Malda City

Malda or English Bazar or Ingraj Bazar, better known as Malda City, the "Mango City", is a city in Malda district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It serves as the district headquarters. It is the fourth largest city in West Bengal.[5] Malda is a municipal corporation with two municipalities, English Bazar Municipality and Old Malda municipality. This is an Undeveloped City becoming bigger since 1925-1930 and the city is rapidly growing and its population had now cross over a half of million people. English Bazar is the divisional headquarters of Malda Division in this state.

Malda

English Bazar
City
Malda city skyline, Adina Mosque, Manikchak, malda, University of Gour Banga
Malda city skyline, Adina Mosque, Manikchak, malda, University of Gour Banga
Nickname(s): 
Mango City/ Gateway of North Bengal
Malda is located in West Bengal
Malda
Malda
Location in West Bengal, India
Malda is located in India
Malda
Malda
Malda (India)
Malda is located in Asia
Malda
Malda
Malda (Asia)
Coordinates: 25°00′39″N 88°08′28″E / 25.0108°N 88.1411°ECoordinates: 25°00′39″N 88°08′28″E / 25.0108°N 88.1411°E
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictMalda
DivisionMalda
Railway StationMalda Town
No. of Wards29
Government
 • TypeCivic Administration
 • BodyEnglish Bazar Municipality
 • ChairmanNihar Ranjan Ghosh
Area
 • City81 km2 (31 sq mi)
Elevation
17 m (56 ft)
Population
(2017)[1]
 • City600,000
 • Rank4th in West Bengal
 • Density7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
 • Metro600,000
Demonym(s)Maldabasi
Languages
 • OfficialBengali[3][4]
 • Additional officialEnglish[3]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
732101, 732102, 732103, 732141, 732142, 732128
Telephone code91-3512-2xxxxx
Vehicle registrationWB-65/WB-66
Lok Sabha constituencyMaldaha Dakshin
Vidhan Sabha constituencyEnglish Bazar
RiverMahananda River
Websitewww.englishbazarmunicipality.com

Geography

Malda is at 25°00′39″N 88°08′28″E / 25.0108°N 88.1411°E[6] It has an average elevation of 17 metres (56 feet). It is on the western bank of the river Mahananda.

As in much of Bengal, the weather is usually extremely humid and tropical. Temperatures can reach as high as 46 °C during the day in May and June and fall as low as 4 °C overnight in December and January.

History

The district of Malda formed in 1813 out of the outlying areas of Purnia, Dinajpur, and Rajshahi districts. In 1832 a separate treasury was established, and in 1859 a magistrate and collector were appointed.

Up to 1876 this district formed part of Rajshahi Division, and from 1876 to 1905 it formed part of Bhagalpur Division. In 1905, it was again transferred to Rajshahi Division, and until 1947 Malda remained in this division.

In August 1947 this district was affected by the Partition of India. Between 12 and 15 August 1947 whether the district would become part of India or Pakistan was unknown, as the announcement of the Radcliffe Line did not make this point clear. During these few days the district was under a magistrate of East Pakistan; after the details of the Radcliffe award were published, the district became part of West Bengal on 17 August 1947.

Civic administration

There are two municipalities in Malda. The English Bazar Municipality and the municipality of Old Malda.

The municipality of English Bazar is divided into 29 wards. The Trinamool Congress with 15 councillors holds power (as of 2015).

Metropolitan area

The metropolitan area of English bazar consist of Mangalbari, Old Malda(M), Chatianmore, Sahapur(CT), Bagbari(CT), Narayanpur,Jodupur Heart of the city is Rathbari (The gateway of Malda District) It is the most busiest Business Centre.

Transport

Road

NH 34 crosses through the heart of the city. The Gour Kanya Bus Terminus serves as bus depot for both Private Buses and Government Bus Service which is operated by the NBSCT (North Bengal State Transport Corporation). It is connected to all the other districts and cities in West Bengal like Siliguri, East Midnapur, Bankura, Purulia, Burdwan, Kalna, Ranaghat, Kalyani, Barackpore, Digha, Bolpur, Rampurhat, Durgapur, Asansol, Siuri, Cochbehar Mathabhanga and Berhampore. Lots of private buses connect the local short and long distance routes, including Nalagola, Bululbi, Aiho, Pakua, Gazole, Manikchak, Kaliachak, Sujapur, Samsi, Farakka, Chanchal, Gangarampur, Balurghat, Baharampur, Raiganj and Siliguri.

