Mandapam

Mandapam is a panchayat town in Ramanathapuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The famed Pamban Railway bridge and Vehicular bridge lie to the East of this Panchayat Town.[1]

Mandapam

Mandapam
town
Mandapam is located in Tamil Nadu
Mandapam
Mandapam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 9°17′N 79°07′E / 9.28°N 79.12°ECoordinates: 9°17′N 79°07′E / 9.28°N 79.12°E
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictRamanathapuram
Elevation
9 m (30 ft)
Population
(2001)
 • Total15,799
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)

Geography

Mandapam is located at 9°17′N 79°07′E / 9.28°N 79.12°E.[2] It has an average elevation of 9 metres (29 feet).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[3] Mandapam had a population of 15,799. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Mandapam has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 66%. In Mandapam, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. The main occupation of the people living here is fishing. Part of the fish caught here is sold in Southern Tamil Nadu and the rest is sold to exporters.

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 July 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Mandapam
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
Alipiri

Alipiri Padala Mandapam or Alipiri is the place at foot of seven hills in Tirupati, the pilgrim city of Sri Venkateswara Swami, in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. One Footstep way and two road ways, one up and one down, leading to Tirumala through seven hills starts from Alipiri and hence it got the name "The Gate Way to Tirumala Venkateswara Temple"In older days pilgrims used to climb all the seven hills only through the stepped way on foot, as there was no other option. Hence the pilgrims came from long distances used to take rest for some time there, cooked their food, eat there. After taking rest they started to climb the steps.

Nowadays all the stepped way is covered with roof to protect the pilgrims from sun light and rain. The lights are also provided. Special privilege is provided to the pilgrims who came on foot for the visit of the god.

Ardhanareeswarar temple, Tiruchengode

Arthanāreeswarā temple is an ancient Hindu temple, located in Tiruchengode, in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The temple is dedicated to Arthanāreeswarā, the unique half-male half-female of Lord Shiva. It is perhaps the only temple in Asia where this rare form of the Divine is enshrined as the principal deity. The deity here is also known as Mādhorubāgan and Ammaiyappan (mother-father). The famous Chenkottu Velavar Temple, dedicated to Lord Murugan, is also situated on the same hill.

Another name for the Arthanāreeswara Temple is Thirukodimāda Chenkundrūr (திருக்கொடிமாடச்செங்குன்றூர்).

Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute

The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute is one of the largest marine fishery research institutes in India located in Kochi, India. It is an institute for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute was established by the government of India under the Ministry of Agriculture in 1947 and became a member of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) family in 1967. Its headquarters moved from Mandapam Camp to Cochin in 1971.

Gandhi Mandapam (Chennai)

Gandhi Mandapam is a series of memorial structures built on Sardar Patel Road, in Adyar, Chennai. The first structure to be built on the premises was a memorial to Mahatma Gandhi, opened by then Chief Minister of Madras, C. Rajagopalachari on 27 January 1956. Later, four other memorials for independence activtist Rettamalai Srinivasan and former chief ministers Rajaji, Kamaraj and M. Bhaktavatsalam were added.Owing to its prominence, the premise is often utilized for public functions, particularly for cultural discourses and music shows.The site also serves as a recreational park in the city.

Kalady

Kalady or Kaladi is a census town located in Angamaly east of the Periyar river, it is also a village in Aluva Taluk, Ernakulam district of Kerala, India, not far from Cochin International Airport. It is notable as the birthplace of 8th century Indian philosopher and theologian Adi Shankara and is a popular destination for Hindu pilgrims.

Kalady came to prominence only after its rediscovery in the late 19th century by the then Shankaracharya of Sringeri and the subsequent consecration of an Adi Shankara temple in 1910. The centenary of Kalady was celebrated in May 2010, and the story of its re-discovery a hundred years ago has been documented in a film by the Sringeri Sharada Peetham.

Kalyana Mandapam

Kalyana Mandapam (Wedding Hall) is a 1971 Telugu-language film starring Sobhan Babu, Kanchana, Kongara Jaggaiah, Anjali, Gummadi and others. The film was distributed by Anjali Pictures and directed by V. Madhusudhan Rao.

This movie is a remake of the national award-winning Kannada film Gejje Pooje directed by Puttanna Kanagal in 1969.

This film deals with the Devadasi tradition prevalent in Zamindari Andhra culture and deals with the dream of a young Devadasi girl wanting to get married to her childhood lover. But circumstances push her into being a temple dancer towards the end of the movie, culminating in her death. Kanchana plays the role of the Devadasi girl and gives a stunning performance. Viewers empathise with the character throughout.

