M1 motorway

The M1 motorway connects London to Leeds, where it joins the A1(M) near Aberford, to connect to Newcastle. It was the first inter-urban motorway to be completed in the UK;[2] the first motorway in the country was the Preston By-pass, which later became part of the M6.[3]

The motorway is 193 miles (311 km) long and was constructed in four phases. Most of the motorway was opened between 1959 and 1968 but the southern end was extended in 1977 and the northern end was extended in 1999. It forms part of the unsigned European route E13.


London-Yorkshire Motorway
M1 motorway (Great Britain) map
Motorway M1 Yorkshire 2007-08-13
Looking north towards junction 37
Route information
Part of
Maintained by Highways England
Length193.5 mi[1] (311.4 km)
HistoryOpened: 1959
Completed: 1999
Major junctions
South endLondon A406 (A406)
51°34′32″N 0°14′06″W / 51.5755°N 0.2351°W
Junction 6a.svg

J6a → M25 motorway
Junction 17.svg

J17 → M45 motorway
Junction 19.svg UK-Motorway-M6.svg
J19 → M6 motorway
Junction 21.svg

J21 → M69 motorway
Junction 32.svg

J32 → M18 motorway
Junction 42.svg

J42 → M62 motorway
Junction 43.svg

J43 → M621 motorway
UK-Motorway-A1 (M)

A1(M) motorway
North endHook Moor (A1(M))
53°49′22″N 1°20′20″W / 53.8229°N 1.3388°W
CountiesGreater London, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Northamptonshire, Leicestershire, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire
Brent Cross
St Albans
Hemel Hempstead
Milton Keynes
Road network


There had been plans before the Second World War for a motorway network in the United Kingdom. Lord Montagu formed a company to build a 'motorway like road' from London to Birmingham in 1923,[4] but it was a further 26 years before the Special Roads Act 1949 was passed, which allowed for the construction of roads limited to specific vehicle classifications, and in the 1950s, the country's first motorways were given the government go-ahead.

The first section of motorway was the Preston Bypass in Lancashire, now part of the M6 motorway, which opened in 1958.[3] The M1 was Britain's first full-length motorway and opened in 1959.[5] The early M1 had no speed limits, no central reservation or crash barriers, and no lighting.[6]

First section, 1959

Toddington - M1 Motorway under construction 1725951 0d6f8279
Looking north from the B579 bridge at Chalton, with the former brickworks at Sundon to the right, in May 1958

The first section of the motorway, between Junction 5 (Watford) and Junction 18 (Crick/Rugby), opened on 1 November 1959, together with the motorway's two spurs, the M10 (from Junction 7 to south of St Albans originally connecting to the A1) and the M45 (from Junction 17 to the A45 and Coventry). Parts of the Hertfordshire section were built using steam rollers.[7]

The M1 was officially inaugurated from Slip End (close to Luton), celebrated by a large concrete slab[8] on the bridge next to the village, with inscription "London-Yorkshire Motorway – This slab was sealed by the Rt Hon Harold Watkinson M.P. – Minister of Transport – Inauguration Day – 24th March 1958". It was relocated, during widening works in 2007–08, to the eastern side of junction 10.

Chalton - M1 Motorway under construction.txt 1725911 0aaeb0d3
Looking north from a similar position south of Toddington services in July 1959, nearing completion

This section of the M1 broadly follows the route of the A5 north-west. It started at the Watford Bypass (A41), which runs south-east to meet the A1 at Apex corner, and ended on the A5 at Crick. The M10 spur motorway connected the M1 to the North Orbital Road (A405/A414, a precursor of the M25) where it also met the A5 (now renumbered here as the A5183) and, 2 miles (3.2 km) to the east via the A414, the A6, which subsequently became part of the M25.

Although the whole of first section opened in 1959, it was built in two parts, with the northern part (Junctions 10 to 18) being built by John Laing[2] and the southern part (the St Albans Bypass) being built by Tarmac Construction.[9]

Rugby to Leeds, 1965 to 1968

Motorway M1 Yorkshire 2007-08-13
The M1 in Barnsley, heading north towards Leeds

The continuation of the motorway from Junction 18 towards Yorkshire was carried out as a series of extensions between 1965 and 1968. Diverging from the A5, the motorway takes a more northerly route through the East Midlands, via Leicester, Loughborough, Nottingham to Sheffield, where the M18 splits from the M1 at Junction 32 to head to Doncaster.

Originally, the M1 was planned to end at Doncaster but it was decided to make what was going to be the "Leeds and Sheffield Spur" into the primary route, with the 11-mile (18 km) section to the A1(M) south of Doncaster given the separate motorway number M18.

From Junction 32, the motorway passes Sheffield, Rotherham, Barnsley and Wakefield, reaching the original end of the motorway at (the original) Junction 44 to the east of Leeds. There were plans to route the M1 from just south of Junction 42, where it interchanges with the M62, round the west of Leeds to the A1 at Dishforth. The chosen route passes to the east of Leeds. With the M62 and M621, the M1 forms a ring of motorways around the south of Leeds.

