Macaria

Macaria or Makaria (Greek Μακαρία) is the name of two figures from ancient Greek religion and mythology. Although they are not said to be the same and are given different fathers, they are discussed together in a single entry both in the 10th-century Byzantine encyclopedia the Suda and by Zenobius.[1]

Daughter of Heracles

In the Heracleidae of Euripides, Macaria ("she who is blessed") is a daughter of Heracles.[2] Even after Heracles' death, King Eurystheus pursues his lifelong vendetta against the hero by hunting down his children. Macaria flees with her siblings and her father's old friend Iolaus to Athens, where they are received by Demophon, the king.

Arriving at the gates of Athens with his army, Eurystheus gives Demophon an ultimatum, threatening war upon Athens unless Demophon surrenders Heracles's children. When Demophon refuses and begins to prepare for war, an oracle informs him that Athens will be victorious only if a noble maiden is sacrificed to Persephone. Upon hearing this, Macaria sees that her only choice is immediate death on the altar or eventual death at the hands of Eurystheus. Since in neither case will she be granted a normal, happy life, she offers herself as the victim to save the welcoming city and its inhabitants, declining a lottery that would put other girls at risk. The Athenians honored her with lavish funeral rites, and the myth has an aetiological aspect: the spring where she died was named the Macarian in her honor.

Goddess

A goddess Macaria ('μακαρία', literally 'blessed') is named in the Suda.[3] This Macaria is the daughter of Hades (no mother is mentioned). She seems to have embodied a blessed death; the Suda connects her name to the figure of speech "be gone to blessedness," instead of misery or damnation, which may be euphemistic, in the way that the dead are referred to as "the blessed ones." The phrase was proverbial for those whose courage endangered them.[4]

References

  1. ^ Zenobius 2.61 in Corpus Paroemiographorum Graecorum, edited by E.L. von Leutsch and F.W. Schneidwein (Vandenhoeck et Ruprecht, 1839), vol. 1, p. 48.
  2. ^ Euripides, Heracleidae
  3. ^ Suidas s.v. Makaria, with English translation at Suda On Line, Adler number mu 51.[1]
  4. ^ Suda On Line, Adler number beta 74.

External links

A Description of the Famous Kingdome of Macaria

A Description of the Famous Kingdome of Macaria is a work of utopian fiction, published in England in 1641. It carried the name of Samuel Hartlib, who published it, but is now attributed to Gabriel Plattes. A short text of fifteen pages, it reads, according to Amy Boesky, like a political address, and it was explicitly framed as an address to Parliament.It is written as a dialogue, and is in the tradition of the Utopia of Thomas More — Macaria is an island mentioned in Utopia — and the New Atlantis of Francis Bacon. Hugh Trevor-Roper takes it to be an important formulation of the ultimate political ambitions of Hartlib and his followers (and in particular John Dury), in the form of a reformed Christian society and welfare state. It covers the issues of economic development, taxation and education. Much of the content drew on Henry Robinson's Englands Safety from earlier in the same year.

Augusta Jane Evans

Augusta Jane Evans, or Augusta Evans Wilson (May 8, 1835 – May 9, 1909), was an American author of Southern literature. She was the first woman to earn US$100,000 through her writing.Wilson was a native of Columbus, Georgia, and her first book, Inez, a Tale of the Alamo, was written when she was still young. It was published by Harpers, but met with indifferent success. Her second book, Beulah, was issued in 1859 and became at once popular, still selling well when the American Civil War broke out. Cut off from the world of publishers, and intensely concerned for the cause of secession, she wrote nothing more until several years later when she published her third story, Macaria, dedicated to the soldiers of the Southern Army. This book was burned by some protesters. After the war closed, Wilson travelled to New York with the copy of St. Elmo, which was speedily published and met with great success. Her later works, Vashti; Infelice; and At the Mercy of Tiberius had phenomenal success. In 1868, she married Lorenzo Madison Wilson, of Alabama, and they resided at Spring Hill.

Chiasmia streniata

Chiasmia streniata is a moth of the family Geometridae first described by Achille Guenée in 1858. It is found in most countries of subtropical Africa, from Sénégal to Kenya and Sudan to South Africa.The wingspan is 28 mm.

Macaria (actress)

Delia Beatriz De la Cruz Delgado (born December 20, 1949), known professionally as Macaria, is a Mexican film and television actress.

Macaria (moth)

Macaria is a genus of moths in the family Geometridae first described by John Curtis in 1826. It is sometimes placed as a synonym of Semiothisa. Species are cosmopolitan.

Macaria abydata

Macaria abydata, commonly known as the dot-lined angle, is a moth of the family Geometridae. It is native from northern Argentina to the Caribbean and southern United States (southern states from Arizona to Florida, regularly wandering north to Colorado, Kentucky and other more northern states). It has been introduced to the Pacific and has spread rapidly since. The first introduction occurred in Hawaii in 1970 (recorded from all the main islands in 1984). Further spread occurred as follows:

1975: Yap, central Micronesia

1976: Bonin Islands (Chichi-jima, Haha-jima)

1977: Saipan, central Micronesia (1985)

1980: Okinawa Island

1983: Taiwan

1985: Guam, central Micronesia (1985) Sulawesi (1986)

1986: Tonga (1985), Fiji (1985), Miyako Islands (Miyako-jima), Luzon, the Philippines (1985)

1987: New Caledonia (1985), Sabah, Malaysia

1988: western Samoa (1985)

1992: Hong KongThe wingspan is 22–27 mm.

