Mack Trucks

Mack Trucks, Inc., is an American truckmanufacturing company and a former manufacturer of buses and trolley buses. Founded in 1900 as the Mack Brothers Company, it manufactured its first truck in 1907 and adopted its present name in 1922.[1] Mack Trucks is a subsidiary of AB Volvo which purchased Mack along with Renault Trucks in 2000.[2] After being founded in Brooklyn, New York, the company's headquarters were in Allentown, Pennsylvania from 1905 to 2009 when they moved to Greensboro, North Carolina.[3] The entire line of Mack products is still produced in Lower Macungie, Pennsylvania,[4] with additional assembly plants in Pennsylvania, Maryland, Australia, and Venezuela. There was also (previously) a Mack plant in Hayward, California.

Mack Trucks, Inc.
Subsidiary
IndustryAutomotive
FoundedJune 11, 1900 (as Mack Brothers Company)
HeadquartersGreensboro, North Carolina, U.S.
Key people
  • Martin Weissburg (President)
ProductsHeavy and medium-duty trucks
ParentVolvo
Websitemacktrucks.com

Operations

Currently, the company's manufacturing facilities are located at Lehigh Valley Operations (LVO) formally known as the Macungie Assembly Operations Plant in Lower Macungie Township, Pennsylvania. Mack Trucks is one of the top producers in the vocational and on-road vehicle market, class 8 through class 13.

Mack trucks have been sold in 45 countries. Located near its former Allentown corporate headquarters, The Macungie, Pennsylvania manufacturing plant produces all Mack products including Mack MP-series engines.

According to local historians, Mack transmissions, TC-15 transfer cases, and rear engine power take-offs are designed and manufactured in Hagerstown, Maryland, which was the original factory location.

Parts for Mack's right-hand-drive vehicles are produced in Brisbane, Australia for worldwide distribution. Assembly for South America is done at Mack de Venezuela C.A., in Caracas, Venezuela. The Venezuela operation is a complete knock down (CKD) facility. Components are shipped from the United States to Caracas for final assembly.

In addition to its Macungie manufacturing facility, Mack also has a remanufacturing center in Middletown, Pennsylvania.

2008 restructuring plan

On August 14, 2008, Mack Trucks announced a major restructuring plan that included:[5]

  • Relocation of Mack's head office, product development, most support functions, and purchasing functions to Greensboro, North Carolina, in 2009. Mack's parent, Volvo Trucks, already has its North American base in Greensboro.
  • Assembly of all produced Mack highway vehicles in Macungie, Pennsylvania from 2008
  • Mack's testing facility in Allentown, Pennsylvania, being converted into a "customer demonstration/reception center" in 2010
  • Restructuring the parts distribution network by 2010 (later delayed to first quarter 2011)°

History

Corporation timeline

This is a timeline of Mack Trucks history. Most of the information is taken from the Mack history page at MackTrucks.com, unless otherwise noted.[6]

