Small's Falls c. 1907
|• Total||41.8 sq mi (108.2 km2)|
|• Land||41.7 sq mi (108.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||1,165 ft (355 m)|
|• Density||4.1/sq mi (1.6/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0582577|
It was part of an extensive tract of land purchased from Massachusetts about 1790 by Jonathan Phillips of Boston, then acquired by his agent, Jacob Abbott from Wilton, New Hampshire. First settled about 1807 or 1808, it was incorporated as a town in 1836 and named after Madrid, Spain. In 1854, it was the site of Maine's first gold strike.
Industry developed because the falls in the Sandy River provided water power for mills: these included three sawmills, a gristmill, two clapboard machines, and two shingle machines. The town was noted for producing lumber and carriages. By 1859, the population was 404. In 1880, it had reached 437.
But in the late 20th century, the population declined, as industry changed and the young moved to larger cities. In April 2000, the town of Madrid disincorporated. Citing "apathy", its government was dissolved, and Madrid became part of the unorganized territory of East Central Franklin.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 108.2 km² (41.8 mi²). 108.1 km² (41.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.2 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.14%) is water. Madrid is drained by the head branches of the Sandy River, a tributary of the Kennebec River. Much of the topography is uneven, with the northern portion mountainous.
As of the census of 2000, there were 173 people, 72 households, and 55 families residing in the town. The population density was 1.6/km² (4.1/mi²). There were 208 housing units at an average density of 1.9/km² (5.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 100.00% White.
There were 72 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.3% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.6% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.71.
In the town the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 34.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $22,292, and the median income for a family was $29,063. Males had a median income of $16,563 versus $16,429 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,192. None of the families and 5.5% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 29.4% of those over 64.
In old English law, a gore was a small, narrow strip of land. In modern land law and surveying, a gore is a strip of land, usually triangular in shape, as might be left between surveys that do not close. In some northeastern U.S. states (mainly northern New England), a gore (sometimes a grant or purchase) is an unincorporated area of a county that is not part of any town and has limited self-government (if any, as many are uninhabited or nearly so).Historically, gores were generally the result of errors when the land was first surveyed and the towns laid out. A gore would lie in an area between two (supposedly abutting) towns but would technically be in neither. Surrounding towns have been known to absorb a gore—for example, the gore between Tunbridge, Vermont, and Royalton, Vermont, was eventually incorporated into Tunbridge. Some gores have become towns in their own right, such as Stannard, Vermont.
Different states have different laws governing gores and other unincorporated territories. In Maine, all unincorporated territories (whether townships, gores, plantations, or grants) are governed directly by the Land Use Planning Commission, a state agency. They do not, therefore, enjoy the rights and obligations of direct local self-governance of a corporate Maine municipality, via local elections of town boards of selectmen, and town meetings that debate and approve the town budget and expenditures. Occasionally, a town will choose to become unincorporated after having been an incorporated town; a recent example of this is the former town of Madrid, Maine.List of Maine locations by per capita income
Maine has the thirty-fourth highest per capita income in the United States of America. In 2000, the state's average personal per capita income was $26,699 . By 2003, that figure had risen to $29,851 .By 2011 it was $38,299List of U.S. places named for non-U.S. places
This is a list of US places named for non-US places. In the case of this list, place means any named location that's smaller than a county or equivalent: cities, towns, villages, hamlets, neighborhoods, municipalities, boroughs, townships, civil parishes, localities, Census Designated Places, and some districts. Also included are country homes, castles, palaces, and similar institutions.List of place names of Spanish origin in the United States
As a consequence of former Spanish and, later, Mexican sovereignty over lands that are now part of the United States, there are many places in the country, mostly in the southwest, with names of Spanish origin. Florida and Louisiana also were at times under Spanish control. There are also several places in the United States with Spanish names as a result to other factors. Some of these names preserved ancient writing.Madrid Village Schoolhouse
The Madrid Village Schoolhouse is a historic community building on Reeds Mill Road in the center of the disincorporated township of Madrid, Maine. Built c. 1872, it is the least-altered surviving district school building of twelve originally built in the community. In the later years of the 20th century the school was used for town meetings and offices prior to the town's disincorporation in 2000. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1995.
Municipalities and communities of Franklin County, Maine, United States
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county