In present-day Spain a mancomunidad (Aragonese: mancomunidat, Asturian: mancomunidá, Catalan: mancomunitat, Galician: mancomunidade, Basque: mankomunitatea; in English "commonwealth") is a free association or commonwealth of municipalities. A mancomunidad is a legal personality, and can exist either for a particular period to achieve a concrete goal or can exist indefinitely.
A Spanish mancomunidad constitutes a local entity within the national legal framework, to which those municipalities delegate some of their functions and powers. It is similar to a comarca, with the difference that comarca has somewhat different meanings in the various autonomous communities of Spain and mancomunidad is defined identically throughout the country. The municipalities in a single mancomunidad need not be coterminous (though they usually are). They are required to set a clear goal, create management bodies distinct from those of the individual municipalities, and provide the mancomunidad with its own budget.
In Spain there are a number of natural or historical regions that, despite of the strong identity and common goals of their inhabitants, are divided by provincial or even ancient kingdom borders. Examples of such regions are Tierra de Campos, Manchuela and Ilercavonia. Such regions or comarcas have often not been able to achieve the necessary legal recognition for their administrative development within the existing provincial or autonomous frameworks. Therefore, their municipalities have resorted to organizing themselves in a mancomunidad.
Other groups of municipalities that don't face the problem of borders cutting across their natural region of comarca may form a mancomunidad for economical purposes, to improve local services or in order alleviate some form of historical administrative neglect owing to distance from and lack of communication with current administrative centers.
The term mancomunidad and its cognates are also used to translate the English word "commonwealth".
Arroyomolinos, also known as Arroyomolinos de Montánchez, is a village in the province of Cáceres and autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain. The municipality covers an area of 115 square kilometres (44 sq mi) and as of 2011 had a population of 962 people.Bermillo de Sayago
Bermillo de Sayago (Spanish pronunciation: [beɾˈmiʎo ðe saˈʝaɣo]) is a municipality located in the province of Zamora, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2009 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 1,259 inhabitants. It works as the territorial capital of Sayago, leading this comarca but with no official status. Its central position and the fact of a clearly higher population have given the town this role. Furthermore, the municipalities association Sayagua has its headquarters in Bermillo. This organization is a mancomunidad that supplies services like recycling or water through the comarca of Sayago that could not be afforded by the so-little towns in the area.
Geographically, its landscape is a peneplain, as the rest of Sayago (except Duero canyons, that are relatively far away Bermillo).Campiña Sur (Córdoba)
The Campiña Sur, officially the Mancomunidad de la Campiña Sur cordobesa, is a comarca of the province of Córdoba in Andalusia, Spain. It is formed by 11 municipalities and is between the Subbética Mountains and the Guadalquivir Valley, in the south-west of the province.Campiña de Baena
Campiña de Baena is a Mancomunidad and comarca in the province of Córdoba, Spain. It contains the following municipalities:
Castro del Río
ValenzuelaCasar de Cáceres
Casar de Cáceres is a town and municipality in the province of Cáceres, in the autonomous community of Extremadura. With 4532 inhabitants in 2017, it is the second most populous municipality in the Tajo-Salor Mancomunidad. In the municipality there are two population centers: Casar de Cáceres and La Perala. The capital of the municipality is located about 10 kilometers from the capital of Caceres, in the middle of Vía de la Plata.
During the Ancien Régime, the municipality belonged to the comunidad de villa y tierra of Cáceres. and until the first half of the 19th century it was considered as a hamlet of the village of Cáceres.Casar de Palomero
Casar de Palomero is a municipality located in the province of Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain. According to the 2005 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 1343 inhabitants.
Casar de Palomero is historically not part of Las Hurdes region, but has been merged with the other municipalities of the comarca to form the Mancomunidad de Las Hurdes.Commonwealth of the Philippines
The Commonwealth of the Philippines (Spanish: Commonwealth de Filipinas; Tagalog: Komonwelt ng Pilipinas) was the administrative body that governed the Philippines from 1935 to 1946, aside from a period of exile in the Second World War from 1942 to 1945 when Japan occupied the country. It replaced the Insular Government, a United States territorial government, and was established by the Tydings–McDuffie Act. The Commonwealth was designed as a transitional administration in preparation for the country's full achievement of independence.During its more than a decade of existence, the Commonwealth had a strong executive and a Supreme Court. Its legislature, dominated by the Nacionalista Party, was at first unicameral, but later bicameral. In 1937, the government selected Tagalog – the language of Manila and its surrounding provinces – as the basis of the national language, although it would be many years before its usage became general. Women's suffrage was adopted and the economy recovered to its pre-Depression level before the Japanese occupation in 1942.