Music is by P. Adinarayana Rao. Renditions by S.P. Balasubramaniam and P. Susheela of Pilichevaruntey palikenu nenu, Saregama padanisa, Chukkalu paade subha manthram are memorable.

Kanyakumari

Kanyakumari, (formerly known as Cape Comorin) is a city of the Kanyakumari district in the Indian State of Tamil Nadu. It is the southernmost city of peninsular/contiguous India. Kanyakumari has been a city since the Sangam period. and is a popular tourist destination.

Krishna Mandapam, Mahabalipuram

Mandapa of Krishna or Krishna Mandapam is a monument at Mahabalipuram, on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal, in the Kancheepuram district of the state of Tamil Nadu, India.

It is part of the Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, a UNESCO World Heritage Site inscribed in 1984. It is located on a hillock next to the open rock relief of Descent of the Ganges (Mahabalipuram).It is constituted by an originally open-air bas-relief dedicated to Lord Krishna, dating to the mid-seventh century, which was later enclosed within a mandapa in the 16th century during the Vijayanagara Empire.

Notable carvings inside are sculpted panels that bring out the story of Krishna lifting the Govardhana Hill to protect the cowherds and gopis (milk maids) from heavy rains and floods – the "most poetic and endearing" Indian or Angkor sculpture-based representation of this legend – and there are also scenes of Krishna frolicking with the milk maids.

Mahadeva Temple, Kalanjoor

Mahadeva Temple, Kalanjoor popularly known as Thrikkalanjoor Sree Mahadeva temple is a Hindu temple. It is 80 kilometers to the south-west of the Sabarimala temple on the Punular-Muvattupuzha highway in Pathanamthitta District, Kerala, India. A majestic banyan tree, flanked by an Althara that is visible from a distance for any traveler on the main road, announces the presence of the temple to the devotee.

A Mandapam artistically etched with magnificent mural paintings announcing the prowess of artists and artisans of yore surrounds the banyan tree. Inside the Mandapam there is an idol of Nataraja, the dancing manifestation of Lord Shiva, facing the east.. From this Mandapam towards the west, a 60 feet high Gopuram (artistically carved towering arches) could be seen on the eastern side. The 18 ascending steps from the Gopuram lead to the sacred idols of Indiliyappan (Sastha) and the Mahasiva idol, which is the presiding deity of the Mahadeva temple.

Due to the presence of Mahadeva and Sastha idols in the temple, there are two Dhwajas (towering flag posts coated with copper) adjacent to each other which is a rare spectacle seldom seen in other temples. The Mahasiva idol and the Sastha idols are installed facing each other in this temple. The real name of the temple is Sankarapurathu Mukkalvattom Devaswom, but is popularly known as Thrikkalanjoor Sree Mahadeva temple.

Mambalam

West Mambalam is a residential and commercial area in Chennai (Madras), India. It is known for its shops, bazaars and Hindu temples. It is bounded by Kodambakkam to the north and Saidapet to the south. T. Nagar and Nandanam stretch all along its eastern frontiers while Ashok Nagar lies to its west. The Ayodhya Mandapam is an important landmark.

Mandapa

Mandapa (also spelled mantapa or mandapam) in Indian architecture is a pillared outdoor hall or pavilion for public rituals.

Mandapam block

Mandapam block is a revenue block in the Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu, India. It has a total of 28 panchayat villages.

