Magyar Telekom

Magyar Telekom Nyrt. ("Hungarian Telekom Plc."; full legal name: Magyar Telekom Távközlési Nyilvánosan Működő Részvénytársaság, "Magyar Telekom Telecommunications Public Limited Company") is the largest Hungarian telecommunications company. The former monopolist is now a subsidiary of Deutsche Telekom (in 59.21% of shares). Until 6 May 2005, it was (and informally still is) known as MATÁV (Magyar Távközlési Rt. - Hungarian Telecommunications PLC.). The company was formed under the name of Magyar Távközlési Vállalat (Hungarian Telecommunications Enterprise) in December 1989, when Magyar Posta (Hungarian Post) was split to three separate enterprises. On 31 December 1991, the company was re-structured as a Public Limited Company, as Magyar Távközlési Rt., and the company remained in 100% state ownership until the end of 1993. On 1 July 1993, the Telecommunications Act came into effect, and now it was possible to privatise the company. A consortium was formed by Deutsche Telekom and Ameritech International, which was named MagyarCom, and bought into the company a share of 30.1% for a price of 875 million USD.

Magyar Telekom Nyrt.
Public limited company
Traded asBPSEMTELEKOM
OTC Pink: MYTAY
BUX Component
CETOP20 Component
IndustryTelecommunication
Founded1991
Headquarters,
Area served
Central and Eastern Europe
Key people
Kerstin Günther (Chairwoman)
Christopher Mattheisen (CEO)
ProductsFixed Telephony, Mobile Telephony, Broadband Internet, IT Services, Networking Solutions, Digital TV
RevenueIncrease US$ 2.698 billion (2012)[1]
Increase US$ 263.7 million (2012)[1]
Increase US$ 203.86 million (2012)[1]
Total assetsDecrease US$ 4.702 billion (2012)[1]
Total equityDecrease US$ 2.320 billion (2012)[1]
(on 225.1 USD/HUF)
Number of employees
10,870 (2014)[1]
ParentDeutsche Telekom (59.21% of shares)
SubsidiariesMakedonski Telekom
Crnogorski Telekom
Websitewww.telekom.hu
Magyar Telekom HQ
Headquarters of Magyar Telekom in Budapest.
Kerstin Günther
Kerstin Günther, Magyar Telekom's Chairwoman.
Mattheisen3
Christopher Mattheisen, Magyar Telekom's Chief Executive Officer.

History

On 31 December 1989, after becoming one of the three sections of the Hungarian Post service area, then in 1990 established state of the Hungarian Telecommunications Company (Matáv) was founded in 1991 on 31 December as a telecommunications operator Magyar Telecom Rt., The abbreviated name Matáv. The company remains 100% owned by the state until the end of the 1993rd Entered into force on 1 July 1993, the Telecommunications Act, [8] which is classified as a service concession to the public telephone, mobile telephone, paging and public service. Matáv, out of the privatization tender with the aim of acquiring and purchasing shares of Matáv's national telephone concession. In 1993, a contract was concluded on 22 December, whereby Matáv became the owner of 30.1% of Deutsche Telekom and Ameritech International telecommunications companies, MagyarCom Consortium, a $875 million cost. After the concession tender in February 1994 were born in the local telecom companies. Matáv's service area Hungary about 70% of the territory and 72% of the population covered 36 primary areas covered, where Matáv provided local telephone service. During the privatization process MagyarCom in the Matáv it acquired a majority stake. Under the contract signed on 22 December st 1995. The effect of the two companies forming a consortium of property of $852 million to 67.3% in so Matáv's privatization was in Central and eastern Europe's largest privatization so far, and at the same time the largest foreign investment in Hungary.

Company group

Magyar Telekom Group covers three business areas: wireline services, mobile communications, services provided to business customers. The further members of the Magyar Telekom Group in Hungary are the following:

  • T-Home (fusion of T-Com, T-Online, and T-Kábel)
  • T-Mobile (formerly Westel 900, later Westel)
  • T-Systems (formerly Matáv Üzleti Szolgáltatások Üzletág)

International companies

The Magyar Telekom Group’s strategy is to strengthen its footprint in the southeastern European telecommunications market. By the end of 2006 the telecom held substantial shares in companies:

Development projects

NGN based developments

Magyar Telekom have been working on several subjects, one of them is the ENUM (E.164 NUmber Mapping) project. In the frame of the project is elaborated such a pilot ENUM system, which allows assigning ENUM identifiers to users and accessing the ENUM users at several, different addresses. A web-based GUI (Graphical User Interface) is provided both for the administration and the managing of user profiles. Many investigations in the signaling protocols of 3G mobile networks are made to amalgamate geographical mobility and dynamically distributable relatively high bandwidth with the wide range of next-generation services. In the field of IP telephony services and applications they have already implemented the integration of hardware-based telephones. They have elaborated such a QoS measuring method, with the help of which the quality of the VoIP (Voice over IP) service can be tested and measured on a relative scale, and the given test results can be compared.