Mack Brothers Motor Co
Early bus
MackTruckAcosta
Mack truck used to carry ore at the Acosta Mine Museum in Real del Monte, Hidalgo State, Mexico.
1920s Mack AC truck
Mack AC-model flatbed delivery truck at the Petersen Automotive Museum
MtWilsonGlass-1917
The Hale 100-inch mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory on its way up the Mount Wilson Toll Road on a Mack truck in 1917.
Mack Truck 1939 (restored)
This 1939 Mack truck that has been restored and is on display at the YRC Freight headquarters in Overland Park, Kansas.
Mack-wrecker-1941
Mack 6x4 N-model 4-to-6 ton wrecker; (photo dated 15 May 1941: National Archives c/o Olive-Drab.com)
Mack NO-6
Mack NO-6 artillery tractor
Flickr - jimduell - 6-18-11 MACUNGIE ATCA TRUCK SHOW (3)
B Model (1953–1966)
NYC Transit Authority Mack C-49 6259
A Mack C-49-DT bus built in 1956.
Mack R series Econodyne
R Series (1965–2005)
  • 1890: John M. ("Jack") Mack gets a job at Fallesen & Berry, a carriage and wagon company in Brooklyn, New York.
  • 1893: John Mack and his brother Augustus F. ("Gus") Mack buy Fallesen & Berry.
  • 1894: A third Mack brother, William C. Mack joins his brothers in the company's operations. The Macks explore working with steam powered and electric motor cars.
  • 1900: The Macks open their first bus manufacturing plant. Ordered by a sightseeing company, the first "Mack bus" is delivered.
  • 1902: The Mack Brothers Company is established in New York.
  • 1904: Mack Brothers introduces the brand name "Manhattan" on its products.
  • 1905: Allentown is selected as the home of main manufacturing operations, and headquarters. A fourth Mack brother, Joseph Mack becomes a stockholder. Mack also begins making rail cars and locomotives.
  • 1910: The "Manhattan" brand trucks are redesignated "Mack" trucks. A fifth Mack brother Charles Mack joins the company.
  • 1911: Headed by C.P. Coleman, The Saurer Motor Truck Company acquires rights to manufacture and sell heavy trucks under the Saurer brand name at its plant in Plainfield, New Jersey. On September 23, 1911, the Saurer Motor Truck Company merges with the Mack Brothers Motor Car Company of Allentown headed by J. M. Mack, forming the International Motor Truck Company (IMTC). IMTC continues to make and sell trucks using the Saurer name until 1918. In 1911, IMTC is capitalized at $2.6 million total ($1.6m or 61.5% for Saurer and $1.0m for Mack Brothers).[7]
  • 1912: Brothers John and Joseph Mack leave the company.
  • 1919: The United States Army conducts a transcontinental project using Mack Trucks to study the need for and feasibility of a new interstate highway system.
  • 1922: The company name is changed to Mack Trucks, Inc. The bulldog is established as the company's corporate symbol.
  • 1924: John Mack dies in a car crash in Weatherly, Pennsylvania.
  • 1932: While recuperating from an operation, Mack's chief engineer Alfred Fellows Masury carves Mack's first bulldog hood ornament. Masury applies for and receives a U.S. patent for his design; the bulldog hood ornament adorns Mack trucks ever since.
  • 1933: Mack Trucks (as the company is more widely becoming known) are used in building of many ambitious construction projects for the Work Projects Administration including the Hoover Dam.
  • 1941: Fire Apparatus manufacturing is moved from Allentown, Pennsylvania, to Long Island City, in Queens, New York.
  • 1951: Fire Apparatus manufacturing is moved from Long Island City back to Allentown
  • 1956: Mack Trucks, Inc. buys Brockway Motor Company. (Brockway later ceases operations in 1977).
  • 1966: Mack begins production at its new assembly plant in Oakville, Ontario, Canada. The facility is later closed in 1993.
  • 1967: Mack Trucks becomes a part of the Signal Oil and Gas Company in a one-for-one exchange for cumulative convertible preferred stock. Later that year Signal changes its name to Signal Companies.
  • 1970: Mack moves into its new Allentown world headquarters.
  • 1979: Renault buys a 10% shareholding[8]
  • 1982: Renault increases its shareholding to 20%, Signal reduces its stake to 10%.
  • 1983: Mack Trucks conducts an IPO, issuing 15.7 million shares of common stock. Renault increases its holdings to 40% and Signal reduces its stake to 10.3% ownership.
  • 1987: Renault reorganizes; Renault's Mack shares are transferred to Renault Véhicules Industriels.
  • 1990: Mack Trucks becomes a wholly owned subsidiary of Renault Véhicules Industriels when the remaining publicly traded shares are acquired at $6.25 per share.
  • 2001: Mack together with Renault Véhicules Industriels becomes part of Volvo, and the parent company Renault receives a 20% stake in the combined company. (In 2002 Renault Véhicules Industriels changes its name to Renault Trucks).
  • 2006: Mack has a record-sales year.
  • 2008: Mack announces relocation of corporate headquarters to Greensboro, North Carolina.[5]

Market, model and products timeline

This is a timeline of Mack Trucks history. Most of the information is taken from the Mack History page at MackTrucks.com, unless otherwise noted.[6] Photos of most models 1906–1978 available at.[9]