The Commonwealth government went into exile from 1942 to 1945, when the Philippines was under Japanese occupation. In 1946, the Commonwealth ended and the Philippines claimed full sovereignty as provided for in Article XVIII of the 1935 Constitution.Costa del Sol Occidental
Costa del Sol Occidental (English: "Western Coast of the Sun") is a comarca (county) in Andalusia, southern Spain.
It occupies a narrow coastal strip delimited by the cordillera Penibética (Sierra de Mijas, Sierra Alpujata, Sierra Blanca, Sierra Bermeja, Sierra Crestallina) to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The coast shows a diversity of landscapes: beaches, cliffs, estuaries, bays and dunes. The rivers are short and seasonal, while the agriculture is hampered by the lee effect caused by the Baetic System.La Carballeda
La Carballeda (Spanish: [la kaɾβaˈʎeða]) is a comarca located in the northwest of the province of Zamora, Castilla y León, western Spain. Its area is 1,216.54 km².
Despite of the strong identity of its inhabitants, this historical region has not been able to achieve the necessary legal recognition for its administrative development. Therefore its municipalities have resorted to organizing themselves in mancomunidad, the only legal formula that has allowed the region to manage its public municipal resources meaningfully. The capital of the province is Mombuey and the most populated town is Villardeciervos, even though its population is only 491. The name 'La Carballeda' originated in the great number of Quercus robur oaks, locally known as carballos, in the comarca.
The Sierra de la Culebra mountain range, one of the few areas in Western Europe having a sizeable population of wild wolves, is located in the southwest of the comarca.List of municipalities in Albacete
Albacete is a province in the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha, Spain. It is divided into 87 municipalities. According to the 2011 Spanish Census, the province is the 36th largest by population with 401,580 inhabitants but is the ninth largest by land area spanning 14,916.3 square kilometres (5,759.2 sq mi).Each municipality forms part of a province which in turn forms part or the whole of an autonomous community. The organisation of the municipalities is governed by a 2 April 1985 law, completed by the 18 April 1986 royal decree. The Statutes of Autonomy of the various autonomous communities also contain provisions concerning the relations between the municipalities and the autonomous governments. In general, municipalities enjoy a large degree of autonomy in their local affairs: many of the functions of the comarcas and provinces are municipal powers pooled together. Each municipality is a corporation with independent legal personality: its governing body is called the ayuntamiento (municipal council or corporation), a term often also used to refer to the municipal offices (city and town halls). The ayuntamiento is composed of the mayor (Spanish: alcalde), the deputy mayors (Spanish: tenientes de alcalde) and the plenary assembly (pleno) of councillors (concejales). The mayor and the deputy mayors are elected by the plenary assembly, which is itself elected by universal suffrage on a list system every four years. The plenary assembly must meet publicly at least every three months at the seat of the ayuntamiento. Many ayuntamientos also have a governing commission (comisión de gobierno), named by the mayor from among the councillors; it is required for municipalities of more than 5,000 inhabitants. The governing commission, whose role is to assist the mayor between meetings of the plenary assembly, may not include more than one third of the councillors.
The largest municipality by population in Albacete is Albacete, with 171,999 residents, and the smallest municipality is Villa de Ves with 54 residents. The largest municipality by area is also the municipality of Albacete which spans 1234.00 km², while Cotillas is the smallest at 18.42 km².Mancomunidad de Municipios Marquesado del Zenete
The Mancomunidad de Municipios Marquesado del Zenete or Mancomunidad del Marquesado del Zenete ("Mancomunidad of municipalities of the Marquisate of Cenete") is a voluntary grouping (mancomunidad) of municipalities, located in the province of Granada, autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain. They take their name from the Marquisate of Cenete, the former seigneury (Spanish: señorio) in this area, which in turn takes its name (historically spelled either Zenete or Cenete) from the Arabic sened, meaning the slope that constitutes one side of a mountain range. That refers to the north slope of the Sierra Nevada, where the municipalities are located.The objective of the mancomunidad is to promote, stimulate, and rationalize the social and economic development of the municipalities of which it is constituted. It also constitutes a subcomarca within the Comarca of Guadix.