Flyover ,Malda
Flyover, Malda

E-rickshaws (TOTO) are mostly available in the city to cover short distance. There are also private cars and taxis, Maxi, Tata Magic and Maximo Presents for local transportation.

Rail

Malda Town Railway Station
Malda Town Railway Station

There are four railway stations which serves the metropolitan city. These are Malda Town Railway Station which serves the English Bazar area. Second one is Old Malda Railway Station which serves the Old Malda area.The third one is Malda Court Railway Station which serves the Mangalbari and Naldubi area and Gour Malda Railway Station which serves the Mohhadipur and Gauḍa (city) area. Malda's main railway station is Malda Town. It is a busy station and all trains stop here. According to Indian Railway, Malda Town is in the top 100 ticket booking stations all over India. It is the Divisional Headquarters of Eastern Railway's Malda Division; about 70% of this division is in Bihar and Jharkhand. Financial department officials have offices there. Almost all trains bound for North Bengal and the north eastern states of India pass through Malda Town station.

Lots of Express and mail trains depart from this station. Howrah-NJP Line passes through this station.

Most top class trains Like Shatabdi Express stop in this station. Mega cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore Lucknow, Surat, Patna, Hyderabad, Tiruvanathapuram, Bhubaneshwar, Ranchi, Raipur, Guwahati and Agartala all are well connected through the rail route. Howrah-Njp Shatabdi Express which is cover the fastest train in this region.

Air

Malda Airport (IATA: LDA, ICAO: VEMH) was closed in 1972 due to the Bangladesh War. Before that there were direct daily flights from Malda to Kolkata, Delhi, and Guwahati. In 2014 direct helicopter services were started between Malda and Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, by the government of West Bengal. As of 2017 the airport is under construction and the flight service will start very soon.

Demographics

As of the 2011 census, English Bazar municipality had a population of 216,083[1] and the metropolitan city had a population of 324,237.[7] The municipality had a sex ratio of 877 females per 1,000 males and 14.9% of the population were under six years old.[1] Effective literacy was 84.69%; male literacy was 85.44% and female literacy was 83.86%.[1]

Hotels& resorts

There are lots of hotels and resorts in Malda. The Golden Park hotel and resort located at Narayanpur is the best in malda with helipad. Some other hotels are Hotel Kalinga, Hotel Purvanchal, Hotel pratapaditya, Hotel Landmark, Hotel Samrat, Hotel Hari Om, Hotel Silver Arcade, Hotel Parvat, Hotel Mango leaf, Hotel MMC, Motel Pother Sathi etc.A Water Park for enjoyment Aquatic Bengal at Narayanpur is also best in the city.

Malda City Skyline

Malda City Skyline
Malda CIty Skyline
Malda Skyline at night
Night view of malda
Malda Skyline Night
Night skyline malda

Education

Colleges and universities

Several colleges and universities are in and around English Bazar. The largest is the University of Gour Banga, established in 2008. Almost all the 28 colleges in Malda, Uttar Dinajpur and Dakshin Dinajpur districts, except for Raiganj University College, are affiliated with it.

Other notable institutions include Malda College, established on 23 July 1944, the oldest higher educational institution in the city; and Malda Women's College, the only women's college in the city. English Bazar has three engineering colleges:Ghani Khan Choudhury Institute of Engineering & Technology established in 2010 is a Centrally Funded Technical Institute under Ministry of Human Resource Development Government of India; IMPS College of Engineering and Technology, established in 2003; and Malda Polytechnic, one of the oldest and best polytechnic colleges in West Bengal

Malda Medical College and Hospital is the only medical college.

Malda Town Skyscrapers
Malda Town

Universities

General degree Colleges

Malda Town Railway Station at night
Malda Town Railway Station at night

Engineering colleges

University of Gour Banga
The main building of the University of Gour Banga

ITI colleges

Medical colleges

Mlada Medical College And Hospital
Malda Medical College

Boys' high schools

Girls' high schools

A.C Institution
A.C. Institution during prize ceremony
  • Barlow Girls' High School
  • Chintamani Chamatkar Girls' High School
  • Jalalia Girls' High School
  • Kanya Sikshalaya
  • Malda Girls High School
  • Nivedita Girls High School
  • Ramkinkar Balika Vidyashram
  • Thakur Anukul Chandra Girls High School

