Madhapar

Madhapar is a large village located in the south western Kutch district in the state of Gujarat, India. Bhuj is the regional hub of the town where the nearest airport exists. It serves three flights daily to Mumbai.

Madhapar

માધાપર
Village
The Main Entrance Gate of Madhapar
The Main Entrance Gate of Madhapar
Madhapar is located in Gujarat
Madhapar
Madhapar
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 23°13′48″N 69°42′39″E / 23.230127°N 69.710821°ECoordinates: 23°13′48″N 69°42′39″E / 23.230127°N 69.710821°E
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictKutch district
Area
 • Total43.67 km2 (16.86 sq mi)
Elevation
105.156 m (345.000 ft)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, kutchi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
370020
Telephone code2832
Vehicle registrationGJ-12

Present status

The town of Madhapar, with a population of more than ninety two thousand people, some 3 km from the main town of Bhuj in the province of Kutch (Gujarat), is wealthiest town in the whole of Southern Asia with an average GDP of $13,2000 per person.

In recent times, the town has become greener, with new lakes, check dams and deep bore artesian wells that provide fresh water all year round. It has new health centers, playing fields, parks and temples.

History

A Historical place Nani Ba Vaav
A Historical place Nani Ba Vaav

Madhapar is one of the 18 villages established by the Mistris of Kutch. In the 12th century, many people of the Mistris community moved into a village named Dhaneti and later settled between Anjar and Bhuj.[1][2][3][4] Madhapar is named after Madha Kanji Solanki who had shifted from the Dhaneti village to Madhapar in the year 1473-1474 (VS 1529).[5] Madha Kanji was the third generation of Hemraj Hardas of Solanki dynasty of Gujarat, who moved from the Halar region to Dhaneti and then to Madhapar.[6][7] This early Madhapar today is known as Juna Vaas (Old Residence). These warrior Kshatriyas later came to be known by Mistri mainly because of their occupation. These Mistris have founded the Juna Vaas and contributed a lot to the development of all early infrastructure, temples of the village and erection of other architects of Kutch.[6]

The Patel Kanbi community moved into the village around 1576 AD (V.S. 1633). Navo Vaas (New Residence) was started in around 1857, by which time Madhapar had become congested and other communities like the Kanbis had also increased and prospered.[7]

The village was not harshly affected by the 2001 Gujarat earthquake that had caused severe damage in the region. However, some of the century old houses of Mistris in Juna Vaas (Old Residence) with unique architect were damaged in the earthquake of 26 January 2001.

Schools

Kari Mori Lake
Kari Mori Lake

The first government boys' school was started in 1884.[7] Bhimji Devji Rathod of Mistri Community built and started the first girls' school in Madhapar in 1900. The first high school, Madhapar Vidhyalay Saraswati High School, was founded in 1968.[7]

Geology

There are two huge lakes in Madhapar. One is called Jagasagar and was built by Mistri railway contractor Jagamal Bhima Rathod around the year 1900; it is named after him.[7][6] The other is called Meghrajji Lake, named after Meghrajji, the last ruler of the Cutch State.[7] Karasan Bhima Rathod also built an artificial lake with steps near the Suralbhit Temple, which today is known as Karasan Bhimjee's Pond.[6]

Temples

Sanatan Thakor Mandir, Mahadev Temple, Barla Temple and Swaminarayan Temple (1949) are in Madhapar. Kuldevi Temples of Momai Mata of Solanki, Rathods are also there.

As per records of the old Thakor Madir, Shiva Mandir and the noted Barla Temple were built by Mistri Mandan Jiwani Chauhan of the Mistri community around 1880-90 from the monies he earned as railway contract works in Sindh[8][9]

Economy

Banks at Madhapar
Banks at Madhapar

Agriculture plays a large part in the region's prosperity, and most of the agricultural goods are exported to Mumbai. These primarily consist of corn, mangoes and sugarcane.

Many residents of Madhapar work abroad in the UK, USA, and Canada. But they prefer to save their money in India, which has made Madhapar one of the richest villages in terms of bank deposits worth over $200 crores. The village has earned a special name in India and is considered a barometer of NRI deposits.[10][11][12]

The migrant population of Madhapar living outside India have huge love for their village and have formed community associations. In 1968, Kutch Madhapar Karyalay[13] was formed in London to bind the UK Madhapar community together and maintain their cultural activities and traditions.