A special case of mobility is the so-called nomadic mobility, when the user, who is on the move, is not connected to the network. An average laptop user can hardly concentrate on his work, while he is on the way. He needs network connection only when he stopped and can pull out his laptop from his bag. For instance, such typical places of temporary, nomadic presence are the public WLAN hotspots located in airports or cafeterias, or connection points made available by companies for their business partners visiting them. In the course of our developments Magyar Telekom have been analyzing the possibilities of providing VoIP connection for such "wandering" subscribers.

WiMax developments

Magyar Telekom has already announced its new WiMax technology based service. In the interest of it, they have created a test environment on which the system integration and functional tests can be carried out prior to general rollout.

xDSL technologies

The traditional twisted copper pair continues to be a determinant element of access networks. Systems of the past have been improved in efficiency through numerous innovations and the appearing newer and newer technologies offer further possibilities for the providers. In the frame of this research we have been analyzing the possibilities of new generation xDSL technologies (ADSL2, ADSL2+, SHDSL, VDSL2). Achievable bandwidth, reachable distance, and the triple-play features of equipment are in the focus of the tests. Moreover, we carry out analyses and measurements to identify the conditions of system integration of DSLAM-s with Ethernet uplink. The purpose of the research works is to enable for Magyar Telekom to determine already in the early phase of technological developments those solutions that can provide broadband access for the future's advanced services.

Optical systems

In high-speed (10, 40 Gbit/s) DWDM systems, especially in pure optical networks, the optimum location of the optical amplifiers and the dispersion compensating elements to a great extent influences the performance (throughput) capabilities of the network. At the same time, an exact and accurate calculation method giving the optimum for the location based on the physical parameters of the network and the active elements, is not yet available. The R&D theme has the purpose to explore the mentioned interrelations and through practical measurements to verify and correct the theoretical results. In the frame of this research work we are searching for those practicable calculation and dimensioning methods that can be manufacturer, vendor, or system independently applied for the "physical" networks.

Controversies

In July 2017 T-Systems Hungary, a wholly owned subsidiary of Magyar Telekom, launched an online ticket service for BKK, the unified transport operator of Budapest, Hungary. Reportedly the application contained multiple security bugs. T-Systems Hungary reported online attacks on the application to the local authorities. One major bug was reported to BKK by an 18-year-old student, who then was detained by the police in the middle of the night causing public outcry, as it turned out that the detention was ordered following the report by T-Systems. Tens of thousands of comments and negative ratings flooded both the social media pages of T-Systems and BKK.[2][3][4]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Annual Report 2012" (PDF). Magyar Telekom. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. ^ Márai, László (24 July 2017). "18 year old guy arrested for reporting a shamefully stupid bug in the new Budapest e-Ticket system".
  3. ^ "Éjjel elvitték a rendőrök a BKK e-jegyének hibáit feltáró fiatalt".
  4. ^ Péter, Magyari (21 July 2017). "Éjszaka elvitték a rendőrök a 18 éves fiút, aki szólni merészelt a BKK-nak, hogy szar a webjegye". 444.

External links

Christopher Mattheisen

Christopher Mattheisen (born 1961) is an American businessman, economist, Managing Director of Microsoft Hungary from March 4, 2019, from 2006 to 2018 the best known as CEO of Hungarian telecommunications company Magyar Telekom.

Deutsche Telekom

Deutsche Telekom AG (German pronunciation: [ˌdɔʏtʃə ˈteːləkɔm ʔaːˌɡeː] (listen); short form in writing only: DT) is a German telecommunications company headquartered in Bonn and by revenue the largest telecommunications provider in Europe. Deutsche Telekom was formed in 1996, as the former state-owned monopoly Deutsche Bundespost was privatised. The company operates several subsidiaries worldwide, including the mobile communications brand T-Mobile.

As of April 2019, the German government holds a 14.5% stake in company stock directly, and another 17.4% through the government bank KfW. The company is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index.