Hindi language schools

  • J M S Hindi High School

Muslim schools

  • Al Ameen Mission Academy
  • Malda Model Madrasa
  • Malda English Medium Madrasa
  • Tarbiyah Cambridge International School

Rail schools

Primary schools

  • Jingle Bell School
  • Naalanda Shishu Shikhaniketan
  • Park Ghat Prathomik Bidyalay
  • Pathshala Prathomik Vidyalay
  • Sabuj Abujh Shishu Angan

English medium schools

  • Daffodils English Academy
  • Holy Child English Academy
  • North Point English Academy
  • Swami Vivekananda Academy
  • The St. Xavier's School
  • Usha Martin School, Malda
  • Delhi Public World School
  • St. Mary's school
  • Don Bosco school

Kendriya Vidyalaya

  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Malda
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Aradhpur (Near BSF Camp)

Pre-School

  • Kidzee

Hospitals and health care

Malda is becoming the medical hub of this region. Malda Medical College and Hospital is a top class hospital in the district and also nearby district. There are lots of primary healthcare centers in the city. Private nursing homes, a pathology centre, clinics, and medical stores are present.

Malda Medical College and Hospital
Malda Medical College building

Malda Medical College and Hospital

The Government of West Bengal decided to set up a new medical college at the strategically located district of Malda, which is easily accessible to the districts in the region of North Bengal.

Malda Hospital
View of Malda Medical College and Hospital

Malda Railway Hospital

Malda Railway Hospital is established to serve health care for railway needs. It is situated near the Malda Town Railway Station.

Private hospitals and nursing homes

Malda Medical Center
Malda Medical Center Nursing Home

Lots of private hospitals and nursing homes like Sonoscan; Dishari Health Care Point; Malda Medical Centre; Mangalbari Nursing Home; Mullick Nursing Home are available in the city. A top class private pathology care center is also available.

Media And Newspapers

All national channels and also some local media channels like Malda Today, High TV, Sabar Cable, Sabar Monoranjan, MCN News, CCN and DAM's TV are local channels which are operated throughout the city. And also serves nearby districts news like North Dinajpur, South Dinajpur, and Murshidabad

Newspapers

  • Aamader Malda
  • Guide Malda
  • Rupantare Pathe
  • Uttarbanga Sangbad

Sports facilities

DSA Stadium,Malda
DSA Stadium, Malda

There are lots of indoor and outdoor stadiums. Satya Choudhury Indoor Stadium has games like table tennis, badminton, and judo. District Sports Association Stadium is used for outdoor games like cricket. A swimming pool is also available for swimming competitions. Laxman Sen Outdoor Stadium is another outdoor stadium. Brindabani Maidan which is situated in the middle of the city is an outdoor stadium with a large capacity. All school sports and local and state level cricket and football matches are playing in this ground.Hussein Sah Indoor stadium is an Indoor Railway Stadium.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  2. ^ http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_2_PR_Cities_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf
  3. ^ a b "Fact and Figures". www.wb.gov.in. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  4. ^ "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  5. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  6. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Ingraj Bazar, India". fallingrain.com.
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.

Further reading

  • Chakrabarti D.K. (1992). Notes on the archaeology of Maldaha and West Dinajpur districts, West Bengal. South Asian Studies, 9:pp. 123–135

External links

Gour-Pandua travel guide from Wikivoyage

Cities and towns in West Bengal

West Bengal is the state with highest population density in India. The state is dotted with several small and medium towns and cities. Historically, the main source of income of the people of West Bengal has been farming, and, as a consequence, the state previously had a large rural population skew. At the turn of the 20th century, however, the role of industry in West Bengal increased substantially, leading to a population move into urban areas.

In 1947, when India gained independence, the erstwhile British Indian province of Bengal was divided into two parts: the eastern region formed East Pakistan—which became Bangladesh in 1971 — and the western part joined India as the state of West Bengal. Scores of refugees from the eastern part came to West Bengal, leading to the start of new urban areas, and contributing to the congestion of already established cities like Kolkata.

English Bazar Municipality, Malda

English Bazar Municipality is responsible for the civic administration of the Malda City in Malda district, West Bengal, India. It is one of the oldest municipality in India established in 1868.

Malda

Malda may refer to :

Malda district in West Bengal state, northeastern India; and

its municipal HQ is Malda City or Ingrāj Bäzär

the former Latin Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of Malda (renamed and promoted as Diocese of Dumka)

Malda City is the city in Malda district, West Bengal

Malda, Bihar, a village in West Champaran district in Bihar state, northeastern India

Maldà in Catalonia, Spain

Malda Town railway station

Malda Town is a railway station, serves Malda city in Malda district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the rail head for a visit to Gour and Pandua or notable place Adina Mosque and Adina Deer Park.

