Maalaiskunta

Maalaiskunta (Finnish), landskommun (Swedish), "rural municipality", abbreviated mlk was one of the four types of municipality in Finland in 1865–1976. Other types in 1865–1959 were city (in Finnish kaupunki) and market town (in Finnish kauppala), in 1960–1976 old city (in Finnish vanha kaupunki), new city (in Finnish uusi kaupunki) and market town. Maalaiskunta was the most common type of municipality. In the 1977 reform, all municipalities were given fully equal legal standing. Previous maalaiskuntas associated with a city retained their name. For example, Rovaniemen maalaiskunta ("the rural municipality of Rovaniemi) surrounded the city of Rovaniemi, but were independently governed. From 2009, no municipalities will carry this name any more, after the merger of Jyväskylä and Jyväskylän mlk.

Rural municipalities were legally independent from the cities carrying the same name. However, in some cases, particularly when the city was in the geographic center of the municipality, rural municipalities have placed their offices in the city, on the territory of a different municipality. Rural municipalities have also changed their names to create an identity distinct from the city. For example, Vantaa was previously known as Helsingin maalaiskunta, as it was the historical center of Helsinki (location of the Helsinki church village).

In addition, in 1926 Lohja was split into Lohjan maalaiskunta, which was known as Lohjan kunta after 1977, and Lohjan kauppala (later Lohjan kaupunki), but the two merged again in 1997.

List of municipalities explicitly named maalaiskunta

Heinolan maalaiskunta

Heinolan maalaiskunta (Swedish: Heinola landskommun) is a former municipality in Päijänne Tavastia, Finland. It was established in 1848. It surrounded Heinola town and was united to Heinola in 1997. Most of its surface area was forest. Population was about 8000 before uniting to Heinola.Coat of arms was figuring sleigh parts. Theme was inspired in 1934, describing maybe the worlds oldest part that included to sleigh. Part was founded from Tuusjärvi village and is now held in National Museum of Finland, Helsinki.

Iisalmen maalaiskunta

Iisalmen maalaiskunta was a municipality in Eastern Finland in Kuopio Province. The municipality was founded in 1873. Before the year 1922 the municipality included also Sonkajärvi and Vieremä. The municipality was consolidated with the city of Iisalmi in the beginning of year 1970. In 1963 there was 14 079 inhabitants in Iisalmen maalaiskunta.

Jyväskylän maalaiskunta

Jyväskylän maalaiskunta (Swedish: Jyväskylä landskommun), 'The Rural Municipality of Jyväskylä' is a former municipality of Finland. Together with Korpilahti, Jyväskylän maalaiskunta was consolidated with Jyväskylä on 1 January 2009. It was the last municipality to carry the name maalaiskunta.

Jyväskylän maalaiskunta had three population centres: Vaajakoski, Tikkakoski and Palokka. Jyväskylä Airport in Tikkakoski used to be one of the busiest in Finland. On September 1, 2008 Jyväskylän maalaiskunta had 36,389 inhabitants. Jyväskylän maalaiskunta was after Nurmijärvi the second biggest municipality with not name kaupunki (city, town) of Finland. It was the last municipality with the word maalaiskunta. The total area is 534.34 km2, out of which 85.05 km2 is water. The population density was 63.3 inhabitants per km2. The municipality was founded in 1868.

Business life in Jyväskylän maalaiskunta is diversified. In addition to its conventional agriculture and forestry output, the municipality is home to companies such as Komas Oy, a system supplier of mechanical subassemblies, and Tikka Group, a manufacturer of studs for car winter tires (the situation as of 2006). Historically, Vaajakoski hosted a wide range of conventional industries up until the 1980s when structural changes in Finland's economy resulted in a shutdown of many long-standing factories and mills also in Jyväskylä's rural sibling. However, still actively operating in Vaajakoski's industrial area is the Panda chocolate and sweets factory, whose products are marketed the world over.

