an American Library Association National Building Award, two American Council of Engineering Companies' National Gold Awards, Time magazine's Building of the Year, and numerous AIA New York, ArchDaily, Architect/Progressive Architecture, Architect's Newspaper, Architectural Review/MIPIM, Architizer, and Wallpaper* design awards. In 2017, REX was named one of the World's Top 10 Innovative Companies in Architecture by Fast Company.

List of tallest buildings in New York City

New York City, the most populous city in the United States, is home to over 6,486 completed high-rise buildings of at least 35 meters, of which at least 113 are taller than 600 feet (183 m). The tallest building in New York is One World Trade Center, which rises 1,776 feet (541 m). The 104-story skyscraper also stands as the tallest building in the United States, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, and the sixth-tallest building in the world. The second-tallest building in the city is 432 Park Avenue, standing at 1,396 feet (426 m), and the third-tallest is the recently-topped-out 30 Hudson Yards. Not counting its antenna, the 4th-tallest is the 102-story Empire State Building in Midtown Manhattan, which was finished in 1931 and rises to 1,250 feet (381 m), increased to 1,454 feet (443 m) by its antenna. It is the sixth-tallest building in the United States and the 43rd-tallest building in the world.

The Empire State Building stood as the tallest building in the world from its completion until 1972, when the 110-story North Tower of the original World Trade Center was completed. At 1,368 feet (417 m), The World Trade Center held the title until the completion of the 108-story Willis Tower (formerly known as the Sears Tower) in Chicago in 1974. The World Trade Center towers were destroyed by terrorist attacks in 2001, and the Empire State Building regained the title of tallest building in the city. It remained the tallest until April 2012, when the construction on One World Trade Center surpassed it. The fifth-tallest building in New York is the Bank of America Tower, which rises to 1,200 feet (366 m), including its spire. If the Twin Towers were still standing today, they would be the third- and fourth-tallest buildings in the city, or second and third assuming the new buildings would not have been built. Only 432 Park Avenue is taller.

New York City skyscrapers are concentrated in Midtown and Lower Manhattan, although other neighborhoods of Manhattan and the boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx also have a few high-rises. As of May 2016, the entire city had 241 buildings that rise at least 500 feet (152 m) in height, including those under construction, more than any other city in the United States.Since 2003, New York City has seen the completion of 24 buildings that rise at least 600 feet (183 m) in height, including One World Trade Center. As of 2013, 20 more were under construction. One World Trade Center is part of the redevelopment of the World Trade Center, which also includes the 1,079-foot (329 m) 3 World Trade Center, the 975-foot (297 m) 4 World Trade Center, 7 World Trade Center and one under-construction building: the 1,350-foot (411 m) 2 World Trade Center.Overall, as of April 2016, there were 494 high-rise buildings under construction or proposed for construction in New York City.

Port Tower Complex

The Port Tower Complex is a 593 m (1,946 ft) tall skyscraper proposed for construction in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.The complex will be located on 90 acres of land reclaimed from wetlands by the Karachi Port Trust, alongside the Mai Kolachi Bypass.

The Spiral (New York City)

The Spiral, also known as 66 Hudson Boulevard, is a 65-floor skyscraper under construction in Hudson Yards, Manhattan, New York City. The project was announced in 2016 by real estate developer Tishman Speyer as a 1,005 foot skyscraper with 2.85 million square feet and 65 floors. The tower is being designed by Danish architectural firm Bjarke Ingels Group, which also designed the nearby West 57.

The Spiral will be located on 34th Street between Hudson Boulevard and Tenth Avenue. When completed, The Spiral will join other developments made possible by rezoning, including Hudson Yards, 3 Hudson Boulevard and Manhattan West. A distinguishing feature of the proposed building is that each floor will have outdoor gardens that will spiral around the building.

Theatre Row (New York City)

Theatre Row is an entertainment district of Off Broadway theatres on 42nd Street in Midtown Manhattan west of Ninth Avenue. The space originally referred to a 1977 redevelopment project to convert adult entertainment venues into theatres between 9th and Tenth Avenues on the south side of 42nd Street. However with the success of the district the name is often used to describe any theatre on either side of the street from Ninth Avenue to the Hudson River as more theatres have been built along the street.

From east to west, theatres along Theatre Row are:

Laurie Beechman Theatre

Theatre Row Building, housing six small theatres: the Beckett, Acorn, Clurman, Kirk, Lion and Studio theatres

Playwrights Horizons

Stage 42 (formerly the Little Shubert Theatre)

Pershing Square Signature Center

Castillo Theatre

Pearl Theatre

Tour Signal

Tour Signal was a proposed skyscraper in La Défense and in Puteaux, France.

Vista Tower (Chicago)

Vista Tower (formerly known as 375 E. Wacker) is a supertall skyscraper being built in Chicago, Illinois. The Chicago Plan Commission approved the building on November 19, 2015, in a meeting that also approved the One Grant Park development.Construction started in August 2016 with expected completion in 2020. Upon completion, it will become the city's third-tallest building at 1,198 feet (365 meters). Designed by a team led by architect Jeanne Gang, Vista will supplant the nearby Aqua skyscraper (also designed by a team led by Jeanne Gang) as the tallest structure in the world designed by a woman. This will make Chicago home to the two tallest structures designed by a woman. Vista Tower is a joint project of Magellan Development Group and Wanda Group. The original estimated cost of construction was $900 million.

West Side (Manhattan)

The West Side of Manhattan refers to the side of Manhattan Island which abuts the Hudson River and faces New Jersey. Fifth Avenue, Central Park, and lower Broadway separate it from the East Side. The major neighborhoods on the West Side are (from north to south) West Harlem, Morningside Heights, Manhattan Valley, Upper West Side, Hell's Kitchen, Chelsea, West Village, SoHo, and Tribeca. The 8th Avenue and West Side subway lines connect all parts of the West Side. The main north-south roads servicing the West Side are the Henry Hudson Parkway in the north, and the West Side Highway in the south. The Hudson River Greenway separates them from the west shore of the island.


Xtopia is a concept building for a 300-floor high-rise self-contained community in Shanghai, China. The concept was featured on the Discovery Channel as part of its series Mega Engineering on 25 April 2010. The building is a hypothetical method to combat geographic urban sprawl and lower the environmental impact of human populations. Xtopia features a tripod base which combats winds and ground tremors, while allowing sunlight to pass through to surrounding buildings and parks. There are industrial sections in the legs, commercial floors in the first panoramic levels, residential levels, and aeroponic gardens further up.

The Arconic Tower

The Discovery Channel program was written and directed by documentary filmmaker Scott Tiffany.

The program stated that a traditional lift system wouldn't have worked in the building because it might take hours to reach the destination. A special lift system would be used, which not only would slide with the iron bars of the building in upward and downward direction, but also move sideways.

One complete floor of the building is reserved for the growth of vegetables and fruits which not only fulfill the needs of building but also of the city.

Under construction and topped-out
under construction
Never realized
Rail yard development
Adjacent developments
Nearby infrastructure

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