Madame Tussauds

Madame Tussauds (UK: /tjuːˈsɔːdz/, US: /tuːˈsoʊz/)[1][N. 1] is a wax museum in London; it has smaller museums in a number of other major cities. It was founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud. It used to be spelled as "Madame Tussaud's"; the apostrophe is no longer used.[2][3] Madame Tussauds is a major tourist attraction in London, displaying the waxworks of famous and historical figures, as well as popular film and television characters.

Madame Tussauds London
Madame Tussauds and the London Planetarium

History

Background

Marie Tussaud was born as Marie Grosholtz in 1761 in Strasbourg, France. Her mother worked for Dr. Philippe Curtius in Bern, Switzerland, who was a physician skilled in wax modeling. Curtius taught Tussaud the art of wax modelling beginning when she was a child. He moved to Paris and took his young apprentice, then only 6 years old, with him.[4]

Grosholtz created her first wax sculpture in 1777 of Voltaire.[5] At the age of 17, she became the art tutor to Madame Elizabeth, the sister of King Louis XVI of France, at the Palace of Versailles. During the French Revolution, she was imprisoned for three months and awaiting execution, but was released after the intervention of an influential friend.[4] Other famous people whom she modelled included Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Benjamin Franklin. During the Revolution, she made models of many prominent victims.[6]

Grosholtz inherited Dr. Curtius's vast collection of wax models following his death in 1794. For the next 33 years she travelled around Europe with a touring show from the collection. She married Francois Tussaud in 1795 and took his surname. She renamed her show as Madame Tussaud's. In 1802, she accepted an invitation from Paul Philidor, a magic lantern and phantasmagoria pioneer, to exhibit her work alongside his show at the Lyceum Theatre, London. She did not fare particularly well financially, with Philidor taking half of her profits.

She was unable to return to France because of the Napoleonic Wars, so she traveled throughout Great Britain and Ireland exhibiting her collection. From 1831, she took a series of short leases on the upper floor of "Baker Street Bazaar" (on the west side of Baker Street, Dorset Street, and King Street).[7] This site was later featured in the Druce-Portland case sequence of trials of 1898–1907. This became Tussaud's first permanent home in 1836.[8]

Origins

Madame Tussaud affiche 1835
Poster for the Tussaud wax figures exhibition, Baker Street, London 1835.

By 1835, Marie Tussaud had settled down in Baker Street, London and opened a museum.[9] One of the main attractions of her museum was the Chamber of Horrors. The name is often credited to a contributor to Punch in 1845, but Tussaud appears to have originated it herself, using it in advertising as early as 1843.[10]

This part of the exhibition included victims of the French Revolution and newly created figures of murderers and other criminals. Other famous people were added, including Lord Nelson and Sir Walter Scott.

Some sculptures still exist that were made by Marie Tussaud herself. The gallery originally contained some 400 different figures, but fire damage in 1925, coupled with German bombs in 1941, severely damaged most of such older models. The casts themselves have survived, allowing the historical waxworks to be remade, and these can be seen in the museum's history exhibit. The oldest figure on display is that of Madame du Barry, the work of Curtius from 1765 and part of the waxworks left to Grosholtz at his death. Other faces from the time of Tussaud include Robespierre and George III. In 1842, she made a self-portrait, which is now on display at the entrance of her museum. She died in her sleep on 16 April 1850.

Bernard Tussaud befejezi Lady Alice Scott és a Gloucesteri herceg viasszobrát – London, 1935.10.16
Bernard Tussaud finishes the wax figure of Lady Alice Scott and the Duke of Gloucester – 1935.10.16

By 1883, the restricted space and rising cost of the Baker Street site prompted her grandson Joseph Randall to commission construction of a building at the museum's current location on Marylebone Road. The new exhibition galleries were opened on 14 July 1884 and were a great success.[11] But Randall had bought out his cousin Louisa's half share in the business in 1881, and that plus the building costs resulted in his having too little capital. He formed a limited company in 1888 to attract fresh capital but it had to be dissolved after disagreements between the family shareholders. In February 1889 Tussaud's was sold to a group of businessmen, led by Edwin Josiah Poyser.[12]

The first wax sculpture of a young Winston Churchill was made in 1908; a total of ten have been made since.[13] The first overseas branch of Madame Tussauds was opened in Amsterdam in 1970.[14]

Ownership changes

In 2005, Madame Tussauds was sold to a company in Dubai, Dubai International Capital, for £800m (US$1.5bn). In May 2007 Blackstone Group purchased The Tussauds Group from then-owner Dubai International Capital for US$1.9 billion;[15] the company was merged with Blackstone's Merlin Entertainments and operation of Madame Tussauds was taken over by Merlin.[16][15] After the Tussauds acquisition, Dubai International Capital gained 20% of Merlin Entertainment.[17] The Tussauds Group as a separate entity ceased to exist.