  • 1909: A junior model 1-1/2 ton truck is introduced.
  • 1910: Mack delivers the first motorized hook and ladder firetruck used by the city of Morristown, New Jersey.
  • 1914: The Mack ABs are introduced
  • 1916: The Mack ACs are introduced. Ultimately, over 40,000 of these models are sold.
  • World War I: Mack delivers over 6,000 trucks, both to the United States and Britain's military. A legend surfaces that British soldiers would call for Mack Bulldogs to be sent when facing adversity.
  • 1918: Mack becomes the first manufacturer to apply air cleaners and oil filters to their trucks.
  • 1920: Mack Trucks are the first with power brakes on their trucks.
  • 1922: Mack introduces first truck with drive shaft instead of chain 1922 Model AB
  • 1922: International Motors Company develops gasoline-driven passenger railcar for the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. A standard passenger railcar on top of a standard motor truck chassis, seating between 36 and 50 passengers, at a cost of $16,500. The car operates in a ten-mile (16 km) stretch between New Haven, and Derby, Connecticut.[10]
  • 1927: Mack's BJ and BB models built.
  • 1932: The Bulldog starts to travel on the hoods of Mack trucks.
  • 1934: Production of electric "trolley coaches" began, continuing only until 1943.[11] A total of 290 trolley buses were built, with Portland, Oregon being by far the biggest customer (with 141 total).[11]
  • 1936: The Mack E series introduced. Mack Jr trucks introduced.
  • 1938: Mack trucks is the first company to produce its own heavy-duty diesel engines.
  • World War II: Mack trucks were used by the military in various capacities, and the company built many heavy-duty trucks to help the allied forces win the day. From 1941 to 1945, the combined armed forces of the United States, Great Britain, France, and Canada took delivery of 35,096 total vehicles. The combat "N Series" (NB, NJU, NM, NO, NR, etc.) accounted for 26,965 of the total. Commercial type vehicles including: trucks, off-highway, fire-trucks, trailers, and buses, accounted for the rest. A total of 2,053 NO models alone were produced from 1940 to 1945. The 7 1/2-ton 6x6 NO was the most important specifically military model, and could be used as a transport or tractor for the 155 mm Long Tom field gun. Mack also built over 2600 power trains for tanks. The Allentown bus plant (5C) built Vultee PBY Catalina flying boats as well as components for the BT-13 Valiant Trainer and B-24 Liberator Bombers. More than 700 NJU (5-to-6 ton 4x4) models were in the hands of the U.S. Army by 1942. In 1939 & 1940 the French and British received several hundred NR4 and EXBU models. Mack Trucks ranked 63rd among United States corporations in the value of World War II military production contracts.[12]
  • 1940: L Model series introduced, continuing until 1952.
  • 1950: The Mack A Model series of trucks is introduced, produced until 1953.
  • 1953: The Mack B Model series of trucks is introduced. 127,786 produced until 1966.
  • 1955: The D Model low cab forward city delivery truck entered the market. Access to the engine compartment was possible by the Verti-lift cab. The cab lifted straight up hydraulically, guided by a forklift style mast behind the cab. Two styles of D Models were produced, the first styling had a square grille and no dress up trim. It was produced in 1955 and early 1956. The second styling included a styled grille, cab rear corner windows and stylish emblems and trim. The second styling was built from mid 1956 until the end of the D Model in 1958. A total of 832 D Model Mack Trucks were produced from 1955 until 1958.
  • 1955: The military M123 10 ton 6X6 semi tractor went into production. Developed from the NO, it would be the US Army's standard until replaced by the M911 starting in 1976.[13]
  • 1956: Mack buys the tooling of the Ahrens-Fox Fire Engine Co. and introduced the Mack C Model cab forward fire engine which was an Ahrens-Fox design and the first of the "Cincinnati Cabs" ( later built by the Truck Cab Manufacturing Co. an OEM vendor builder of Cincinnati, Ohio), that have been the staple of the American fire service to this day.
  • 1959: The first aluminum rivetted construction COE (cab-over-engine) family of trucks is introduced: The G Model which had a short production due to a striking resemblance to the Kenworth COE and Mack having the F Model ready for production. A total of 2181 G Model
  • 1960: City of Hamilton, Bermuda buys first Mack built diesel-power fire truck in a B Model Chassis.
  • 1962: The Second of the COE (cab-over-engine) family of trucks is introduced: The F Model all steel sleeper (FL) or non sleeper (F) is the first of this family of models for Mack.
  • 1965: Mack releases the Super Pumper System, to be used by the New York City fire department.[14] It would help put out 2,200 fires.
  • 1965: The R Model Series introduced, to replace the B Model Series. Some R series models continue in production until 2005.
  • 1966: The RL (for R-Western) model built at Hayward, California until 1981.
  • 1967: The CF model Fire Engine introduced, replacing the C model. The CF was a cab forward adaptation of the cab over style commercial "F" Model cab.[15]
  • 1969: Mack patents the cab air suspension.
  • 1975: Macungie plant opens, build the Cruise-Liner series until 1983.
  • 1977: Super-Liner introduced, production runs for 15-years until 1993.
  • 1978: Introduction of the low-cab-forward urban MC/MR series.
  • 1979: Medium-duty model Mid-Liner introduced, built by Renault Véhicules Industriels in France. This lighter truck filled a gap at the lower end of Mack's spectrum, as they were almost unrepresented in the Class 6 segment. Before the introduction of the Mid-Liner, the smallest engine made by Mack had been the 210 hp diesel inline-six ETZ 477.[16]
  • 1982: Production of the MH Ultra-Liner model begins.
  • 1988: Mack introduces the CH series for highway applications.
  • 1989: E7 engine replaces E6 engine
  • 1990: Fire Apparatus production ends.
  • 1994: Mack introduces the LE (low entry) refuse vehicle.
  • 1998: Electronic Unit Pump (EUP) replaces electronic fuel injection pump
  • 1999: A new premium highway tractor is introduced: the "Vision by Mack".
  • 2000: Mack builds 100 limited edition Visions with black paint and custom gold stripes and stainless badges for the 100th anniversary
  • 2001: Medium-duty Freedom series introduced (built by Renault Trucks in France like its predecessor, the Mid-Liner series).
  • 2001: Mack redesigns R Series dash with new gauges and buttons and door padding.
  • 2001: Granite series for construction applications introduced.
  • 2003: Mack pulls out of the medium-duty market and discontinues the Freedom series.
  • 2006: Introduction of Pinnacle highway vehicle it is which was the replacement for the Vision highway product.
  • 2007: A new product line is introduced to include Models LEU and MRU amongst others.
  • 2007: Introduction of US07 compliant engines in all of its trucks.[17]
  • 2008: In March, Mack introduces the Titan, a heavy duty model with a 16-liter big-block MP10, the largest ever 6-cylinder engine from Mack, with 515, 565, and 605 horsepower (451 kW) models.[18][19]
  • 2010: In October Mack announced that a version of its Terrapro Cabover would run on natural gas using a Cummins Westport engine.[20]
  • 2017 Mack discontinues Titan with last on rolling off line mid summer.
  • 2017 Mack introduces Anthem. New on-highway tractor replacing the Pinnacle Axle back model.

Products

Current models

North America

List of current models produced for the North American market.[21][22]
NCDOT-Mack-dump-truck-20110706-5957557063
Granite Dump truck
11-5-11 tree - Flickr - USDAgov
Pinnacle Semi tractor
Mack TerraPro LE
TerraPro LE Refuse truck
  • Construction Series:
    • Granite
      • Granite Axle Back
    • TerraPro Cabover
  • Highway Series:
    • Anthem Axle Back
    • Pinnacle:
      • Pinnacle Axle Forward
      • Pinnacle DayCab
      • Pinnacle Sleeper
      • Pinnacle Rawhide
    • Granite
    • Smartway
  • Refuse Series:
    • LR
    • TerraPro Cabover
    • TerraPro Low Entry
    • Granite Axle Back
    • Granite
  • Military:

Australia, New Zealand and South Africa

Mack Granite 02
Mack Granite in Australia
List of current models produced for the Australian, New Zealand, and South African market at the Wacol, Queensland factory.[23][24]
  • Granite
  • Metro-Liner
  • Super-Liner
  • Titan
  • Trident
    • Trident Axle Forward
    • Trident Axle Back
  • TerraPro (Overseas order through Mack Trucks Australia)
    • TerraPro Cabover
    • TerraPro Low Entry

Fire apparatus products

Mack Trucks produced fire apparatuses from 1911 until 1990.[25] Despite the abrupt shutdown of their production, many have been refurbished and still serve with fire departments throughout the world.

