Mahamrityunjaya Mantra

The Rudra Mantra or Mahamrityunjaya Mantra (Sanskrit: महामृत्युंजय मंत्र or महामृत्युञ्जय मन्त्र, mahāmṛtyuṃjaya mantra or mahāmṛtyuñjaya mantra, lit. "Great Death-conquering Mantra"), also known as the Tryambakam Mantra, is a verse (sūkta) of the Rigveda (RV 7.59.12). The sūkta is addressed to Tryambaka, "The Three-eyed One", an epithet of Rudra. It is identified with Shiva.[1][2] The verse also recurs in the Yajurveda (TS 1.8.6.i; VS 3.60).[1]

Shiva
Raja Ravi Varma, Markandeya
Raja Ravi Varma's Kalantaka depiction
AffiliationShiva victory over death

The mantra

The Mahamrityunjaya Mantra reads:

ॐ त्र्यं॑बकं यजामहे सु॒गन्धिं॑ पुष्टि॒वर्ध॑नम् ।
उ॒र्वा॒रु॒कमि॑व॒ बन्ध॑नान् मृ॒त्योर् मुक्षीय॒ माऽमृता॑त् ।
[3]
oṃ tryaṃbakaṃ yajāmahe sugandhiṃ puṣṭivardhanam
urvārukamiva bandhanān mṛtyor mukṣīya mā'mṛtāt
[4]

Word-by-word meaning of the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is as follows:[4][5]

त्रि + अम्बकम् tri + ambakam = "three + eye"
  • यजामहे yajāmahe = "we worship, we sacrifice" (1st person plural present indicative ātmanepada of yaj)
  • सुगन्धिम् sugandhim = "the fragrant, the virtuous, the supreme being" (accusative case),
  • पुष्टिवर्धनम् puṣṭi + vardhanam = "the bestower of nourishment, wealth, perfection" (compound word, accusative case), literally "him who possesses the growth of nourishment"
पुष्टि puṣṭi = "nourishment, increase, wealth, perfection"
वर्धन vardhana = "increase, growth"
  • उर्वारुकम् urvārukam = "fruit, a kid of cucumber" (neuter, nominativ case);
  • इव iva = "as"
in devanagari written together as उर्वारुकमिव urvārukamiva
  • बन्धनान् bandhanān = "from bondage, from the stalk/stem" (ablative case, the ending is actually -āt, which changes to -ān because of sandhi)
Note: bandhanāt here means "from the stem". Thus, read with urvārukam iva, "as a fruit from the stem"; the etymologically prior meaning of "from bondage" resonates here as the fruit is a simile for the worshipper being released from the bondage of death, see below.
  • मृत्योः mṛtyoḥ = "from death" (ablative case from mṛtyuḥ)
  • मुक्षीय mukṣīya = "may I be freed/released" (1st person singular present optative ātmanepada of the root muc-)
by sandhi, the last two words become मृत्योर्मुक्षीय mṛtyormukṣīya
  • माऽमृतात् mā 'mṛtāt = "not () from immortality (amṛtāt)" (ablative case from amṛtam): negative particle is also constructed together with mukṣīya.
the last two words become माऽमृतात् mā-amṛtāt

Origin

According to a legend, Rishi Markandeya was the only one on the earth who knew this mantra. The Moon was once in trouble, when cursed by King Daksha. Rishi Markandeya gave the Mahamritryunjaya Mantra to Sati, Daksha's daughter, for the Moon. According to another version this is the Bija mantra as revealed to Rishi Kahola that was given by Lord Shiva to sage Sukracharya, who taught it to Rishi Dadhichi, who gave it to King Kshuva, through whom it reached the Shiva Purana.[6]