On 17 July 2007, as part of the financing for the Tussauds deal, Merlin sold the freehold of Madame Tussauds to private investor Nick Leslau and his investment firm Prestbury under a sale and leaseback agreement.[18] Although the attraction sites are owned by Prestbury, they are operated by Merlin based on a renewable 35-year lease.[16]

Recent status

Madame Tussaud's wax museum became a major tourist attraction in London. Until 2010 it incorporated the London Planetarium in its west wing. A large animated dark ride, The Spirit of London, opened in 1993. Today's wax figures at Tussauds include historical and royal figures, film stars, sports stars, and famous murderers. It has been known since 2007 as "Madame Tussauds" museums (no apostrophe).

In July 2008, Madame Tussauds' Berlin branch became embroiled in controversy when a 41-year-old German man brushed past two guards and decapitated a wax figure depicting Adolf Hitler. This was believed to be an act of protest against showing the ruthless dictator alongside sports heroes, movie stars, and other historical figures. The statue has since been repaired, and the perpetrator has admitted that he attacked the statue to win a bet.[19] The original model of Hitler was unveiled in Madame Tussauds London in April 1933; it was frequently vandalised and a 1936 replacement had to be carefully guarded.[20][21][22] In January 2016, the statue of Adolf Hitler was removed from the London museum in response to an open letter sent by a staff writer of The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, followed by significant support for its removal from social media.[23]

The first Madame Tussauds in India opened in New Delhi on 1 December 2017. Its operator, Merlin Entertainments, planned an investment of 50 million pounds over the next 10 years.[24][25][26] It features over 50 wax models, including political and entertainment figures such as Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Amitabh Bachchan, Salman Khan, Sachin Tendulkar, Kim Kardashian, Tom Cruise, Leonardo DiCaprio, Scarlett Johansson, Angelina Jolie, Asha Bhosle, Kapil Dev, and Mary Kom.[27]

Museums locations

Madame Tussauds in Berlin
Entry of Madame Tussauds in Berlin
Madame Tussauds NYC
Madame Tussauds in New York City opened in 2000.
Madame Tussauds, Washington, D.C. 2011 crop
Madame Tussauds opened in Washington, D.C. in 2007.
Hollywood Madame Tussauds P4050188
Madame Tussauds opened in Hollywood in 2009.

Asia

Madame Tussaud's Museum in Shanghai, China
Wax figure of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain at the Madame Tussauds Museum in Shanghai, China

Europe

North America

Oceania

In popular culture

Celebrity poses with their wax figures

Many times celebrities pose like their wax figures as pranks and publicity stunts.

  • On 3 November 2009, the museum's New York City branch was featured in a segment on NBC's The Today Show in which weatherman Al Roker posed in place of his lifelike wax figure for two hours and startled unsuspecting visitors, who were at first led to believe they were viewing Roker's wax counterpart.[52]
  • In 2010, Ozzy Osbourne did similarly in New York to promote his Scream (2010) album.[53]
  • In 2012, One Direction posed as their statues in the London museum, as a prank for the TV series Surprise Surprise.[54]
  • NBA players Carmelo Anthony and Jeremy Lin pranked fans during the unveiling of their statues at the New York and San Francisco museums, respectively.[55][56]
  • In 2015, Arnold Schwarzenegger posed as the Terminator statue in the Hollywood museum, to promote a charity event.[57]

Films

  • In Alfred Hitchcock's The 39 Steps, Mr. Hannay tells Pamela that his uncle is featured in Madame Tussaud's murderer section and that one day she will be able to take her grandchildren to Madame Tussaud's to see him.
  • Some sequences of the film Housefull 3 were shot in the Madame Tussauds, London.
  • Parts of the film Fan (2016) were shot at Madame Tussauds, making it the first Indian film to be shot there.
  • Madame Tussauds features in the film Shanghai Knights (2003).

Games

  • Marie Tussaud is featured in an Assassin's Creed Unity side mission, where the player is tasked with retrieving the severed heads of which Madame Tussaud was commissioned to make replicas.

Literature

  • There is a brief reference to Madame Tussaud's work in the Sherlock Holmes story "The Mazarin Stone."
  • In Jules Verne novel Around the World in Eighty Days, his author says that the only thing the wax figures sculpted by Madame Tussaud lack is speech.
  • In Elizabeth Bowen's novel The Death of the Heart (1938), Portia and Eddie have tea at Madame Tussaud's and Portia is disappointed that the waitresses are real and not made of wax.
  • In the novel Edgar Allan Poe and the London Monster (2016) by Karen Lee Street, Madame Tussaud meets twice with Edgar Allan Poe and C. Auguste Dupin at her exhibition halls.

