Manhattan, Kansas

Manhattan is a city in northeastern Kansas in the United States at the junction of the Kansas River and Big Blue River. It is the county seat[7] of Riley County, although it extends into Pottawatomie County. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 52,281.[8]

The city was founded by settlers from the New England Emigrant Aid Company as a Free-State town in the 1850s, during the Bleeding Kansas era. Nicknamed "The Little Apple" as a play on New York City's "Big Apple", Manhattan is best known as the home of Kansas State University and has a distinct college town atmosphere.

Fort Riley, a United States Army post, is located 8 miles (13 km) west of Manhattan.

Manhattan, Kansas
Riley County Courthouse (2005)
Riley County Courthouse (2005)
The Little Apple,[1] MHK,[2] Manhappenin’,[2] Manhappiness
Location within Riley County and Kansas
Location within Riley County and Kansas
KDOT map of Riley County (legend)
KDOT map of Riley County (legend)
Coordinates: 39°11′30″N 96°35′30″W / 39.19167°N 96.59167°WCoordinates: 39°11′30″N 96°35′30″W / 39.19167°N 96.59167°W
CountryUnited States
CountiesRiley, Pottawatomie
 • TypeCommission-Manager
 • MayorMike Dodson
 • City and County seat18.79 sq mi (48.67 km2)
 • Land18.76 sq mi (48.59 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
 • Metro
18.88 sq mi (48.89 km2)
1,020 ft (310 m)
 • City and County seat52,281
 • Estimate 
 • Density2,800/sq mi (1,100/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
Area code785
FIPS code20-44250
GNIS ID0476378 [6]


Native American settlement

War dance in the interiour of a Konza lodge
This 1819 illustration of a Kansa lodge at the current location of Manhattan is the oldest drawing known to be made in Kansas.

Before settlement by European-Americans in the 1850s, the land where Manhattan sits was home to Native American tribes.[9] Most recently, from 1780 to 1830 it was home to the Kaw people (also known as the Kansa).[9] The Kaw settlement was called Blue Earth Village (Manyinkatuhuudje).[9] It was named after the river the tribe called the Great Blue Earth River – today known as the Big Blue River – which intersected with the Kansas River by their village.[9] Blue Earth Village was the site of a large battle between the Kaw and the Pawnee in 1812.[9]

The Kaw tribe ceded ownership of this land in a treaty signed at the Shawnee Methodist Mission on January 14, 1846.[9][10]

1854: Polistra and Canton

The Kansas–Nebraska Act opened the territory to settlement by U.S. citizens in 1854. That fall, George S. Park founded the first Euro-American settlement within the borders of the current Manhattan. Park named it Polistra (some histories refer to it as Poliska or Poleska).[11]

Later that same year, Samuel D. Houston and three other pioneers founded Canton, a neighboring community near the mouth of the Big Blue River.[12] Neither Canton nor Polistra ever grew beyond their original founders.[9]

1855: Free-Staters

In March 1855, a group of New England Free-Staters traveled to Kansas Territory under the auspices of the New England Emigrant Aid Company to found a Free-State town. Led by Isaac Goodnow, the first members of the group (with the help of Samuel C. Pomeroy) selected the location of the Polistra and Canton claims for the Aid Company's new settlement. Soon after the New Englanders arrived at the site, in April 1855, they agreed to join Canton and Polistra to make one settlement named Boston.[11] They were soon joined by dozens more New Englanders, including Goodnow's brother-in-law Joseph Denison.

In June 1855, the paddle steamer Hartford, carrying 75 settlers from Ohio, ran aground in the Kansas River near the settlement. The Ohio settlers, who were members of the Cincinnati-Manhattan Company, had been headed twenty miles (32 km) further upstream to the headwaters of the Kansas River, the location today of Junction City.[13] After realizing they were stranded, the Hartford passengers accepted an invitation to join the new town, but insisted that it be renamed Manhattan, which was done on June 29, 1855. Manhattan was incorporated on May 30, 1857.[11][14]

Early events

Early Manhattan settlers sometimes found themselves in conflict with Native Americans, and the town was threatened by pro-slavery Southerners. Manhattan was staunchly Free-State, and it elected the only two Free-State legislators to the first Territorial Legislature, commonly called the "Bogus Legislature."[9] However, nearby Fort Riley protected the settlement from the major violence visited upon other Free-State towns during the "Bleeding Kansas" era. This allowed the town to develop relatively quickly. On January 30, 1858, Territorial Governor James W. Denver signed an act naming Manhattan as county seat for Riley County.[9] Ten days later, on February 9, 1858, Governor Denver chartered a Methodist college in Manhattan, named Blue Mont Central College.[9]