Some examples of Mack fire apparatus:

  • MC611F12 pumper
  • MR686P aerial trucks
  • MR686S 90' Bronto aerial truck
  • MR690S 100 aerial truck
  • MR688P pumper
  • MS Midliner pumper
  • CF-611 series cab-forward apparatus
  • CF-700 series attack engine

Fire apparatus gallery

Mack Engine 343 FDNY jeh
1961MackB95

1961 B95

1982 Mack CF685FC - Flickr - 111 Emergency (2)

1982 CF685

Flintstone, MD Fire & EMS Parade 3 June 2011 (5879127238) (2)

CF

Peter Stehlik - FDNY Collapse Rescue 1 - 2012.05.20

MR

King Fire Engine

MC

Previous models

AC

The heavy-duty AC, with its well-known tapered hood, was the truck which started the bulldog theme. A 377 cu in (6.2 L) 4 cylinder gasoline engine 4X2 with chain drive, it was strong, reliable, and worked well in rough terrain. Introduced in 1916, there was a great demand because of World War I, over 6000 ​3 12-, ​5 12-, and ​7 12-ton trucks were built for the UK and US military. There were also commercial sales from 1916; the AC was well suited for logging and construction work. A larger version, the AP, built between 1926 and 1938, was an off-road haul truck used on Boulder Dam and other large projects. 40,299 ACs had been built when production ended in 1939. [6][26] [27] [28]

N Series

The N Series was Mack's first military design, large 6 and 7 1/2 ton 6X6 artillery prime movers. Between its development in the late 1930s and the beginning of production in 1940 US military requirements changed and the truck was not needed. All NMs and most of the larger NOs were exported as foreign aid. After World War II the NO was developed into the successful M 123 semi-tractor. [29]

B series

The Mack B series models were Mack's primary vehicle from its introduction in 1953 until it was replaced by the R Series in 1966. They ranged in size from the medium duty B20P gas powered 4X2 to the oversized B873SX turbo-diesel 6X6. B Models were commonly used as semi tractors and in the construction industry. They were also used as fire engines and trucks, sometimes with the roof of the cab removed. 127,786 B Models were built. [6] [30]

R/RB/RD/RL/RM/RW, U, DM/DMM series

Mack started to produce the Mack R series (R, RW, and U models) in 1966 for highway use, and the RD, DM, and all wheel drive RM and DMM models for construction use. The lightweight RL model followed in 1967, the RW Superliner with a large, rectangular hood and grill in 1977, and the setback front axle RB in the 1990s. All these models featured the same cab; the U, DM, and DMM had the cab offset to the left.

In the 1990s, the R, RW, and U series models were discontinued and the RB was introduced, mostly for severe-duty applications. The hood was modified slightly for the model RB. 2004 was the last year for the RD, and 2006 for the RB and DM. The DM was the last model to use this cab style, and was the last model of this family to be produced.[31][32]

As a replacement for the construction models, Mack started to offer the Granite, Granite Bridge-Formula and Granite Axle-back.[6]

Also this model is serving in the Mexican Army as a Troop and Utility Truck in configuration 6X6 OR 6X4

Engines

By 1916 Mack was producing 4- and 6-cylinder gasoline engines, and through 2014 continued to offer their own, in the form of three diesel I6s. Engines by other manufacturers were often optional, supplied over the years by Caterpillar, Cummins, Chrysler, Detroit Diesel, Hercules, Scania, and Waukesha.

Mack started making diesels in 1938, in 1957 the END and turbocharged ENDT 673 diesel were introduced. This 672 cu in (11.0 L) I6 engine family was successful, and remained in production for over 30 years.

In the early 1960s, Walter May, executive vice president of product and engineering at Mack Trucks HQ in Allentown, PA., prioritized research and development of a high-torque rise engine. Winton Pelizzoni, chief engineer at the Mack Trucks powertrain facility in Hagerstown, MD., designed an innovative engine based on this concept and then led development of the prototype that went into production. The engine was introduced as an inline six in 1966, as a V8 in 1970, and as the intercooled inline six 300 series in 1973. This was an industry-changing event. The Maxidyne, with an operating range of 1200–2100 R.P.M, and later 1050–1700 R.P.M., allowed a heavy Class 8 truck to be operated with a 5 speed (Maxitorque) transmission. Previously, heavy trucks typically operated between 1800-2100R.P.M. and were equipped with 10 or more gears.