Elek Straub

Elek Straub (Born November 19, 1944) is a Hungarian engineer, consultant, investor, philanthropist and businessman, known as former president and CEO of Magyar Telekom.

Film

A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving picture, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images. This optical illusion causes the audience to perceive continuous motion between separate objects viewed in rapid succession. The process of filmmaking is both an art and an industry. A film is created by photographing actual scenes with a motion-picture camera, by photographing drawings or miniature models using traditional animation techniques, by means of CGI and computer animation, or by a combination of some or all of these techniques, and other visual effects.

The word "cinema", short for cinematography, is often used to refer to filmmaking and the film industry, and to the art of filmmaking itself. The contemporary definition of cinema is the art of simulating experiences to communicate ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty or atmosphere by the means of recorded or programmed moving images along with other sensory stimulations.Films were originally recorded onto plastic film through a photochemical process and then shown through a movie projector onto a large screen. Contemporary films are now often fully digital through the entire process of production, distribution, and exhibition, while films recorded in a photochemical form traditionally included an analogous optical soundtrack (a graphic recording of the spoken words, music and other sounds that accompany the images which runs along a portion of the film exclusively reserved for it, and is not projected).

Films are cultural artifacts created by specific cultures. They reflect those cultures, and, in turn, affect them. Film is considered to be an important art form, a source of popular entertainment, and a powerful medium for educating—or indoctrinating—citizens. The visual basis of film gives it a universal power of communication. Some films have become popular worldwide attractions through the use of dubbing or subtitles to translate the dialog into other languages.

The individual images that make up a film are called frames. In the projection of traditional celluloid films, a rotating shutter causes intervals of darkness as each frame, in turn, is moved into position to be projected, but the viewer does not notice the interruptions because of an effect known as persistence of vision, whereby the eye retains a visual image for a fraction of a second after its source disappears. The perception of motion is due to a psychological effect called the phi phenomenon.

The name "film" originates from the fact that photographic film (also called film stock) has historically been the medium for recording and displaying motion pictures. Many other terms exist for an individual motion-picture, including picture, picture show, moving picture, photoplay, and flick. The most common term in the United States is movie, while in Europe film is preferred. Common terms for the field in general include the big screen, the silver screen, the movies, and cinema; the last of these is commonly used, as an overarching term, in scholarly texts and critical essays. In early years, the word sheet was sometimes used instead of screen.

Fon (company)

Fon Wireless Ltd. is a company incorporated and registered in the United Kingdom that provides wireless services. In 2006, it was created in Madrid, Spain, by Martín Varsavsky where it headquarters most of its operations.

Fon started out by building its Wi-Fi network through devices called "foneras". Members, whom the company called "Foneros", agreed to share a part of their bandwidth as a Wi-Fi signal, so that they could connect to other members' hotspots.

As the company evolved, it shifted its focus to working with mobile operators and telecommunication providers, and expanded from deploying residential Wi-Fi to providing access and technology to carriers and services providers.

Fon claims to operate a network of over 20,000,000 WiFi hotspots.

Fox (Hungarian TV channel)

Fox is a basic cable television channel broadcasting in Hungary, operated by Fox International Channels and launched on 4 February 2014.

IWiW

iWiW (abbreviation for International Who is Who) was a Hungarian social networking web service which started on April 14, 2002 as WiW (Who Is Who). As of 2007 August, it had 2,6 million registered users with real names. Every user could provide personal information such as the place they live, date of birth, schools and universities they attended, workplaces, interests and pets. One could find friends by a search tool or looking through one's acquaintances' acquaintances.

On October 26, 2005 the system was rebuilt from scratch and got a new name (iWiW). The most important changes were the multilingual interface (reverted to Hungarian-only as of July 2006), listings, photo upload and a special Java applet to visualize the connections.

On 28 April 2006, T-Online, the net branch of Magyar Telekom, purchased iWiW for almost one billion HUF (about 4.7 million USD) from Virgo Systems Informatikai Kft.. Users expressed concerns that their personal data may be sold to telemarketers or used for other purposes potentially hurting their privacy. Because of fears of abuse by the Hungarian telco giant, several iWiW clones and unrelated Hungarian social networking websites appeared or gained popularity after the take-over.

After the T-Online acquisition, the site was available only in Hungarian.

On July 18, 2006 iWiW had 1 million users and on December 18 it reached 1.5 million.

On Dec 24, 2008 the number of registered users on iWiW was 4 million, covering almost all internet users in Hungary.On 22 April 2009, 26 applications became available on iwiw.hu. By mid-2009, users could choose from 65 applications.