Blue Mont Central College building, built in 1859

The young city received another boost when gold was discovered in the Rocky Mountains in 1859 and Fifty-Niners began to stream through Manhattan on their way to prospect in the mountains. Manhattan was one of the last significant settlements on the route west, and the village's merchants did a brisk business selling supplies to miners. Manhattan's first newspaper,The Kansas Express, began publishing on May 21, 1859.[9]

In 1861, when the State of Kansas entered the Union, Isaac Goodnow, who had been a teacher in Rhode Island, began lobbying the legislature to convert Manhattan's Blue Mont Central College into the state university. The culmination of these efforts came on February 16, 1863, when the Kansas legislature established Kansas State Agricultural College (now Kansas State University) in Manhattan. When the college began its first session on September 2, 1863, it was the first public college in Kansas, the nation's first land-grant institution created under the Morrill Act, and only the second public institution of higher learning to admit women and men equally in the United States.[9][15][16]

By the time the Kansas Pacific Railroad laid its tracks west through Manhattan in 1866, the 11-year-old settlement was permanently ensconced in the tallgrass prairie. Manhattan's population has grown every decade since its founding.

20th century

The town was named an All-American City in 1952, becoming the first city in Kansas to win the award.

21st century

In 2007 CNN and Money magazine rated Manhattan as one of the ten best places in America to retire young.[17] In 2011, Forbes rated Manhattan No. 1 for "Best Small Communities for a Business and Career."[18]


Manhattan's location is 39°11′25″N 96°35′13″W / 39.19028°N 96.58694°W (39.190142, −96.586818),[19] or about 50 miles (80 km) west of Topeka on the Kansas River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 18.79 square miles (48.67 km2), of which, 18.76 square miles (48.59 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[3]

Geographic features

Manhattan is in Kansas' Flint Hills region, which consists of continuous rolling hills covered in tall grasses. However, the downtown area – Manhattan's original site – was built on a broad, flat floodplain at the junction of the Kansas and Big Blue rivers. Manhattan is the largest town in the Flint Hills, and is home to the Flint Hills Discovery Center.

Tuttle Creek Reservoir is 5 miles (8 km) north of Manhattan. The lake was formed when the Big Blue River was dammed for flood control in the 1960s, and it is now a state park that offers many recreational opportunities. South of the city is the Konza Prairie, a tallgrass prairie preserve owned by The Nature Conservancy and Kansas State University.


Kansas is not known for earthquake activity, but Manhattan is near the Nemaha Ridge, a long structure bounded by several faults, and which is still active.[20] In particular, the Humboldt Fault Zone lies just 12 miles (19 km) eastward of Tuttle Creek Reservoir.

On April 24, 1867, the 1867 Manhattan earthquake struck Riley County. Measuring 5.1 on the Richter magnitude scale, the earthquake's epicenter was by Manhattan. It remains the strongest earthquake to originate in Kansas. The earthquake had an intensity of VII (Very strong) on the Mercalli intensity scale, and was felt over roughly 193,051 square miles (500,000 km2). It caused largely minor damage, reports of which were confined to Kansas, Iowa, and Missouri, according to the United States Geological Survey.

While Kansas is not seismically active, a strong earthquake could pose significant threats to the state. If an earthquake had occurred along the Nemaha Ridge prior to 2010, it could have destroyed the dam on Tuttle Creek Reservoir, releasing 300,000 feet (91,440 m) of water per second and flooding the nearby area, threatening roughly 13,000 people and 5,900 homes. A study in the 1980s found a moderate earthquake "between 5.7 to 6.6 would cause sand underneath the dam to liquefy into quicksand, causing the dam to spread out and the top to drop up to three feet."[21] To address this threat, the Army Corps of Engineers completed a project in July 2010 that replaced the sand with more than 350 concrete walls and equipped the dam with sensors. Alarms are connected to these sensors, which would alert nearby citizens to the earthquake.[21]


Manhattan has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), typically experiencing hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters.[22] The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 29.1 °F (−1.6 °C) in January to 79.9 °F (26.6 °C) in July. The high temperature reaches or exceeds 90 °F (32 °C) an average of 58 days a year and 100 °F (38 °C) an average of 10 days. The minimum temperature falls to or below 0 °F (−18 °C) on an average 5.3 days a year.[23] Extreme temperatures range from 116 °F (47 °C) on August 13, 1936 down to −35 °F (−37 °C) on February 12, 1899.[23]

On average, Manhattan receives 35.7 inches (907 mm) of precipitation annually, a majority of which occurs from May to August, and records 102 days of measurable precipitation.[23] Measurable snowfall occurs an average of 9.6 days per year with 6.1 days receiving at least 1.0 inch (2.5 cm). Snow depth of at least one inch occurs an average of 22 days a year. Typically, the average window for freezing temperatures is October 12 through April 21.[23]