This mantra is also called the Rudra mantra, referring to the furious aspect of Shiva; the Tryambakam mantra, alluding to Shiva's three eyes; and it is sometimes known as the Mrita-Sanjivini mantra (lit., "Reviver of the dead") because it is a component of the "life-restoring" practice given to the primordial sage Śukracharya after he had completed an exhausting period of austerity. Its Devata (patron deity) is Rudra, i.e., Shiva in his fiercest and most destructive roopa or aspect. In the Vedas it finds its place in three texts - a) the Rig veda VII.59.12, b) the Yajur Veda III.60, and c) the Atharva Veda XIV.1.17.[7]

Significance

It is said to be beneficial for mental, emotional and physical health[8] and to be a moksha mantra which bestows longevity and immortality.[9]

According to some puranas, the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra has been used by many rishis as well as Sati during the time when Chandra suffered from the curse of Prajapati Daksha. By reciting this mantra, the effect of the curse of Daksha, which could make him die, slowed, and Shiva then took Chandra and placed it upon his head.

This mantra is addressed to Shiva for warding off untimely death.[10] It is also chanted while smearing Vibhuti over various parts of the Body and utilised in Japa or Homa (havan) to get desired results. While its energy protects and guides the initiates a mantra re-links consciousness to its deeper and more abiding nature and repetition of the mantra constitutes Japa, the practice of which develops concentration that leads to a transformation of awareness. Whereas the Gayatri Mantra is meant for purification and spiritual guidance, the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is meant for healing rejuvenation and nurturance.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra meaning, significance, audio
  2. ^ Mrityunjaya Mantra- Victory over Death Archived 17 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ https://archive.org/stream/RgVedaWithSayanasCommentaryPart3/rv_sayanabhasya_part3#page/n501/mode/2up
  4. ^ a b http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rvsan/rv07059.htm
  5. ^ http://www.mahamrityunjayamantra.co.in/mahamrityunjaya-mantra-electromagnetic-cosmic-energy-lets-know
  6. ^ "Mahamrityunjaya Mantra". Archived from the original on 17 March 2011.
  7. ^ Swami Vibhooti Saraswati. "Mahamrityunjaya Mantra-Door into Eternal Life".
  8. ^ "Mahamrityunjaya Mantra".
  9. ^ Vishnu Devanand. Meditations and Mantras:An Authoritative Text. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. p. 63.
  10. ^ David Frawley. Mantra Yoga and Primal Sound. Lotus Press. p. 158.
  11. ^ Rolf Sovik. Moving Inward:The Journey to Meditation. Himalayan Institute Press. p. 162.
Baneshwar

Baneshwar is a temple of Shiva located in the village of Nasarapur about 36 km southwest of Pune. It is a pleasant and calm place amidst a jungle. It was recently discovered and hence declared as a small bird sanctuary hosting a decent amount of rare birds with many crowned hornbills seen.

Harihar Dham

Harihar Dham temple, commonly known as Harihar Dham located in Giridih, Jharkhand has the distinction of having the biggest Shivalinga in the world.

Japa

Japa (Sanskrit: जप) is the meditative repetition of a mantra or a divine name. It is a practice found in Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism, Buddhism, and in Shintō.

The mantra or name may be spoken softly, enough for the practitioner to hear it, or it may be spoken within the reciter's mind. Japa may be performed while sitting in a meditation posture, while performing other activities, or as part of formal worship in group settings.

Karpuragauram Karunavtaaram

Karpur Gauram Karunavtaaram is an ancient Sanskrit Shloka related to Lord Shiva, and a popular aarti in Shaivism.

