Maidan Shar (Pashto: میدان ښار Maidān Shār/Maidān Khār; Persian: میدان شهر), also Maidan Shahr or simply Maidan, is the capital of Maidan Wardak Province in central Afghanistan. Its population was estimated to be 35,008 in 2003, of which 85% are Pashtuns, and a smaller number of Hazaras and Tajiks forming the rest.
Location in Afghanistan
|Province||Maidan Wardak Province|
|• City||345 km2 (133 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,225 m (7,300 ft)|
|• Density||7.0/km2 (18/sq mi)|
|• Urban||14,265 |
With a cold and temperate climate, Maidan Shar features a cool-summer humid continental climate (Dsb) under the Köppen climate classification. It has cool, dry summers and cold, snowy winters. The average temperature in Maidan Shar is 8.8 °C, while the annual precipitation averages 373 mm.
July is the warmest month of the year with an average temperature of 21.2 °C. The coldest month January has an average temperature of -6.4 °C.
|Climate data for Maidan Shar|
|Average high °C (°F)||−0.3
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−6.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−12.5
Maidan Shar is an urban village located 40km west of Kabul.  The majority of the land is not occupied or utilized with barren land and vacant plots combining for 81% of total land use.  Institutional land is the second largest built-up land use (22%).  Residential dwellings are concentrated in Districts 1 and 2.v` 
Maidan Shar is located in the north eastern part of Maidan Wardak Province, Afghanistan. It is surrounded by Arghandeh and Paghman mountains of Kabul Province, Jalrez and Nirkh districts of Maidan Wardak Province.
It has an area of 345 km2, its elevation above sea level is 2225 meters.
The district consists of 59 main villages and 1 sub-village.
The majority of people in Maidan Shar are engaged in agriculture, livestock, gardening and trade. The overall economical status of the people of Maidan Shar is poor.
By the end of 2008, there were a total of 14 schools serving approximately 9268 students. There were around 275 teachers teaching in these schools.
Argahandab District is a district of Zabul Province, Afghanistan.Atghar District
Atghar District is a district of Zabul Province in southern Afghanistan. It had a population of about 8,400 in 2013. It is within the heartland of the Tokhi tribe of Ghilji Pashtuns.Campaign against Sultan Masudi Hazaras
After the conquest of Kabul, Babur had imposed a large contribution of horses and sheep on the Sultan Masudi Hazaras and sent collectors to receive it. However, his collectors returned unsuccessful. The Hazaras refused to pay as they did not recognize Babur as their legitimate sovereign. Several times before they had been guilty of depredations on the roads of Ghazni and Gardez. Babur decided to subdue the Hazaras in what is now Maidan Wardak Province of Afghanistan.
Babur took the field for the purpose of falling on them by surprise and having advanced by way of Maidan Shar he cleared the pass of Nirkh District by night and by the time of Fajr prayers, fell upon the Hazaras in the territory of Chatu and defeated them. He then levied the taxes on them and returned by way of Sang Surakh. Jahangir Mirza II took leave to go to Ghazni while Babur returned to Kabul.Highway 1 (Afghanistan)
Highway 1 or A01, formally called the Ring Road (Pashto: د افغانستان حلقوي سړک; Dari: شاهراه حلقوی افغانستان), is an ancient 2,200 kilometres (1,400 mi) two-lane road network circulating inside Afghanistan, connecting the following major cities (clockwise): Kabul, Maidan Shar, Ghazni, Kandahar, Delaram, Herat, Sheberghan, Mazari Sharif, and Puli Khumri. Originally built and renovated by the Mauryan Empire, it was a part of the Grand Trunk Road project and well documented by Greek and Buddhist sources in the 4th century BCE. It was renovated many times, by Sher Shah Suri, Mughal Empire and the British Empire. It has extensions that also connect Jalalabad, Bamyan, Khost, Lashkargah, Zaranj (Route 66), Islam Qala, and Kunduz. It is part of AH1, the longest route of the Asian Highway Network.
Part of Highway 1 has been refurbished since late 2003, particularly the Kabul–Kandahar Highway, with funds provided by the United States, Saudi Arabia and others. Most work on that stretch was done by Turkish, Indian and local companies. Japanese companies were also involved near the southern Afghan province of Kandahar. In the west, Iran participated in the two-lane road construction between Islam Qala and the western Afghan city of Herat. Pakistan rebuilt the Jalalabad–Kabul Road.Jalrez District
Jalrez (Pashto/Dari: جلرېز) is a district in the west of Maidan Shar, Maidan Wardak Province, Afghanistan.Kabul District
Kabul District is a district of Kabul Province, Afghanistan. The seat lies at Kabul.Kabul–Kandahar Highway
The Kabul–Kandahar Highway is a 483-kilometer (300 mi) road linking Afghanistan's two largest cities, Kabul and Kandahar, passing through Maidan Shar, Saydabad, Ghazni, and Qalati Ghilji. This highway is a key portion of Afghanistan's national road system or "Ring Road". The entire highway from Kandahar to Kabul is on flat surface, with no mountain passes. Approximately 35 percent of Afghanistan's population lives within 50 km (31 mi) of the Kabul to Kandahar portion of the Ring Road.Khadir District
Khadir or Khedir (Persian: خدیر) is a district in Daykundi Province, Afghanistan. It was created in 2005 from Daykundi district. Its capital Khadir is situated at 2,466 m altitude.List of cricket grounds in Afghanistan
This is a list of cricket grounds in Afghanistan. The Afghan national cricket team does not play its home matches inside Afghanistan due to the ongoing security situation and the lack of international standard facilities.