Manhattan 2008 Tornado Damage
The 2008 tornado damaged an industrial area on the west side of Manhattan before hitting the KSU campus

The state of Kansas falls within an area sometimes called Tornado Alley. The most destructive tornado in Manhattan touched down at approximately 10:30 pm on June 11, 2008. Thirty-one homes and several businesses were destroyed by the EF4 tornado. Kansas State University's campus incurred about $20 million in damage – a number of university buildings sustained significant damage and the tornado's winds destroyed the Wind Erosion Laboratory's garage.[24] No one was killed.[25]

Previously, the most destructive tornado to hit Manhattan was on June 8, 1966. The 1966 tornado caused $5 million in damage and injured at least 65 people in Manhattan.[26][27]


Manhattan was built on a floodplain at the junction of the Kansas and Big Blue rivers, and it has faced recurring problems with flooding during times of heavy precipitation. The largest floods in the town's history were the 1903 and 1908 floods, the Great Flood of 1951 and the Great Flood of 1993.[28][29]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201654,983[5]5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[30]

Manhattan is the principal city of the Manhattan metropolitan area which, as of 2014, had an estimated population of 98,091.[31] It is also the principal city of the Manhattan-Junction City, Kansas Combined Statistical Area which, as of 2014, had an estimated population of 134,804, making it the fourth largest urban area in Kansas.[32]

2010 census

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 52,281 people, 20,008 households, and 9,466 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,786.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,076.0/km2). There were 21,619 housing units at an average density of 1,152.4 per square mile (444.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.5% Caucasian, 5.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 5.1% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.7% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.8% of the population.

There were 20,008 households of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 52.7% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city, the population was spread out with 15.3% of residents under the age of 18; 39.1% between the ages of 18 and 24; 24% from 25 to 44; 14.2% from 45 to 64; and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age in the city was 23.8 years. The gender makeup of the city was 50.9% male and 49.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 44,831 people, 16,949 households, and 8,254 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,983.9 people per square mile (1,152.4/km²). There were 17,690 housing units at an average density of 1,177.4 per square mile (454.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.28% White, 4.86% African American, 0.48% Native American, 3.93% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.30% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.49% of the population.

There were 16,949 households out of which 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 51.3% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out with 15.8% under the age of 18, 39.2% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 13.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,463, and the median income for a family was $48,289. Males had a median income of $31,396 versus $24,611 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,566. About 8.7% of families and 24.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over. However, traditional measures of income and poverty can be misleading when applied to cities with high student populations, such as Manhattan.[33][34]


Downtown Manhattan Kansas
Downtown Manhattan, 2005


Manhattan is governed under a council-manager system, with a five-member City Commission. Elections are nonpartisan and are held every other year, in odd-numbered years. Three City Commission positions are chosen in each election. The two highest vote recipients receive four-year terms, while the third highest vote recipient receives a two-year term. The highest vote winner in a general election is established to serve as mayor on the third year of a four-year term. The Mayor presides over Commission meetings, but has the same voting rights as other Commissioners and no veto power.

As of 2015, Karen McCulloh serves as the city's mayor, while Usha Reddi, Linda Morse, Mike Dodson, and Wynn Butler make up the rest of the City Commission.[35]


Manhattan is located inside a number of state district boundaries. Most of Manhattan falls within two districts for the Kansas House of Representatives. Representative Tom Phillips (R) serves in District 67, which includes portions of south, west, and northern Riley County. Representative Sydney Carlin (D) represents District 66, which includes most of downtown Manhattan, and the northeastern portions of the city. Small portions of Manhattan extend into other districts to the south and north.

Manhattan is the Kansas Senate District 22, and the state senator is Republican Susan Mosier.


Manhattan is located in Kansas's 1st congressional district, which is represented by Republican Roger Marshall. Manhattan was moved from the 2nd District to the 1st District during redistricting in 2012. Manhattan had been placed originally in the 1st District when the state was subdivided in 1874. John Alexander Anderson of Manhattan served as the district's second Congressional representative, from 1879 to 1885.

For federal elections, precise breakdowns are unavailable for only Manhattan, but a majority of voters in Riley County have never supported a Democratic candidate for president. Republicans have carried Riley County every presidential election, except for 1912, when a majority of the county's voters supported the Progressive candidate Theodore Roosevelt.[36]

Sites of interest

Manhattan is the site of Kansas State University sporting events, Aggieville, performing arts, lecture series and the annual Country Stampede Music Festival – the largest music festival in Kansas.

