Magneti Marelli S.p.A. (pronounced [maɲˈɲɛːti maˈrɛlli]) is an Italian developer and manufacturer of high-tech components for the automotive industry.
Magneti Marelli is headquartered in Corbetta, Italy, and includes 86 manufacturing plants, 12 R&D centres and 26 application centers in 19 countries—with 43,000 employees and a turnover of 7.9 billion euro in 2016.. It was a subsidiary of Fiat (now FCA Italy) from 1967 to 2018. On 22 October 2018 FCA announced Magneti Marelli was being bought by the Japanese automotive company Calsonic Kansei for $7.2 billion in a deal that would create one of the world's largest auto parts suppliers 
Subsidiaries and brands of the company include AL-Automotive Lighting, Carello, Cromodora, Cofap, Ergom Automotive, Jaeger, Mako Elektrik, Paraflu, Securvia, Seima, Siem SpA, Solex, Veglia Borletti, Vitaloni, Weber.
|Magneti Marelli S.p.A.|
|Founder||Fiat and Ercole Marelli|
|Mike Manley (chairman)|
Ermanno Ferrari (CEO)
|Revenue||€ 7.3 billion (2015)|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||Automotive Lighting, Weber carburetor|
Founded in 1919—as Fabbrica Italiana Magneti Marelli (FIMM), a joint-venture between Fiat and Ercole Marelli (1891–1993), an Italian electrical manufacturing company—Magneti Marelli initially manufactured magnetos for the automotive and aviation industries, with its first plant in Sesto San Giovanni near Milan.
Fiat Chrysler is expected to sell Magneti Marelli to CK Holdings in early 2019. CK Holdings will be renamed Magneti Marelli CK Holdings.
Magneti Marelli and Calsonic Kansei later merged to form Marelli.
Magneti Marelli currently deals with intelligent systems for active and passive vehicle safety as well as powertrain systems. Business lines include automotive lighting systems, body control systems, powertrain control systems, electronic instrument clusters, telematics systems, and computers, suspension systems and components, exhaust systems, and motorsport, wherein Magneti Marelli develops specific electronic systems for Formula One, Motorcycle Grand Prix and the World Rally Championship.
Magneti Marelli worked with Ford Motor Company and Microsoft Auto to develop an in-dash computer (carputer) for Ford's work truck division introduced in 2008—with a built-in 6.5-inch, high-resolution touch screen and Bluetooth, USB connectivity, GPS Navigation, voice recognition, as well as general office applications, e.g., word processing, contact, and calendar.
Automotive Lighting (AL) is a German-based company founded in 1999 as a 50-50 joint venture between the Italian Magneti-Marelli and the German Robert Bosch GmbH (K2 Lighting division).
In 2001 Magneti Marelli raised its share to 75% after the acquisition of Seima Group. In 2003 Automotive Lighting become fully owned by Magneti Marelli.
Automotive Lighting is the first company to introduce rear LED lights in 2003 for the Peugeot 307 CC, and the first full-LED headlamp in mass production for the Audi R8 in 2008.Blue
Blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments in painting and traditional colour theory, as well as in the RGB colour model. It lies between violet and green on the spectrum of visible light. The eye perceives blue when observing light with a dominant wavelength between approximately 450 and 495 nanometres. Most blues contain a slight mixture of other colours; azure contains some green, while ultramarine contains some violet. The clear daytime sky and the deep sea appear blue because of an optical effect known as Rayleigh scattering. An optical effect called Tyndall scattering explains blue eyes. Distant objects appear more blue because of another optical effect called aerial perspective.