Leeds South Eastern Urban Motorway, 1972

M1 and M621
The M1 and M621 interchange on the north bound carriageways at Leeds

In 1972, an extension of the M1 was opened into central Leeds as the Leeds South Eastern Motorway, where it met the Leeds South Western Motorway (M621) coming north-east from the M62 at Junction 3.


In July 1972, the then UK Minister for Transport Industries, John Peyton, announced that 86 miles (138 km) of UK motorway particularly prone to fog would benefit from lighting in a project that "should be" completed by 1973.[10] Sections to be illuminated included the M1 between Junctions 3 and 14, and between Junctions 16 and 24.[10] In August 2011, the Highways Agency announced that, despite being converted to Smart Motorway status, the lights will be switched off on stretches of the motorway between Junctions 10 (Luton) and 15 (Northampton) without affecting road user safety. The motorway junctions and their approaches, and a section of the M1 on either side of Junction 11 (north Luton), would have lighting columns replaced and remain lit. All lighting columns from Junctions 10 to 14 were removed completely, apart from some on slip roads.[11]

Safety barriers

An increasing official interest in secondary safety was evident in an announcement in March 1973 that work would begin shortly on erecting "tensioned safety barriers" along the central reservation of a 34-mile (55 km) section of the M1 between Kegworth (J24) and Barlborough (J30).[12]

Leeds to Hook Moor, 1999

Between 1996 and 1999, the M1 section north of the M62 underwent a major reconstruction and extension to take the M1 on a new route to the A1(M) at Aberford. The new road involved the construction of a series of new junctions, bridges and viaducts to the east of Leeds. When the new section of M1 was completed and opened on 4 February 1999,[13] the Leeds South Eastern Motorway section of the M1 was re-designated as the M621, and the junctions were given new numbers: M621 Junctions 4 to 7.

London extensions, 1966, 1967 and 1977

M1 construction
Map showing construction dates of sections of the M1
M1 Motorway, Junction 4 - geograph.org.uk - 85978
M1 at Junction 4

The M1 was extended south towards London from its original starting point at Junction 5, in three stages. The first stage, opened in 1966, took the motorway south-east, parallel to the A41, to meet the A5 at junction 4 south of Elstree. The second phase continued east to Scratchwood (the London Gateway Service Area occupies the location of the missing junction 3 from where an un-built spur would have connected to the A1 at Stirling Corner to the north-east). The M1 then runs south alongside the Midland Main Line towards Hendon, where it meets the A1 again at Junction 2 via a tightly curved flyover section. These flyovers connecting from the A1 were originally both for northbound traffic: the left one as the on-ramp to the M1, the right one going over the A1/A41 junction beneath to rejoin the A1 northbound.

Junction 2 is about 2.5 miles (4 km) south of the original Junction 3. Before the completion of Junction 2, southbound traffic left the motorway via a slip road which passed around the back of the now disused homebase and under the A41/A1 Mill Hill Bypass, and looped round to join it at Fiveways Interchange. This slip road is still visible to southbound traffic approximately 650 yards (590 m) before Junction 2, and was maintained until the early 2000s, even though not accessible to traffic. The northbound slip road from the A1 is now partially used as the entrance way to a retail park and was once carried by bridge, but no longer reaches the northbound carriageway, because it is cut off by the motorway continuing south.

The final section of the M1 was opened to Junction 1 at Staples Corner in 1977. There the motorway meets the North Circular Road (A406) at a grade separated junction and roundabout. Unrealised plans from the 1960s would have seen the motorway continue through the junction on an elevated roadway to end at West Hampstead, where it would have met the North Cross Route, the northern section of the London Motorway Box, a proposed ring of urban motorway around the central area. The layout of the Staples Corner junction was originally built in accordance with those plans, although most of the London Ringways Plan had been cancelled by 1973. Around the same time, the section between the M10 and Junction 5 was widened from the original two lanes to three.

On its completion, the M1 acted as a fast link road between London and Birmingham. It also provided a link to London Luton Airport for those regions, and its proximity to the site of the Milton Keynes new town (designated in 1967) meant that it was soon providing a vital transport link to another major area.

Recent developments

In 2006, plans were published for the widening of 91 miles (146 km) from Leicester through to Leeds (Junctions 21–42) to four lanes each way.