Bill Snyder Family Stadium WSC wide
Bill Snyder Family Football Stadium in Manhattan seats 50,000 spectators

The Marianna Kistler Beach Museum of Art[2] and the Kansas State University Gardens are on the campus of Kansas State University. Next to campus is Aggieville, a shopping and retail center with enough bars to satisfy the college crowd.

Manhattan's Sunset Zoo is accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA). Colbert Hills Golf Course, which is annually ranked by Golf Digest among the best in the state, is home to the Earl Woods National Youth Golf Academy and a host site for The First Tee program. Manhattan is also the birthplace of Damon Runyon, the "Inventor of Broadway," and his Manhattan house is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

The buildings which house The Flint Hills Job Corps Training Center west of the city were once used as a nursing home and orphanage operated by the Fraternal Order of Odd Fellows.

The first capitol of the Kansas Territory is preserved nearby, on Fort Riley grounds. The Fort Riley military base covers 100,656 acres (407.34 km2) between Manhattan and Junction City, KS. Since 2006 it has, once again, become home to the Big Red One, the 1st Infantry Division of the United States.

As the largest municipality in the Flint Hills region, Manhattan is host to the Flint Hills Discovery Center, a heritage and science center dedicated to the education and preservation of the Flint Hills and the remaining tall grass prairie.


Manhattan's economy is heavily based on public entities. Kansas State University is the largest employer in town, and its approximately 24,000 students help support the retail and entertainment venues in the city.[37] The second-largest employer in Manhattan is the city school district.[37] Additionally, many civilians and military personnel employed at nearby Fort Riley also live in Manhattan and support its economy, including more than 3,500 civilian Fort Riley employees.[37] Finally, most of the 150 employees in the Kansas Department of Agriculture work in a new office building in Manhattan, next to the future site of the National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility (NBAF).

Large private sector employers in Manhattan include the Via Christi Hospitals, CivicPlus, and Farm Bureau.[37] Manhattan also features a small industrial base. Manufacturing and commercial businesses include: GTM Sportswear,[37][38] Florence Corporation,[37][39] Manko Windows,[37][40] Parker Hannifin, the McCall Pattern Company,[41] Ultra Electronics-ICE,[42] and Farrar Corporation. Manhattan's Tallgrass Brewing Co is the largest brewery in Kansas.[43]

Future growth

In 2009, the United States Department of Homeland Security announced that it would locate the National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility (NBAF) in Manhattan. The NBAF is scheduled to open in 2022, and will be a federal lab to research biological threats involving human, zoonotic (i.e., transmitted from animals to humans) and foreign animal diseases. It is expected to employ between 250 and 350 people, including researchers, technical support and operations specialists.[44]

Historic businesses

The Dickinson Theatres chain began in Manhattan in 1920, although it no longer operates a theater in the city. The Steel & Pipe Supply Co. began in Manhattan in 1933, and is still headquartered in the city, but has moved its fabrication and distribution to other locations.


KSU Campus
The northern KSU campus in fall, 2005

Kansas State University is the largest employer and educational institution in the city of Manhattan with nearly 24,000 students.[45] KSU is home to Wildcat sports, as well as a host to nationally recognized academics. Kansas State University has ranked first nationally among state universities in its total of Rhodes, Marshall, Truman, Goldwater, and Udall scholars since 1986.[46] Manhattanites are said to "Bleed purple" due to their pride in Kansas State athletics.

Manhattan is also home to Manhattan Christian College, Manhattan Area Technical College, the American Institute of Baking and The Flint Hills Job Corps Training Center, and the Kansas Building Science Institute.

Manhattan is served by USD 383 Manhattan-Ogden and has one public high school with two campuses (Manhattan High School), two middle schools (Susan B. Anthony and Dwight D. Eisenhower), and eight elementary schools (Amanda Arnold, Frank V. Bergman, Bluemont, Lee, Marlatt, Northview, Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson). The city also has two private school systems: Flint Hills Christian School (Preschool – 12th grade) and the Manhattan Catholic Schools. Manhattan Catholic School contains two buildings, the grade school building (K-5)and the Luckey Jr. High building (6–8), formerly called the Luckey high building dedicated to Monsignor Luckey. The school's mascot is "Luckey the Cardinal".



Culture in the city of Manhattan is impacted by Kansas State University students. The city is normally full of activity while school is in session. Due to the city's vitality, the city was rated by CNN Money as one of the top ten places to retire young.[17] There are a number of cultural hot spots around the city.