References

  1. ^ 18 villages founded by Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas
  2. ^ Gurjar Kshatriyas, also known as Mistris, came to Kutch from Rajasthan. They are skilled in building construction. They first established themselves at Dhaneti and were granted 18 villages by the rulers of Kutch. They are famous designers and developers of buildings and bridges
  3. ^ Report after earthquake Giving details of Villages, Art & Skills of Mistris of Kutch
  4. ^ Press Report on Houses, History of Mistiris of Kutch Archived 2012-12-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ The name of village Madhapar was given on the name of one Mr. Madha Kanji Solanki (3rd generation of Mr. Hemraj Hardas) who had shifted from Dhaneti village to Madhapar in the year 1473-74.
  6. ^ a b c d Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya Community : A brief History & Glory:by Raja Pawan Jethwa. (Kolkata, 2007). Section II: Mileage wise available Details of Railway lines laid.Pages:63 to 70
  7. ^ a b c d e f Mistri of Kutch, Madhapur History, Madhapar was founded by Madha Kanji Solanki, Suralbhit Temple Renovation, History of development of Madhapar over centuries, etc. in Patel community document
  8. ^ સને 1881માં રેલ્વેમાં કામોમાં કમાણી કર્યા બાદ માધાપર ગામે માંડણભાઇ જીવાણીએ ઠાકર મંદિર અને શિવમંદિર, બારલા મંદિર બંધાવેલ
  9. ^ "મંદિર પ્રકરણમાં ખોટા કેસ થાય તેવો મિસ્ત્રી સમાજને ભય (Barla Mandir case - Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya / Mistri Samaj of Madhapar afraid of false implication". Divya Bhaskar. 6 February 2010. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  10. ^ For three decades, NRIs in small Kutch village have been depositing money in bankshas grown to Rs 2,000 crore.
  11. ^ Kutch village bank flush with NRI cash
  12. ^ Meltdown hits Madhapar's deposits : Madhapar village, considered as a barometer of NRI deposits and remittances in the country, is now facing the brunt of the recession with banks in the region witnessing a decline in NRI deposits
  13. ^ [1]
Bhuj Airport

Bhuj Airport (IATA: BHJ, ICAO: VABJ) is a domestic airport located in Bhuj in the Kutch District of the state of Gujarat, India. It is located 4 km from Bhuj.

It is situated at an altitude of 257 feet (78 m) and occupies a total area of 832 acres (337 ha). It is located 30 miles (48 km) from the Indo-Pakistan border.The airport was previously made up of two bunkers/buildings near the Bhuj Rudra Mata Air Force Base, with which it shares the runway. On one side of the passing road there was an Indian Airlines bunker, and on the other side a Jet Airways bunker. From there a coach would transport passengers across the Indian Air Force grounds to the small departures terminal.

Chandiya

Chandiya or Chandia is a village near the town Anjar, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Village is located 21 km from nearest town Anjar.

Hajapar

Hajapar is a village in Bhuj Taluka of Kachchh District of Gujarat State of India. It is located at a distance of about 18 km from Bhuj. One nearby village is Reha. As per some old records & books of Mistris community Hajapar was also known as Rajapar in olden days.

Jagmal Raja Chauhan

Jagmal Raja Chauhan (1887–1974), better known as Rai Bahadur Jagmal Raja, was a noted railway contractor, industrialist, miner, private banker, aviation pioneer and philanthropist of India.

Jambudi

Jambudi is a village near the Bhuj, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is located at a distance of about 20 km from Bhuj Taluka and district headquarters of Kutch.

Kalavad (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Kalavad assembly constituency (કાલાવડ વિધાનસભા બેઠક) is one of the 182 assembly constituency of Gujarat. It is located in Jamnagar District. This seat is reserved for a member of the Scheduled Caste.

Khengarji III

Template:Infobox royalt

Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao Sir Khengarji III Sawai Bahadur (23 August 1866 – 15 January 1942) was a progressive and one of the longest ruling monarchs of the world and also the longest ruling king of the Princely State of Cutch from 1875 to 1942.

Koovarji Karsan Rathor

Rai Saheb Koovarji Karsan Rathor (1898–1976) was a noted Kutchi railway & civil contractor, businessman & philanthropist from Cuttack, India.

Kukma

Kukma or Kookma is a village near the Bhuj town, taluka in Kachchh District of Indian State of Gujarat. It is located at a distance of 16 kilometers from Bhuj, the headquarters of Kachchh District.

Kumbharia

Kumbharia or Kumbhariya is a village in Anjar Taluka of Kutch District of Gujarat State of India. It is situated at a distance of 14 km from Anjar town, the taluka headquarters.

Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya

Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya (also known as Mistri or Mestri) are a minority Hindu and one of the Socially and Educationally rich community of Gujarat in India, whom claim to be Kshatriyas. They are an artisan community related with Kadia works.They are also known as the Mistri a.k.a. Mistris of Kutch.

Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas contributions to the Indian railways

The Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas (KGK) contributions to the Indian railways were widespread from the late 1850s to the latest reorganization of the Indian Railways infrastructure in 2003–2006. The community also widely known as Mistris of Kutch (or Mistry) migrated from Kutch to perform the work and were involved in the laying down of railway tracks and construction of rail bridges in almost all railway routes of undivided British India.

