Mahalle

Mahalle (Arabic: محلةmaḥallä, Persian: محلهmaḥallä) (abbreviated mh. or mah.) is an Arabic word, adopted into Turkish (mahalle), Albanian (mahallë, or mëhallë or mëhalla), Bulgarian (махала), Greek (μαχαλάς, mahalás), and Romanian (mahala), which is variously translated as district, quarter, ward, or "neighborhood." [2] It is an official administrative unit in many Middle Eastern countries. In the Ottoman Empire, the mahalle was the smallest administrative entity. The mahalle is generally perceived to play an important role in identity formation, with the local mosque and the local coffee house as the main social institutions. It lies at the intersection of private family life and the public sphere. Important community-level management functions are performed through mahalle solidarity, such as religious ceremonies, life-cycle rituals, resource management and conflict resolution.[3]

The mahalle is represented in the municipality and government by its muhtar. The muhtarlık (the office of muhtar) has been designed as the smallest administrative office, with representative and enforcement powers at the local level. However, in some cases, the muhtar acts as not only the representative of the government towards the community but also the head of the community towards the government and subverts official government policies through intricate face-to-face mahalle-level relationships.[3]

It is also the smallest urban administrative division in Iran. Each city is divided into a few Mantaqes, (Persian: منطقه‎), which is then divided into Nahiyes (Persian: ناحیه‎), further subdivided to Mahalle (Persian: محله‎), usually having a Mahalle council (Persian: شورای محله‎), a quarter mosque, and a small parkette.

In September 2017 a Turkish based association refers to the historical Mahalle by organizing a festival with the title Mahalla in the frame of parallel events of the 15th Istanbul Biennial. This festival in Istanbul features cultural initiatives of the civil society and artists from the Middle East and Europe, the Balkan and Turkey. Against the background of the ongoing migration crisis all participants of the festival are concerned in their work in various ways with themes of hospitality, identity formation, homelessness, migration and fluctuation, the changing of an existing order and the dissolution of borders.[4]

Sərşəhər məscidi. Ordubad şəhəri 01
Ser-Shahar mahalle[1] in Ordubad (Azerbaijan) with view of the mosque of the 18th century

See also

References

  1. ^ Саламзаде А. В. Проблемы сохранения и реконструкции исторических городов Азербайджана. — Б.: Элм, 1979. — С. 57. — 138 с.
  2. ^ Mahallenin Anlamı (in Turkish)
  3. ^ a b uludağ sözlük (vbulletin dictionary)(in Turkish)
  4. ^ "Mahalla Festival". InEnArt. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
Cevizli, İskele

Cevizli is a quarter (mahalle) of Trikomo in Northern Cyprus. De jure, Trikomo is part of Cyprus.

Ersin Paşa, İskele

Ersin Paşa is a quarter (mahalle) of Rizokarpaso in Northern Cyprus. De jure, Rizokarpaso is part of Cyprus.

Isak Mosque

The Ishak Çelebi Mosque (Macedonian: Исак џамија, translit. Isak džamija) is the largest mosque in Bitola, Macedonia. It is situated along the north bank of the Dragor River. This area was known as Bit-Pazar in the quarter of Emir Bey or Eyne Bey, also known as Ishak Çelebi mahalle.

Kurttepe

Kurttepe is a mahalle (English: neighborhood) in the Çukurova district of the city of Adana. The neighborhood is located at north end of the city, at the shores of Seyhan Lake.

Kurtuluş, Seyhan

Kurtuluş (Turkish pronunciation: [kuɾtulush]) is a mahalle in the Seyhan district of the city of Adana. The neighborhood is part of the downtown, situated south of the railway lines and east of the Adana Metro line.

Mahala

The word Mahala or Mahalla is used in many languages and countries meaning neighborhood or location originated in Arabic محلة mähallä, from the root meaning ‘to settle’, ‘to occupy’ derived from the verb halla (to untie), as in untying a pack horse or camel to make a camp. In ancient cultures hospitality involved welcoming the stranger at the host location and offering him food, shelter, and safety. This meaning of hospitality centers on the belief that strangers should be assisted and protected while traveling.Mahala is also a Balkan word for "neighbourhood" or "quarter", a section of a rural or urban settlement, dating to the times of the Ottoman Empire. It was brought to the area through Ottoman Turkish mahalle, but it originates in Arabic محلة mähallä, from the root meaning "to settle", "to occupy". It is rendered as follows in the languages of the region: Bulgarian: махала, makhala; Bosnian and Serbian: махала/mahala or ма'ала/ma'ala; Romanian: mahala; Albanian: mahallë, or mëhallë or mëhalla; Greek: μαχαλάς, mahalas; Macedonian: маало, maalo or маала, maala; Romani: mahala; Aromanian: mãhãlã. A mahala was a relatively independent quarter of a larger village or a town, with its own school, religious building or buildings, mayor's representative, etc. Mahalas are often named after the first settler or, when ethnically separate, according to the dominant ethnicity.

In Bulgaria, mahalas were administratively considered a separate type of settlement on some occasions; today, settlements are only divided into towns or villages, and the official division of towns is into quarters. In rural mountainous areas, villages were often scattered and consisted of relatively separate mahalas with badly developed infrastructure.

In Romanian, the word mahala has come to have the strictly negative or pejorative connotations of a slum or ghetto that are not present or at least not as strongly implied in other languages.

In the Bengali language, mahalla (pronounced mo-hol-la) also means an urban neighbourhood.