  • Aggieville – Aggieville is the hub of Manhattan's nightlife. Due to its large number of bars and shops, the district is frequented by college students and citizens alike. Aggieville's bars play host to numerous bands on a nightly basis. Nearby, the Marianna Kistler Beach Museum of Art on the K-State campus is home to the university's permanent art collection and traveling art exhibits. Entry to the museum is free of charge. Kansas State's McCain Auditorium, which draws major performances and tours from across the globe, is also near Aggieville.
  • Downtown – Downtown Manhattan, and the Manhattan Town Center Mall, is an anchor for shopping and entertainment in the eastern portions of Manhattan. Art galleries, fine dining options, an escape room and shopping are all major daytime draws to the area. The Manhattan Town Center Mall was built in the late 1980s on downtown's east edge.
  • Kansas State Sports – Bill Snyder Family Football Stadium, Bramlage Coliseum, and other sports venues relating to the university host events every week in their respective sports seasons, drawing fans from across the country. The facilities are also used for lectures, concerts, and other non-sporting events.
  • Fake Patty's Day – Every Year, usually a week or two before St. Patrick's Day, Aggieville becomes a scene of festivity, celebrating 'Fake Patty's Day'. The event has been around for many years, and was adopted by the licensed venues of Aggieville to avoid missing out on revenue garnered from St. Patrick's Day, which usually falls on the weekend before or during spring break.
  • There are also other events and conventions held every year, such as Juneteenth Celebration, the Country Stampede Music Festival and the Great Manhattan Mystery Conclave.


Manhattan is served by numerous transportation methods.

In 2009, the Manhattan, Kansas metropolitan statistical area (MSA) ranked as the fifth highest in the United States for percentage of commuters who walked to work (8.5 percent).[47]


Manhattan Regional Airport (MHK) is located 4 kilometres (2 mi) west of Manhattan on K-18, and the second busiest commercial airport in Kansas. The airport is served by American Airlines subsidiary American Eagle, which offers multiple flights daily to Chicago's O'Hare International Airport and the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, as well as handling general aviation and charter flights. The nearest large commercial airports are in Kansas City (MCI) and Wichita, Kansas (ICT).

Manhattan Kansas Union Pacific station
The former Union Pacific passenger depot in Manhattan has been repurposed as an event space


Domestic passenger rail service to Manhattan began on August 20, 1866, on the Kansas Pacific Railroad line.[9] A mainline of the Union Pacific Railroad still passes through the city, but all passenger service to Manhattan was discontinued after the Amtrak takeover of passenger rail in 1971.

The Rock Island Railroad also formerly served Manhattan as a stop on Rock Island's Kansas City–Colorado Springs Rocky Mountain Rocket service.[48] The Rock Island depot was located between Fifth and Sixth streets, along former El Paso Street (now Fort Riley Boulevard). The former railroad right-of-way was converted to Manhattan's southern arterial road as well as a rail-trail, linear park along Manhattan's west side.

Intercity bus service

Intercity bus service, previously provided by Greyhound Lines, was discontinued years ago. However, Arrow Stage Line operates charter service out of local facilities on McCall Road. Also, KCI Roadrunner provides charter service as well as scheduled shuttle service to and from Kansas City International Airport (MCI), Lawrence, Topeka, Junction City, Fort Riley, and Manhattan.

Public transportation

Within the City of Manhattan, limited mass-transit is provided by Riley County's subsidized paratransit service, ATA Bus. ATA Bus recently started its first set-route bus route in Manhattan connecting an apartment complex and an office campus, and is currently working with the city to develop a feasible mass-transit system. ATA uses four small buses and a number of minivans in its fleet.[49] Five twenty-passenger transit buses have been purchased for fixed-route service and the agency is awaiting operational funding from Kansas State University and the City.

Historically, the city operated a streetcar system from 1909 to 1928. The trolley tracks were torn up and replaced by bus service in 1928, which was later also discontinued.


Manhattan is served by several highways:

  • I-70 / US-40 runs about 9 miles (14 km) south of Manhattan. Three exits have a direct connection to Manhattan.
    • Exit 313 – K-177
    • Exit 307 – McDowell Creek Road
    • Exit 303 – K-18
  • US-24 runs through Manhattan. East on 24 is Wamego, west is Clay Center. US-24 comes in from Clay Center, runs north of the city, turns into a four-lane highway near Tuttle Creek State Park and travels south into the city as Tuttle Creek Boulevard until an intersection with East Poyntz Avenue, and then turns northeast towards Wamego.
  • K-177 runs north from I-70 as Bill Snyder Highway until the Kansas River viaduct. A half-leaf interchange with K-18 (Tuttle Creek Blvd. and Ft. Riley Blvd.) and officially ends at the intersection with U.S. Route 24 in Manhattan.
  • K-18 is a major connector in Manhattan. It begins about 18 miles (29 km) east of Manhattan, at K-99. It runs through Wabaunsee and Zeandale to K-177, crosses to Kansas River, and runs west toward the Manhattan Regional Airport and Ogden. It then travels south to I-70 as a major gateway to Manhattan.
  • K-113 (Seth Child Road) runs from K-18 in southern Manhattan to US-24, passing through the western areas of the City.