Lovariya

Lovariya is a village near the town Anjar, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Meghpar, Anjar

Meghpar is a village in Anjar Taluka in Kutch District of Gujarat of India. It is located on Anjar to Galpadar Road. About the history of Meghpar it is one of the 18 villages founded by Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas or Mistris of Kutch. It is located at a distance of about 4 km from Taluka Headquarters Anjar. The famous Malkeshwar Mahadev Temple is located nearby. It is also known as Meghpar-Borichi.

These Mistris first moved into Saurashtra in early 7th century and later a major group entered Kutch in 12th Century & established themselves at Dhaneti. Later from 12th century onwards they moved between Anjar and Bhuj and founded the villages of Anjar, Sinugra, Khambhra, Nagalpar, Khedoi, Madhapar, Hajapar, Kukma, Galpadar, Reha, Vidi, Ratnal, Jambudi, Devariya, Lovaria, Nagor, Chandiya, Meghpar and Kumbharia.These group of warriors were also talented architects and have contributed in erection of most of the historical architect of Kutch The Mistris of these villages have built and developed the infrastructure, temples, community halls around the villages till late 19th century. Many members of Mistri community migrated out of village during the years 1850 to 1940, the early years of laying of Railway lines in British India and have now settled in various parts of India and East Africa. However, majority of old houses of Mistris with unique architect were destroyed in the earthquake of 26 January 2001.

Morbi (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Morbi (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (મોરબી વિધાનસભા બેઠક) is one of the 182 assembly constituency of Gujarat. It is located in Morbi district.

Ruda Ladha Chawra

Seth Ruda Ladha Chawra, Rai Saheb (1884–1948) was a noted railway contractor and Kutchi industrialist, who established himself at Bagra, India.

Sinugra

Sinugra (also spelled Shinoogra / Sinogra / Sinougra) is a village 7 km from the town of Anjar, in the Anjar taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Vandhay

Vandhay or Vandhai is a village in Bhuj Taluka of Kutch District of Gujarat. It is 59.6 km from Bhuj, district and taluka headquarters.It is a very small village with a population of around 350 people and about 70 houses. The nearest big villages are Deshalpar and Anandsar,Madhapar and Jiyapar.

Nearby towns are Anjar (69.4 km), Nakhatrana (30.4 km), Mundra (61.2 km), Gandhidham (88.9 km) and Bhuj (27.3 km).

However, this village has religious significance for many Hindu communities of Kutch as the Ashrams of one of the famous saint of Kutch Sant Shri Odhavramji is located here. Odhavramji started the first Gurukul of Kutch, named Ishwarramji Gurukul, in year 1937 and Blind School in 1938 both of which are in the village.Also the Gadi of Ramanandi sect headed by Sadhu Val Dasji, a contemporary of Sant Garib Dasji of Kukma of same sect is here. The asharam is also known as Valaram Jhupdi. Jhupdi means a hut, as the Sadhu Val Dasji also known as Valaram used to stay in a hut. This place is in the outskirts of the village near the pond and there is a Rama temple near his hut.

Many people of Kutch belonging to communities like Bhanushali, Patidar, Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya and others like Ahirs, Sorathias and Rabari worship as their Gurus, the Sant Odhavramji (who followed Harihar Parampara of Haridwar ) and Sadhu Val Dasji (who followed Ramanandi sect). As such, people visit this small obscure village in large numbers on occasions like Ramnavami, Gurupoornima, Diwali and other festivities.

The beautiful architect depicting idols of Gods, warriors and others characters on chhatri and temple housing samadhis of Odhavramji and other saints were done by artisans of Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya, the artisan community of Kutch also known as Mistris. From this community, Mistri Manji Jeram Rathod of Madhapar was one of the contemporaries of Odhavramji, who was his ardent follower and major donor in building of ashram in 1936-38. Manji Jeram was also the major donor of Kutchi Lalrameshwar Ashram founded in Haridwar by Saint Odhavramji in 1954. Further, Mistri Ghela Pachhan Parmar of Kukma was another one of major donor of this community, who donated large money in building of other ashram headed by Sant Val Dasji in those decades.There is also a temple of Umiya Mataji ( a form of Shakti ) in village.

Vandhay has Ram Mandir(Temple) and beautiful Pond edge, spending evening is Spiritual feeling here, Umiya Mataji Mandir ( Kul Devi of Kadva Patidar) has Dwara ( Free lunch, Dinner) provided as seva here. Also there are accommodation rooms for family is available as no profit no loss rates.

Vidi

Vidi can also refer to Vidi, Prince of Albania.

Vidi can also refer to Hungarian Football Team MOL Vidi FC.

Vidi or Videe or Virdee is a village near the town Anjar, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is at a distance of about 4 km from Anjar, the Taluka headquarters.

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