Music

  • In Gilbert and Sullivan's song "My Object All Sublime", from The Mikado (1885), the title character sings of punishments fitting the crime, including:
The amateur tenor, whose vocal villainies
All desire to shirk,
Shall, during off-hours
Exhibit his powers
To Madame Tussaud's waxwork.

Stage productions

  • Marie Tussaud is mentioned in The Scarlet Pimpernel (first run on stage in 1903, first publication 1905).

Television

  • Madame Tussauds was featured in the History Channel series Life After People
  • In 2015, the judges of NBC show America's Got Talent posed in the New York Madame Tussaud's location and led visitors to believe that they were part of a special display, when they were actually real people (Season 10, Episode 18).
  • Madame Tussauds in Las Vegas was featured in Travel Channel`s Ghost Adventures.
  • In the Parks and Recreation episode "Indianapolis", Leslie Knope mentions the "Misshapen Celebrity Palace", a fictional tourist trap where Madame Tussauds sends their failed wax figures.
  • Madame Tussauds appears in an episode of the paranormal series Most Haunted
  • Madame Tussauds is mentioned in the British television series Being Human (Series 4, Episode 4)
  • Madame Tussauds is mentioned in the American-British drama series Penny Dreadful (Season 2, Episode 1).
  • Madame Tussauds is mentioned in episode 9 of Downton Abbey's 4th series as a possible destination for an outing for the servants following Lady Rose's coming out season.

List of notable wax figures

London

Film Music Sports Leaders and History
Terminator Michael Jackson Muhammad Ali Elizabeth II
Katniss Everdeen One Direction Usain Bolt Donald Trump
ET Madonna David Beckham Theresa May
Darth Vader Lady Gaga Mo Farah Nelson Mandela
Spider-Man Will.i.am Tom Daley Lata Mangeshkar
Audrey Hepburn Miley Cyrus Rafael Nadal Barack Obama
Steven Spielberg Adele Sachin Tendulkar Vincent van Gogh
Alien Britney Spears Virat Kohli Albert Einstein
King Kong Rihanna Cristiano Ronaldo Charles Dickens
Iron Man Bob Marley Stephen Hawking
Michael Caine Freddie Mercury Pablo Picasso
The Incredible Hulk The Beatles William Shakespeare
Alfred Hitchcock Dua Lipa Mahatma Gandhi
Deepika Padukone Narendra Modi
Notes:[61]

Hollywood

The 90's Spirit of Hollywood Modern Classics Movies Pop Icons Marvel Country A-List Party
Sarah Michelle Gellar Bette Davis Sylvester Stallone Robin Williams Whitney Houston Iron Man Paul Newman Jennifer Lopez
Whoopi Goldberg Marilyn Monroe Tom Hanks Edward Scissorhands Michael Jackson Thor Clint Eastwood Betty White
Britney Spears Alfred Hitchcock John Travolta Jim Carrey Madonna Wolverine John Wayne Kylie Jenner
Selena Quintanilla Elvis Presley E.T. Jason Derulo
Audrey Hepburn Demi Lovato
Joan Rivers Taylor Swift
Judy Garland Zoe Saldana
Lady Gaga
Justin Timberlake
Snoop Dogg
Rihanna

Nashville

Admissions Recording Studio Soul/Jazz MTV Opry Finale
Taylor Swift Elvis Presley Louis Armstrong Rihanna Keith Urban
Johnny Cash Carl Perkins Diana Ross Beyonce Reba McEntire
Jerry Lee Lewis Stevie Wonder Katy Perry Carrie Underwood
Johnny Cash Ella Fitzgerald Miley Cyrus Alan Jackson
Justin Timberlake Eric Church
Bruno Mars Jason Aldean
Trisha Yearwood

Beijing

Leaders and History Sports Music Industry Entertainment Industry Film
Elizabeth II David Beckham Lady Gaga Nicky Wu Benedict Cumberbatch
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge Li Xiaopeng Elvis Presley Yang Lan Johnny Depp
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge Lang Ping Cui Jian Liu Xiao Ling Tong Leonardo DiCaprio
Barack Obama Kobe Bryant Luhan Yang Mi Kate Winslet
Vladimir Putin Zhang Yixing Leslie Cheung Anduin Lothar
Lao She Raini Rodriguez Jackie Chan Durotan
Yang Liwei Michael Jackson Deng Chao
Mei Lanfang Liu Wen
Hou Baolin Yang Yang
Zhao Liying
Huang Xiaoming
Notes:[62][63][64][65]

[66]

Washington, D.C.