Historically, Manhattan was located on the national Victory Highway, one of the original 1920s auto trails. With the creation of the numbered federal highway system in 1926, the highway became U.S. Route 40. From 1926 to 1935, Route 40 diverged west out of Manhattan into "40N" and "40S" routes; the two routes met again in Limon, Colorado.[50]

In the 1950s, Route 40 was rerouted nine miles south of Manhattan, due to security concerns that originally arose during World War II about the highway passing through neighboring Fort Riley.[9] The new route followed a more direct line between Topeka and Junction City, and in 1956 it was designated as Interstate 70.


The Manhattan Mercury is the city's main newspaper, published six days a week.[51] Other newspapers published in the city include: the alternative weekly The Hype Weekly which focuses on events, arts, and culture in the area; the weekly Manhattan Free Press; the agriculture-oriented Grass & Grain; and the K-State university newspaper, the Kansas State Collegian.[52] Manhattan has had at least one newspaper published for the town continuously since The Kansas Express published its first edition on May 21, 1859.[9]

Manhattan is a center of broadcast media for the surrounding area. One AM and ten FM radio stations are licensed to and/or broadcast from the city.[53] Manhattan lies within the Topeka, Kansas television market,[54] and six stations are licensed to and/or broadcast from the city including: a translator of KTWU, the PBS member station in Topeka; K-State's station KKSU-LP; two GCN translators; and two independent stations.[55][56]

The first television station in Kansas was W9XAK in Manhattan, licensed to broadcast by the Federal Radio Commission on March 9, 1932.[57][58]

Notable people

Twin towns/sister cities

  • Dobřichovice, Czech Republic (2006).
    In August 2004, the Manhattan City Commission established an advisory committee to explore and foster a formal partnership with an international city. In 2005, following a lengthy planning effort guided by Dr. Joseph Barton-Dobenin, a Czech native and now-retired professor at Kansas State University, then-Commissioner Ed Klimek visited Dobřichovice to initiate a partnership with that city. After Klimek's visit, Dobřichovice community leaders visited Manhattan to continue the effort towards establishing the formal relationship. In 2006, the Committee recommended, and the City Commission chose, the City of Dobřichovice as its partner city, and in April, then-Mayor Ed Klimek signed a Partner Cities Agreement to formally make the two cities partner cities.

See also


  1. ^ Hook, J. N. (June 10, 2014). All Those Wonderful Names. Open Road Media. p. 255. ISBN 978-1-4976-1186-3.
  2. ^ a b "Little Apple... BIG HISTORY". Manhattan Convention and Visitors Bureau. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  8. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Olson, Kevin (2012). Frontier Manhattan. University Press of Kansas. pp. 9–10, 25–27. ISBN 978-0-7006-1832-3.
  10. ^ Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1904, retrieved August 28, 2013
  11. ^ a b c Parrish, Donald (2004). This Land is Our Land: The Public Domain in the Vicinity of Riley County and Manhattan, Kansas. Riley County Historical Society. ISBN 0-9677686-2-4. OCLC 54769277.
  12. ^ Streeter, Floyd Benjamin (1975). The Kaw: The Heart of a Nation. New York: Arno Press. ISBN 978-0-405-06889-8. OCLC 2180188.
  13. ^ GEARY COUNTY LEGENDS – – Retrieved March 9, 2009 Archived February 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 214.
  15. ^ Willard, Julius (1940). History of Kansas State College of Agriculture and Applied Science. Kansas State College Press. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014.
  16. ^ "The National Schools of Science". The Nation: 409. November 21, 1867.
  17. ^ a b "Best Places to Retire Young". CNN. Archived from the original on November 15, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-02.
  18. ^ Badenhausen, Kurt. "Slide Show: The Best Small Places For Business And Careers". Forbes.
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Further reading

  • Olson, Kevin G. W. Frontier Manhattan: Yankee Settlement to Kansas Town, 1854–1894 (University Press of Kansas, 2012) 273 pp.

External links

1867 Manhattan, Kansas earthquake

The 1867 Manhattan earthquake struck Riley County, Kansas, in the United States on April 24, 1867 at 20:22 UTC, or about 14:30 local time. The strongest earthquake to originate in the state, it measured 5.1 on a seismic scale that is based on an isoseismal map or the event's felt area. The earthquake's epicenter was near the town of Manhattan.

