The Madrid–León high-speed rail line (Spanish language: Línea de Alta Velocidad Madrid - León) was inaugurated on 29 September 2015. The line is built to standard gauge and gauge changers are provided at strategic points to allow interchange with older Spanish railways which were built to Iberian gauge.
|Madrid–León high-speed line|
Rail lab (ADIF series 330) in El Goloso (Madrid) heading towards Colmenar Viejo eleven days before the opening of the line.
|Native name||Línea de Alta Velocidad Madrid - León|
|Opened||29 September 2015|
|Line length||342.3 km (212.7 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||25 kV 50 Hz AC|
|Operating speed||350 km/h (220 mph)|
The line was inaugurated in two stages. Its first 179.6 km section Madrid - Segovia - Valladolid opened for commercial service on 23 December 2007 and is the first instalment of a high-speed rail corridor in the north and northwest of Spain. AVE services reduced journey times between Madrid and Valladolid from 2½ hours to 56 minutes at an average speed of 192 kilometres per hour (119 mph). The second 162.7 km section Valladolid-Venta de Baños-León opened on 29 September 2015 and was built at a cost of €1,62bn for operation at up to 350 km/h. Since then the journey time between Madrid and León was cut by 44 min to 2 h 6 min on AVE trains.
According to this, the line will be extended to reach the region of Asturias and will connect the cities of Oviedo and Gijón to the high-speed network via the Pajares Base Tunnel (Variante de Pajares).
The line will be connected with the following other HSR (High-speed rail) lines:
This line is constructed for trains running at up to 350 kilometres per hour (220 mph). ERTMS type II signaling and ASFA digital diversion clearance of 220 kilometres per hour (140 mph) and a reduction of over 70 kilometres (43 mi) (28%) compared to the general layout of the Northern or Imperial Line, due to the tunnels of San Pedro and Guadarrama through Sierra de Guadarrama, 9 and 28 km respectively. In the section between Valladolid and León the route comprises 78,7 km of double track and two single-track sections totalling 84 km. Gauge changers are installed at Chamartin Valdestillas, Valladolid, León and Villamuriel south of Palencia and this has reduced travel times on all routes between Madrid and Spain's north-northwest.
(The figures indicate kilometres from Madrid)
PB = Puesto de Banalización (transition from double to single track?)
PAET = Puesto de Adelantamiento y Estacionamiento de Trenes (passing loop?)
These trains pass through the gauge changers at Valladolid and Valdestillas or to join the General Line North from this high speed line and back by reducing their travel time by reducing the distance and increasing the commercial speed in the stretch Madrid–Valladolid.
The Talgo Madrid-Galicia was diverted later by LAV circulating until Valdestillas changer, which reverses the direction of travel and change of locomotive. In this case the time reduction has been lower, only 15-20 min, while in the Galicia-Madrid train has been an advantage to using the best line to be able to recover the backlog.
|Madrid to||Previous train||Time||Distance (km)||Average speed (km/h)||Current train||Time||Distance (km)||Average speed (km/h)||Reduction|
|Miranda de Ebro||Talgo||4:26||371||83.68||Alvia||3:19||390||117.59||1:07|
The maximum permissible speed in line with ERTMS II in service are shown below. Note that trains are permitted to move at a maximum of 300 kilometres per hour (190 mph) over 147 kilometres (91 mi) of the line.
|end km||home km||km/h|
The Guadarrama Tunnel is a railway tunnel across the Sierra de Guadarrama, along the high-speed route Madrid–Valladolid in Spain.
The tunnel has two tubes. The western tube is 28,407 m long and the eastern tube 28,418 m long, and it is the longest tunnel in Spain (when not counting the Line 12 tunnel in the Madrid Metro). The tunnel was opened for traffic in December 2007. The tunnel is used by the AVE high-speed trains.LAV
LAV or Lav may refer to:
Lav, Iran, a village in Isfahan Province, Iran
Lav pivo, a beer brand in Serbia
The Last American Virgin, a 1982 filmLeón railway station
León railway station is the railway station of the Spanish city of León.Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line
The Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line is a high-speed railway line partially open in Spain that will link the city of Madrid with the region of Galicia via the cities of Olmedo, Zamora and Santiago de Compostela when completed. The line will also connect the Atlantic Axis high-speed rail line to the rest of the Spanish AVE high-speed network. The Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line is being constructed as double electrified line and is designed for trains running at speeds up to 350 kilometres per hour (220 mph).Madrid–Hendaye railway
The Madrid–Hendaye railway, also known as the Madrid-Irún railway, General del Norte Line or Imperial Line, is a 641.6 km railway line linking the Spanish capital of Madrid with the French border at Irún and Hendaye, serving important northern Spanish cities including San Sebastián, Vitoria-Gasteiz and Valladolid.Palencia railway station
Palencia railway station serves the Spanish city of Palencia, Castile and León. It is located on the Madrid–León high-speed rail line, and serves over 500,000 passengers a year.Rail transport in Spain
Rail transport in Spain operates on four rail gauges and services are operated by a variety of private and public operators. The total route length in 2012 was 16,026 km (10,182 km electrified).Most railways are operated by Renfe Operadora; metre and narrow-gauge lines are operated by FEVE and other carriers in individual autonomous communities. It is proposed and planned to build or convert more lines to standard gauge, including some dual gauging of broad-gauge lines, especially where these lines link to France, including platforms to be heightened.
Spain is a member of the International Union of Railways (UIC). The UIC Country Code for Spain is 71.San Sebastián railway station
San Sebastián railway station, also known as Donostia-San Sebastián or Estación del Norte is the main railway station of the Spanish city of San Sebastián, Basque Country. It served over 2 million passengers in 2018.Santander railway station
Santander railway station, also known as Santander ADIF to distinguish it from the Santander Feve station, is the main railway station of the Spanish city of Santander, Cantabria. It opened in 1858 and served over 3 million passengers in 2018. The station is actually a complex of two stations, one serving Renfe Iberian-gauge railways, and another adjacent serving FEVE metre-gauge services to Bilbao-Abando and Oviedo.Segovia
Segovia (, also US: , Spanish: [seˈɣoβja] (listen)) is a city in the autonomous region of Castile and León, Spain. The city is famous for its historic buildings including the three main landmarks: its midtown Roman aqueduct, its cathedral (one of the last Gothic to be built in Europe), and the castle, which was an influence for Walt Disney's Cinderella Castle. The city center of Segovia was declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 1985. It is the capital of Province of Segovia.Segovia-Guiomar railway station
Segovia-Guiomar is the new central railway station of Segovia, Spain. Situated at the south of the town in the vicinity of the Hontoria Industrial Park, it has effectively replaced the old Estación de Segovia in the centre of the town, which now only serves as the terminus of the regional Line 53 from Madrid.As a stop of the high velocity track from Madrid Chamartín to Valladolid Campo Grande, it is directly and indirectly connected to numerous destinations in northern and eastern Spain, such as Alicante, San Sebastián, Salamanca, Barcelona and even Dijon in France. For many of these routes, passengers may choose between the slightly faster and more frequently departing AVE trains and the more affordable Alvia and Avant services.Valladolid-Campo Grande railway station
Valladolid-Campo Grande railway station serves the Spanish city of Valladolid. It is served by the Madrid–León high-speed rail line to Madrid-Chamartín and regional trains to Santander, Ponferrada and Vitoria-Gasteiz.
|Lines in service|
|Lines under construction|
* An asterisk indicates overlap with conventional services.