Kemadruma yoga

Kemadruma yoga, is one of the most important Yogas formed by Moon. According to Varahmihir, this Yoga is formed when one house in front and back from the Moon are vacant. In other words, the second and the twelfth house from the Moon should be vacant so that this Yoga can be formed. This Yoga is not at all inauspicious as believed by the astrologers in the modern times. A person should not be afraid of this Yoga at all. In fact it provides strong power to a person to face all sorts of struggles in life so that he may excel and achieve success. People with this Yoga are generally seen to be excellent Generals, Ministers, Councillors, Advisors, Teachers, Professors, Coaches and highly paid & in-demand consultants. The general idea is that they may not be in 'one opinion within' for their own life but are the best people to seek advice from. For example: A person with this Yoga may not be a great soccer player being an average implementer however due to the deep knowledge of technique might guide someone to become one of the best soccer players in the Century. Most phenomenal Astrologers who have contributed to groundbreaking discoveries were born with this Yoga. It is believed that people with such type of a planetary setting, when once channelize their energy and calm the chattering mind either with meditation, yoga, mantra recitation, etc. - they can learn and store 'the entire knowledge available to humanity ever' which is what had made them great advisors & gurus throughout the history. A key distinguishing factor in such individuals is that they are theoretical gurus of all trades but average or below average implementers of that knowledge. These individuals when clubbed with an equally good implementer (who readily accepts 'a person with this Yoga' as his teacher), results in a highly successful union which is an unstoppable team in every aspect.

How is Kemdaruma Yoga formed

Kemadruma Yoga is formed if the second and twelfth house from the Moon are vacant. It is also formed when the Moon is not aspected by an auspicious planet or is not in association with an auspicious planet. Rahu and Ketu are not analyzed when we talk about Kemadruma Yoga.

There is a misconception about Kemadruma yoga that it provides a person with a troubled life. Hence, many astrologers believe this yoga to be inauspicious. This notion is not totally true. People born in Kemadruma yoga do well in their profession. They also receive respect and appreciation in their field of work. Usually, astrologers in modern times only talk about the inauspicious effects of this yoga. But, if they start talking about the auspicious results too, people would know that due to the presence of some yogas, Kemadruma yoga is converted into Raj yoga. Therefore, while analyzing a person’s natal chart, it is important to observe the yogas which neutralise Kemadruma yoga.

Cancellation of Kemadruma Yoga

According to some shastras, if there is a planet conjunct, or in the second, twelfth or ninth houses from the Moon, Kemadruma yoga is cancelled. Kemadruma yoga is also cancelled if Moon is in the sign of an auspicious planet. Mercury, Jupiter and Venus are considered to be auspicious planets and confer such results.

Remedies for Kemadruma Yoga

Remedies may help in decreasing the effects of Kemadruma Yoga. Remedies also increase the auspicious effects of Kemdruma Yoga. These are :

Fast on the day of Purnima for four consecutive years. Begin this fast from a Purnima which is on Monday or from the day of Chitra nakshatra when it is on Monday.

Visit a temple on Mondays and pour a cow’s milk on Shivalinga and worship lord Shiva. Worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Recite ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ with a Rudraksha mala.

Keep a Dakshinavarti shell in the house and read Sri Suktam regularly. Keep water in this shell and pour it on an idol of Goddess Lakshmi. Wear a Sri Yantra made of silver with a pearl in it.

Chant Mahamrityunjaya mantra 108 times on your birthday.

List of Shiva shrines in Kanyakumari district

The Sivalayams are 12 Saivite shrines in Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu, India. On the day of Sivarathri, the devotees go on a marathon from Thirumalai, the first Sivalayam, to the last, Thirunattalam.

The Sivalayam Temples are

Thirumalai

Thikkurichi

Thiruparappu

Thirunanthikkarai

Ponmanai

Pannippagam

Kallkkulam

Melancode

Thiruvidaicode

Thiruvithamkode

Thiruppanticode

Thirunattalam

Mrityunjay

Mrityunjay may refer to

Mahamrityunjaya Mantra

Mrityunjay: The Jnanpith Award-winning 1979 Assamese novel by Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya

The Marathi novel by Shivaji Sawant

Mrityunjay (TV series), a 1996 television series directed by Dr. Chandraprakash Dwivedi based on Sawant's novel

Om Namah Shivaya

Om Namah Shivaya (Devanagari: ॐ नमः शिवाय; IAST: Om Namaḥ Śivāya) is one of the most popular Hindu Mantra and the most important mantra in Shaivism. Namah Shivaya means "O salutations to the auspicious one!", or “adoration to Lord Shiva", or "universal consciousness is one". It is called Siva Panchakshara, or Shiva Panchakshara or simply Panchakshara meaning the "five-syllable" mantra (viz., excluding the Om) and is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is a holy salutation to Lord Shiva. This Mantra appears as 'Na' 'Ma' 'Śi' 'Vā' and 'Ya' in the Shri Rudram hymn which is a part of the Krishna Yajurveda and also in the Rudrashtadhyayi which is a part of the Shukla Yajurveda.