The earthquake had a maximum perceived intensity of VII (Very strong) on the Mercalli intensity scale. It caused minor damage, reports of which were confined to Kansas, Iowa, and Missouri, according to the United States Geological Survey. Felt over an area of 200,000 square miles (520,000 km2), the earthquake reached the states of Indiana, Illinois, and possibly Ohio, though the latter reports have been questioned.

Manhattan is near the Nemaha Ridge, a long anticline structure that is bounded by several faults. The nearby Humboldt Fault Zone in particular poses a threat to the city. Kansas is not known for earthquake activity, but an earthquake could occur at any time. A 2016 hazard map from the United States Geological Survey estimated a 1% or lower risk for a major earthquake in Kansas for the following year, though scientists from the agency think an earthquake of magnitude 7.0 remains possible.

Anderson Hall (Manhattan, Kansas)

Anderson Hall is the central administration building for Kansas State University in the city of Manhattan, Kansas, United States. It was originally called the Practical Agriculture Building when the north wing was completed in 1879. It was renamed "Anderson Hall" in 1902 in honor of John Alexander Anderson, the second president of Kansas State Agricultural College (now Kansas State University).

Over time, this building has housed a diverse set of facilities, including a canteen, a barbershop, and a chapel. An electronic carillon was installed in 1965 to sound the hours.

Charles Melton (actor)

Charles Melton (born January 4, 1991) is an American actor and model. He is known for portraying Reggie Mantle on The CW television series Riverdale, and Daniel Bae in the film The Sun Is Also a Star (2019).

Dave Deyoe

Dave Deyoe (born December 14, 1960) is the Iowa State Representative from the 49th District. He has served in the Iowa House of Representatives since January 2007.

Deyoe currently serves on several committees in the Iowa House – the Agriculture, Appropriations, Economic Growth, and the Environmental Protection committees. He also serves as the Chair of the Economic Development Appropriations budget subcommittee.

Frank B. Morrison

Frank Brenner Morrison (May 20, 1905 – April 19, 2004) served as the 31st Governor of Nebraska from 1961 to 1967, representing the Democratic Party.

Morrison was born in Golden, Colorado, and attended high school in Manhattan, Kansas. He graduated from Kansas State University in 1927. Accepting an invitation from an aunt, he moved to Lincoln, Nebraska and attended the University of Nebraska and earned a law degree in 1931. He taught school, was superintendent of schools in Farwell, Nebraska before establishing his legal career in Stockville, Nebraska. He was elected Frontier County attorney in 1934. He married Maxine Elizabeth Hepp in 1936 and they had three children, Frank Jr, David Jon, and Jean Marie.

Iowa State–Kansas State football rivalry

The Iowa State–Kansas State football rivalry is an American college football rivalry between the Iowa State Cyclones and Kansas State Wildcats. The two Big 12 Conference rivals have played every year since 1917, making it the 8th-longest continuous series in college football history and the nation's single longest never-interrupted college football rivalry. The game in October 2016 marked the 100th straight year the two teams have met.

Kansas–Kansas State football rivalry

The Kansas–Kansas State football rivalry is an American college football rivalry between the Kansas Jayhawks football team of the University of Kansas and Kansas State Wildcats football team of Kansas State University, contested since 1902. The Governor's Cup is the trophy awarded to the winner of the game. It has been awarded every year since 1969. The rivalry is known as the Sunflower Showdown.

Kansas leads the overall series 64–47–5, including KU's forfeit of the 1980 game imposed by the Big Eight Conference. (Kansas disputes the forfeit.) Kansas State leads the Governor's Cup series (since 1969) 30–19–1. The most recent game, played on November 10, 2018, was won by Kansas State 21–17.

Kansas–Kansas State men's basketball all-time results

The following is a list of the year-by-year results of the Sunflower Showdown basketball rivalry between the University of Kansas and Kansas State University.

Kansas victories are shaded ██ blue. Kansas State victories shaded ██ purple.

Manhattan, Kansas, metropolitan area

The Manhattan–Junction City Combined Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of three counties in northeastern Kansas, anchored by the city of Manhattan. It was upgraded from a Micropolitan Statistical Area (μSA) to a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) by the Office of Management and Budget on November 20, 2008. It was changed from a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) to a Combined Statistical Area (CSA) by the Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013.As of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 127,081. As of July 1, 2014, the CSA had an estimated population of 134,804, making it the fourth largest urban area in Kansas.

Manhattan, Kansas (song)

"Manhattan, Kansas" is a song written by Joe Allen and recorded by American country music artist Glen Campbell and released in March 1972 as a single. The song peaked at number 6 on both the U.S. Billboard Hot Country Singles chart and the RPM Country Tracks chart in Canada.

