Madrid–León high-speed rail line

The Madrid–León high-speed rail line (Spanish language: Línea de Alta Velocidad Madrid - León) was inaugurated on 29 September 2015. The line is built to standard gauge and gauge changers are provided at strategic points to allow interchange with older Spanish railways which were built to Iberian gauge.

Madrid–León high-speed line
A-330ElGoloso
Rail lab (ADIF series 330) in El Goloso (Madrid) heading towards Colmenar Viejo eleven days before the opening of the line.
Overview
Native nameLínea de Alta Velocidad Madrid - León
Typehigh-speed rail
Statusoperational
LocaleSpain
TerminiMadrid Chamartín
León
Stations5
Ridership427,000 (2018)[1]
Operation
Opened29 September 2015
Technical
Line length342.3 km (212.7 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification25 kV 50 Hz AC
Operating speed350 km/h (220 mph)

History

The line was inaugurated in two stages. Its first 179.6 km section Madrid - Segovia - Valladolid opened for commercial service on 23 December 2007 and is the first instalment of a high-speed rail corridor in the north and northwest of Spain. AVE services reduced journey times between Madrid and Valladolid from 2½ hours to 56 minutes at an average speed of 192 kilometres per hour (119 mph). The second 162.7 km section Valladolid-Venta de Baños-León opened on 29 September 2015 and was built at a cost of €1,62bn for operation at up to 350 km/h. Since then the journey time between Madrid and León was cut by 44 min to 2 h 6 min on AVE trains.[2]

Plan for 2015-2020

According to this, the line will be extended to reach the region of Asturias and will connect the cities of Oviedo and Gijón to the high-speed network via the Pajares Base Tunnel (Variante de Pajares).[3]

The line will be connected with the following other HSR (High-speed rail) lines:

Features

This line is constructed for trains running at up to 350 kilometres per hour (220 mph). ERTMS type II signaling and ASFA digital diversion clearance of 220 kilometres per hour (140 mph) and a reduction of over 70 kilometres (43 mi) (28%) compared to the general layout of the Northern or Imperial Line, due to the tunnels of San Pedro and Guadarrama through Sierra de Guadarrama, 9 and 28 km respectively. In the section between Valladolid and León the route comprises 78,7 km of double track and two single-track sections totalling 84 km. Gauge changers are installed at Chamartin Valdestillas, Valladolid, León and Villamuriel south of Palencia and this has reduced travel times on all routes between Madrid and Spain's north-northwest.[4]

Route

Madrid-León HS line
Madrid-León high-speed line in red

(The figures indicate kilometres from Madrid)

  • Gauge changer
  • 345.450 León AV (166,141 km from Valladolid Campo Grande)
  • 344.277 Junction Estadio Municipal
  • 343.879 Classification changer
  • 339.527 Vilecha changer
  • 338.245 Junction Vilecha
  • 320.332 PCA Luengos
  • 297.591 Junction Las Arenas
  • 276.537 Villada AV maintenance center
  • 259.999 Junction Las Barreras
  • 244.212 PCA Becerril
  • 231.315 Level crossing Los Tres Pasos
  • 230.627 Palencia
  • 224.754 Villamuriel changer
  • 223.530 Junction Cerrato AV
  • 222.699 Desvío 10 of the Junction Cerrato
  • 217.578 Junction Venta de Baños AV
  • 208.447 Crossover Dueñas AV
  • 198.097 PCA Valoria
  • 187.360 Junction Las Pajareras
  • 186.283 Junction Canal del Duero
  • 181.241 Level crossing La Pilarica
  • 179.6 Valladolid-Campo Grande
  • 173.1 Level crossing (Pinar de Antequera)
  • 168.0 Rio Duero
  • conventional line Madrid-Irun (Gauge changer)
  • 159.6 Valdestillas / Transition double track to single track
  • 144.0 Conventional Line Madrid-Irun
  • Future link L.A.V. Olmedo-Zamora-Galicia (in draft)
  • Link L.A.V. Olmedo-Zamora-Galicia
  • Intersection with N-601
  • 133.0 Olmedo
  • 106.6 Nava de la Asunción
  • 97.1 to 94.4 Tabladillo Tunnel
  • 86.0 Garcillán
  • 72.5 to 70.7 Puentecilla Tunnel
  • Conventional Line Intersection with Villa
  • 68.3 Segovia Guiomar
  • 66.2 to 37.5 Guadarrama Tunnels
  • 35.5 Soto del Real
  • Junction with conventional line Madrid-Burgos
  • 32.9 Arroyo Valley Viaduct
  • 32.1 to 23.2 tunnels of Cerro de San Pedro
  • Junction with conventional line Madrid-Burgos
  • 18.9 Trivialization Post Tres Cantos
  • Junction with conventional line Madrid-Burgos
  • Line Conv. Madrid-Alcobendas/S.S. de los Reyes
  • Fuencarral maintenance center
  • Intersection with link-Hortaleza Pitis
  • Intersection with link-Hortaleza Chamartin
  • Link to Chamartin Iberian gauge (width changer)
  • Madrid-Chamartin 0.50
  • End of Line (future AV tunnel-Chamartin Atocha)