Work began on 10-mile (16 km) section between the M25 and Luton (Junctions 6a and 10) in 2006 and opened in 2009, which included the construction of new parallel roads between Junctions 7 and 8 for local traffic, together with the widening or replacement of eleven underbridges on one or both carriageways, and replacing seven overbridges[14] at a cost of £294 million.[15] A variable speed limit system (MIDAS) was installed, and the M10 spur was reclassified as part of the A414 road. Escalating costs across the whole of the Highways Agency programme, including the M1 project, on which costs had risen to £5.1 billion, as well as increasing opposition to major road expansion,[16][17] as well as criticisms by the Transport Select Committee and the National Audit Office, led to wide-ranging re-assessments of the Agency's project costs.[18] Widening was scaled back to a section from the M25 to Luton (Junctions 6a to 10) that was already in progress, and from Nottingham and Mansfield (Junctions 25–28), hard-shoulder running being to be used for other sections.

Work to widen the 15-mile (24 km) section from Nottingham to Mansfield (J25-J28) to four lanes each way began in January 2008 and was completed in 2010, at a cost of £340 million.[19][20] Variable speed limit cameras, installed initially only for the period of construction, proved to be so effective that they were retained permanently.[21]

Work to introduce hard shoulder running on approximately 15 miles (24 km) of motorway between Luton and Milton Keynes (J10-13) was completed in December 2012, at a total cost of £327 million.[22] Modifications were also made to Junctions 11 and 12,[23] and the A421 road from Junction 13 to the Bedford southern bypass was upgraded to two lanes each way during this period[24]

Following the report of a public inquiry in March 2013, the Secretary of State for Transport announced on 18 July 2013 that work to update the Catthorpe Interchange between the M1 motorway, M6 motorway and A14 road close to Catthorpe[25] would go ahead.[26] Work on the £191 million three-layer interchange started in January 2014[27] and the scheme was fully opened to traffic in December 2016.[28]

Current developments

A5-M1 Link (Dunstable Northern Bypass)

A5-M1 Link (Dunstable Northern Bypass)
Proposed Dunstable and Luton Northern Bypass
The route of the Dunstable Northern Bypass proposal and route options for the connecting Luton Northern Bypass.
LocationCentral Bedfordshire
ProposerHighways Agency
StatusCompleted (summer 2017)
Cost estimate£171 million to £217 million

The A5-M1 Link (Dunstable Northern Bypass) is a two-lane dual carriageway running east from the A5 north of Dunstable joining the M1 at a new Junction 11a south of Chalton.[29] Here, it is intended to join with a proposed Luton Northern Bypass to form a northern bypass for the wider conurbation. The A5-M1 Link aims to alleviate traffic congestion in Houghton Regis and Dunstable, reduce journey times for long-distance traffic travelling through Dunstable and improve the regional economy. The Highways Agency detrunked the A5 through Dunstable when the A5-M1 Link opened to the public in May 2017.[30] As part of the Dunstable Town Centre Masterplan, Central Bedfordshire Council built the 2.9 km Woodside Link to connect the new junction 11a to the industrial areas of Dunstable and Houghton Regis. Most of the road opened to traffic in autumn 2016 with the remaining section connecting to junction 11a when it opened.[31]

Proposed developments

M1/M69 junction

There are plans to widen the M1 to dual 4-lane or dual 5-lane between Junctions 21 and 21a and construct a new link road between the M1 and the M69 including a new road bridge to take southbound M1 traffic over the motorway to connect to the M69. During this work the Leicester Forest East services would be closed.[32] Consultation took place in 2007 and a completion date of 2014 was suggested.[33] However the Highway Agency separately suggests that scheme development will "recommence" in 2014/15 with a provisional programmed start of works 2017/18.[34]

Other proposals

In addition to the above schemes, the Highways Agency also plans to add capacity and improve flows on the following sections of motorway in the longer term.[34]

Location Works Start date
M1 J21a – J23a Hard shoulder running after 2020

Plans to dual the A421 from Junction 13 to Milton Keynes and to add capacity to Junction 10a on the Luton spur are being developed.[35][36]

Incidents and accidents

  • In March 1972, 200 vehicles crashed in thick fog resulting in the deaths of nine people on the M1 north of Luton.[37]
  • On 8 January 1989, a Boeing 737 crashed onto the embankment of the M1 whilst attempting an emergency landing at East Midlands Airport in Leicestershire. There were no ground casualties nor vehicular damage on the motorway as a result of the crash, however 47 passengers on board the aircraft were killed and a further 74 passengers and crew members were seriously injured.
  • On 6 September 1997, large sections of the northbound carriageway were closed between London and Althorp, Northamptonshire to allow for the funeral procession of Diana, Princess of Wales. In an unprecedented event, police allowed pedestrians onto the normally busy northbound carriageway almost the entire length of the route to pay their respects.
  • On 11 June 2003 three tanks were thrown across the carriageway near Junction 19 near Lutterworth when the transporter carrying them was involved in an crash; five were killed.[38]
  • An 18-mile (29 km) stretch of the motorway was closed entirely on the morning of 11 December 2005, following a major explosion and fire at the Buncefield Oil Depot which is less than half a mile (800 m) from the M1.
  • In June 2007, the section of M1 between Junctions 32 and 36 was closed for a number of days after the Ulley Reservoir developed cracks after being deluged in the 2007 United Kingdom floods.
  • Part of the motorway close to Tinsley Viaduct was closed to allow safe demolition of the Tinsley cooling towers in the early hours of 24 August 2008.[39] The M1 remaining closed for much of the day until the stability of the viaduct was confirmed.
  • On 15 April 2011, a seven-mile stretch of the road was closed between Junctions 1 and 4 due to a fire at a scrapyard underneath the motorway.[40] The road was fully re-opened early on 21 April 2011 with a 50 mph speed limit in force whilst repair work continued to an elevated section.[40]
  • On 26 August 2017, two lorries and a minibus crashed between junctions 14 and 15, near Newport Pagnell, shutting down the motorway for most of the day. Eight people were killed and three severely injured. The drivers of the lorries were charged with dangerous driving, with one also charged with drunk driving.[41] The incident represented the largest loss of life as the result of a motorway accident since a crash on the M40 in 1993.[42]