Manhattan Area Technical College

Manhattan Area Technical College is a public technical college in Manhattan, Kansas. It was founded in 1965 and offers Associate of Applied Science degrees in 8 disciplines and technical certificate programs in several others. Manhattan Area Technical College is accredited through the Higher Learning Commission. The college's primary service area includes Geary, Riley, Clay, Marshall, Dickinson, and Pottawatomie Counties.

Manhattan Christian College

Manhattan Christian College (MCC) is a private Christian college in Manhattan, Kansas. Manhattan Christian College was founded in 1927 as Christian Workers University. It initially opened for classes on September 19, 1927. The school's name was changed to Manhattan Bible College in 1930, and on July 1, 1971, the name was changed again to Manhattan Christian College.

MCC is historically affiliated with nondenominational, independent Christian Churches and Churches of Christ of the Restoration Movement. While many of the students and all the professors have a background in the Christian Church/Churches of Christ congregations, students from various denominational backgrounds are encouraged and welcomed.

The school is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission and the Association for Biblical Higher Education.

Martha Keys

Martha Elizabeth Keys (born August 10, 1930) is a retired Democratic politician who served in the U.S. House of Representatives from Kansas from 1975 to 1979.

Nehemiah Green

Nehemiah Green (March 8, 1837 – January 12, 1890) was the fourth Governor of Kansas, serving in that position on an interim basis from November 1868 to January 1869. He subsequently served as Speaker pro Tempore of the Kansas House of Representatives.

Samuel Wendell Williston

Samuel Wendell Williston (July 10, 1851 – August 30, 1918) was an American educator and paleontologist who was the first to propose that birds developed flight cursorially (by running), rather than arboreally (by leaping from tree to tree). He was also an entomologist, specialising in Diptera.

He is remembered for Williston's law, which states that parts in an organism, such as arthropod limbs, become reduced in number and specialized in function through evolutionary history.

Sydney Carlin

Sydney Lynn Carlin (born November 20, 1944) is a Democratic member of the Kansas House of Representatives, representing the 66th district. She has served since 2003. Carlin was challenged by Republican Lee Modisett in 2010 and 2012.

Carlin is a member of a number of community organizations, including the American Cancer Society, American Legion, Fraternal Order of Police, Habitat for Humanity, American Heart Association, and the Manhattan Arts Center. Prior to being elected to the Kansas House, Carlin served on the Manhattan City Commission, 1993–97 and mayor of Manhattan, 1996-97.

Tom Phillips (Kansas politician)

Tom Phillips is a Republican member of the Kansas House of Representatives, representing the 67th district. His term began February 1, 2012 upon the resignation of his predecessor Susan Mosier. Phillips was chosen by 21 of the 39 GOP precinct representatives in the 67th district on the condition that he would seek reelection in 2012.Phillips was elected to a full term in the November 2012 general election, defeating Democrat Aaron Estabrook.

Phillips is owner of Phillips & Associates, a land surveying company that was established in 1992. He had previous political experience as a city commissioner and mayor of Manhattan, Kansas. He is originally from Fort Scott, Kansas.

Walter J. Stoessel Jr.

Walter John Stoessel Jr. (January 24, 1920 – December 9, 1986) was an American diplomat.

William D. Vincent

William Davis Vincent (October 11, 1852 – February 28, 1922) was a U.S. Representative from Kansas.

Born near Dresden, Tennessee, Vincent moved with his parents to Riley County, Kansas, in 1858 and to Manhattan, Kansas, in 1864. He attended the public schools and the State agricultural college in Manhattan, Kansas. Vincent engaged in business in Manhattan 1872–1876.

He moved to Clay Center, Kansas, in 1878 and engaged in mercantile pursuits. Vincent was elected as a member of the city council in 1880. He served as member of the State board of railroad commissioners in 1893 and 1894.

Vincent was elected as a Populist to the Fifty-fifth Congress (March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1899). He engaged in the hardware business in Clay Center, Kansas, until his death in St. Louis, Missouri on February 28, 1922. He was interred in Greenwood Cemetery, Clay Center, Kansas.

Climate data for Manhattan, Kansas (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 75
Average high °F (°C) 40.7
Daily mean °F (°C) 29.1
Average low °F (°C) 17.5
Record low °F (°C) −31
Average precipitation inches (mm) .67
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5.0
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 5.0 5.6 8.0 10.0 12.5 11.7 9.6 10.1 8.6 8.1 7.1 5.5 101.8
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 2.8 2.3 1.0 .1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .7 2.6 9.6
Source: NOAA (extremes 1893–present)[23]
Municipalities and communities of Riley County, Kansas, United States
Municipalities and communities of Pottawatomie County, Kansas, United States

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