In 2014 Mack offers three engine series, the 11 L MP 7, 13 L MP8, and 16 L MP10, with 325 hp (242 kW) to 605 hp (451 kW) and 1,200 lb⋅ft (1,627 N⋅m) to 2,060 lb⋅ft (2,793 N⋅m). [33] [34] [6] [35]

Other products

Mack also produced railroad cars and locomotives between 1905 and 1930.[36]

Trademark

The company's trademark is the bulldog, which can be found on the front of almost all Mack trucks. A gold-plated bulldog indicates the truck was made with a Mack produced drive train, engine, transmission and drive axles. A chrome bulldog indicates other manufacturers' components were used.

Mack trucks earned their nickname during World War I, when the British government purchased the Mack AC for supplying its front lines. Its pugnacious, blunt-nosed hood, tenacious performance, and durability, reminded the soldiers of their country's mascot, the British Bulldog.[37][38]

The logo was first used in 1921 for the AB chain drive models and became the official corporate logo in 1922.[39]

Leadership

Mack leader Dates of service
John M. Mack 1900 to 1905 and 1909 to October 17, 1911
Otto Mears April 29, 1905, to January 9, 1906
Jacob Sulzbach January 9, 1906, to January 8, 1907
Thomas Rush January 8, 1907, to December 8, 1908
Charles P. Coleman October 17, 1911, to June 13, 1913
John Calder June to October 1913
Vernon Munroe October 22, 1913, to May 23, 1917
Alfred J. Brosseau May 15, 1917, to September 24, 1936
Emil C. Fink January 28, 1937, to January 1, 1943
Charles T. Ruhf August 5, 1943, to June 6, 1949
Edwin D. Bransome June 6, 1949, to January 11, 1955
Peter O. Peterson January 11, 1955, to December 31, 1958
Christian A. Johnson 1958 to 1962 (acting President)
Nicholas Dykstra July 20, 1961, to September 1, 1962
C. Rhoades McBride September 7, 1962, to January 6, 1965
Zenon C.R. Hansen January 7, 1965, to January 28, 1972
Henry J. Nave January 28, 1972, to January 1, 1976
Alfred W. Pelletier January 1, 1976, to July 21, 1980
John B. Curcio July 21, 1980, to 1989
Ralph Reins 1989 to 1990
Elios Pascual 1990 to 1995
Pierre Jocou March 1, 1995, to November 29, 1996
Michel Gigou December 1, 1996, to July 1, 2001
Paul Vikner July 1, 2001, to April 1, 2008
Dennis Slagle April 1, 2008 to January 1, 2012
Kevin Flaherty January 1, 2012 to January 1, 2014
Stephen Roy January 1, 2014 to March 1, 2016
Dennis Slagle March 1, 2016 to May 31, 2018
Martin Weissburg June 1, 2018 to Present

Military models

World War II

Mack built over 35,000 heavy duty military trucks during World War II, most for export under Lend-Lease. None were US Army standard types, all were designed and built exclusively by Mack.

The EH series was a commercial design 5 ton (4,536 kg)[40] 4x2 adapted for military service. The EH, EHU (cabover) and semi-tractor models EHT and EHUT were used by the US Army in Europe. Over 2,400 were built in 1942. [41][42][43]

The LMSW was a commercial design 10 ton (9,072 kg)[40] 6x4 chassis adapted for military wreckers, most were exported to Great Britain. [41]

The NJU (G-639) series were military design 5 ton (5,443 kg)[44] 4x4 semi-tractors used to tow bridging pontoons and equipment. Several other manufactures built standardized models of similar trucks, so only 700 were produced in 1941–1942. [41][45]

The NM (G-535) and NO (G-532) series were military design 6 ton (5,443 kg)[44] and ​7 12 ton (6,803 kg)[44] 6x6 artillery prime movers. All NMs and most of the larger NOs were exported as foreign aid. Over 8,400 NMs and 2,000 NOs were built between 1940 and 1944. [41][45][46]

The NR series were military design 10 ton (5,443 kg)[40] 6x4 cargo trucks. Intended for British use in North Africa, they had Mack ED diesel engines, making them valuable for long distance trips. Over 15,000 were built between 1940 and 1944. [41][47]

Post World War II

Since World War II, Mack has had limited military production.

The M39 (G-744) series, which includes the M54 cargo truck, were a standardized military design 5 ton (4,536 kg)[44] 6x6 chassis, with many models. Mack developed a competing design, when the M39 was standardized Mack built a relatively small number of M51 dump trucks. In the early 1960s they took part in a short lived program to retrofit some of the series with Mack END 672 engines.[41][45][48][49]

The M123 and M125 (G-792) were standardized military design 10 ton (9,072 kg)[44] 6x6 semi tractors and artillery prime movers. Designed by Mack, using many components from the NO series. Mack built 392 M123s, used with a lowboy trailer to recover and transport tanks, and all 552 M125s, between 1955 and 1957. Later follow-up orders called for 420 M123s and retrofitted 210 more with Cummins engines.[41][45][49][50]

Notable appearances in media

The 1968 C&W song "Phantom 309" by Red Sovine is about a ghost trucker who, when asked about the name Phantom 309, replies that "This Ole' Mack will put 'em all to shame. There aint a driver or rig runnin' any line that seen nothin' but taillights from 'Phantom 309'".

Five 1970s Mack RS700 series & one Cruise Liner COE trucks were used in the motion picture Convoy[51] starring Kris Kristofferson as Martin 'Rubber Duck' Penwald and Ali MacGraw as Melissa.

A 1970s Mack R-600 truck with a "coolpower" engine setup is used to haul an oil tanker in Mad Max 2: The Road Warrior.

Mack DM series dump trucks appeared prominently in Die Hard with a Vengeance (the third movie in the series).