The geographically lowest of the six locks on the Keitele-Päijänne canal is located in Vaajakoski. The European routes E63 and E75 run through Jyväskylän maalaiskunta east and north of Jyväskylä, respectively. Likewise, the east- and westbound railway lines that leave Jyväskylä have been laid on the rural municipality's soil.

The last municipality mayor of Jyväskylän maalaiskunta was Arto Lepistö.

Distances

Helsinki 270 km

Kuopio 140 km

Lahti 170 km

Tampere 150 km

Kemijärven maalaiskunta

Kemijärven maalaiskunta is a former municipality in Finland.

Consolidated to Kemijärvi in 1973.

Keminmaa

Keminmaa is a municipality of Finland.

The municipality has a population of 8,143

(31 January 2019) and covers an area of 647.24 square kilometres (249.90 sq mi) of

which 20.73 km2 (8.00 sq mi)

is water. The population density is

13.03 inhabitants per square kilometre (33.7/sq mi).

Kuopion maalaiskunta

Kuopion maalaiskunta was a municipality in eastern Finland in Kuopio Province. The municipality was disbanded in early 1969. Most of the area of Kuopion maalaiskunta was connected to the city of Kuopio, but two villages of Kuopion maalaiskunta, Kehvo and Väänälänranta, were connected to Siilinjärvi. There were 8,496 inhabitants in Kuopion maalaiskunta at the last census.

List of former municipalities of Finland

This is a list of the former municipalities of Finland.

Contents: A B C D E

F G H I J K L M

N O P Q R S T U

V W X Y Z Ä Ö

Loimaan kunta

Loimaan kunta (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈloimɑːŋˈkuntɑ], Swedish: Loimaa kommun, literally "Municipality of Loimaa") is a former municipality of Finland. It was merged to the town of Loimaa in the beginning of 2005.

It was located in the province of Western Finland and was part of the Southwest Finland region. The municipality had a population of 5,909 (2003) and covered an area of 434.08 km² of which 1.52 km² was water. The population density was 13.6 inhabitants per km².

The municipality was unilingually Finnish.

Naantalin maalaiskunta

Naantalin maalaiskunta (Nådendals landskommun in Swedish), or the rural municipality of Naantali, as distinct from the city of Naantali, is a former municipality in Finland. The municipality was located in south-western Finland, surrounding the city of Naantali, and composed of rural and suburban areas around it, mostly on the island of Luonnonmaa and to the north of the city. By the 1960s, the city had expanded well outside its administrative boundaries, and rural municipality's population had exceeded that of the city. The rural municipality, which also suffered from financial difficulties, was annexed into the city of Naantali in 1964.

Pedersöre

Pedersöre (Finnish: Pedersören kunta, before 1989 Pietarsaaren maalaiskunta) is a municipality of Finland. Its seat is in Bennäs (Finnish: Pännäinen).

It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Ostrobothnia region. The municipality has a population of 11,051

(31 January 2019) and covers an area of 826.05 square kilometres (318.94 sq mi) of

which 31.77 km2 (12.27 sq mi)

is water. The population density is

13.91 inhabitants per square kilometre (36.0/sq mi).

The municipality is bilingual, with the majority speaking Swedish (90.1%) and the minority Finnish (9%). The municipality is made up of many smaller villages, the most significant ones being Bennäs, Kållby, Edsevö, Esse, Ytteresse, and Purmo.

Pieksämäen maalaiskunta

Pieksämäen maalaiskunta is a former municipality of Finland. On January 1, 2004 it was joined to new municipality of Pieksänmaa with Jäppilä and Virtasalmi.

Porin maalaiskunta

Porin maalaiskunta (abbr. Porin mlk, Swedish: Björneborgs landskommun, "the Rural Municipality of Pori") is a former municipality in the province of Satakunta, Finland. It was annexed with the city of Pori in 1967. Population of Porin maalaiskunta was 8,709 in 1963.Porin maalaiskunta covered areas like Yyteri and Reposaari as well as the Port of Pori, which are parts of the present Meri-Pori district.

