Madytus or Madytos (Ancient Greek: Μάδυτος)[1] was a Greek[2] city and port of ancient Thrace, located in the region of the Thracian Chersonesos, nearly opposite to Abydos.[3][4][5]

The city was a colony of the Aeolians from Lesbos who, according to the ancient authors, founded also Sestos and Alopekonessos and other cities of the Hellespont.[6][7]

This was part of the Greek colonization movement of the 8th and 7th centuries BC. Later more colonists came from the Greek Ionian cities of Miletus and Clazomenae. Archaeological evidence also supports Aeolian or possibly Athenian origin of colonists.[8]

Madytus is tied to Greek mythology as it claimed to have the tomb of Hecuba in its territory.[2]

Madytus is referred by Herodotus in relation to the Persian Wars,[9] and by Thucydides in relation to the Battle of the Eurymedon. It was a member of the Delian League as attested by Athenian tribute registries between 445/4 and 421/0 BC.[2] Bronze coins dated to the fourth century BC inscribed ΜΑΔΥ have been preserved.[2]

Madytus was an active commercial port during the Byzantine period and the Middle Ages.[10] It was occupied by the Ottoman Turks in the 15th-century. The city continued to have a mainly Greek population until the 1920s when, after the Treaty of Lausanne and the exchange of population between Greece and Turkey, most of the Greeks moved to Greece, where they founded the town of Nea Madytos.

Its site is located near the modern Eçeabat in European Turkey.[11][12] Ptolemy mentions a town in the same district with the name of Madis, which some identify with Madytus, but which seems to have been situated more inland.[13][14]

See also


  1. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v.
  2. ^ a b c d Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen (2004). "Thracian Chersonesos". An inventory of archaic and classical poleis. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 908–909. ISBN 0-19-814099-1.
  3. ^ Livy. Ab Urbe Condita Libri (History of Rome). 31.16, 33.38.
  4. ^ Pomponius Mela. De situ orbis. 2.2.
  5. ^ Anna Comnena, xiv.; Strabo. Geographica. vii. p. 331. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  6. ^ Pseudo-Scymnus (705-10), see: Scymni Chii Periegesis. Edition S.G. Teubner, 1846, Lipsiae. p. 40, available online
  7. ^ Benjamin H. Isaac (1986) The Greek settlements in Thrace until the Macedonian Conquest, Ed. E.J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands, p. 161.
  8. ^ Loukopoulou L. (2004) Thracian Chersonesos, in M. H. Hansen & T. H. Nielsen, Eds. (2004) An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis, Oxford University Press, p. 900.
  9. ^ Herodotus of Halikarnassus, The Histories, Book 7 (Polymnia), 30.
  10. ^ W. Heyd (1885) Histoire du commerce du Levant au Moyen-Age, Ed. Emile Lechevauer, Paris, 1885, p. 284.
  11. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 51, and directory notes accompanying.
  12. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  13. ^ Ptolemy. The Geography. 3.12.4.
  14. ^  Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Madytus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Madytus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.


Coordinates: 40°11′07″N 26°21′23″E / 40.1854°N 26.3564°E


Arhopala is a very large genus of gossamer-winged butterflies (Lycaenidae). They are the type genus of the tribe Arhopalini. In the relatively wide circumscription used here, it contains over 200 species collectively known as oakblues. They occur from Japan throughout temperate to tropical Asia south and east of the Himalayas to Australia and the Solomon Islands of Melanesia. Like many of their relatives, their caterpillars are attended and protected by ants (myrmecophily). Sexual dichromatism is often prominent in adult oakblues.The genus' delimitation versus Amblypodia and Flos has proven to be problematic; not all issues are resolved and the assignment of species to these genera must be considered somewhat provisional.

Arhopala madytus

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The wingspan is about 40 mm.

The larvae feed on Terminalia catappa, T. melanocarpa, T. sericocarpa and Hibiscus tiliaceus. They are attended by the ant species Oecophylla smaragdina.


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Cotenna was a city in the Roman province of Pamphylia I in Asia Minor. It corresponds to modern Gödene, near Konya, Turkey.


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Docimium, Docimia or Docimeium (Greek: Δοκίμια and Δοκίμειον) was an ancient city of Phrygia, Asia Minor where there were famous marble quarries.


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This is the official list of titular sees of the Catholic Church included in the Annuario Pontificio. Archiepiscopal sees are shown in bold.

The Italian-language Annuario Pontificio devotes some 200 pages to listing these sees, with up to a dozen names on each page. It gives their names in Latin (which are generally the names used also in English) as well as in Italian, and indicates the ancient Roman province to which most of them belonged or other geographical particulars, their status as metropolitan see or suffragan see (of episcopal or archiepiscopal rank), and basic biographical information about their current bishops.


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Üçayaklı ruins

The Üçayaklı ruins are in Mersin Province, Turkey.

Black Sea
Central Anatolia
Eastern Anatolia


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