M1 motorway junctions
mile km Southbound exits (B carriageway) Junction Northbound exits (A carriageway) Coordinates
7.0 11.3 North Circular (West), Brent Cross, Wembley, Hanger Lane, (A406 West) J1
Southern terminus
Start of motorway 51°34′31″N 0°14′05″W / 51.57515°N 0.23471°W
Central London (The City), Holloway
North Circular (A406)(E) A1
J2 No access 51°36′14″N 0°14′23″W / 51.60399°N 0.23977°W
12.0 19.3 London Gateway services Services London Gateway services 51°38′06″N 0°15′58″W / 51.63513°N 0.26610°W
Harrow, Edgware A41 (A406 North) J4 No access 51°38′10″N 0°18′17″W / 51.63612°N 0.30468°W
Harrow, Aylesbury A41
Watford A4008
J5 Aylesbury, Watford, M25 (West) A41 51°40′18″N 0°22′08″W / 51.67162°N 0.36894°W
North Watford A405 J6 St Albans, Harlow, M25 (East) A405 51°42′22″N 0°22′55″W / 51.70602°N 0.38182°W
Heathrow Airport, Gatwick Airport, M40, M4, M3

Stansted Airport, Dartford, M11, M20

M25 interchange
No access 51°43′06″N 0°23′10″W / 51.71831°N 0.38607°W
St Albans, Hatfield A414 J7 No access 51°44′57″N 0°24′33″W / 51.74930°N 0.40928°W
Hemel Hempstead J8 Hemel Hempstead A414 51°45′25″N 0°24′59″W / 51.75695°N 0.41641°W
Redbourn A5183 J9 Dunstable, Redbourn A5183 51°49′12″N 0°25′02″W / 51.82000°N 0.41714°W
Luton Airport A1081 J10 Luton (S) & Airport A1081 51°51′14″N 0°25′25″W / 51.85397°N 0.42370°W
Luton (Centre), Dunstable A505 J11 Luton (Centre), Dunstable A505 51°53′36″N 0°28′12″W / 51.89347°N 0.46988°W
Dunstable (North), Aylesbury A5, A505 J11A Dunstable (North), Aylesbury A5, A505 51°55′18″N 0°29′28″W / 51.92156°N 0.49122°W
38.9 62.6 Toddington services Services Toddington services 51°56′52″N 0°30′10″W / 51.94778°N 0.50275°W
Flitwick A5120 J12 Flitwick A5120 51°57′27″N 0°30′58″W / 51.95744°N 0.51606°W
Bedford A421
Woburn, Ampthill A507
J13 Bedford, Milton Keynes (South) A421 52°01′36″N 0°36′13″W / 52.02657°N 0.60360°W
Milton Keynes, Newport Pagnell A509 J14 Milton Keynes, Newport Pagnell A509 52°03′32″N 0°42′00″W / 52.05877°N 0.70012°W
53.7 86.5 Newport Pagnell services Services Newport Pagnell services 52°05′00″N 0°44′55″W / 52.08330°N 0.74853°W
Northampton, Wellingborough A45
Kettering A43
J15 Northampton, Wellingborough A45 52°11′09″N 0°53′44″W / 52.18588°N 0.89551°W
Northampton, Oxford A43 (M40)
Northampton services
Northampton, Oxford A43 (M40)
Northampton Services
52°12′35″N 0°56′40″W / 52.20961°N 0.94435°W
Northampton A4500 J16 Daventry A45 52°13′49″N 1°00′58″W / 52.23030°N 1.01598°W
75.1 120.8 Watford Gap services Services Watford Gap services 52°18′25″N 1°07′19″W / 52.30696°N 1.12202°W
No access J17 Coventry M45 52°19′29″N 1°08′26″W / 52.32464°N 1.14069°W
Daventry, DIRFT A428 J18 Hinckley A5
Rugby A428
52°21′03″N 1°09′16″W / 52.35089°N 1.15455°W
Felixstowe, Corby, Kettering A14 J19
M6/A14 interchange
The North West
Coventry, Birmingham M6
52°24′19″N 1°10′37″W / 52.40522°N 1.17704°W
Lutterworth, Rugby A4303 J20 Lutterworth A4303
Market Harborough A4304
52°27′01″N 1°11′29″W / 52.45015°N 1.19146°W
Coventry, Birmingham M69 (M6)
Leicester A5460
J21 Coventry M69
Leicester A5460
52°36′01″N 1°11′42″W / 52.60041°N 1.19498°W
97.7 157.2 Leicester Forest East services Services Leicester Forest East services 52°37′09″N 1°12′21″W / 52.61920°N 1.20579°W
No access J21a Leicester, Newark A46 52°38′09″N 1°13′05″W / 52.63577°N 1.21798°W
Leicester A50, Coalville A511 J22 Coalville, Ashby-de-la-Zouch A511 52°41′45″N 1°17′33″W / 52.69592°N 1.29240°W
Loughborough, Ashby-de-la-Zouch A512 J23 Loughborough, Ashby-de-la-Zouch A512 52°45′37″N 1°16′26″W / 52.76032°N 1.27394°W
The South West, Tamworth, Birmingham,
Ashby-de-la-Zouch, A42 (M42)
East Midlands Airport A453
Stoke A50, Derby A6
Donington Park services
52°49′09″N 1°18′20″W / 52.81929°N 1.30544°W
Loughborough A6
East Midlands Airport A453
Donington Park services