Blue has been an important colour in art and decoration since ancient times. The semi-precious stone lapis lazuli was used in ancient Egypt for jewellery and ornament and later, in the Renaissance, to make the pigment ultramarine, the most expensive of all pigments. In the eighth century Chinese artists used cobalt blue to colour fine blue and white porcelain. In the Middle Ages, European artists used it in the windows of cathedrals. Europeans wore clothing coloured with the vegetable dye woad until it was replaced by the finer indigo from America. In the 19th century, synthetic blue dyes and pigments gradually replaced mineral pigments and synthetic dyes. Dark blue became a common colour for military uniforms and later, in the late 20th century, for business suits. Because blue has commonly been associated with harmony, it was chosen as the colour of the flags of the United Nations and the European Union.Surveys in the US and Europe show that blue is the colour most commonly associated with harmony, faithfulness, confidence, distance, infinity, the imagination, cold, and sometimes with sadness. In US and European public opinion polls it is the most popular colour, chosen by almost half of both men and women as their favourite colour. The same surveys also showed that blue was the colour most associated with the masculine, just ahead of black, and was also the colour most associated with intelligence, knowledge, calm and concentration.Calsonic Kansei
Calsonic Kansei Corporation (カルソニックカンセイ株式会社, Calsonic Kansei Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese automotive company which has 58 manufacturing centers spread throughout the United States, European Union, South Korea, Mexico, Thailand, United Kingdom, South Africa, India, China, and Malaysia.
The corporation was the result of a merger between Calsonic, which specialized in air conditioners and heat exchangers, and gauge maker Kansei in 1999. Nissan increased its shareholding in the company from 27.6 percent to 41.7 percent in January 2005. In November 2016, Nissan confirmed plans to sell its stake to U.S. private equity firm Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, who later obtained the rest of the company as well in February 2017.
In early 2019, FCA sold auto-parts maker Magneti Marelli for 6.2 billion euros to Calsonic Kansei.ERIKA Enterprise
ERIKA Enterprise is an open-source OSEK/VDX Kernel. The RTOS also includes RT-Druid, a development environment based on Eclipse.
ERIKA Enterprise implements various conformance classes, including the standard OSEK/VDX conformance classes BCC1, BCC2, ECC1, ECC2, CCCA, CCCB. Moreover, ERIKA provides other custom conformance classes named FP (Fixed priority), EDF (Earliest Deadline First scheduling), and FRSH (an implementation of resource reservation protocols).
Thanks to the collaboration with the Tool & Methodologies team of Magneti Marelli Powertrain & Electronics, the automotive kernel (BCC1, BCC2, ECC1, ECC2, multicore, memory protection and kernel fixed priority with Diab 5.5.1 compiler) is MISRA C 2004 compliant using FlexeLint 9.00h under the configuration suggested by Magneti Marelli.
In August 2012 ERIKA Enterprise officially received the OSEK/VDX Certification (see below).FPT C635 DDCT transmission
The C635 DDCT is six-speed, dual dry clutch automated gearbox developed jointly by Fiat Powertrain Technologies (FPT), Magneti Marelli and BorgWarner, and is manufactured by FPT at the Verrone, Italy plant. The transmission utilizes a control system produced by Magneti Marelli which integrates BorgWarner's hydraulic actuation module into its own power and transmission control units. It is marketed variously under the trade names TCT - Twin Clutch Transmission (Alfa Romeo), Euro Twin Clutch Transmission (Fiat USA), and Dual Dry Clutch Auto Transmission (Dodge).
Able to receive torque inputs of up to 350 N⋅m (260 lbf⋅ft), the transmission is the highest-torque transverse dual dry clutch application.(2012) It weighs 81 kg (179 lb), including oil and transmission control unit.Peugeot 106
The Peugeot 106 is a city car produced by French automaker Peugeot between 1991 and 2003. Launched in September 1991, it was Peugeot's entry level offering throughout its production life, and was initially sold only as a three door hatchback, with a five door hatchback joining the range in the beginning of 1992. Production ended in July 2003.
For the first year of production, the 1.0 and 1.1 petrol engines came with a carburettor, but were replaced by fuel injected engines from the end of 1992, as a result of EEC emissions regulations.Solex Carburetor
Solex is a French manufacturer of carburetors and the powered bicycle VéloSoleX.
Solex carburetors were used by many top European automobile marques, such as Rolls-Royce, Citroën, Porsche, Volkswagen, SAAB, and Mercedes Benz. They were also licensed, with Japanese maker Mikuni supplying them to Toyota, Suzuki, Yamaha, Nissan, and others.Weber carburetor
Weber is an Italian company which produces carburetors; it is owned by Magneti Marelli Powertrain S.p.A., which is in turn part of Marelli. Carburetor production in Italy ended in 1992 when Weber shifted carburetor production to Madrid, Spain, where it continues today.