Maximum Overdrive (1986) is a horror tale of machinery come to life which includes a truck stop with various vehicles.

A Mack M915 (LHRT) Line-Haul Replacement Tractor (military version of the Mack Granite GU713 10-wheeler) with a (military version M970 fuel tanker) semi-trailer, was the vehicle mode for Megatron in Transformers: Dark of the Moon.

The beginning of Blake Crouch's best selling novel Pines has the main protagonist. Secret Service Agent Ethan Burke. suffering temporary amnesia after the car he is travelling in crashes. He believes he must seek out a person named "Mack" as it the only word he is able to recall. He later realizes the significant of "Mack" is in fact his recollection of his vehicle being intentionally hit by a Mack truck.

A 1984 Mack Superliner, owned by J.R. Collins Pulling Team, is also officially sponsored by Mack. The truck (named "Buckeye Bulldog") runs in the NTPA (National Tractor Pulling Association) in the "Super Semi" class.

Dale Gribble, a character from King of the Hill, is rarely seen without his Mack cap.

In Bad Boys II (2003), a 2000 Mack CX 613 Vision truck is used by the villains.

In the film Cars, Mack is Lightning McQueen's transport, an animated 1985 Mack Super-Liner voiced by John Ratzenberger. Ratzenberger's father drove a Mack truck to deliver oil for three decades.[52] On the "Disney/Pixar Road Trip '06", which promoted the film in a four-month tour of forty-one cities, "Mack" is a 2006 CH Rawhide 460-horsepower Mack truck carrying an Eddie Paul customised Trans Am as "Lightning".

CEO Denny Slagle took part in CBS' Undercover Boss in 2011.[53]

In the 2001 movie Vanilla Sky, a green mack truck almost crashes into David Aames's mustang, stopping just in time.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mack Mission/Origin/Trademark". Mack Trucks Website. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  2. ^ "Mack Corporate History 2000–2009". Mack Trucks Website. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  3. ^ Barron, Richard M. (September 4, 2009). "Mack Moves South: Bulldog in Tow". Archived from the original on September 5, 2012. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
  4. ^ "Macungie Assembly Operations". Mack Trucks Website. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  5. ^ a b News/Events: Mack Plans Restructuring to Increase Competitiveness, Secure Long-Term Leadership Position. – News Releases 2008. – Mack Trucks. – August 14, 2008. – Retrieved: 2008-08-15
  6. ^ a b c d e f Mack History – Mack Trucks.com Official Website
  7. ^ "Motor Truck Merger". – New York Times. – September 23, 1911. – p.15. – Retrieved: 2008-06-16
  8. ^ Renault buys a slice of the Mack action Truck & Bus Transportation July 1979 page 51
  9. ^ Warth, Thomas E. (1998). Mack Trucks Photo Gallery. Iconografix. ISBN 1-882256-88-3.
  10. ^ "Railroads Cut Off Short Branch Lines". – New York Times. – January 15, 1922. – p.102
  11. ^ a b Sebree, Mac; and Ward, Paul (1973). Transit's Stepchild: The Trolley Coach, pp. 156–161. Los Angeles: Interurbans. LCCN 73-84356.
  12. ^ Peck, Merton J. & Scherer, Frederic M. The Weapons Acquisition Process: An Economic Analysis (1962) Harvard Business School p.619
  13. ^ Doyle, David (2003). Standard catalog of U.S. Military Vehicles. Kraus Publications. pp. 223–229, 245. ISBN 0-87349-508-X.
  14. ^ Calderone, John A. (1997). The History of Fire Engines. Brompton Books Corp. pp. 62, 64, 72–74. ISBN 0-7607-0101-6.
  15. ^ Calderone(1997), pages 67, 80.
  16. ^ Phippard, Martin (December 1978). "Intertruck: Canada". TRUCK. London: FF Publishing Ltd: 32.
  17. ^ "AB Volvo – press release". Cision Wire. Archived from the original on 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2006-11-15.
  18. ^ "Mack to Launch its Biggest Model – TITAN": Bulldog Archived 2013-03-25 at the Wayback Machine. – 2008-Volume 1. – p.9. – (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document). – Retrieved: 2008-06-02
  19. ^ Product Brochure: Titan Archived 2013-03-25 at the Wayback Machine. – Mack Trucks. – (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document). – Retrieved: 2008-06-02
  20. ^ "Mack unveils natural gas-powered truck". News & Record. 2010-10-26. Archived from the original on 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2010-10-27.
  21. ^ Mack Bulldog Line Archived 2013-03-25 at the Wayback Machine. – Mack Trucks. – (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document). – Retrieved: 2008-06-08
  22. ^ Products. – Mack Trucks. – Retrieved: 2008-06-08
  23. ^ New Breed Range. – Mack Trucks Australia. – Retrieved: 2008-06-08
  24. ^ Hill, Liezel. – "Volvo, Mack team up for SA market". – Engineering News. – July 27, 2005. – Retrieved: 2008-06-08
  25. ^ "Cape Cod Fire Department:Mack Fire Apparatus". Retrieved 2006-10-04.
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  30. ^ Warth (1998), pp. 151–162, 164–168, 170–185, 195, 197.
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  32. ^ Operators Handbook-DM, DMM, U Series (1988) Mack Trucks, Inc pages 1–5
  33. ^ Operators Handbook (1988), page 59-64
  34. ^ Warth (1998), pp. 10, 105, 176.
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External links

Beck (bus maker)

C. D. Beck & Company, of Sidney, Ohio, was an American intercity motorcoach and transit bus manufacturing company that was founded in 1934.