J24 Nottingham South/Centre A453 The South West Birmingham, Tamworth, A42, (M42) 52°50′38″N 1°17′45″W / 52.84397°N 1.29570°W
Stoke A50, Derby A6 J24a No access 52°51′29″N 1°18′04″W / 52.85796°N 1.30106°W
Nottingham South, Derby A52 J25 Derby, Nottingham West/Centre A52 52°54′57″N 1°17′59″W / 52.91589°N 1.29969°W
124.1 199.8 Trowell services Services Trowell services 52°57′44″N 1°16′02″W / 52.96216°N 1.26725°W
Nottingham, Ilkeston A610 J26 Ripley, Eastwood, Nottingham North/Centre A610, Nuthall, Alfreton B600 52°59′24″N 1°14′04″W / 52.98991°N 1.23455°W
Heanor, Hucknall A608 J27 Mansfield A608 53°03′48″N 1°16′09″W / 53.06342°N 1.26909°W
Mansfield, Derby A38 Matlock (A615) J28 Mansfield, Matlock A38 53°06′05″N 1°19′26″W / 53.10129°N 1.32398°W
138.3 222.5 Tibshelf services Services Tibshelf services 53°08′19″N 1°19′51″W / 53.13848°N 1.33093°W
Mansfield, Matlock A617 J29 Chesterfield A617 53°11′52″N 1°19′22″W / 53.19773°N 1.32287°W
Markham Vale A6192
Bolsover (A632)
J29a Markham Vale A6192
Bolsover (A632)
53°14′47″N 1°19′52″W / 53.24647°N 1.33111°W
Chesterfield, Newark A616 J30 Sheffield (S), Worksop A6135 53°17′11″N 1°17′46″W / 53.28651°N 1.29604°W
151.3 243.5 Woodall services Services Woodall services 53°18′56″N 1°16′56″W / 53.31552°N 1.28214°W
Worksop A57 J31 Sheffield (SE) A57
Rotherham (S), Clowne (A618)
53°21′44″N 1°17′00″W / 53.36221°N 1.28347°W
The North, Doncaster, Hull, Scunthorpe M18 J32
M18 interchange
The North, Doncaster, Hull, Rotherham (E) M18 53°23′30″N 1°16′56″W / 53.39160°N 1.28231°W
Sheffield (centre), Rotherham, A630 J33 Sheffield (centre), Rotherham, A630 53°23′55″N 1°20′59″W / 53.39848°N 1.34977°W
Meadowhall Centre, Rotherham A6109: J34 Meadowhall, Sheffield, Rotherham A6178: 53°25′03″N 1°24′23″W / 53.41754°N 1.40634°W
Rotherham, Sheffield A629 J35 Rotherham, Chapeltown, Penistone, Huddersfield A629 53°27′21″N 1°26′43″W / 53.45581°N 1.44539°W
No access J35a Manchester, Stocksbridge A616 53°28′31″N 1°27′32″W / 53.47525°N 1.45891°W
Sheffield (North) A61, Manchester, Stocksbridge (A616) J36 Barnsley (South) A61, Doncaster (A6195) 53°29′47″N 1°28′32″W / 53.49632°N 1.47547°W
Manchester, Barnsley A628 Stockport (M67, M60) J37 Barnsley, Pontefract, Manchester A628 53°32′55″N 1°30′56″W / 53.54872°N 1.51568°W
Huddersfield, Barnsley A637 J38 Huddersfield, Barnsley A637 53°36′11″N 1°33′03″W / 53.60297°N 1.55092°W
178.5 287.2 Woolley Edge services Services Woolley Edge services 53°37′18″N 1°32′54″W / 53.62161°N 1.54821°W
Denby Dale A636 J39 Denby Dale A636 53°39′02″N 1°31′43″W / 53.65064°N 1.52869°W
Wakefield, Dewsbury A638 J40 Wakefield, Dewsbury, Batley A638 53°41′01″N 1°33′18″W / 53.68357°N 1.55508°W
Wakefield, Morley A650 J41 Wakefield, Morley A650 53°42′56″N 1°32′07″W / 53.71556°N 1.53534°W
Hull, Manchester M62 J42
M62 interchange
Hull, Manchester, Bradford, Liverpool M62 53°43′51″N 1°30′43″W / 53.73087°N 1.51195°W
No access J43 Leeds M621 53°45′17″N 1°30′53″W / 53.75460°N 1.51461°W
Leeds A639 J44 Leeds A639 53°45′45″N 1°29′29″W / 53.76256°N 1.49139°W
Leeds A63 J45 Leeds A63 53°46′34″N 1°28′13″W / 53.77613°N 1.47041°W
Leeds A6120 J46 Leeds A6120
Selby A63
53°47′31″N 1°25′35″W / 53.79198°N 1.42646°W
Castleford A656
Garforth A642
J47 Garforth A642
The SOUTH (A1)
53°48′20″N 1°21′41″W / 53.80557°N 1.36149°W
197.7 318.1 Start of motorway A1(M), J43
Northern terminus
The North, Wetherby, York (A64), Newcastle A1(M) 53°49′18″N 1°20′19″W / 53.82178°N 1.33866°W
  • Data from driver location signs/distance marker posts are used to provide distance and carriageway identification information. Where a junction spans several hundred metres and the data is available, both the start and finish values for the junction are shown. Coordinate data from ACME Mapper.
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also