The President of the Afghanistan Cricket Board, Omar Zakhilwal, announced in October 2010 that the government plan aimed at constructing 10 stadiums and establishing up to 15 cricket academies.Maidan Shar District
Maydan Shahr is a district in the east of Wardak Province, Afghanistan. Its population was estimated at 121,531 in 2002, consisting of about 85% Pashtuns and 14% Tajiks, with a few Hazara families. The district centre is Maydan Shahr.Maidan Wardak Province
Wardak Province (Pashto: د وردگ ولايت, Persian: ولایت وردک), also called Wardag or simply Wardak Province, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central region of Afghanistan. It is divided into eight districts and has a population of approximately 567,600. The capital of the province is Maidan Shar, while the most populous district in the province is Saydabad District. The name of the province is only Wardak according to Afghan constitution and IDLG approved documentsMiramor District
Miramor (Persian: میرامور) is a district in Daykundi Province, Afghanistan. It was created in 2005 from Shahristan district.Mizan District
Mizan is a district of Zabul Province in southern Afghanistan. It has a population of about 13,400 as of 2013.Musa Hotak
Musa Hotak is an Afghan military leader and politician from Maidan Shar of Wardak Province.
He and his brother Ghulan Mohammed Hotak played prominent roles in the resistance to the Soviet occupation. They were not original members of the Taliban, but joined it when it was gaining power during the civil war that followed the overthrow of the communist regime.
Musa Hotak is reported to have been the Taliban deputy planning minister.On June 14, 2004 Islam Online described Musa Hotak as one of the weaker warlords, with only 100 fighters.
Its report attributes Hotak's recent surrender of his weapons, and the demobilization of his fighters, because he: "...had little choice, since the forces under his command were not very powerful and because Wardak’s proximity to Kabul places it both under the spotlight and within the reach of government security forces."
Musa Hotak was a member of the Afghan Constitutional Loya Jirga in 2003,
He ran for office in the Loya Jirga in 2005, once the Constitution had been ratified.Puli Hisar District
Puli Hisar or Pul-e-Hesar is a district in Baghlan Province, Afghanistan. It was created in 2005 from part of Andarab District.Shamulzayi District
Shamulzayi District is a district of Zabul Province in southern Afghanistan. It has a population of about 25,100 as of 2013.Sher Alam Ibrahimi
Hajii Sher Alam Ibrahimi was the governor of Ghazni Province from around 2005–2006 until 2007 and is a major commander aligned with Ittihad-i Islami and Abdul Rasul Sayyaf, having fought with him in the Afghan Civil War.
During the fighting in Kabul in 1992, it was reported that Alem was captured by Hezb-e Wahdat forces. Although he was released, his bodyguard was shot, leading to retaliatory fighting. In the lead-up to the Afshar Operation, Alem was reported to have been present at both the major meeting with Ahmad Shah Massoud as well as the meeting with Sayyaf the following day, in which the operation was planned. At that time some of his subcommanders included Commander Naqibuddin in Qala-i Qazi and Commander Hafiz in Shakar Dara.
In November 2001, Shir led a failed Northern Alliance attack against a Taliban stronghold in Maidan Shar, Wardak Province. After the fall of the Tailban, he became the commander of the First army Corps until early 2005.
Currently, Shir has been listed as one of the most powerful commanders in Paghman district in Kabul province, where he has control over all the checkpoints. In mid-2005 he was a parliamentary candidate.
In 2005, Alam turned over hundreds of mt of arms to the government including RPGs and other weapons.On June 29, 2005, Alam was appointed as the Governor of Ghazni province. As with many politicians with roots in the country's violent past, Alam is a source of controversy. His campaigners were accused of threats and intimidation during the 2005 Afghan election and in 2006 he was one of a number of Sayyaf's allies to be accused of appropriating land near Kabul.In September 2006, hundreds of residents of Paghman District in Kabul Province accused him and his commanders of stealing land and protested for the government to intervene. The protesters were joined by some commanders, including Commander Abdul Ghafar. Alam denied the charges.
Alam has also been associated with Tanzim-e-Dawat-e-Islami. In 2006, he survived a Taliban attack on his life.Shinkay District
Shinkay District is a district of Zabul Province in southern Afghanistan. It has a population of about 22,900 as of 2013. It contains the town of Ẕāmi Kalay.Wor Mamay District
Wor Mamay District is a district of Paktika Province, Afghanistan.