M2 motorway (Great Britain)

The M2 is a motorway in Kent, England. It is 25.7 miles (41.4 km) long and acts as a bypass of the section of the A2 road which runs through the Medway Towns, Sittingbourne and Faversham. It provides an alternative route to the port of Dover, supplementing that of the M20.

UK-Motorway-M2

M2
Medway Towns Bypass
M2 motorway (Great Britain) map
NashendenValley5500
The motorway crossing the River Medway next to the High Speed 1 railway line
Route information
Maintained by Highways England
Length25.7 mi (41.4 km)
Existed1963–present
HistoryOpened: 1963
Completed: 1965
Major junctions
West endShorne
East endBoughton Street
Location
CountiesKent
Road network
M1M3

Route

The M2 starts west of Strood, Kent at Three Crutches, diverging southeastwards from the A2 road that heads ESE from Central London, one of five roads of dual carriageway width or greater reaching into the southern half of Greater London. From Junction 1 it has four lanes each way that slope into the Medway Valley south of Rochester. On the west bank of the River Medway is Junction 2 intersecting the A228 between Strood and West Malling, a junction where the master exit roundabout passes under the HS1 track and which retains, by footbridge and tunnel, the North Downs Way (a public footpath).

By this point the road is mounted on the Medway Viaduct, passing over the Medway Valley railway and the river. On the east (right) bank are Wouldham marshes, south, and north are the elevated suburbs of the three conjoined Medway Towns including Borstal, a village nationally synonymous with its prototype 1902-founded Young Offenders' Institution.

The M2 ascends a steep stream valley to Blue Bell Hill (under which HS1 runs in tunnel) using split-levels to reach Junction 3 (for Medway Towns & Maidstone) by Walderslade. It takes the north of the escarpment of the North Downs becoming a conventional three lanes, and runs northeast across Cossington Fields, Westfield Sole, Lidsing, and Bredhurst towards Junction 4 where the road becomes two lanes to Junction 7.

Continuing east, passing Medway Service area, it crosses the A249 over the Stockbury Viaduct at Junction 5 (for Sheerness and Maidstone East). It then takes the unusually gentle coastal lower slopes of the North Downs, below which 2 miles (3.2 km) before its end, is Faversham north of Junction 6. It ends at Junction 7, allowing traffic to continue on either of two dual carriageways: the A299 for six coastal towns including four on Thanet or the upgraded A2 towards Canterbury and Dover as far as Lydden, 2 miles (3.2 km) from the edge of Dover which then mainly reduces to one operational lane each way.

History

Original construction

MedwayM2BridgeCloud0169
Junction 2 of the M2, the roundabout on the A228, showing the motorway crossing the Medway and climbing up the Nashenden Valley. Alongside is High Speed 1.
M2 motorway junction 5
Junction 5 of the M2
M2 Motorway, Kent - 010613
The widened section approaching the lane drop at Junction 4

The initial section of the motorway (junctions 2 to 5) was opened by the then Transport Minister Ernest Marples on 29 May 1963,[1] with the remainder being constructed in 1965. It was opened in three stages:[2]

  • Junctions 1 to 2 in 1965
  • Junctions 2 to 5 in 1963
  • Junctions 5 to 7 in 1965

It was planned to extend the M2 to London and Dover, making it the main route between London and the channel ports, but this extension never materialised due to a lack of traffic demand.[3] Instead the A2 was dualled and improved from Brenley Corner to Dover.[4][5]

The M2 was originally to be designated as the A2(M), but as a result of the Daily Telegraph reporting it as the M2, the Ministry of Transport adopted this, and later decided upon the M20 designation for the main London-Channel Ports link.[6][7]

Junction amendments

Aside from retrofitting central crash barriers, like all early motorways, the alignment of the M2 did not significantly change until the late 1990s. Traffic using it decreased when the M20 was completed from London to Folkestone in May 1991,[8] while the M2 continued to Canterbury and the North Kent ports of Sheerness and Ramsgate. Junction 1 was altered when the A289 Wainscott Northern bypass was built in the late 1990s.[9]

Widening

The M2 was still busy between Junctions 1 and 4, and suffered from HGVs blocking the outside lane.[10] In 2000 work began on widening the M2 from two lanes to four lanes. A joint venture between Costain, Skanska and Mowlem (CSM) created the company that would undertake the project. The project required the redesign of Junction 2 and Junction 3, and a second Medway Bridge. The existing bridge was converted to a four lane eastbound carriageway (including a hard shoulder). The new bridge formed the westbound carriageway. The entire stretch was lit with streetlights (the old section was not lit). The old Medway Bridge was physically narrowed by removing part of the footpath. High-pressure water cutting equipment was used to cut the concrete into manageable sections for disposal. There is only one path open to the public now.

Spoil from the North Downs Tunnel was used to form the new embankment for the London bound traffic between Junction 2 and the Nashenden Valley.

The widening was completed in July 2003.[11]

Service area

The M2 opened with a single service area between Junctions 4 and 5, named Farthing Corner Services and operated by Top Rank.[12] Today the services are known as Medway services and are operated under the Moto brand with a Travelodge hotel.[13]

The services have an access road to the local network for service and delivery vehicles that is not, like some motorway service areas, restricted with a gate or barrier.[14] This has led to local businesses using the services as an unofficial exit from the motorway.[15]

Junctions

Data from driver location signs are used to provide distance (in kilometres) and carriageway identifier information. Where junctions extend over several hundred metres and the data are available, values are given for the start and end points of the junction.