Malda Zilla School

Malda Zilla School is the oldest school at Malda district, West Bengal, India. At present, the morning section of the school runs from Class – I to Class – V while the day section runs from Class – VI to Class – XII. In the higher secondary course, the school carries studies in all the 3 streams of study; namely the Science, Humanities and Commerce streams of study. This is one of the reputable school of the district.

Malda district

Malda district, also spelt Maldah or Maldaha (Bengali: [malda], [maldɔɦ], often [maldɔɦo]; is a district in West Bengal, India. It lies 347 km (215 miles) north of Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal. Mango, jute and silk are the most notable products of this district. The special variety of mango, Fazli produced in this region, popularly known by the name of the district, is exported across the world and is acclaimed internationally. The folk culture of gombhira is a feature of the district, being a unique way of representation of joy and sorrow of daily life of the common people, as well as the unique medium of presentation on national and international matters. According to the National Investigation Agency Malda is believed to be a hub of a fake currency racket. It is reported that 90 per cent of the fake currency that enters India originates in Malda.District headquarters is English Bazar, also known as Malda, which was once the capital of Bengal. The district maintains the traditions of the past in culture and education. Old Malda, the town which lies just east of the confluence of the Mahananda and Kalindi rivers, is part of the English Bazar metropolitan city. The town rose to prominence as the river port of the old capital of Pandua. During the 18th century it was the seat of prosperous cotton and silk industries. It remains an important distributing centre for rice, jute, and wheat. The area between the historical monument of Jame Masjid (1566) and the landmark of Nimasarai tower across the river Mahananda, constituted a municipality in 1867. Rice, jute, legumes, and oilseed are the chief crops in the surrounding area. Malda is the largest producer of excellent quality of jute in India. Mulberry plantations and mango orchards occupy large areas; mango trade and silk manufacture are the main economic activities. The Independence Day of Malda is 17 August 1947.

Mausam Noor

Mausam Benazir Noor (born 15 October 1979) is an Indian advocate and politician who has been a Member of Lok Sabha for Maldaha Uttar since 2009.

Noor hails from a political family of Malda, West Bengal. Her uncle A. B. A. Ghani Khan Choudhury has served as Minister of Railways in the Third Indira Gandhi Ministry. She studied at La Martiniere Calcutta and received a law degree from Calcutta University. After her mother Rubi Noor (the then incumbent Member of Legislative Assembly of West Bengal for Sujapur constituency) had died in 2008, Mausam entered politics. In early 2009, she was elected to the Legislative Assembly from the same constituency and in May she was elected to the Lok Sabha. Noor was elected president of the West Bengal Youth Congress in 2011. Two years later, she was elected president of the Congress party's Malda district unit. In January 2019, she switched to Trinamool Congress party after her proposal of an electoral alliance with the party for the 2019 general election was turned down by the Pradesh Congress Committee.

Nizamuddin Auliya

Syed Muhammad Nizamuddin Auliya (Urdu: محمد نظام الدّین اولیاء‬‎‎; sometimes spelled Awliya; 1238 – 3 April 1325), also known as Hazrat Nizamuddin, and Mahbub-e-Ilahi (Urdu: محبوب ء الاھی ‬‎ lit. "Beloved of God") was a Sufi saint of the Chishti Order and unarguably one of the most famous Sufis on the Indian Subcontinent. His predecessors were Fariduddin Ganjshakar, Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki, and Moinuddin Chishti. In that sequence, they constitute the initial spiritual chain or silsila of the Chishti order, widely prevalent in the Indian subcontinent.

Nizamuddin Auliya, like his predecessors, stressed love as a means of realising God. For him his love of God implied a love of humanity. His vision of the world was marked by a highly evolved sense of religious pluralism and kindness. It is claimed by the 14th century historiographer Ziauddin Barani that his influence on the Muslims of Delhi was such that a paradigm shift was effected in their outlook towards worldly matters. People began to be inclined towards mysticism and prayers and remaining aloof from the world.

Rubi Noor

Rubi Noor (12 August 1945 – 10 July 2008) was a Bengali politician, four-time MLA and younger sister of A. B. A. Ghani Khan Choudhury and mother of Maldaha Uttar M.P Mausam Noor.

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