Key facts

  • Inauguration: 22 December 2007 for the section Madrid–Valladolid (entry into service the next day). 29 September 2015 for the section Valladolid–León.
  • Approximate cost: 4,205 million euro for the section Madrid–Valladolid (about 700 M € are for the reform of the RAF of Valladolid). 1,620 million euro for the section Valladolid–León.
  • Tender: commissioned by the Government to GIF (today ADIF) in 1998.
  • Intermediate stations: Segovia Guiomar (kilometre post 68.3), Valladolid, Venta de Baños.
  • At kilometre post 133.8 there is a junction for the future Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line, negotiable at up to 220 km/h.

Technical details

  • Length 179.6 km Madrid–Valladolid + 162.7 km Valladolid–León
  • Total length in tunnels 42,1 km
  • Total length on viaducts 2 km
  • UIC gauge (1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in))
  • Electrification 25 kV 50 Hz AC
  • Maximum speed 350 km/h
  • Digital Signage ASFA and ERTMS II
  • Platform width 16 m
  • PAET 3 (Soto del Real, Garcillán and Olmedo)
  • PB 3 (Tres Cantos, Nava, Valdestillas)
  • Width Changers 3 (Chamartin Valdestillas, Valladolid)

PB = Puesto de Banalización (transition from double to single track?)
PAET = Puesto de Adelantamiento y Estacionamiento de Trenes (passing loop?)

Special projects

Tunel de san pedro ColmenarViejo Spain
The entrance to the San Pedro tunnels
  • Guadarrama Tunnel (28,377 m)
  • Tunnels of San Pedro (8,930 m)
  • Arroyo Valley Viaduct (1,796 m, maximum height 77.8 m)
  • Tabladillo tunnel (2 km)
  • Puentecilla Tunnel (1900 m)
  • Tunel del Pinar de Antequera (1 km) (opening 8 November 2009)

Reduced travel times

Talgo trains were replaced by Alvia trains (RENFE Class 130) and these operate on both the high-speed line and the older lines.

These trains pass through the gauge changers at Valladolid and Valdestillas or to join the General Line North from this high speed line and back by reducing their travel time by reducing the distance and increasing the commercial speed in the stretch Madrid–Valladolid.

The Talgo Madrid-Galicia was diverted later by LAV circulating until Valdestillas changer, which reverses the direction of travel and change of locomotive. In this case the time reduction has been lower, only 15-20 min, while in the Galicia-Madrid train has been an advantage to using the best line to be able to recover the backlog.

Madrid to Previous train Time Distance (km) Average speed (km/h) Current train Time Distance (km) Average speed (km/h) Reduction
Burgos Talgo 3:22 282 83.76 Alvia 2:20 301 129 1:02
Gijón Talgo 6:15 591 94.56 Alvia 5:05 521 102.49 1:10
Irun Intercity 6:50 640 93.66 Alvia 5:44 570 99.42 1:06
León Talgo 3:50 420 109.57 Alvia 2:46 350 126.51 1:04
Miranda de Ebro Talgo 4:26 371 83.68 Alvia 3:19 390 117.59 1:07
Oviedo Talgo 5:43 559 97.78 Alvia 4:36 489 106.30 1:07
Palencia Talgo 2:50 298 105.18 Alvia 1:44 228 131.54 1:06
San Sebastian Intercity 6:25 623 97.09 Alvia 5:20 553 103.69 1:05
Santander Talgo 5:35 515 92.24 Alvia 4:27 445 100 1:08
Segovia Regional 2:03 101 49.27 AVE 0:35 68 136 1:33
Valladolid Talgo 2:23 249 104.48 AVE 0:56 179 191.79 1:27
Vitoria Intercity 4:39 493 106.02 Alvia 3:41 423 114.84 0:58