In Iran, mahalla is widely used in the same ways as mentioned above for urban neighborhoods.

Mahalla (Bangladesh)

A mahalla (Arabic: محلة‎ maḥallä, Bengali: মহল্লা Mahallā) is an Islamic congregation or parish in Bangladesh. Typically, a mahalla supports a single mosque. An imam is seen as the spiritual head of a mahalla. A mahalla is directly subordinate to a city or town, especially an electoral district, for ritual and representative purposes. Unlike Wards, it is an optional and non-elective unit of a City Corporation or Municipal Corporation. Historically, mahallas were autonomous social institutions built around familial ties and Islamic rituals. Today it is popularly recognised (also by the non-Muslim ) as a neighbourhood of mega cities and towns. Mahalle lies at the intersection of private family life and the public sphere. Important community-level management functions are performed through mahalle solidarity, such as religious ceremonies, life-cycle rituals, resource management, conflict resolution, and the like.

Mahallah

A mahallah, mahalla, mahallya, or mohalla, mëhallë (Arabic: محلة‎ maḥalla; Bengali: মহল্লা mahallā; Hindi: मोहल्ला mōhallā; Persian: محله‎ maḥalla; Urdu: محله‎; Azerbaijani: Məhəllə; Albanian: mëhallë or mëhalla), is a country subdivision or neighbourhood in parts of the Arab world, Balkans, Western and South Asia and nearby Nations.

El Mahalla El Kubra (Egypt)

Mahalla (Bangladesh)

Mahalla (Uzbekistan)

Mahalle (Turkey)

Mahala (Podgorica)

Morphou

Morphou (Greek: Μόρφου; Turkish: Omorfo or Güzelyurt) is a town in the northwestern part of Cyprus, under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus. It is the administrative center of the Güzelyurt District of Northern Cyprus. Having been a predominantly Greek Cypriot community before the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus, the town is now inhabited by Turkish Cypriots.

With a population of 18,000 people, the town is famous for its apples, vegetables, grapefruit and melons. A large proportion of the citrus fruits are exported and the remainder are turned into fruit juice and canned for local consumption and export. Morphou is also famous for its annual Orange Festival, which is a major event lasting two weeks.

Mukhtar

Muktar

Mukhtar (also spelled Muktar, ) meaning "chosen" in Arabic: المختار‎, is the head of a village or mahalle (neighbourhood) in many Arab countries as well as in Turkey and Cyprus.

The name is given because mukhtars are usually selected by some consensual or participatory method, often involving an election. Mukhtar is also a common name. In Arab countries it is more often a surname (laqab), whilst in non-Arab Muslim countries it is common as a first name (ism).

Polat Paşa, İskele

Polat Paşa is a quarter (mahalle) of Rizokarpaso in Northern Cyprus. De jure, Rizokarpaso is part of Cyprus.

Reşatbey

Reşatbey (Turkish pronunciation: [ɾeʃatbej]) is a mahalle in the Seyhan district of the city of Adana. The neighborhood is part of the downtown, situated north of the D400 state road and west of the Seyhan River.

Sancar Paşa, İskele

Sancar Paşa is a quarter (mahalle) of Rizokarpaso in Northern Cyprus. De jure, Rizokarpaso is part of Cyprus.

Seyhan

Seyhan is a district-municipality in Adana Province of Turkey. The district is completely within the city of Adana and the Municipality of Seyhan is a lower-tier municipality serving to the entire district. Seyhan is home to 35 percent of the residents of Adana Province and almost half of the residents of the city of Adana. It is the fifth most populous metropolitan district in Turkey.

Seyhan is the first settlement area of Adana and currently the administrative, business and cultural center of the city. It includes the historical neighborhood of Tepebağ, and the landmarks such as Büyüksaat, Ulu Camii, Ramazanoğlu Hall and Sabancı Merkez Camii. Adana Center for Arts and Culture, Sabancı Cultural Center, Seyhan Cultural Center and Metropolitan Theatre are also located in the district. The district gets its name from the river that forms the east border.

Tuska Mahalleh-ye Qasemabad

Tuska Mahallehye Qasemabad (Persian: Tuskā Maḩalleye Qāsemābād‎, also as Tuskā; also known as Tuskā Maḩalle) is a village in Owshiyan Rural District, Chaboksar District, Rudsar County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 444, in 117 families.

Yenimahalle railway station

Yenimahalle railway station (Turkish: Yenimahalle istasyonu) is a railway station in Zeytinburnu, Istanbul. The station was originally built in 1955 as a stop on the Istanbul suburban commuter rail line until 2013, when the entire line was closed down for expansion and renovation. Yenimahalle station was demolished and a third track was added. The new station is expected to enter service towards the end of 2018 and will be a stop on the Marmaray commuter rail line.

Yeşiloba, Seyhan

Yeşiloba is a mahalle in the Seyhan district of the city of Adana. The neighborhood is situated on both sides of D400 state road, 8 km west of the historical downtown.

Şakirpaşa

Şakirpaşa (Turkish pronunciation: [ʃakiɾpaʃa]) is a mahalle in the Seyhan district of the city of Adana, 3 km west of the city centre. The neighborhood is situated south of the D400 state road, next to the Şakirpaşa Airport.

Şehitlik railway station

Şehitlik station is a railway station in Adana, located in the Yeşiloba mahalle of the Seyhan district. It is the closest railway station to the Central Coach Terminal at 1.5 km distance. Yeşiloba horse-racing venue is 1.6 km. west of the station.

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