  1. ^ "Driving directions to M1". Google. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Motorway archive". The Motorway Archive. Institute of Highways and Transportation. Archived from the original on 4 November 2002. Retrieved 20 January 2008.
  3. ^ a b "Key facts about England's motorways and trunk roads". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 12 December 2007. Retrieved 20 January 2008.
  4. ^ Bridle, Ron; Baldwin, Peter; Baldwin, Robert (2004). The motorway achievement volume 1. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-7277-3196-8.
  5. ^ Chris Marshall. "Motorway Database – M1". CBRD. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
  6. ^ "M1 – Highways Agency". Highways Agency. Retrieved 27 May 2014. In the early days of the M1 there was no speed limit, no central reservation, no crash barriers and no motorway lighting.
  7. ^ "Tri-tandem roller 45655 of 1930". The Robey Trust. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011.
  8. ^ "The Slab". Retrieved 20 January 2008.
  9. ^ "list of material held by Northamptonshire CC". Motorway archive. Archived from the original on 26 January 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2008.
  10. ^ a b "News: Motorway lighting". Autocar. 137 nbr 3978: 19. 13 July 1972.
  11. ^ "HA press release M1 J10-13 lighting". Nds.coi.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 January 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
  12. ^ "Motorweek: More M1 barriers". Motor. nbr 3677: 40. 31 March 1973.
  13. ^ "A1(M) Bramham to Wetherby – One Year After Study" (PDF). Highways Agency. p. 8. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  14. ^ "M1 Jct 6a to 10 Widening". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 16 September 2009.
  15. ^ "9 Mar 2009 : Column 10W—continued". Hansard.
  16. ^ "Protesters unfurl anti-M1 banners". BBC News. 30 October 2006. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
  17. ^ "Campaigners outraged at escalating costs of road wideningCampaigners outraged at escalating costs of road widening".
  18. ^ Jowit, Juliette (6 May 2007). "M1 widening to cost £21m per mile". The Observer. London. Retrieved 28 January 2008.
  19. ^ "M1 widening J25-28: work to reduce congestion and improve safety starts in earnest". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2008.
  20. ^ "£340m M1 contract to MVM consortium". Archived from the original on 17 January 2016.
  21. ^ "M1 works speed cameras will stay". BBC News. 3 January 2010. Temporary cameras installed for widening road works between Junctions 25 and 28 have proved so effective they will stay, it has been confirmed.
  22. ^ "M1 Junctions 10–13 Improvements". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 7 February 2014.
  23. ^ "M1 Jct 10 to 13 Improvements". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 29 June 2012.
  24. ^ "A421 Bedford to M1 Junction 13". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 28 April 2011.
  25. ^ "M1 Jct 19". Retrieved 28 February 2008.
  26. ^ "Press release:Go ahead for two new road schemes in the Midlands". Department for Transport. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  27. ^ "Catthorpe: £191 million M1/M6/A14 junction improvement work to begin". Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  28. ^ "M1 Junction 19 Improvement Scheme". Highways Agency. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  29. ^ "A5-M1 Link (Dunstable Northern Bypass)". Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  30. ^ "Dunstable Town Centre Masterplan". Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  31. ^ "Woodside Link road". Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  32. ^ "M1/M69 Public Consultation Information – The new solution". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 3 June 2009. Retrieved 7 January 2010.
  33. ^ "M1/M69 Public Consultation Information – what happens now". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 5 June 2009. Retrieved 7 January 2010.
  34. ^ a b "M1 Junctions 21 to 31 Improvements". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
  35. ^ "Bedfordshire Local Transport Plan 2006/07 – 2010/11 – Major projects". Bedfordshire County Council. Archived from the original on 15 June 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
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  37. ^ "Death toll on British roads". Daily Mail. Thick fog was a factor in the deaths of nine people and injuries to 51 others in a massive 200-vehicle crash on the M1 north of Luton, Beds, in March 1972.
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  41. ^ "Eight dead in M1 horror crash after two lorries collide with minibus 'carrying children'". Metro. Metro. 26 August 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  42. ^ "Eight Indians die in worst UK road crash in 24 years". Times of India. 28 August 2017.