Services that use these lines

Viaducto Arroyo del Valle (Madrid) 02
A northbound AVE-S 102 train crosses the Arroyo del Valle Viaduct soon after the line opened
  • AVE Chamartin Madrid–Segovia–Valladolid, Campo Grande–Palencia–Léon at 2:13 S-102
  • AVE Chamartin Madrid–Valladolid, Campo Grande–Palencia–Léon at 2:06 S-102
  • Avant-Chamartin Madrid-Segovia Guiomar 0:35 nonstop S121
  • Avant Valladolid to Madrid Chamartin station at 1:10 Segovia Guiomar S121
  • Alvia Madrid-Chamartin Hendaye Segovia Guiomar
  • Valladolid-Campo Grande
  • Burgos
  • Miranda de Ebro
  • Vitoria-Gasteiz
  • Alsasua
  • San Sebastian
  • Irun S130 gauge change in Valladolid / Valdestillas
  • Alvia Bilbao-Madrid-Chamartin Abando Segovia Guiomar
  • Valladolid-Campo Grande
  • Burgos S130 gauge change in Valladolid / Valdestillas
  • Alvia Madrid-Chamartin Santander Segovia Guiomar
  • Valladolid-Campo Grande
  • Palencia
  • Aguilar de Campóo
  • Reinosa
  • Torrelavega S130 gauge change in Valladolid / Valdestillas
    • 1 train per day each direction continues its journey to Alicante
  • Alvia Madrid-Chamartin Gijón-suburban Segovia Guiomar
  • Valladolid-Campo Grande
  • Palencia
  • Sahagun
  • Léon
  • Mieres-Puente
  • Oviedo
  • Jovellanos Gijón S130-wide change in Valladolid / Valdestillas
    • 1 train per day each direction continues its journey to Alicante
  • Talgo Madrid-Chamartin La Coruna Segovia Guiomar
  • Medina del Campo
  • Zamora
  • Puebla de Sanabria
  • The Gudiña
  • Orense-Joint
  • Carballiño
  • Santiago de Compostela Talgo VI gauge change in Valdestillas
  • Talgo Madrid-Chamartin Pontevedra (*)
  • Guillarei
  • Redondela
  • Vigo Talgo VI (*) circulates together with the branch of La Coruna to Orense
    • gauge change in Valdestillas

Speed

The maximum permissible speed in line with ERTMS II in service are shown below. Note that trains are permitted to move at a maximum of 300 kilometres per hour (190 mph) over 147 kilometres (91 mi) of the line.

end km home km km/h
0.800 1.402 110
1.402 1.440 35
1.440 1.884 65
1.884 6.071 110
6.071 6.513 105
6.513 8.300 110
8.300 12.400 165
12.400 14.600 200
14.600 21.000 270
21.000 168.700 300
168.700 170.358 200
170.358 171.807 180
171.807 172.600 200
172.600 173.081 160
173.081 173.091 100
173.091 177.752 160
177.752 177.827 150
177.827 178.100 160
178.100 179.300 50
179.309 179.840 40
179.840 181.241 60
181.241 182.752 120
182.752 186.621 160
186.621 217.578 200
217.578 222.651 190
222.651 223.537 150
223.537 224.605 110
224.605 230.200 80
230.200 231.398 50
231.398 232.615 80
232.615 234.349 85
234.349 235.230 125
235.230 237.946 160
237.946 338.900 200
338.900 340.673 160
340.673 343.123 130
343.123 344.086 100
344.086 344.904 60
344.904 345.450 35

