Malatya Province (Turkish: Malatya ili) is a province of Turkey. It is part of a larger mountainous area. The capital of the province is Malatya (in Hittite: Milid or Maldi, meaning "city of honey"). Malatya is famous for its apricots. The area of Malatya province is 12,313 km². Malatya Province had a population of 853,658 according to the results of 2000 census, whereas in 2010 it had a population of 740,643. The provincial center, the city of Malatya, has a population of 426,381 (2010).
Location of Malatya Province in Turkey
|Region||Central East Anatolia|
|• Electoral district||Malatya|
|• Total||12,313 km2 (4,754 sq mi)|
|• Density||65/km2 (170/sq mi)|
Malatya is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.
Malatya province is divided into 14 districts (capital district in bold):
Arapgir (Armenian: Արաբկիր) is a town and district of Malatya Province, Turkey. As of 2000 it had a population of 17,070 people. It is situated at the confluence of the eastern and western Euphrates river, but some miles from the right bank of the combined streams. Arapgir is connected with Sivas by a chaussée, prolonged to the Euphrates river. The present town was built in the mid-19th century, but about 2 miles north-east is the old town, now called Eskişehir ("old city" in Turkish). Its current mayor is Haluk Cömertoğlu (AKP).Battalgazi
Battalgazi, (Kurdish: Melediya kevn), is a town and district of Malatya Province of Turkey. The mayor is Selahattin Gürkan (AKP).
Formerly named Eskimalatya (Old Malatya), the center town corresponds to the previous location of Malatya city, at a distance of 20 km from the modern day urban center and provincial seat of Malatya. The town was renamed in honor of Battal Gazi.Battalgazi Bridge
The Battalgazi Bridge (Turkish: Battalgazi Köprüsü), also known as the Euphrates Railway Bridge (Turkish: Fırat Demiryolu Köprüsü), is a 2,030 m (6,660 ft) long railway bridge spanning the Euphrates river in eastern Turkey, located about 27 km (17 mi) northeast of Malatya.
The structure was built between 1981-86 by the Turkish State Railways, on the Fevzipaşa-Kurtalan railway, as a replacement for an older bridge, opened in 1935, which was flooded with the construction of the Karakaya Dam. The bridge was the longest bridge in Turkey from 1986 to 2007, when it was surpassed by the Bornova Viaduct in Izmir; and the longest railway bridge until 2008, when surpassed by the Sakarya Viaduct. Currently, it is the 7th longest bridge in the country and 2nd longest railway bridge.Boztepe Dam (Malatya)
Boztepe Dam is a dam in Malatya Province, Turkey, built between 1994 and 2002. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.Cafer Höyük
Cafer Hoyuk or Cafer Höyük is an archaeological site located around 40 kilometres (25 mi) northeast of Malatya, Turkey in the Euphrates valley. It was inhabited over ten thousand years ago during the Neolithic revolution.Construction of the Karakaya Dam has flooded the northeast of the tell mound. Rescue excavations were carried out by the French National Scientific Research Centre (CNRS) under Jacques Cauvin between 1979 and 1986. Finds at the site were dated to the Paleolithic, Pre-Pottery Neolithic, Pottery Neolithic, Early Bronze Age along with a few Medieval finds. Building techniques at the site were seen to be similar to those used at Cayonu with a rectangular mud-brick structures with three rooms called by Cauvin the "cell-plan" phase. Engravings of the shoulders of bulls on the walls of a house were indicative of animalism similar to that found at Catal Hoyuk. The first evidence of domesticated cereals appears shortly before this stage. Livestock farming was not evidenced at this level but developed later in the PPNB. Features of the tell mound have been suggested to indicate male and female fertility features. Votive figurines were also found during excavations that were suggested to be male Gods.The "old period" of the settlement shows a predominant use of flint for tools but in the "middle period" obsidian becomes increasingly prevalent. The "new period" evidences use of around 90% obsidian. Skeletons were also unearthed including those of two children. A skeleton of a pet dog was found evidencing hunting of rabbits along with larger animals in the first stage such as wild boar, roe deer, foxes and other prey. Sheep and goats are both hunted and a very small number of bear and panther bones were also discovered. Findings indicated that larger prey was hunted in later stages.Wild emmer and einkorn wheat were found in the first layers of excavation. Wheat, barley, lentils and peas were found cultivated along with wild varieties in later levels. Silos for storing grain were also found at these levels. The first layers of the excavations showed evidence of wild emmer and einkorn wheat. It was shown from the findings that these two cereals were taken into cultivation first, followed by the lentils, peas and vetch and afterwards barley. This evidence led Willem van Zeist to suggest that domesticated crops did not enter the area around the Taurus mountains and Northern Syria until the middle of the PPNB.Cauvin drew detailed designs of the various settlement construction phases and dated the "old period" to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B with c14 dates of around 8450-7180 BCE. More recent calibrations have pushed the dating of the earliest levels back as far as 8920 BCE.Erkenek Tunnel
Erkenek Tunnel (Turkish: Erkenek Tüneli), is a road tunnel in Malatya province, eastern Turkey opened in 2017 connecting Eastern Anatolia region with the Mediterranean Region.