Recorded host plants for larvae in its natural range are Vachellia farnesiana, Cassia, Sesbania, Parkinsonia aculeata and Glycine max. Larvae have been observed on Acacia koa and introduced Lysiloma latisiliquum and Litchi chinensis in Hawaii. In the Indo-Australian tropics it has been reared from Leucaena and Mimosa diplotricha.

Macaria aemulataria

Macaria aemulataria, the common angle moth, is a moth in the family Geometridae. It is found from Nova Scotia to Florida, west to Texas, north to Oregon and Alberta.The wingspan is 20–22 mm. The forewings are cream-grey with three transverse lines and a bold brown patch in the middle outer third. The hindwings have a discal spot and antemedian and postmedian lines. Adults are on wing from mid June to mid July in Alberta and from May to September in Ohio.

The larvae feed on Acer species.

Macaria alternata

Macaria alternata, the sharp-angled peacock, is a moth of the family Geometridae. It is found in Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, Georgia and South Siberia.

Macaria artesiaria

Macaria artesiaria is a moth of the family Geometridae. It is found from the North Sea to Mongolia and the Amur River.

The wingspan is 24–28 mm. There are two generations per year with adults on wing from the end of May to July and from August to September. In the north of the range, there is one generation per year.

The larvae feed on Salix species. Larvae can be found from April to May and again from July to August. Pupation takes place between spun together leaves. It overwinters as an egg.

Macaria banksianae

Macaria banksianae, the jack pine looper, is a moth of the family Geometridae. It is found in North America.

The wingspan is about 23 mm.

The larva feed on Pinus banksiana.

Macaria brunneata

Macaria brunneata, the Rannoch looper, is a moth of the family Geometridae. The species was first described by Carl Peter Thunberg in 1784. It is found in Siberia, Japan, and northern and mountainous parts of North America, and throughout Europe, though in Britain it is largely or entirely restricted to mature forests in central Scotland.

The wingspan is 25–30 mm. The length of the forewings is 11–13 mm. It flies during the day, and when at rest often holds its wings closed as a butterfly does. The moth flies in June and July in Britain and in July and August in North America.The caterpillars feed on bilberry in Britain and on that and other plants of the heath family, such as bearberry, in North America.

Macaria carbonaria

Macaria carbonaria, the netted mountain moth, is a moth of the family Geometridae. It is found in the northern part of the Palearctic ecozone.

The wingspan is 23–25 mm (0.91–0.98 in). Adults are on wing from April to June. It is a day-flying species and can be found visiting the flowers of various plants.

The larvae feed on Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.

Macaria fissinotata

Macaria fissinotata, the hemlock angle, is a moth of the family Geometridae. It is found in North America from Nova Scotia to Georgia, west to Kentucky, north to Ontario.

The wingspan is 22–25 mm. The moth flies from May to September and from May to July in Quebec.

Its Latin name fissinotata is composed of the Latin word "fissus" (meaning cleaved or split) and "notatus" (mark). This probably refers to the forewing's large spot which is often split into two.

The larva feed on Tsuga and Picea species, as well as Abies balsamea.

Macaria liturata

Macaria liturata, the tawny-barred angle, is a moth of the family Geometridae. It was first described by Carl Alexander Clerck in 1759 and it is found throughout Europe.

Macaria loricaria

Macaria loricaria, the false Bruce spanworm or Eversmann's peacock, is a moth of the family Geometridae. It is found from Fennoscandia and the Baltic states to Sakhalin. It is also found in North America, where it is found from Alaska to Newfoundland and New York, south to Colorado.

The wingspan is 25–29 mm for males. Females are wingless. Adults are on wing from mid July to August in Europe and from late June to late July in North America.

The larvae feed on Salix and Betula species as well as Populus tremuloides in North America. Larvae can be found from May to July It overwinters as an egg.

Macaria notata

Macaria notata, the peacock moth, is a moth of the family Geometridae. It is a Holarctic species.

Macaria sexmaculata

Macaria sexmaculata, known by the common names green larch looper, larch looper or six-spotted angle, is a moth of the family Geometridae. It is found from Alaska to Nunavut and Newfoundland, south in the east to Massachusetts and south in the west to Oregon.

The wingspan is 16–24 mm. Adults are on wing from June to August. There are one to two generations per year.

The larvae of ssp. sexmaculata feed on Larix laricina and Larix decidua. Larvae of ssp. incolorata have been recorded on Larix occidentalis and Pseudotsuga.

Macaria signaria

Macaria signaria, known by the common names dusky peacock, pale-marked angle or spruce-fir looper, is a moth of the family Geometridae. Subspecies Semiothisa signaria signaria is found in Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, Transcaucasia, the Ural, Siberia, Far East, Sakhalin, Northern Iran and Japan. Subspecies Macaria signaria dispuncta is found in North America (from Yukon and Newfoundland to North Carolina, New Mexico, Arizona and California).

The wingspan is 20–28 mm. The moth flies from May to July depending on the location.

The larvae feed on Picea abies and Larix sibirica.

Macaria wauaria

Macaria wauaria, the v-moth, is a moth of the family Geometridae. It has a Holarctic distribution.

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