External links

Route map:

A1 motorway (North Macedonia)

The A1 motorway (автопат A1 ) is a motorway in North Macedonia and it forms part of the European route E75 (E75). It spans 173 kilometers (107 mi) as a four-lane, tolled, controlled-access highway. It crosses the country from north to south, starting at the border with Serbia near Kumanovo and ending at the Evzoni-Bogorodica border crossing with Greece near Gevgelija. As a part of the Pan-European corridor X (along with route E70) and connection among North Macedonia's biggest cities, it is one of vital highways for Macedonian infrastructure, and significant works are currently undergoing for its reconstruction and enhancement.

Brent Cross

Brent Cross is an area of the London Borough of Barnet, England, nearby Hendon and Golders Green. It contains the Brent Cross Shopping Centre and the proposed Brent Cross Cricklewood development. The area around Brent Cross is a major place for road traffic, with the A41 Hendon Way/Watford Way flyover over the A406 North Circular Road, and the M1 motorway and A5 Edgware Road at Staples Corner to the west.

Donington Park services

Donington Park services is a motorway service station off the M1 motorway, A453 and A42 interchange (junction 23a) near Kegworth, England.

Leicester Forest East services

Leicester Forest East services is a motorway service station situated between junctions 21 and 21A of the M1 motorway, near Leicester, England.

London Gateway services

London Gateway services is the southern-most motorway service station on the M1 motorway, located between Junctions 2 and 4 north of London, England.It opened in 1969, being run by Forte, and was opened as Scratchwood Services. It is built adjacent to the site of the proposed junction 3 of the M1 with a spur to the A1. This link was never built and the intended roundabout junction was not completed, instead being adapted to provide access to the service area. However, traffic travels the wrong way around the junction, with some sharp turns on the slip roads.

On 6 September 1997, large numbers of people came to the service station to witness the passing of the funeral hearse of Diana, Princess of Wales on its way along the M1 from central London to her burial place in Althorp, Northamptonshire.

A reserved section of current service area is a major long-distance coach service interchange.

The guns in both forward turrets on the museum ship HMS Belfast, moored between Tower Bridge and London Bridge some 11.7 miles away in the centre of London, are trained and elevated on the London Gateway Motorway Services Area.

M12 motorway

The M12 is a 1 1⁄2 miles (2.4 km) length of spur motorway in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. It was opened in 1970.It leads off the main M1 motorway, to Portadown, part of the conurbation of Portadown-Craigavon-Lurgan, and forms most of the route between junction 11 of the M1 (Ballynacor) and the A3 Northway at Kernan Loop. The road forms part of European route E18.

M1 highway (Russia)

The Russian route M1 (also known as the Belarus Highway, road to Minsk) is a major trunk road that runs from Moscow through Smolensk before reaching the border with Belarus. The length is 440 kilometers (270 mi). The highway runs south of Odintsovo, Kubinka, Mozhaysk, Gagarin, north of Vyazma, through Safonovo and Yartsevo. After crossing the border with Belarus, the highway continues (as olimpijka) to Minsk, Brest, and Warsaw. The entire route is part of European route E30 and AH6.

During the 1980 Summer Olympics, a 50-kilometer (31 mi) stretch between the 23-kilometer (14 mi) mark and the 73-kilometer (45 mi) mark was used for the road team time trial cycling event.

M1 motorway (Hungary)

The M1 motorway (Hungarian: M1-es autópálya) is a toll motorway in northwestern Hungary, connecting Budapest to Győr and Vienna. The first section of the motorway opened in the 1970s, reaching the Austrian border at Hegyeshalom in 1996. It follows the route of the old Route 1 one-lane highway.