In 1953, Beck acquired Ahrens-Fox Fire Engine Company, maker of fire apparatus and transferred its production from Cincinnati to Sidney. In 1956, Mack Trucks bought Beck and closed it in 1958.

Total Beck bus and coach production was around 3150 units.

Brockway Motor Company

Brockway Motor Company was a builder of custom heavy-duty trucks in Cortland, New York, from 1912 to 1977. It was founded as Brockway Carriage Works in 1875 by William Brockway. His son George Brockway later turned the carriages into a truck manufacturer in 1909.

During World War II Brockway manufactured the B666 heavy truck, including the B666 Daybrook M-II-A bridge erector and C666 Quick Way crane, as well as G547 and G690 6-ton 6×6 bridging trucks, part of a standard design series also built by Corbitt and White. G547 "Treadway" trucks had a large hoist on the rear for self-unloading, while the G690 chassis were fitted with "Quickway" cranes, also used in bridging operations.The company was purchased by Mack Trucks Inc. in August 1956 and remained a division of Mack until its closing in June 1977. Mack cited "union troubles" for the closure.All 6-ton military trucks (of all manufacturers) had Hercules HXD 855 cu in (14.0 L) I6 gasoline engines, developing 202 hp (151 kW) at 2150 rpm and 642 lbf⋅ft (870 N⋅m) of torque at 900 rpm.Brockway commercial trucks primarily used Cummins engines, though many were powered by Detroit Diesels. Some Brockway trucks were equipped with inline six engines fitted with Rochester 2G (DualJet) carburetors.There is a Brockway Truck show in Cortland each year with many events occurring at the official Brockway Museum located in Homer, NY at the Central New York Living History Center.The hood ornament used by Brockway was a husky dog with pulling harness, thus giving Cortland the nickname of "Huskie Town USA".

A documentary about the trucks and the Brockway company is available from Wiffle Ball Productions in Cortland, New York.

Economy of Allentown, Pennsylvania

Allentown, Pennsylvania is the home of several companies, such as Air Products & Chemicals, PPL, Norfolk Southern Railway and others. The largest employer in the Lehigh Valley is Lehigh Valley Hospital with almost 8,000 employees.

Mack Trucks relocated their headquarters from Allentown to Greensboro, North Carolina in 2009, eliminating over 600 jobs.

The city formerly relied on manufacturing for its economy. Steel plants have since closed, and manufacturing is no longer a main part of the economy.

List of Mack Trucks products

This is a list of current and past vehicles and other products from Mack Trucks.

M123 and M125 10-ton 6x6 trucks

The Mack M123 (G792) was a 10-ton 6x6 semi-tractor introduced in 1955; the Mack M125 was a heavy cargo truck version of the M123. The M123 was used to tow tank transporter trailers while the M125 towed field artillery pieces.

Mack-International Motor Truck Corporation Building

The Mack-International Motor Truck Corporation Building is a historic building located in Des Moines, Iowa, United States. It was built by master builder and general contractor J.E. Lovejoy, who was also its original owner. Lovejoy and other tennants had offices on the second floor, while Mack Trucks occupied the ground floor. The front was used to showcase trucks and an industrial service space was in the back of the building. The two-story brick structure grew to take up a full quarter block after annexes where built in about 1931 and 1940. Located in Des Moines' historic Auto Row, the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2017.

Mack B series

The Mack B series was a line of heavy trucks produced by Mack Trucks between 1953 and 1966. It is regarded as the best known Mack model and many still survive both restored and not. They were available in a variety of configurations, including as fire trucks and school buses. The B model was replaced by the Mack R series models.

Mack F series

The Mack F series was the third generation of cabover trucks from Mack Trucks. Its production began in 1962 and ended in 1981. It was produced primarily as a set-forward axle truck but a setback axle version was shipped overseas (from the USA). The cab came in a 50 inch (1371.6 mm) day cab (no sleeper). Sleeper models included a 72 inch (1828.8 mm), 80 inch (2032 mm) and later a "bustle back" was added that lengthened the sleeper to 86 inches (2184.4 mm).

Mack MC/MR series

The Mack MC/MR series, also known as the "Cruise-Hauler", is a cabover truck first introduced in 1978. It is of a distinct "set back front axle" design (first seen on the Mack FM), with the driver compartment mounted ahead of the front axle and with a large, flat, divided windscreen covering almost half of the truck's frontal aspect. The chassis were very common for fire apparatus.

Mack Magnum

Mack Magnum is a heavy-duty truck that was produced and manufactured from 1999 to 2003 by Mack Trucks Australia, a division of AB Volvo. It consisted of a Renault Magnum cab and chassis, with an all American Drive line including a Roadranger 18 speed transmission and had either Rockwell or Dana drive axles. Although a 454 hp Mack engine was an option. This truck was not "replaced" by the Mack/Renault Quantum in fact they were sold alongside each other one being a premium heavy duty truck the other the smaller lighter less expensive model. Unfortunately the Magnum was plagued with electrical problems and part availability problems and thus its popularity waned quickly in Australia and was removed from Mack Australia's lineup after only 5 years never to return.