Pashupata Shaivism

Pashupata Shaivism (Pāśupata, Sanskrit: पाशुपत) is the oldest of the major Shaivite Hindu schools. There is a debate about pioneership of this school and Goan school of Nakulish darshan believes that Nakulish was pioneer and Lakulish and Patanjalinath were his disciples while Gujrat school believes that Nakulish and Lakulish are one. Sarwdarshansangrah written by Madhavachary mentiones it as "Nakulish Darshan" not as "Lakulish Darshan". Both sub schools are still active in their own areas. The philosophy of the Pashupata sect was systematized by Lakulīśa also called Nakulīśa) in the 2nd century A.D. The main texts of the school are Pāśupatasūtra with Kauṇḍinya's Pañcārthabhāṣya, and Gaṇakārikā with Bhāsarvajña's Ratnaṭīkā. Both texts were discovered only in the twentieth century. Prior to that, the major source of information on this sect was a chapter devoted to it in Vidyāraṇya's Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha.

Pradosha

Pradosha or Pradosham (IAST: Pradoṣa) is a bimonthly occasion on the thirteenth day of every fortnight in the Hindu calendar. It is closely connected with the worship of Hindu god Shiva. The auspicious 3 hour period, 1.5 hours before and after the sunset is one of the optimum time for worship of Lord Shiva. The fast or vow performed during the period is called "Pradosha vrata". A devotee should wear rudraksha, Vibhuti and worship Lord Shiva by abisheka, sandal paste, vilva leaves, fragrance, deepa and naivaedyaas (food offerings).

Pāśa

Pāśa (Sanskrit: पाश, romanized: pāśa, lit. "bondage", "fetter") is one of the three main components considered in Shaivism. It is defined as whole of the existence, manifest and unmanifest. According to Shaiva Siddhanta, Pati (the supreme being), Pashu (atmans) and Pasha are eternal, self-consistent, neither distinguishable nor indivisible triad in the nature.

Rudrashtakam

Shri Rudrashtakam (Sanskrit: श्री रुद्राष्टकम्, Rudrāṣṭakam) is a Sanskrit composition in devotion of Rudra, composed by the Hindu Bhakti poet Tulsidas (Sanskrit: तुलसीदास). Tulsidas composed this eulogy in the late fifteenth century in Uttar Pradesh in India and created many other literary pieces including the magnum opus Ram Charit Manas.

The devotional hymn "Rudrashtakam" appears in the Uttara Kand of the celebrated Ram Charit Manas, where Lomash Rishi composed the hymn to propitiate Lord Shiva. His main purpose was to set his pupil free from the curse of Shiva. He succeeded and asked also a second boon (devotion for himself). His pupil would be the bird ' Kaga-Bhusundi' in a next life, a devotee of Shri Rama and an excellent teller of the life story of Shri Rama.

The Ashtakam is in reverence to Rudra, though the context pertains to the Shiva, the post-Vedic transformation of Rudra. It is arguable that the distinction between Rudra and Shiva was already lost by the time of Tulsidas.

The Rudrashtakam is lucid and simple in style and plays an instrumental role in the Shaiva traditions.

Shiva Mahimna Stotra

Shiva Mahimna Stotra (Sanskrit: शिवमहिम्न:स्तोत्र, romanized: śiva-mahimnah stotra, lit. 'Hymn about the greatness of Shiva') is a Sanskrit composition (Stotra) in devotion of Shiva that is believed has been authored by a gandharva (heavenly being) named Pushpadanta.