Meenakshi Temple

Meenakshi Temple (also referred to as Meenakshi Amman or Meenakshi-Sundareshwara Temple), is a historic Hindu temple located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in the temple city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is dedicated to Meenakshi, a form of Parvati, and her consort, Sundareshwar, a form of Shiva. The temple is at the center of the ancient temple city of Madurai mentioned in the Tamil Sangam literature, with the goddess temple mentioned in 6th century CE texts.Though the temple has historic roots, most of the present campus structure was rebuilt after the 14th century CE, further repaired, renovated and expanded in the 17th century by Thirumalai Nayak. In the early 14th century, the armies of Delhi Sultanate led by Muslim Commander Malik Kafur plundered the temple, looted it of its valuables and destroyed the Madurai temple town along with many other temple towns of South India. The contemporary temple is the result of rebuilding efforts started by the Vijayanagara Empire rulers who rebuilt the core and reopened the temple. In the 16th century, the temple complex was further expanded and fortified by the Nayak ruler Vishwanatha Nayakar and later others. The restored complex now houses 14 gopurams (gateway towers), ranging from 45–50m in height, with the southern gopura tallest at 51.9 metres (170 ft). The complex has numerous sculpted pillared halls such as Ayirakkal (1,000 pillar hall), Kilikoondu-mandapam, Golu-mandapam and Pudu-mandapam. Its shrines are dedicated to Hindu deities and Shaivism scholars, with the vimanas above the garbhagrihas (sanctums) of Meenakshi and Sundaresvara gilded with gold.The temple is a major pilgrimage destination within the Shaivism tradition, dedicated to Meenakshi Devi and Shiva. However, the temple includes Vishnu in many narratives, sculptures and rituals as he is considered to be Meenakshi's brother. This has made this temple and Madurai as the "southern Mathura", one included in Vaishnava texts. The Meenakshi temple also includes Lakshmi, flute playing Krishna, Rukmini, Brahma, Saraswati, other Vedic and Puranic deities, as well as artwork showing narratives from major Hindu texts. The large temple complex is the most prominent landmark in Madurai and attracts tens of thousands visitors a day. The temple attracts over a million pilgrims and visitors during the annual 10-day Meenakshi Tirukalyanam festival, celebrated with much festivities and a ratha (chariot) procession during the Tamil month of Chittirai (overlaps with April–May in Georgian calendar, Chaitra in North India). The Temple has been adjudged best ‘Swachh Iconic Place’ in India as on October 1, 2017 under Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi's Flagship Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

Nellaiappar Temple

Nellaiappar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the deity Shiva, located in Tirunelveli, a city in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Shiva is worshipped as Nellaiappar (also called Venuvananathar) represented by the lingam and his consort Parvati is depicted as Kanthimathi Amman. The temple is located on the northern banks of Thamirabarani River in Tirunelveli district. The presiding deity is revered in the 7th century Tamil Saiva canonical work, the Tevaram, written by Tamil saint poets known as the nayanmars and classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

The temple complex covers an area of fourteen and a half acres and all its shrines are enclosed with concentric rectangular walls. The temple has a number of shrines, with those of Swamy Nellaiappar and his consort Sri Kanthimathi Ambal being the most prominent.

The temple has three six rituals at various times from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m., and six yearly festivals on its calendar. Brahmotsavam festival during the Tamil month of Aani (June–July) is the most prominent festival celebrated in the temple.

The original complex is believed to have been built by Pandyas, while the present masonry structure was added by Cholas, Pallavas, Cheras, Nayaks(Madurai Nayaks). In modern times, the temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department of the Government of Tamil Nadu.

Pattupurakkavu Bhagavathi Temple

Thonnallur Pattupurakkavu Bhagavathi temple (Malayalam: തോന്നല്ലൂര് പാട്ടുപുരക്കാവ് ഭഗവതി ക്ഷേത്രം) is a famous Hindu temple at Pandalam, India. It is located one kilometer to the north of Pandalam junction, by the Thiruvananthapuram - Angamaly MC Road. The temple hosted the first ever Devi Bhagavatha Sathram in Kerala, from April 28 to May 7, 2010.The main deity of the temple is Bhadrakali. The temple also has shrines of other deities such as Ganapathi, Shiva, Udayan, Brahmarakshas, Yakshi, Nāga, Subrahmanyan, Navagraha, and Anamarutha. The temple complex also includes an Anakkottil (platform for elephants during the rite Seva), a holy pond, office room, and a few banyan trees. The temple has arrangements for Hindu wedding, including feast hall and change rooms. It also has a stage to conduct cultural events. The temple has a Navratri mandapam annexe situated near Pandalam central junction. The deity in the annexe temple is Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge, music and the arts.

Periyanayagi Amman Temple

The Periyanayagi Ammam Temple situated in the center of Devikapuram village. This temple is built by the Vijayanagara Emperor in the 14th century. This is the second largest temple after Tiruvannamalai Arunachaleswarar Temple.

The consort of Sri Kanakagiriswarar installed at the hill temple is Sri Periyanayagi Amman, found at the bottom. She is also otherwise known as Sri Brahanayagi and Sri Brahadhambal. There is no Sivalingam here. Here the temple is 475 feet east to west and 250 feet south to north, with a fortress o 30 feet in height. The temple covers an area of 3 acres and has a big seven tiered pagado. The fortress of the temple is beautifully fashioned out of artistically carved granite stones. On the outer walls, there are several carvings, a separate line for Horse, Bull and pig all around the wall. The images of the pigs might have been intended to create sentimental feelings among Muslim invaders and to avoid their destroying the temples. There are there entrances leading to the temple in the north, south and east. The north and south entrances are closed for the devotees. The eastern in front of it, there is a high four pillared mandapam. Adjacent to it, is the "Thermutti Mandapam" Unlike other mandapams, which will have only a single flight of steps on one side, here there are two flights of steps on both sides.