U.S Presidents First Ladies Cultural Icons A-List Music Sports Entertainment
Donald Trump Michelle Obama Uncle Sam Marilyn Monroe Marvin Gaye Babe Ruth Jimmy Fallon
Abraham Lincoln Hillary Clinton Rosa Parks Zac Efron Taylor Swift Tyra Banks
Barack Obama Nancy Reagan George Clooney Miley Cyrus
George Washington Brad Pitt Beyonce
Angelina Jolie Rihanna
Johnny Depp Justin Bieber

Bangkok

History Leaders Arts/Sciences Sport Music Film Bollywood TV Hollywood
Princess Diana Queen Elizabeth II Albert Einstein Wayne Rooney Katy Perry Hugh Jackman Shah Rukh Khan Oprah Winfrey Jackie Chan Katrina Kaif Mahatma Gandhi Barack Obama Pablo Picasso David Beckham Michael Jackson Bruce Lee Hrithik Roshan Prabhas Anne Thongprasom Angelina Jolie
Michelle Obama Mark Zuckerberg Yao Ming Madonna Vin Diesel
Aung San Suu Kyi Ludwig van Beethoven Serena Williams Nichkun Horvejkul Brad Pitt
Cristiano Ronaldo Beyoncé Lady Gaga

Blackpool

TV Stars Pop Stars
Paddy McGuinness Olly Murs
Simon Cowell Ed Sheeran
Keith Lemon Lady Gaga
Gok Wan Michael Jackson
Bear Grylls Peter Andre
David Jason Ariana Grande
Notes:[67]

Las Vegas

TV Stars Hollywood Stars Pop Stars Athletes
Sofia Vergara Sandra Bullock Britney Spears Muhammad Ali
Simon Cowell Leonardo DiCaprio Whitney Houston Chuck Liddell
Eva Longoria Halle Berry Lady Gaga Tiger Woods
Kathy Griffin Hugh Hefner Michael Jackson Shaquille O'Neal
Notes:[68]

New York

Actors Musicians Athletes Leaders Icons Characters Television Fashion
Jennifer Aniston Pharrell Williams Carmelo Anthony Barack Obama Albert Einstein ET Jimmy Fallon Adriana Lima
Leonardo DiCaprio Selena Gomez Lionel Messi Ronald Reagan Marilyn Monroe Iron Man Michael Strahan Sofía Vergara
Robert Pattinson Rihanna Muhammad Ali Abraham Lincoln Charlie Chaplin Spider-Man Jon Hamm
Angelina Jolie Katy Perry Eli Manning John F. Kennedy Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy The Incredible Hulk Anderson Cooper
Whoopi Goldberg Taylor Swift Derek Jeter Mahatma Gandhi James Dean King Kong Tyra Banks
Julia Roberts Ed Sheeran Cristiano Ronaldo Martin Luther King Jr. Jenna Marbles Nick Fury
Priyanka Chopra Michael Jackson Tenzin Gyatso
Notes: [69]

Orlando

Justice League Film Party History & World Leaders Sports Music TV
Aquaman Audrey Hepburn Selena Gomez Donald Trump David Beckham Justin Bieber Neil Patrick Harris
Wonder Woman Kung Fu Panda Anne Hathaway Albert Einstein Serena Williams Pitbull Jim Parsons
Superman Marilyn Monroe Ryan Gosling Abraham Lincoln Miley Cyrus Oprah Winfrey
Batman Jackie Chan Jennifer Aniston Madame Marie Tussaud Ricky Martin Jimmy Fallon
E.T Will Smith Neil Armstrong Madonna Sofia Vergara
Shrek and Princess Fiona Angelina Jolie Walt Disney Katy Perry
Jennifer Lawrence Brad Pitt Rihanna
Channing Tatum Michael Jackson
Johnny Depp Elvis Presley
Taylor Swift

San Francisco

Sports History and Leaders Music Film
Jeremy Lin Edwin Lee Jimi Hendrix Leonardo DiCaprio
Muhammed Ali Steve Jobs Adele Alfred Hitchcock
Joe Montana Barack Obama Michael Jackson Whoopi Goldberg
Tiger Woods Abraham Lincoln Lady Gaga Steven Spielberg
Serena Williams George Washington Madonna Marilyn Monroe
Stephen Curry Martin Luther King Jr. Rihanna Audrey Hepburn
Notes: [70]