In April 2010 iWiW introduced a service similar to Facebook connect. This allowed users to log into external websites using their iWiW credentials.In July 2010 iWiW introduced its mobile application for iPhone and Android.

On May 15, 2014 Origo Zrt. closed down iWiW permanently on June 30, 2014.

Kapcsolat concert

"Kapcsolat" concert (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈkɒpt͡ʃolɒt]; English: connection) was an annual open-air free concert event between 1997 and 2011 in Budapest, Hungary. It was organized by the T-Mobile branch of Magyar Telekom on Ötvenhatosok tere. The open-air concert was considered to be one of the largest in Europe.

The name of the concert was borrowed from the motto of the mobile network operator Westel: "Westel, a Kapcsolat!" (English: "Westel, the Connection!"), while its approximate date from the telephone prefix of the operator (06-30, also dubbed "kapcsolat napja", English: Day of Connection). The concert was free and paid for from sponsorships. It attracted hundreds of thousand concert-goers. Tickets were only given to VIP guests and employees of Magyar Telekom to VIP sectors.

The first concert was organized in 1996, however, the name "Kapcsolat" was used only from 1997. It was held annually until 2011. In 2012, new telecommunication taxes were introduced, and the concert was called off due to budgetary reasons.

Kerstin Günther

Kerstin Günther (born 1967) is a German business executive. Since 1991, she has held management positions in the Deutsche Telecom Group where in March 2012 she was appointed Senior Vice President Technology Europe. Since April 2013, she has also been chair of Magyar Telekom, which is a subsidiary of Deutsche Telekom.

Kitchen Budapest

Kitchen Budapest (KiBu) is an innovation lab based in Budapest, Hungary. It was founded in 2007 by a collective of media artists, theoreticians and coders from miscellaneous backgrounds with sponsorship from Magyar Telekom. Founder team includes Adam Somlai-Fischer, Peter Halacsy, Robin Nagy, Attila Nemes, and Eszter Bircsák. As one of the first media labs in Hungary, KiBu found its primary mission to instigate digital literacy and DIY techniques on the local scene. Ever since, KiBu has been actively present as an internationally recognized innovation lab with young researchers and developers forming its team.

KiBu incorporates three functions including research and development (prototyping, testing, service design, UX/UI design), education (next generation programs as Talent and Lift) and industry collaboration.

KiBu has taken up a strong intermediary role between several agencies, scenes and individuals. It connects corporate demands with creative supplies, theoretic bias of academic education with tools of the maker culture, talented young people with professional support, global innovation with situated, everyday use. KiBu has long been working within an international network of media labs and bears established contacts with the local universities integrating technical knowledge with creative skills.

KiBu is a place where ideas come alive. Material instantiations of great ideas are the first steps in the making: via 24 hour hackathons, pressure cooking sessions they try and test methodologies, concepts, objects, services. KiBu has a well-equipped workshop area to enable wide-ranging projects to be manufactured, programmed or constructed from 3D printers to strong server parks to run high fidelity renders. The prototypes are publicized at Demo Day, the biannual showcase event.

Makedonski Telekom

Makedonski Telekom AD (Macedonian: Македонски Телеком АД, "Macedonian Telekom PLC") is a telecommunications company in North Macedonia with headquarters in Skopje. It is part of the Magyar Telekom Group, which is a fully consolidated subsidiary of international Deutsche Telekom Group.

It offers a range of telecommunications and entertainment services, such as telephone services, a range of internet access services including broadband internet, entertainment IPTV products and operates the national telephone network.

Makedonski Telekom has been present both on the top-most successful companies list and on the top-largest companies list, and has been ranked among the top 10 companies in Macedonia.

Orbitel (Bulgarian company)

Orbitel (Bulgarian: Орбител) is Bulgarian wireline telecommunications and Internet service provider with national licenses for voice and data. Through its national packet-switched network Orbitel provides convergent telecommunication solutions for telephony, high speed Internet and VPNs throughout Bulgaria. Orbitel also provides services such as web site hosting, domain registration, corporate e-mail and professional consultations.

Orbitel was founded in 1997 by entrepreneurs Victor Francess and Nikolai Gorchilov, who served as board members and CEOs until 2007.