Porvoon maalaiskunta

Porvoon maalaiskunta, (Borgå landskommun, Swedish) is a former municipality of Finland. It was established in 1866 and it located in Eastern Uusimaa. Municipality was consolidated with Porvoo in 1997.

Neighbour municipalities were Askola, Myrskylä, Pernå Finnish: Pernaja, Pornainen and Sipoo.

Rauman maalaiskunta

Rauman maalaiskunta (the rural municipality of Rauma, often abbreviated Rauman mlk) is a former municipality of Finland. It was annexed to Rauma on January 1, 1993. The population of the municipality at the time of annexation was about 9,000. The municipality was originally formed in 1476 when a border was drawn between the town of Rauma and the surrounding countryside. The townspeople had seafaring rights, which the country dwellers lacked. Between the 17th century and early 19th century, customs fees were levied on goods passing either to or from the town, and even a border wall existed. A place in Rauma is still called "Porintulli" (Customs of Pori) – a place for the customs on the road to Pori.

Rovaniemen maalaiskunta

Rovaniemen maalaiskunta (Swedish: Rovaniemi landskommun) was a municipality of Finland. It merged with the city of Rovaniemi on January 1, 2006.

It was located in the province of Lapland. The municipality had a population of 21,803 and covered an area of 7,915.51 km² of which 409.06 km² was water. The population density was 2.9 inhabitants per km².

The municipality surrounded the town of Rovaniemi. In 2004 the two municipalities decided to unite into one municipality. The new municipality was formed on January 1, 2006 with the name Rovaniemen kaupunki (the city of Rovaniemi). The new municipality has a population of approximately 57,000. With an area of 7,900 km² it is the largest city in Finland.

Sonkajärvi

Sonkajärvi is a municipality of Finland.

It is located in Northern Savonia region. The municipality has a population of 3,963 (31 January 2019) and covers an area of 1,576.78 square kilometres (608.80 sq mi) of which 110.86 km2 (42.80 sq mi) is water. The population density is 2.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (7.0/sq mi).

Neighbouring municipalities are Iisalmi, Kajaani, Lapinlahti, Rautavaara, Sotkamo and Vieremä.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

The municipality was founded in 1922. Before it Sonkajärvi was a part of Iisalmen maalaiskunta.

Vantaa

Vantaa (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈʋɑntɑː]; Swedish: Vanda) is a city and municipality in Finland. It is part of the inner core of the Finnish Capital Region along with Helsinki, Espoo, and Kauniainen. With a population of 228,678 (31 January 2019), Vantaa is the fourth most populated city of Finland.

Vantaa is bordered by Helsinki, the Finnish capital, to the south; Espoo to the southwest; Nurmijärvi to the northwest; Kerava and Tuusula to the north; and Sipoo to the east. The city encompasses 240.35 square kilometres (92.80 sq mi), of which 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water.The largest airport in Finland, and the main airport and airline hub of Greater Helsinki, the Helsinki Airport, is located in Vantaa. Companies with headquarters in Vantaa include Finnair, Finavia, R-kioski, Tikkurila Oyj, Veikkaus Oy, and Metsähallitus. The city also hosts a science center, Heureka.

The city of Vantaa is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being official languages. 88.6% of the population are Finnish speakers, while 3% speak Swedish as their first language. 8.4% of the population speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish.

Viipuri Province

The Viipuri Province (Finnish: Viipurin lääni, commonly abbreviated Vpl, Swedish: Viborgs län or Wiborgs län) was a province of Finland from 1812 to 1945.

Viipurin maalaiskunta

Viipurin maalaiskunta, Swedish: Viborgs landskommun, is a former municipality in Finland. It surrounded Viipuri (modern Vyborg). It was ceded to the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic after Finland's defeat in the Winter War and the Continuation War in the 1940s.

Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

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