Shanghai

Sports History and leaders Music Film TV show
Sun Yang Vladimir Putin Teresa Teng Bruce Lee He Jiong
David Beckham Barack Obama Elvis Presley Brad Pitt Kangxi Lai Le
Michael Jordan Nelson Mandela Michael Jackson Nicole Kidman Zhou Libo
Ronaldo Bill Clinton Lady Gaga Angelina Jolie Fan Bingbing
Kobe Bryant Winston Churchill Madonna Marilyn Monroe Nicky Wu
Liu Xiang Kylie Minogue Audrey Hepburn Sun Li
Yao Ming Wu Yifan Donnie Yen Hu Ge
S.H.E Jackie Chan Yang Yang
Andy Lau Yao Chen William Chan
Nicholas Tse Chen Kun Lee Minho
Joker Xue Zhang Yixing
Notes: [71]

Hong Kong

Sports History and Leaders Music Film
David Beckham Mao Zedong Elvis Presley Nicole Kidman
Yao Ming Deng Xiaoping Madonna Brad Pitt
Tiger Woods Queen Elizabeth II Beyonce Angelina Jolie
Ronaldinho Diana, Princess of Wales Britney Spears Sir Alfred Hitchcock
Rudy Hartono Sukarno Lady Gaga Johnny Depp
Maria Sharapova Joko Widodo Anita Mui Jackie Chan
William Shakespeare Anggun Cipta Sasmi Bruce Lee
Mahatma Gandhi Lang Lang Michelle Yeoh
Jiang Zemin Siwon Choi Amitabh Bachchan
Pablo Picasso Nichkhun Donnie Yen
Saddam Hussein Jay Chou Andy Lau
Adolf Hitler One Direction Jacky Cheung
Narendra Modi Michael Jackson Leslie Cheung
The Beatles Leon Lai
Jackson Wang Audrey Hepburn Kim Soo-hyun
Zhang Yixing Bae Yong-joon
Hugh Jackman (as Wolverine)
Astroboy
Pia Wurtzbach

Amsterdam

A-list Music Marvel Fashion Sport World Leaders DJ's Film
George Clooney Taylor Swift Loki Justin Bieber Rafael van der Vaart Barack Obama Martin Garrix E.T.
Zayn Malik Ariana Grande Thor Doutzen Kroes Rafael Nadal Angela Merkel Afrojack Marilyn Monroe
Ryan Gosling Adele Hulk Kate Moss Dalai Lama Daniel Craig
Angelina Jolie Lady Gaga Captain America
Johnny Depp Dua Lipa Iron Man

Vienna

World War II Party & Hollywood Sport Film Politicians & Visionaries Arts & Culture Music History
Quentin Tarantino Angelina Jolie Renate Götschl Julie Andrews Dalai Lama Gottfried Helnwein Cro Marie Antoinette
Winston Churchill Taylor Swift David Alaba Daniel Craig Queen Elizabeth II Friedensreich Hundertwasser Conchita Wurst Napoleon
Leopold Figl Benedict Cumberbatch Hermann Maier Alfred Hitchcock Barack Obama Ludwig Van Beethoven Udo Jürgens Maria Theresia
Karl Renner Morgan Freeman Herbert Prohaska Sandra Bullock Angela Merkel Gustav Klimt Michael Jackson Anne Frank
Oskar Schindler Kate Winslet Peter Alexander Luciano Pavarotti Katy Perry
Will Smith Audrey Hepburn Sigmund Freud Hansi Hinterseer
Lady Gaga Romy Schneider Elvis Presley
Johnny Depp
Leonardo DiCaprio

Sydney

Bollywood Justice League Film & TV History & World Leaders Marvel MTV Music Party Sports Fashion
Shah Rukh Khan Superman Mel Gibson Dalai Lama Wolverine Lady Gaga Barack Obama Layne Beachley Miranda Kerr
Priyanka Chopra Jonas Aquaman Steve Irwin Mahatma Gandhi Spider-Man Pink Chris Hemsworth and Liam Hemsworth Tim Cahill Megan Gale
Wonder Woman Marilyn Monroe Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge and Prince William Iron Man Adele Rebel Wilson Sally Pearson Elle Macpherson
Batman Curtis Stone Bob Hawke Taylor Swift Nicole Kidman Cathy Freeman
The Flash E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial Ned Kelly John Farnham Ryan Gosling Greg Inglis
Olivia Newton-John John Howard Kylie Minogue Johnny Depp Mark Webber
Jackie Chan Arthur Phillip Justin Bieber Rove McManus Don Bradman
Audrey Hepburn James Cook Keith Urban Dannii Minogue
Banjo Patterson Katy Perry Angelina Jolie
Charles Kingsford Smith Jimmy Barnes Cate Blanchett
Julia Gillard Michael Hutchence
Hu Jintao Ricky Martin
Eddie Mabo Rihanna
Nelson Mandela Michael Jackson
Albert Einstein
Queen Elizabeth II
Madame Marie Tussaud
Mary McKillop

Gallery

Sleepingbeautytussauds

The Sleeping Beauty is the oldest existing figure on display. It was modeled after Madame du Barry. She appears asleep and a device in her chest makes it seem as if she were breathing.