In the entrance of the temple, beautiful sculpture. Some of the sculpture were destroyed by the Muslim invaders. After the entrance, there are three prakarams in the temple. Immediately after entering the temple, one would find Sri Veerabadrar on the south and Sri Bairavar on the north. The Brahma Theertham is on the southern side of the temple with beautiful foot steps and a circular platform. The Kalyana Mandapam is found in the north facing south. This is designed in the shape of the two wheeled car drawn by horses which is very impressive and attractive. There are several architectural carvings on the pillars of this mandapam depicting the history of the King Sri Manu Needhi Cholan.

There is a 36-pillared front mandapam beyond the Bali Peedam, Kodimaram and Nadhi. This mandapam is an encyclopedia of Sculptures because 432 sculpture describes the puranams of Siva, Vishnu and devi. To the south of this mandapam is the Vinayagar Sannidhi and to the north of it, the Sannidhi of Sri Arumugar. Crossing this mandapam, and the entrance of a three tiered pagoda, one has to reach the next prakaram. The Sanidhis of Sri Kasi Viswanathar, Sri Pillaiyar and the Navarathir mandapam are found in this prakaram. The utsava vigrahams of Sri Vinayagar, Natarajar and Samaskandhar are found in the Maha Mandapam. Next to the Maha Mandapam is the inner prakaram of the temple. The beautiful dharshan of Devik Sri Perianayagi ambal, the embodiment of love and affection can be seen in the sanctum sanctorum. Large number of devotees used to have dharashan and worship the Devi on all Fridays.

There are several sacred theerthas in this shrine. The brahma theertham is inside the temple while the Navagraha Theertham is located at the foot of the hill which is now known as Periayappan kulam. To the south east of this sthalam is the Agni Theertham with Neerazhi Mandapam at its centre. People call this Agni Theertham as Kaatan kulam. There is a Murugar Temple at the top of a hill lock on the bank of theis Agni Theertham and to the west corner is the Devaraidyar Theertham and to the west the seyyyan kulam or seeyan kulam. There are also several other small Theerthams here all round the hill. On all Tuesday it is customary for the devotees to come around the hill and offer worship to Sri Kanakagiriswarar. By doing so, it is believed that the devotees who are suffering from incurable diseases are easily cured.

There are about 56 stone inscriptions in this sthalam of which 55 are found in the Periyanayagi Amman temple and one in the Kanakagiriswarar Temple at the top of the hill. It is surmised that both these shirines should have been built during the regimes of the Vijayanagar kings. One of the oldest stone inscriptions relates to the Maharashtra king another belongs to the Jagirdhar of Arni and the remaining 53 stone inscriptions relate to the period of the Vijayanagar Kings. Two of the inscriptions are found in Sanskrit, one in Marathi and the rest in Tamil.

Sri Sithi Vinayagar Temple

Sri Sithi Vinayagar Temple is a Hindu temple located in Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia. It is also generally referred to as the PJ Pillaiyar Temple. The resident deity is Ganesha in the form of Sri Sithi Vinayagar. The temple is said to be the largest temple in Malaysia dedicated to Lord Ganesha

The temple was completed in 1964 following Dravidian architecture and remains one of the main Hindu temples serving the religious needs of the Hindu population of Petaling Jaya. It is run by the Petaling Jaya Hindu Association.

Tiruchirappalli Monorail

Tiruchirappalli Monorail is the proposed monorail system for the city of Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, part of a major expansion of public transport in the city.

Vivekananda Rock Memorial

Vivekananda Rock Memorial is a popular tourist monument in Vavathurai, Kanyakumari, India. It was built in 1970 in honour of Swami Vivekananda who is said to have attained enlightenment on the rock. According to local legends, it was on this rock that Goddess Kumari performed austerity. A meditation hall known as Dhyana Mandapam is also attached to the memorial for visitors to meditate. The design of the mandapa incorporates different styles of temple architecture from all over India. The rocks are surrounded by the Laccadive Sea. The memorial consists of two main structures, the Vivekananda Mandapam and the Shripada Mandapam.

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