Origo (website)

Origo is a leading news website in Hungary. The country's main telecoms company, Magyar Telekom, created the website in the late 1990s to incentivize Internet service subscriptions. Origo became known for investigations into the populist, far-right government of Prime Minister Viktor Orbán. In 2013, in indirect exchange for telecom license renewals needed by Magyar Telekom, Origo's coverage became increasingly directed by Orbán-affiliated consultants. Its editor-in-chief resigned in protest. His successor was fired the next year for continuing an investigation into extravagant travel expenses of János Lázár, Orbán's second-in-command. The investigation had embarrassed the telecoms company, which had and continued to negotiate its telecom licenses and contracts with Lázár. Several of the website's best reporters also resigned in protest. The telecoms company sought to sell the website, which had become a public relations and political liability. New Wave Media won the bid in late 2015, financed with money from state and state-allied banks, though nominally private. The website's news is no longer critical of Orbán's government and now publishes stories that mirror the government's position. New Wave is run by a former Orbán finance minister, and the website's revenues have tripled since its acquisition with a rise in government advertisement revenue.

T-Mobile

T-Mobile (stylised as ·T···Mobile·) is the brand name used by the mobile communications subsidiaries of the German telecommunications company Deutsche Telekom AG. The brand is active in Austria (under the subsidiary T-Mobile Austria), the Czech Republic (T-Mobile Czech Republic),the Slovak Republic (Slovak Telekom), the Netherlands (T-Mobile Netherlands), Poland (T-Mobile Polska), and the United States (T-Mobile US). The name was previously used by subsidiaries in other countries, including Albania (now Telekom Albania), Croatia (now Hrvatski Telekom), Germany (now Deutsche Telekom), Hungary (now Magyar Telekom), North Macedonia (now Makedonski Telekom), Montenegro (now Crnogorski Telekom), the United Kingdom (now EE Limited), Romania (now Telekom Romania), and Slovakia (now Slovak Telekom).Since 1999, Deutsche Telekom owned the holding company T-Mobile International AG for its mobile communications subsidiaries. From 2003 to 2007, T-Mobile International was one of Deutsche Telekom's segments beside the segments of 'Broadband/Fixnet', 'Business Customers' and 'Group HQ and Shared Services'. In 2009, Deutsche Telekom transformed its structure to adopt a regional setup (Germany, Europe, USA) by combining its previously separated fixed and mobile subsidiaries to form integrated local businesses, T-Mobile International itself was merged into Deutsche Telekom AG.When T-Mobile International AG existed, the holding company was based in Bonn, Germany and its subsidiaries operated GSM, UMTS and LTE-based cellular networks in Europe, the United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The company had financial stakes in mobile operators in both Central and Eastern Europe. Globally, T-Mobile International's subsidiaries had a combined total of approximately 230 million subscribers. T-Mobile International was the world's thirteenth-largest mobile-phone service provider by subscribers and the fourth-largest multinational after the UK's Vodafone, India's Airtel, and Spain's Telefónica.

Telecommunications in Hungary

Telecommunications in Hungary include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.

Telekom

Telekom may refer to:

A1 Telekom Austria Group

A1 Telekom Austria

Telekom Malaysia

Telekom Romania

Telekom Srbija

Telekom Srpske

Telekom Slovenije

Deutsche Telekom

Magyar Telekom

Slovak Telekom

Hrvatski Telekom

Türk Telekom

Crnogorski Telekom

Makedonski Telekom

Telephone numbers in Hungary

This article details the dialling protocol for reaching Hungarian telephone numbers from within Hungary. The standard landline number consists of 6 numerals except those in Budapest which have 7 numerals, as do mobile numbers. Before keying the subscriber number required, a caller may need to enter a domestic code (06) and an area code.

Veszprém KC

Veszprém KC is a Hungarian handball club from Veszprém, that for sponsorship reasons is called Telekom Veszprém. Veszprém plays in the Hungarian Nemzeti Bajnokság I and are the most successful team in the country, having won the Hungarian Championship a record 23 times and the Hungarian Cup title a record 24 times. Veszprém has also won the regional SEHA League two times.

Veszprém are one of the three Hungarian clubs that have won a major European trophy, most recently in 2008, when they overcame Rhein-Neckar Löwen and were crowned as the EHF Cup Winner's Cup champions.The main sponsors of the club were the MKB Bank and the MVM Group. In the summer of 2015, the MKB Bank decided to quit sponsoring after a 10 years interval. Their main focus is now on the younger teams. Currently the main sponsor is Magyar Telekom.

Viasat 6

Viasat 6 (formerly known as TV6 until February 11, 2011) is one of the thematic television channels of Sony Pictures Television Networks.

Main companies
Main services
Mobile networks
Absorbed companies
Related
Hungary BUX companies of Hungary

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