'Madame Tussaud' herself at 'Madame tussauds waxworks in London.

Madame Tussaud herself at Madame Tussauds in London

Benny Hill (Madame Tussauds)

Benny Hill (Credited Tussauds Gard)

John Wayne (Madame Tussauds)

John Wayne (London)

Madame Tussauds London 00813 Nevit

Olga Korbut (London)

Pierce Brosnan (Madame Tussauds)

Pierce Brosnan as James Bond

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The family themselves pronounce it /ˈtuːsoʊ/.

References

  1. ^ Wells, John C. (2009). "Tussaud's". Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. London: Pearson Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.
  2. ^ Rothstein, Edward (24 August 2007). "Ripley's Believe It or Not – Madame Tussauds". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 May 2010.: "Madame Tussaud (who gave the attraction its now-jettisoned apostrophe) ..."
  3. ^ Times Online Style Guide – M: "Madame Tussauds (no longer an apostrophe)."
  4. ^ a b "The Baker Street Bazaar". 26 May 2012.
  5. ^ Du Plessis, Amelia. "England – [https://www.thomascook.in/international-tourism/singapore-tourism/places-to-visit-in-singapore/madame-tussauds/14434 Madame Tussauds]". Informational site about England. Archived from the original on 13 December 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. External link in |title= (help)
  6. ^ "Marie Tussaud Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Marie Tussaud". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  7. ^ Pilbeam (2006) pp. 102–106
  8. ^ Pilbeam (2006) pp. 100–104
  9. ^ "The History of Madame Tussauds". Madame Tussauds.com.
  10. ^ Berridge, Kate...But now British actress Emma Watson is already to set and appear here... (2006). Madame Tussaud: A life in wax. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-052847-8.
  11. ^ Pilbeam, ibid. pp. 166, 168–9.
  12. ^ Pilbeam, ibid. p. 170.
  13. ^ Pamela Pilbeam Madame Tussaud: And the History of Waxworks. P.199.
  14. ^ "Madame Tussauds' to open shop in Delhi – Times of India".
  15. ^ a b Cho, David (6 March 2007). "Blackstone Buys Madame Tussauds Chain". The Washington Post.
  16. ^ a b "Merlin conjures up leaseback deal". The Daily Telegraph. 17 July 2007.
  17. ^ "Tussauds firm bought in £1bn deal". BBC News. 5 March 2007.
  18. ^ "Alton Towers sold in £622m deal". BBC News. 17 July 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
  19. ^ "Adolf Hitler returns to Berlin museum after beheading". meeja.com.au. 14 September 2008. Archived from the original on 19 September 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2008.
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  21. ^ "Madame Tussauds to repair beheaded Hitler". Associated Press. 7 July 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2008.
  22. ^ Carrel, Paul (5 July 2008). "Man rips head from Hitler wax figure". Reuters.
  23. ^ Gur-Arieh, Noga (6 January 2015). "Madame Tussauds Museum in London Removed Hitler Figure". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
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  29. ^ "Madame Tussauds Chongqing" (in Chinese). madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  39. ^ "Madame Tussauds Blackpool". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  44. ^ "Madame Tussauds Holywood". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  45. ^ "Madame Tussauds Las Vegas". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  46. ^ "Madame Tussauds Nashville". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  47. ^ "Madame Tussauds New York". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  48. ^ "Madame Tussauds Orlando". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  49. ^ "Madame Tussauds San Francisco". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  51. ^ "Madame Tussauds Sydney". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  52. ^ The Weather Channel (30 December 2009). "Al makes people jump out of their skin" – via YouTube.
  53. ^ Ozzy Osbourne scares people at Madame Tussauds. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  54. ^ It's really them! One Direction prank four delighted fans by pretending to be wax work models for Surprise Surprise, Daily Mail
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  56. ^ Pincus, Eric. "Jeremy Lin pranks at Madame Tussauds, pretends to be wax likeness". Los Angeles Times.
  57. ^ "Entertain This! – Daily hits and misses in pop culture". USA Today.
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  62. ^ "EXO's Lay Meets His Wax Figure at Madame Tussauds in Beijing".
  63. ^ "List of Wax Figures".
  64. ^ "Wax Likeness of Supermodel Liu Wen Debuts at Madame Tussauds in Beijing".
  65. ^ "北京杜莎夫人蜡像馆".
  66. ^ 3 Michael Jackson wax figures unveiled in Beijing - China.org.cn
  67. ^ "Madame Tussauds Blackpool". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  68. ^ "Madame Tussauds New York – Celebrity Wax Attraction in Times Square". madametussauds.com.
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Bibliography

External links

Coordinates: 51°31′22″N 0°09′19″W / 51.52278°N 0.15528°W

Chamber of Horrors (Madame Tussauds)

The Chamber of Horrors was one of the attractions at Madame Tussauds in London, being an exhibition of waxworks of notorious murderers and other infamous historical figures. The gallery first opened as a 'Separate Room' in Marie Tussaud's 1802 exhibition in London and quickly became a success as it showed historical personalities and artifacts rather than the freaks of nature popular in other waxworks of the day. It closed permanently in April 2016.

