Patricia Lynn Scarlett is a leading US environmental policy executive and analyst. She is the Vice President of Policy and Government Relations at the Nature Conservancy. She is a frequent commentator on environmental issues. She was the Chief Operating Officer and Deputy Secretary of the Interior from 2005 to 2009, having previously served as the Assistant Secretary of Policy, Management and Budget from 2001 to 2005. Appointed by President George W. Bush, Scarlett was sworn in as Deputy Secretary of the Interior on November 22, 2005. In 2006 she served as acting Secretary of the Interior between the administrations of Gale Norton and Dirk Kempthorne. While at DOI she chaired the federal Wildland Fire Leadership Council (2004–05). She also co-chaired the First Lady's Preserve America Initiative on historic preservation (2003–08). She also chaired DOI's Climate Change Task Force, which examined the effects of climate change on land, water, wildlife and infrastructure. Scarlett convened and chaired the Department's Cooperative Conservation Working Group, and also represented the Department on an interagency cooperative conservation task force that planned and convened the White House Conference on Cooperative Conservation in 2005. In her management capacities, Scarlett served on the President's Management Council and its executive steering committee.
Before joining the administration, Scarlett was President of the Reason Foundation in Los Angeles, California, an organization where she had previously as a policy analyst and senior manager. From 2010-2013 she was Co-Director, Center for the Management of Ecological Wealth at Resources for the Future.
She was a member of the national Commission on Climate and Tropical Forests, and of several National Research Council committees. She served on the boards of the National Parks Conservation Association, the National Wildlife Refuge Association, as well as acting as an advisor to several private-sector firms. She was Chair of the board of the American Hiking Society and of RESOLVE. She is a trustee emeritus of the Udall Foundation. She is Chair of the Science Advisory Board for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
In 2009, she was elected as Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration. In 2014, she was awarded the Sustained Achievement Award of the Renewable Natural Resources Foundation, recognizing her long-term contribution and commitment to the protection and conservation of natural resources. Also in 2014, she was appointed to the US Blue Ribbon Panel on Sustaining America's Diverse Fish and Wildlife Resources.
|United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior|
November 22, 2005 – May 22, 2009
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||J. Steven Griles|
|Succeeded by||David J. Hayes|
Patricia Lynn Scarlett