The mancomunidad consists of the following municipalities:
Cogollos de Guadix
Jérez del Marquesado
LanteiraThe Marquisate of Cenete extends north from the ridge line of the Sierra Nevada. In the northeast it reaches to the ridge line of the Sierra de Baza; most of the mancomunidad is the wide valley of the Zalabí; immediately to its north is the municipality of Valle de Zalabí.Mancomunidad de Municipios de la Sierra del Segura
Mancomunidad de Municipios de la Sierra del Segura is a comarca of the Province of Albacete, Spain.Mancomunidad de la Comarca de Pamplona
The Mancomunidad de la Comarca de Pamplona is a community of municipalities of the Pamplona metropolitan area, whose functions are water supply and sewage treatment, waste management, metropolitan public transportation, taxi and the Arga metropolitan park.
Historically, it was born as Mancomunidad de Aguas de la Comarca de Pamplona in 1982 in order to provide water services. It changed its name when the entity began to manage waste in 1987. Later, it assumed the management of public transportation (1999) and taxi (2006).Taula del Sénia
The Taula del Sénia (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈtawlə ðəl ˈseniə]) or Mancomunitat de la Taula del Sénia is a commonwealth or free association of municipalities made up of 22 towns, totalling up to 100,000 people, of some of the comarcas that make up the center of the historical region of Ilercavonia (present day southern Aragon and Catalonia, and northern Valencia), Spain. The origin of the name lies in the fact that all municipal terms involved are located within 15 km of the Sénia River, perceived as the centre of the region in its upper course.Tierra de Campos
Tierra de Campos ("Land of Fields") is a large historical and natural region or greater comarca that straddles the provinces of León, Zamora, Valladolid and Palencia, in Castile and León, Spain. It is a vast, desolate plain with practically no relief, except for some wide undulations of the terrain.
Originally it was known as "Gothic Plains" (Campi Gothici or Campi Gothorum), as the area had been settled by Visigoths who fled from Aquitaine Gaul after its conquest by the Franks. It was first mentioned under this name in Codex Vigilanus (Codex Albeldensis), and described as extending "from the river Douro, to the Christian Kingdom".Despite the strong identity of its inhabitants, this historical region has not been able to achieve the necessary legal recognition for its administrative development. Therefore, its municipalities have resorted to organizing themselves in a mancomunidad, the only legal formula that has allowed the region to manage its public municipal resources meaningfully. Palencia is widely considered to be the capital of the Tierra de Campos.Tierra del Pan
Tierra del Pan (Land of Bread) is a comarca located in the center of the province of Zamora, western Spain. It belongs to the Autonomous Community of Castile and León. The city of Zamora, capital of the province, is included in this comarca.Despite the strong identity of its inhabitants, this historical region has not been able to achieve the necessary legal recognition for its administrative development. Therefore its municipalities have resorted to organizing themselves in mancomunidad, the only legal formula that has allowed the region to manage its public municipal resources meaningfully. The comarca has a total of about 76,000 inhabitants.
The Tierra del Pan comarca has a surface of 849.59 km². Its geography is typical of the Meseta Central.Trasierra/Tierras de Granadilla
Trasierra/Tierras de Granadilla (Extremaduran: Transierra - Granaílla), traditionally known as Tierras de Granadilla, is a comarca at the northern end of province of Cáceres in Extremadura, one of Spain's seventeen Autonomous Communities.
Its origins as an administrative unit date back to the establishment of the House of Alba in the 15th century. Its historical capital was the town of Granadilla, now abandoned. Until 1833 the Tierras de Granadilla historical region the five towns of las Hurdes, the villages of La Alberca and Sotoserrano (now in Salamanca Province, Castile and León), as well as the western part of Aldeanueva del Camino, which is now part of the Valle de Ambroz comarca to the east. The southern limit of Tierras de Granadilla is marked by the ancient commercial path known as "Via de la Plata", which is known locally as "lindón".There are linguistic affinities between this comarca and neighboring Las Hurdes and Sierra de Gata comarcas.The Mancomunidad Integral de Trasierra-Tierras de Granadilla was formed in 1997. The Mancomunidad includes villages that were not part of the historical region, like Oliva de Plasencia, Jarilla and Cabezabellosa. Casar de Palomero town was merged with the Mancomunidad de las Hurdes.Valle del Jerte
Valle del Jerte is a comarca and mancomunidad in the province of Cáceres, Spain. It contains the following municipalities:
Cabezuela del Valle
Casas del Castañar
Villatuerta (adaptation in Basque: Bilatorta) is a town and municipality located in the autonomous community of Navarre, Spain.