Erkenek Tunnel is situated on the highway D.850 between Doğanşehir in Malatya Province and Gölbaşı in Adıyaman Province, west of Erkenek village. It connects Eastern Anatolia with the Mediterranean Region bypassing the Erkenek Pass, which made the heavy truck traffic difficult during the winter season. It is a twin-tube tunnel with a length of 1,816 m (5,958 ft).Construction of the tunnel began in 2011.As insufficient soil survey and boring works caused mass wasting and subsidence, it lasted six years due to additional ground reinforcement works. The cost of construction is 253 million (approx. US$ 72 million. The opening of the tunnel took place in presence of Minister of Transport, Maritime and Communication Ahmet Arslan, Minister of Customs and Trade Bülent Tüfenkci and some other high-ranked local officials on 28 May 2017.Hekimhan
Hekimhan, (Kurdish: Hekîmxan), is a district of Malatya Province of Turkey. The mayor is Aliseidi Millioğulları (CHP). It is located in the upper Euphrates in Eastern Anatolia. Hekimhan is also located on the ancient silk road. The district population is 25,629. It is known for its mineral resources such as iron, chrome, dolomite, and torium, and was famous for its thin-shelled walnut. The famous apricots of Malatya are still widely raised in the district. Hekimhan is 1,075 m above sea level. The highest point in Hekimhan is Zurbahan mountain (2,091 m). Taşhan caravanserai (constructed by the Seljuk Turks), a Turkish bath and a mosque built by the Ottomans are some notable historical structures in the town. Hekimhan is also the birthplace of several famous politicians, singers, poets, writers, and other notorious figures such as Mehmet Ali Ağca.List of populated places in Malatya Province
Below is the list of populated places in Malatya Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.Malatya (electoral district)
Malatya is an electoral district of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. It elects six members of parliament (deputies) to represent the province of the same name for a four-year term by the D'Hondt method, a party-list proportional representation system.Malatya Erhaç Airport
Malatya Airport (Turkish: Malatya Havalimanı) (IATA: MLX, ICAO: LTAT) is a military and public airport in Malatya, Turkey. The airport, opened in 1941, is located 34 km (21 mi) from Malatya.Malatya Museum
Malatya Museum is a museum in Malatya, Turkey
The museum faces Kernek square in Malatya at 38°20′36″N 38°19′26″E
Although a smaller museum was established in 1971, the present museum building was opened in 1979.
Majority of the items in the museum are from various excavations like Arslantepe (Melid), Pirot, Caferhöyük, Köşkerbaba, İmamoğlu and Değirmentepe. There are also some items which are found during the construction of Karakaya Dam. These are from neolithic, chalcolithic, bronze Age, Hittites, Urartu, Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Anatolian Seljuks, Anatolian Beyliks and the Ottoman Empire eras.
Some of the more important items in the museum are the following:
Neolithic sculptures (dated to B.C. 8000) from Caferhöyük excavations
Early Bronze Age swords (dated to B.C. 3200-3800) from Arslantepe excavations
Human tomb (dated to B.C. 4000) from Arslantepe excavationsMedik Dam
Medik Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.Melid
Melid (Hittite: Malidiya and possibly also Midduwa; Akkadian: Meliddu; Urartian: Melitea; Latin: Melitene) was an ancient city on the Tohma River, a tributary of the upper Euphrates rising in the Taurus Mountains. It has been identified with modern archaeological site Arslantepe near Malatya, Turkey.Polat Dam
Polat Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.Pütürge
Pütürge (Kurdish: Şêro or Mirûn, is a district of Malatya Province of Turkey. The mayor is Mehmet Polat (AKP).Sultansuyu Dam
Sultansuyu Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.Sürgü Dam
Sürgü Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.Yoncalı Dam
Yoncalı Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.Çat Dam
The Çat Dam is an embankment dam on the Abdülharap River, located near Çelikhan in Adıyaman Province, Turkey. Constructed between 1985 and 2002, the development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works. The purpose of the dam is irrigation and it provides water for up to 21,464 ha (53,039 acres) of land.
Malatya Province of Turkey
Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.
Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.