List of wax figures displayed at Madame Tussauds museums

The following is a list of wax figures (consisting of artists (painters, writers, musicians, comedians, film directors, film producers, actors and actresses), businesspersons, politicians, country leaders (presidents, monarchs and supreme leaders), athletes, personalities (celebrity figures, performers, reality television personalities, TV hosts, chefs, models, socialites, philanthropists and internet celebrities/Youtubers), historical figures (military figures, revolutionaries, organisational founders, human rights activists and criminals), religious leaders, fairy tales, animated and film characters) which are currently displayed or have been displayed at one of the Madame Tussauds museums.

London Planetarium

The building known as the London Planetarium is in Marylebone Road, London. It is adjacent to Madame Tussauds and is owned by the same company. A famous London landmark, it was once a notable tourist attraction, housing a planetarium, which offered shows relating to space and astronomy.

It closed in 2006 as a separate attraction and is now part of Madame Tussauds. From 2010 forward, the building that once housed the London Planetarium houses the Marvel Super Heroes 4D attraction.

The only planetarium in London is now the Peter Harrison Planetarium in Greenwich, south east London.

Madame Tussauds Amsterdam

Madame Tussauds Amsterdam is a wax museum situated in Amsterdam, the capital city of the Netherlands. It is located in the centre of the city on Dam Square, near the Royal Palace of Amsterdam. Founded in 1970, it was the first Madame Tussauds that was opened in mainland Europe as well as being the first foreign branch of the British institution. The collection of Madame Tussauds Amsterdam consists of a collection of wax figures of famous celebrities in different categories such as the Golden Age of Dutch history, music, sport & movie.

Madame Tussauds Beijing

Madame Tussauds Beijing (北京杜莎夫人蜡像馆) is the Beijing branch of Madame Tussauds wax museum. It is situated at No. 18, Pedestrian Street, Qianmen Avenue, which is an entertainment district in Beijing. Opened in 2014, it is the third Madame Tussauds wax museum to open in China. It offers a mix of Chinese and western figures, from film stars to athletes and world leaders.

Madame Tussauds Blackpool

Madame Tussauds Blackpool is a wax museum located in Blackpool, United Kingdom. The attraction opened in 2011, replacing the previous Louis Tussauds waxworks. It features over 80 wax figures of famous celebrities, film and television characters, athletes and musicians.

Madame Tussauds Delhi

Madame Tussauds Delhi is a wax museum and tourist attraction located on Regal Theatre in New Delhi, India.It is the twenty third location for the Tussauds , which was set up by sculptor Marie Tussaud. Madame Tussauds is owned and operated by Merlin Entertainments.

Madame Tussauds Hollywood

Madame Tussauds Hollywood is a wax museum and tourist attraction located on Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California. It is the ninth location for the Tussauds franchise, which was set up by sculptor Marie Tussaud, and is located just west of the TCL Chinese Theatre (formerly Grauman's). Madame Tussauds is owned and operated by Merlin Entertainments.

Madame Tussauds Hong Kong

Madame Tussauds Hong Kong, is part of the renowned chain of wax museums founded by Marie Tussaud of France, is located at the Peak Tower on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It is the first Madame Tussauds museums in Asia, the other being the Shanghai branch, which opened in 2006 and the third branch at Bangkok which opened in 2010. The Hong Kong branch houses nearly 100 wax figures of internationally known personalities, with Asian figures taking up more than a third of the total, of which sixteen were Hong Kongers. The wax figures are featured in a range of themed settings such as Hong Kong Glamour, Music Icons, Historical and National Heroes, The Champions and World Premiere.

Madame Tussauds Las Vegas

Madame Tussauds Las Vegas is a wax museum located in the Las Vegas Strip at The Venetian Las Vegas casino resort in Paradise, Nevada. The attraction opened in 1999, becoming the first Madame Tussauds venue to open in the United States. It features over 100 wax figures of famous celebrities, film and TV characters, athletes, musicians and Marvel superheroes, as well a 4D movie theatre. Subsequent Madame Tussauds venues opened in the U.S in New York City in 2000, Washington D.C. in 2007, and Hollywood, California in 2009.