References

  1. ^ "El AVE crece un 14,5% y alcanza ya los 427.000 viajeros en León". La Nueva Crónica (in Spanish). 30 March 2019. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  2. ^ "New AVE high speed train service to Palencia and León opens". Spanish News Today. ADIF. 29 September 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  3. ^ "High Speed Lines León — Asturias high speed line". ADIF. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.
  4. ^ "New AVE high speed train service to Palencia and León opens". Railway Gazette. 29 September 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  • Article in Ferropedia
  • Construction of the LAV dossier SkyscraperCity
  • Construction of the LAV-2 dossier SkyscraperCity
  • Construction of the LAV, thread 1 tranvia.org
  • Construction of the LAV, thread 2 tranvia.org

Coordinates: 40°59′53″N 4°17′21″W / 40.9981°N 4.2891°W

Guadarrama Tunnel

The Guadarrama Tunnel is a railway tunnel across the Sierra de Guadarrama, along the high-speed route Madrid–Valladolid in Spain.

The tunnel has two tubes. The western tube is 28,407 m long and the eastern tube 28,418 m long, and it is the longest tunnel in Spain (when not counting the Line 12 tunnel in the Madrid Metro). The tunnel was opened for traffic in December 2007. The tunnel is used by the AVE high-speed trains.

LAV

LAV or Lav may refer to:

Lav, Iran, a village in Isfahan Province, Iran

Lav pivo, a beer brand in Serbia

The Last American Virgin, a 1982 film

León railway station

León railway station is the railway station of the Spanish city of León.

Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line

The Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line is a high-speed railway line partially open in Spain that will link the city of Madrid with the region of Galicia via the cities of Olmedo, Zamora and Santiago de Compostela when completed. The line will also connect the Atlantic Axis high-speed rail line to the rest of the Spanish AVE high-speed network. The Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line is being constructed as double electrified line and is designed for trains running at speeds up to 350 kilometres per hour (220 mph).

Madrid–Hendaye railway

The Madrid–Hendaye railway, also known as the Madrid-Irún railway, General del Norte Line or Imperial Line, is a 641.6 km railway line linking the Spanish capital of Madrid with the French border at Irún and Hendaye, serving important northern Spanish cities including San Sebastián, Vitoria-Gasteiz and Valladolid.

Palencia railway station

Palencia railway station serves the Spanish city of Palencia, Castile and León. It is located on the Madrid–León high-speed rail line, and serves over 500,000 passengers a year.

Rail transport in Spain

Rail transport in Spain operates on four rail gauges and services are operated by a variety of private and public operators. The total route length in 2012 was 16,026 km (10,182 km electrified).Most railways are operated by Renfe Operadora; metre and narrow-gauge lines are operated by FEVE and other carriers in individual autonomous communities. It is proposed and planned to build or convert more lines to standard gauge, including some dual gauging of broad-gauge lines, especially where these lines link to France, including platforms to be heightened.

Spain is a member of the International Union of Railways (UIC). The UIC Country Code for Spain is 71.

San Sebastián railway station

San Sebastián railway station, also known as Donostia-San Sebastián or Estación del Norte is the main railway station of the Spanish city of San Sebastián, Basque Country. It served over 2 million passengers in 2018.

Santander railway station

Santander railway station, also known as Santander ADIF to distinguish it from the Santander Feve station, is the main railway station of the Spanish city of Santander, Cantabria. It opened in 1858 and served over 3 million passengers in 2018. The station is actually a complex of two stations, one serving Renfe Iberian-gauge railways, and another adjacent serving FEVE metre-gauge services to Bilbao-Abando and Oviedo.

Segovia

Segovia (, also US: , Spanish: [seˈɣoβja] (listen)) is a city in the autonomous region of Castile and León, Spain. The city is famous for its historic buildings including the three main landmarks: its midtown Roman aqueduct, its cathedral (one of the last Gothic to be built in Europe), and the castle, which was an influence for Walt Disney's Cinderella Castle. The city center of Segovia was declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 1985. It is the capital of Province of Segovia.

Segovia-Guiomar railway station

Segovia-Guiomar is the new central railway station of Segovia, Spain. Situated at the south of the town in the vicinity of the Hontoria Industrial Park, it has effectively replaced the old Estación de Segovia in the centre of the town, which now only serves as the terminus of the regional Line 53 from Madrid.As a stop of the high velocity track from Madrid Chamartín to Valladolid Campo Grande, it is directly and indirectly connected to numerous destinations in northern and eastern Spain, such as Alicante, San Sebastián, Salamanca, Barcelona and even Dijon in France. For many of these routes, passengers may choose between the slightly faster and more frequently departing AVE trains and the more affordable Alvia and Avant services.