Shiva Tandava Stotra

Shiva Tandava Stotra (Sanskrit: शिवताण्डवस्तोत्र, romanized: śiva-tāṇḍava-stotra) is a stotra (Hindu hymn) that describes Shiva's power and beauty. It is traditionally attributed to Ravana, the asura King of Lanka and devotee of Shiva.

Shivarahasya Purana

Shivarahasya Purana (Sanskrit: शिव रहस्य पुराण; IAST: śiva rahasya purāṇa) is one of the 'Shaiva Upapuranas' or ancillary Purana regarding Shiva and Shaivite worship and is also considered 'Indian epic poetry' (Sanskrit: Itihāsa).

The book is dedicated to detailed explanation of Shaivite thoughts, rituals and religious myths. The manuscripts are found in various ancient literature. However, to date there has been no critical study of these manuscripts. It is one of the first few works of the acclaimed Saint Ribhu, who was taught by Shiva himself.

The book consists of twelve parts and has about one hundred thousand verses.The Kannada translation of the book was published in 30 volumes in 1950.

Shri Rudram

Shri Rudram (Sanskrit: श्रीरुद्रम्, romanized: śrī-rudram), is a Vedic mantra or chant in homage to Rudra (an epithet of Shiva) taken from the Krishna Yajurveda's Taittiriya Samhita (TS 4.5, 4.7). It comprises two parts, the Namakam and Chamakam. Chamakam (Sanskrit: चमकम्) is added by scriptural tradition to the Shri Rudram. Shri Rudram is also known as Śri Rudrapraśna, Śatarudrīya, and Rudradhyaya. The text is important in Shaivism where Shiva is viewed as God. The hymn is an early example of enumerating the names of a deity.Shri Rudram is also famous for its mention of the Shaivite holy mantra Namah Shivaya, which appears in the text of the Śatarudrīya in the eighth anuvaka of Taittiriya Samhita (TS 4.5.8.1).. It also contains the mantra Aum namah bhagavate rudraya and the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra.

Siddha Siddhanta

Siddha Siddhanta is one of the six main Shaivite philosophical traditions. It is also known as Gorakshanatha Saivism after its founding Guru Gorakhnath.

Tirupperunturai

Tirupperunthurai (also called the Athmanathaswamy temple) is located in Avudaiyarkoil. It is a Shaiva temple situated near Aranthangi in the Pudukkottai district of Tamil Nadu. One of the sacred books of Tamil Saiva Siddhanta, Manikkavasagar's Tiruvacakam, originated from this shrine. Manikkavasagar is said to have converted the king to the religion of Shiva and built the temple with money that had been intended for war-horses.

Vibhuti

In Hinduism, Vibhuti (Sanskrit: विभूति; vibhūti, Bhasma (ash), Vibhooti) is the sacred ash which is made of burnt dried wood in Āgamic rituals. Hindu devotees apply vibhuti traditionally as three horizontal lines across the forehead and other parts of the body to honor Shiva. Vibhuti smeared across the forehead to the end of both eyebrows is called Tripundra. According to the MahaShiva Purana the particles of ash which cling to the skin when tripundra is applied are to be considered as individual Lingams. The scriptures further state that bhasma purifies the soul, elevates the devotee of Shiva and works done without wearing Bhasma are infructuous. There are various methods for the application of the ashes according to the purana and various mantras to be recited during application.

Another meaning of vibhuti is a 'glorious form', in contrast with Avatar, a reincarnation of Brahman. Bhagavata Theology describes a vibhuti as 'incarnation of power', which is only a temporary occasional manifestation such as when holy men are infused with divine virtues and qualities are infused. Aurobindo mentions a vibhuti as 'the hero of a race's struggle towards divine achievement, the hero in the Carlylean sense of heroism, a power of God in man.'

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