Madame Tussauds New York

Madame Tussauds New York (UK /təˈsɔːdz/, US /tuːˈsoʊz/; the family themselves pronounce it /ˈtuːsoʊ/) is a tourist attraction located on 42nd Street in the heart of Times Square in New York City. Voted as one of New York’s most unique attractions, Madame Tussauds is the only place with no ropes or barriers holding their guests back from experiencing thousands of celebs, stars, and heroes in mind-blowing accurate detail. Madame Tussauds was founded by the wax sculptor, Marie Tussaud, and is now operated by the United Kingdom-based entertainment company, Merlin Entertainments. The Madame Tussauds New York location opened in November 15, 2000 with five floors of attraction space and over 100 figures. Now with over 85,000 square feet of interactive entertainment, it has quickly become a popular destination in New York City.

Madame Tussauds San Francisco

Madame Tussauds San Francisco is a wax museum located in Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco in California. The attraction opened on June 26, 2014 and became the 17th Madame Tussauds museum to open worldwide. The attraction features wax figures of famous figures from movies, music, politics, popular culture and sport. It also celebrates “The Spirit of San Francisco” with wax figures of local artists, musicians and activists from the city's past.

Madame Tussauds Shanghai

Madame Tussauds Shanghai (上海杜莎夫人臘像館) is a wax museum located on the 10th floor of the New World Department Store, Nanjing Xi Road, Shanghai, China. Opened May 1, 2006 it was the second Madame Tussauds museum to open in Asia after Madame Tussauds Hong Kong. It offers a mix of Chinese and western figures, from film stars to athletes and world leaders.

Madame Tussauds Singapore

Madame Tussauds Singapore is a Wax museum and tourist attraction at the Imbiah Lookout of Sentosa Island in Singapore. It officially opened on 25 October 2014 as the seventh Asian branch of the Madame Tussauds chain of wax attractions worldwide.

Madame Tussauds Sydney

Madame Tussauds Sydney is a wax museum located in Darling Harbour in Sydney, Australia and is situated on the Aquarium Wharf. Madame Tussauds is part of Merlin Entertainments which owns and operates attractions globally.

Madame Tussauds Vienna

Madame Tussauds Vienna is a wax museum and tourist attraction located at the famous amusement park Wiener Prater in Vienna, Austria. It was founded by Marie Tussaud and is the eleventh location for the Tussauds franchise. It officially opened on April 1st 2011 by the former Austrian president Heinz Fischer. So far, it features more than 80 figures on three floors. Madame Tussauds is now owned and operated by the United Kingdom-based entertainment company Merlin Entertainments.

Madame Tussauds Washington D.C.

Madame Tussauds Washington D.C. is a wax museum located in Washington D.C., the capital city of the United States. The attraction opened in October 2007 and became the 12th Madame Tussauds venue worldwide. and features wax sculptures of famous figures from politics, culture, sports, music and television. In comparison to other Madame Tussauds venues, the venue features more waxworks of political figures, with sculptures of all 45 U.S. presidents displayed.

The wax museum is located across the street from Ford's Theatre where US President Abraham Lincoln was murdered by John Wilkes Booth.

Marie Tussaud

Anna Maria "Marie" Tussaud (French: [tyso]; née Grosholtz; 1 December 1761 – 16 April 1850) was a French artist known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum she founded in London.

Marvel Super Heroes 4D

Marvel Super Heroes 4D is an animated 4D film that was launched at Madame Tussauds London on May 31, 2010. On April 26, 2012, an updated version of the film with a different plot was also opened at Madame Tussauds New York.On December 14, 2017, a version of the film was also opened at Madame Tussauds Singapore.A new version of the film with a plot set in Las Vegas was opened at Madame Tussauds Las Vegas on November 20, 2013. Another version Marvel Super Heroes 4D: Avengers Battle in Bali was launched in Bali on November 22, 2013.

London landmarks
Buildings andstructures
Parks
Squares and
public spaces
Streets
Resort theme parks
Sea Life locations
Madame Tussauds
The Dungeons
'Eye' attractions
Wild Life locations
Australian
Tree Top Adventures
Other attractions
Museums in Manhattan
Financial District and Battery Park
(Below Chambers St)
Lower Manhattan
(Chambers-14th Sts)
Chelsea, Flatiron, Gramercy
(14th-34th Sts)
Midtown
(34th-59th Sts)
Upper West Side
(59th-125th Sts west of 5th Av)
Upper East Side and East Harlem
(59th-125th Sts along or east of 5th Av)
Upper Manhattan
(Above 125th St)
Islands
Defunct

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