M1 motorway (Northern Ireland)

The M1 is a motorway in Northern Ireland. It is the longest motorway in Northern Ireland and runs for 38 miles (61 km) from Belfast to Dungannon through County Antrim, County Down, County Armagh and County Tyrone. It forms part of the route via the A1 in Northern Ireland (N1/M1 in the Republic of Ireland) between Belfast and Dublin as well as being a part of the unsigned European E01 and E18 routes.

M1 motorway (Pakistan)

The M1 motorway (Urdu: موٹروے 1‎) or M1, is an east-west motorway in Pakistan, connecting Peshawar to Islamabad–Rawalpindi. The motorway was constructed by President Pervez Musharraf with cost of Rs. 13bn., and was opened on October, 2007. It spans 155 km, with 88 km in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and 67 km in Punjab. The M1 connected Motorways of Pakistan to Afghanistan and Central Asia.

M1 motorway (Republic of Ireland)

The M1 motorway (Irish: Mótarbhealach M1) is a motorway in Ireland. It forms the large majority of the N1 national primary road connecting Dublin towards Belfast along the east of the island of Ireland. The route heads north via Swords, Drogheda and Dundalk to the Northern Irish border just south of Newry in County Armagh, where it joins the A1 road and further on, the M1 motorway in Northern Ireland. It also forms a significant part of the road connection between Dublin and the Northern Irish cities of Newry, and Lisburn.

The route is part of European route E01.

N51 road (Ireland)

The N51 road is a national secondary road in Ireland.

West to east, it starts in Delvin, County Westmeath at a junction with the N52. It passes through Athboy, a junction with M3 motorway, Navan and Slane, where it crosses the N2 road, all in County Meath, before crossing the M1 motorway and terminating near Drogheda in County Louth at a roundabout on the R132.

It is an unusual arrangement for a national secondary road to terminate at a regional road. However the R132 is the former N1 route (now by-passed by the M1 motorway) and is of a higher standard than most regional roads.

Newport Pagnell services

Newport Pagnell Services is a motorway service station between junctions 14 and 15 of the M1 motorway near Newport Pagnell and Milton Keynes in north Buckinghamshire. It is owned and operated by Welcome Break.

Northampton services

Northampton services is a motorway service station off the M1 motorway and A43 interchange near Northampton. It is owned by Roadchef, and used to be called Rothersthorpe.

Tibshelf services

Tibshelf services is a motorway service station between junctions 28 and 29 of the M1 motorway in Derbyshire, England. Tibshelf is located 10 miles (16 km) south of Woodall which is a lot more popular. The northbound side is being refurbished with a McDonald's, a Fresh Food Cafe and a Costa. It lies about a kilometre southeast of the village of Tibshelf. It is known as Tibshelf services despite being geographically closer to the villages of Newton and Blackwell. The operator is Roadchef.

Toddington services

Toddington Services is a motorway service station on the M1 motorway between junctions 11 and 12 near Dunstable in Bedfordshire, England. It takes its name from the nearby village of Toddington. It is owned by Moto Hospitality.

Trowell services

Trowell services is a motorway service station off the M1 motorway in Trowell, Nottinghamshire, England, situated north of Junction 25. Opened in 1967 by Mecca Leisure, it is currently owned by Moto. The services are situated near Nottingham.

Trowell services appeared in an episode of the second series of Auf Wiedersehen, Pet, where the actors discuss who they would be in The Magnificent Seven. It was also the location for part of the 2009 British film Hush.. The services are also a Visual Reference and Reporting Point for general aviation traffic entering East Midlands Airport controlled airspace from the north.

Woodall services

Woodall services is a motorway service station on the M1 motorway near Sheffield. It lies between junctions 30 and 31. It was opened in 1968 by Trust House Forte but was renamed Welcome Break after the takeover of the company. It takes its name from the nearby village of Woodall.

Woodall is also one of the few service stations to have a Burger King, KFC and a McDonald's. The Northbound side has a McDonald's (open 24 hours) and a KFC, with the Southbound side having a Burger King and a KFC. Both sides of the service station are linked by footbridge. The services are very close to the Derbyshire border, but it's still classed as Sheffield. Woodall is one of two Welcome Break services which have a McDonald's; the other one is Fleet in Hampshire

Access to Woodall services can be obtained using both the Northbound and Southbound carriageways.

The service station had in all 211 employees in 2008.The service station is one of fourteen for which large murals were commissioned from artist David Fisher in the 1990s, designed to reflect the local area and history.This service area has proven to be very popular with coaches heading North and South because of the excellent coach hosts there.

Woolley Edge services

Woolley Edge services is a motorway service station on the M1 motorway near Wakefield within the borough of the City of Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England. It lies between junctions 38 and 39 close to West Bretton and west of the village of Woolley.

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