Mack NJU 5-ton 4x4 truck

The Mack NJU 5- to 6-ton 4x4 Ponton tractor (G639) was a semi-tractor designed to haul bridging equipment during World War II. Of the 700 built 119 were supplied to the British in Egypt, 8 were built with van bodies, and the rest were used as a substitute standard by the US Army.

Mack NM 6-ton 6x6 truck

The Mack NM 6-ton 6x6 truck, officially "Prime Mover Cargo truck (G-535)", was Mack's first military 6x6. It debuted as a prime mover in 1940, and was used for towing AA guns, and ammunition. Gun crews rode in its canvas covered bed. The NM's enclosed cab came from the commercial L-model. Many NM's were used by the British as recovery vehicles.

Mack NO 7½-ton 6x6 truck

The Mack NO 7 1/2 ton 6x6 truck was a heavy 6x6 cargo truck designed in the 1940s by the American manufacturer Mack Trucks. It was used by the U.S. Army as an artillery tractor for heavy artillery during and after World War II. The official U.S. Army designation was: Truck, 7 1/2 ton, 6x6, Prime Mover. Its G-number was (G-532).

Mack NR

The Mack NR was a heavy 6x4 cargo truck designed and produced in the 1940s by the American manufacturer Mack Trucks. It was used mainly by the British Army to transport cargo and materiel over long distances during World War II. The official U.S. Army designation was: Truck, 10 ton, 6x4, Cargo. Its G-number was (G-528).

Mack Pinnacle Series

The Mack Pinnacle is a series of heavy duty trucks produced by Mack Trucks, introduced to replace the earlier Mack Vision range. The truck is currently available in the United States, Canada, Venezuela, and Peru. In Venezuela and Peru, it is called the Mack Vision Elite. The axle back version of the Pinnacle has been replaced by the Mack Anthem, however, the axle forward versions remain in production since the Anthem is not offered in an axle forward configuration.

The Pinnacle is available in both day cab and sleeper cab variants.

Mack R series

The Mack R series was a line of Class 8 heavy-duty trucks introduced in the early 1960s by Mack Trucks. It replaced the very successful Mack B series models. R Model production ran for 40 years until the RD model was discontinued in 2002 and the RB and Mack D series DM models were discontinued in 2005. The first R models introduced were powered by Mack Thermodyne diesel and gasoline engines. In 1973 the R cab was given a makeover to include a deeper rear wall for more room and a new dashboard design.

Mack Super-Liner

The Mack Super-Liner is a class 8 heavy-duty truck that was introduced by Mack Trucks in 1977, to replace the Mack RW (R-Western) model. It was a development of the prototype Brockway Super-Liner, Brockway being a Mack subsidiary closed in early 1977. Production lasted for fifteen years until it was discontinued in 1989. The model designation is RW. Mack Trucks Australia still manufactures the Super-Liner as a lighter-duty version of the Mack Titan.

In 1984, Mack Trucks introduced the Super-Liner II for model year 1985. As a promotion for the line, Mack built a series of special edition Super-Liners. The special edition Super-Liners were called Magnum; all had Mack E9 400-500hp engines, most with the Mack T2090 transmission, on the 613 frame, and came with a red interior and black exterior with Magnum written on the hood in red, yellow and orange letters. These trucks were made for only one model year. Mack built a total of 250 Magnums; 186 Super-Liner II (RW 613), the remaining 64 were Ultra-Liner (MH 613).

In 1988, Mack Trucks Australia made 16 special edition Super-Liner II Bicentennials with the E9-500 V8, Mack 12-speed triple countershaft transmission, Mack front and rear axles, long taper-leaf springs on front and camelbacks on rear, Spicer 1810 HD driveshafts and a 5842mm (230 inch) wheelbase. The special limited edition models were named after people influential to Australian history, including James Cook, Captain Bligh, Ludwig Leichhardt, Governor Phillip, Ned Kelly, Kingsford Smith, and John Flynn William Hovell. One remaining example is operated by Eagle Towing Service, of Ringwood Victoria and has since been converted to a heavy towing salvage truck. Two more remaining examples are from Mactrans Heavy Haulage, who own Captain Starlight and Thunderbolt.

This truck is also the inspiration of the character "Mack" in the Cars franchise.

Mack Titan

The Mack Titan is a heavy duty truck produced by Mack Trucks. Two variants are produced: one for the Australian market, introduced in 1995 aimed at heavy road train operators, and a 2008 version introduced in North America. The Titan can haul loads up to 200 tonnes GCM and comes with many heavy duty options that are not usually found on highway trucks.

Volvo Trucks

Volvo Trucks (Swedish: Volvo Lastvagnar) (stylized as VOLVO) is a global truck manufacturer based in Gothenburg, Sweden, owned by AB Volvo. In 2016, it was the world’s second largest manufacturer of heavy-duty trucks.Volvo Group was reorganised on 1 January 2012 and as a part of the process, Volvo Trucks ceased to be a separate company and was instead incorporated into Volvo Group Trucks, with Volvo’s other truck brands, Renault Trucks, Mack Trucks and UD Trucks.

The first Volvo truck rolled off the production lines in 1928, and in 2016 Volvo Trucks employed more than 52,000 people around the world. With global headquarters in Gothenburg, Sweden, Volvo manufactures and assembles its trucks in eight wholly owned assembly plants and nine factories owned by local interests. Volvo Trucks produces and sells over 190,000 units annually.In 2017, Chinese company Geely purchased a 14% share of Volvo Trucks

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