Valladolid-Campo Grande railway station

Valladolid-Campo Grande railway station serves the Spanish city of Valladolid. It is served by the Madrid–León high-speed rail line to Madrid-Chamartín and regional trains to Santander, Ponferrada and Vitoria-Gasteiz.

Route map
future León-Asturias high-speed section
345.45 León
LE-20 (Avenida de Portugal)
LE-30
LE-11
Torneros Bridge (581 m)
Intersection with conventional line Palencia-La Coruña (606 m)
Río Esla (660 m)
Canal de la margen izquierda del Porma (63 m)
A-231 (152 m)
Arroyo de Valdearcos (86 m)
Canal del Porma (136 m)
A-231 (152 m)
N-601 and Cañada Real Leonesa (168 m)
A-60
Crossover Santas Martas
Valle de la Utielga (315 m)
Valle de la Granja (315 m)
Bridge over Camino de Santiago path
Arroyo del Olmo (167 m)
crossing over A-231 (152 m)
Arroyo del Coso (116 m)
Bridge over Camino de Santiago path (442 m)
N-120
Arroyo del Valle
Río Cea (116 m)
Río Valderaduey (82 m)
Intersection with conventional line Palencia-La Coruña (53 m)
276.5 Villada maintenance center
Río Sequillo (90 m)
Río de la Huerga (185 m)
Río Valdeguinate (85 m)
Río Retortillo (248 m)
Intersection with conventional line Palencia-La Coruña (130 m)
Crossover Paredes de Nava
Canal de Castilla Ramal de Campos (116 m)
Canal de Castilla Ramal Sur (110 m)
A-65
230.6 Palencia railway station
A-67
Link to conventional line to Palencia (Gauge changer)
Link with Venta de Baños-Burgos-Vitoria high-speed section
Cerrato Tunnel (500 m)
A-62 (120 m)
N-620 (138 m)
Intersection with conventional line Madrid-Hendaya (266 m)
Link with Venta de Baños-Burgos-Vitoria high-speed section
217.5 Venta de Baños railway station
Río Pisuerga (610 m)
Charcón bridge (130 m)
Arroyo Cevico (250 m)
208.4
Crossover Dueñas
Arroyo Madrazo (50 m)
Peña Rayada Tunnel (2000 m)
Río Pisuerga (1366 m)
Acequia de Santovenia (74 m)
Intersection with conventional line Madrid-Hendaya
181.9
Start of the Valladolid-León section
181.2
Level crossing La Pilarica
180,2
Link to conventional line to Burgos (Gauge changer)
179.6 Valladolid-Campo Grande railway station
conventional line to Madrid
173,1
Level crossing (Pinar de Antequera)
168.0
Río Duero
Link to conventional line Madrid-Irun (Gauge changer)
159.6
Valdestillas / Transition double track to single track
144.0
Intersection with conventional Line Madrid-Irun
towards Olmedo-Zamora-Galicia (in draft)
N-601
133.0 Olmedo
106.6
97.1
94.4
Tabladillo Tunnel
86.0 Garcillán
72.5
70.7
Puentecilla Tunnel
Intersection with conventional line Villa
AP-61
68.3 Segovia-Guiomar railway station
66.2
37.5
Guadarrama Tunnels
35.5 Miraflores de la Sierra
Intersection with conventional line Madrid-Burgos
32.9
Arroyo Valley bridge
32.1
23.2
Tunnels of Cerro de San Pedro
Intersection with conventional line Madrid-Burgos
18.9
Crossover Tres Cantos
Intersection with conventional line Madrid-Burgos
Intersection with conv. line Madrid-Alcobendas/S.S. de los Reyes
Fuencarral maintenance center
Intersection with link Hortaleza-Pitis
Intersection with link Hortaleza-Chamartin
Link to Chamartin Iberian gauge (width changer)
0.50 Madrid Chamartín railway station
End of the line
Lines in service
Lines under construction
Planned lines
Rolling stock
Services
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