M2 motorway junctions
miles km Westbound exits (B carriageway) Junction Eastbound exits (A carriageway) Coordinates
27.0
27.5
43.4
44.3
J1 Grain A289 faversham Road continues as A2 to London J1A Rochester A2
Gillingham, Grain A289
Non-motorway traffic
51°23′58″N 0°26′36″E / 51.39953°N 0.44332°E
Grain, Rochester A289 Start of motorway
28.8
29.0
46.3
46.6
Strood/Rochester, West Malling A228 J2 Strood/Rochester, West Malling A228 51°23′02″N 0°28′05″E / 51.38383°N 0.46799°E
32.6
32.8
52.4
52.8
Maidstone, Chatham, Rochester A229
Chatham B12(A)
J3 Maidstone, Chatham A229
Channel Tunnel (M20)
51°20′14″N 0°30′28″E / 51.33729°N 0.50790°E
36.4
36.5
58.5
58.8
Gillingham A278 J4 Gillingham A278 51°20′10″N 0°35′04″E / 51.33616°N 0.58438°E
Medway Services Services Medway Services 51°20′28″N 0°36′28″E / 51.34120°N 0.60781°E
40.0
40.3
64.4
64.9
Maidstone, Sheerness A249
The WEST, Gatwick Airport (M20)
J5 Maidstone, Sittingbourne, Sheerness A249 51°19′47″N 0°39′44″E / 51.32986°N 0.66231°E
50.6
50.8
81.5
81.8
Faversham, Ashford A251[16] J6 Faversham, Ashford A251 51°18′02″N 0°53′18″E / 51.30060°N 0.88843°E
52.3
52.6
84.2
84.7
Start of motorway J7 Canterbury, Dover, Channel Tunnel A2 51°18′05″N 0°55′32″E / 51.30151°N 0.92543°E
Canterbury, Channel Tunnel,
Dover, Faversham A2
Non-motorway traffic
Road continues as A299 (Thanet Way) to Ramsgate
Notes
  • Distances in kilometres and carriageway identifiers are obtained from driver location signs/location marker posts. Where a junction spans several hundred metres and the data is available, both the start and finish values for the junction are shown.
  • Coordinate data from ACME Mapper.
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also

References

  1. ^ "Golden anniversary for the M2". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 31 August 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Motorway Database – M2 Timeline". CBRD. Archived from the original on 12 February 2007. Retrieved 27 January 2007.
  3. ^ Michael Heseltine (15 July 1970). "M2, Dover". Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  4. ^ Michael Heseltine (15 July 1970). "M2 Motorway (Brenley Corner – Dover)". Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  5. ^ Michael Heseltine (16 December 1970). "M2 Motorway (Extension)". Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  6. ^ "Copy of Civili Service minute". Pathetic Motorways. Retrieved 27 January 2007.
  7. ^ "Motorway Database » M2". CBRD. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
  8. ^ "Road Schemes". 16 October 1995. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  9. ^ "New Road Schemes". 21 October 2002. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  10. ^ Kenneth Clarke (22 July 1980). "M2 (Heavy Vehicles)". Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  11. ^ "Route Management Stratergy – A2/M2/A249". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 26 September 2006. Retrieved 27 January 2007.
  12. ^ "Motorways (catering facilities)". 17 February 1964. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  13. ^ "Medway Services M2". Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  14. ^ "Google Maps : Medway Services (Streetview)". Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  15. ^ "Directions to Hartlip Place". 2008. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  16. ^ Stafford, Lowri (20 September 2013). "M2 London-bound near junction 6 for Faversham reopens after car crashes into central reservation". kentonline.co.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2014.

External links

Route map:

List of M2 roads

This is a list of road designated M2:

M2 motorway (Great Britain), a motorway in England

M2 motorway (Hungary), a motorway in Hungary

N2 road (Ireland)#M2 motorway, a motorway in the Republic of Ireland

M2 motorway (Northern Ireland), a motorway in Northern Ireland

M2 motorway (Pakistan), a motorway in Pakistan

M2 highway (Russia), a southern motorway in Russia

M2 road (Johannesburg), a road in Johannesburg, South Africa

M2 (Sydney), a motorway route in Sydney, Australia

Highway M02 (Ukraine)It is also sometimes used to refer to the following roads:

Tullamarine Freeway in Melbourne, Australia

Ipswich Motorway and Logan Motorways in Brisbane, Australia

Southern Expressway, in Adelaide, Australia

M2 Hills Motorway, a motorway in Sydney, Australia (part of the M2 route)

List of highways numbered 2

The following highways are numbered 2. For roads numbered A2, see list of A2 roads. For roads numbered B2, see list of B2 roads. For roads numbered M2, see list of M2 roads. For roads numbered N2, see list of N2 roads.

Great Britain
Northern Ireland
Former
Unbuilt
Proposed
Junctions
Related articles
England Strategic road network
Area 1
Area 2
Area 3
Area 4
Area 5

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