Lymm

Lymm /ˈlɪm/ LIM is a village and civil parish in Warrington, Cheshire, England, which incorporates the hamlets of Booths Hill, Broomedge, Church Green, Deansgreen, Heatley, Heatley Heath, Little Heatley, Oughtrington, Reddish, Rushgreen and Statham. At the 2011 Census it had a population of 12,350.[1]

Lymm
Lymm

Bridgewater Street, Lymm
Lymm is located in Cheshire
Lymm
Lymm
Location within Cheshire
Population12,350 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSJ685875
Civil parish
  • Lymm
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLYMM
Postcode districtWA13
Dialling code01925
PoliceCheshire
FireCheshire
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK Parliament

History

The name, of Celtic origins, means a "place of running water" and is likely derived from an ancient stream that ran through the village centre.[2] Lymm was an urban district of Cheshire from 1894 to 1974.

Governance

The village is split between the Lymm South ward and the Lymm North and Thelwall ward of the Borough of Warrington. Lymm South has two councillors, both Conservative following the 2016 local elections; while the Lymm North and Thelwall ward has three councillors, all Liberal Democrats as of the 2016 elections.

There is also a twelve-member Lymm Parish Council. Following the 2016 elections, there are seven Liberal Democrats, three Conservatives and two independent councillors.

Lymm is twinned with Meung-sur-Loire.[3]

Demography

Population

Note: Statistics expressed as percentages may not add up to 100%

Census data is based on that of Lymm Ward[4]

  • Total Population: 11,040 residents[5]
  • Male:Female ratio: 49.1%:50.9%
  • Average age of population: 40.3 years

Ethnicity breakdown

  • 98.2% White
  • 0.7% Mixed
  • 0.1% Black
  • 0.6% Asian
  • 0.4% Other

Housing and social situation

  • Households: 4,431
    • 83.2% are owner occupied
    • 9.5% are socially rented (i.e. council houses)
    • 5.6% are privately rented
    • 1.7% are rent free

Employment

  • 65.4% are employed.
  • 2.0% are unemployed.
  • 2.2% are full-time students (therefore classed as active).
  • 30.4% are classed as "economically inactive".

Education

  • 18.8% have no qualifications.
  • 40.8% have level 1 or 2 qualifications only.
  • 34.2% have level 3 or higher (i.e. non-compulsory) qualifications.

Lymm High School is located in the community. The school accepts students from Lymm and in the surrounding villages and hamlets.

Lymm is home to four primary schools: Oughtrington Community Primary School, Ravenbank Community Primary School, Cherry Tree Primary School and Statham Community Primary School.

The Manchester Japanese School (マンチェスター日本人補習授業校 Manchesutā Nihonjin Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a weekend Japanese educational programme, is held at the Language Centre at Lymm High School.[6]

Landmarks

Lymm village centre is a designated conservation area, notable for its historic buildings, both listed and unlisted. These include the French-style terracotta former town hall (currently unlisted); St Peter's Church, Oughtrington Hall and Lodge, formerly owned by a cadet branch of the Leigh family and now Lymm High School; and Lymm Hall, a former Domville family residence.[7] Foxley Hall, home to a cadet branch of the ancient Booth family, before ownership passed to the Carlisle family[8] is no longer standing, but fustian-cutting cottages on Church Road and Arley Grove do survive. The Parish Church of St Peter, Oughtrington is an example of Gothic Revival architecture.[9] St Mary's Church, Lymm,[10] overlooking Lymm Dam, was in a state of disrepair by the mid-1800s so the Leigh family commissioned the noted Newcastle architect John Dobson to rebuild it. The 1521 tower was retained and raised, but the need for additional stonework meant the tower was rebuilt in 1887.

Lymm Cross, usually known simply as "the Cross", is a Grade I listed structure dating from the 17th century, restored in 1897.[11][12]

Lymm Heritage Centre, which opened in June 2017 is in the centre of the village on Legh St. It hosts exhibitions related to local history as well as activities for schools and visitors.

Transport

Lymm2
The Bridgewater Canal at Lymm

The M56 (junctions 7 & 9) and M6 (Junction 20) motorways are both within 3 miles of Lymm.[13] The conjunction of these motorways with the A50[14] is known as the Lymm Interchange, and hosts a service station known as the Poplar 2000 services, a well used truck stop. The A56 also passes just south of the village, connecting the nearby towns of Warrington and Altrincham.[15] Buses to Lymm from Warrington and Altrincham are frequent during the weekday and on Saturdays.[16][17]

Waterways

The Bridgewater Canal passes through the centre of Lymm. The Manchester Ship Canal passes to the north, and beyond its route lies the River Mersey.To the east of Lymm the River Bollin flows along the village's border with Warburton and the borough of Trafford.

Railways

Lymm railway station was on Whitbarrow Road. It opened on 1 November 1853. There was a further station at Heatley, on Mill Lane, for salt and lead. The line closed to passengers on 10 September 1962; it was officially closed to all types of traffic on 7 July 1985, but lasted a few months. Then it became financially unviable, and the tracks and sleepers were rapidly lifted. Today the old track forms a good stretch of the Trans Pennine Path with a ranger station at Statham, near the centre of the village. To the east, the track ran via Dunham into Broadheath and the Manchester network. To the west, the track used to run into Warrington, via Latchford, and the tar processing on Loushers Lane, then into Bank Quay Low Level. The entire section is now pathways, except for the high level bridge crossing the ship canal, whose future is yet to be decided. Lymm today has no railway station; the closest stations are at Birchwood, Warrington, Knutsford and Altrincham.

RAF Air Cadets

2137 (Lymm) Squadron formed in 1964 as part of the programme to reestablish units that had been closed following the Second World War. They formed at Park Road in Broomedge with a wooden spooner hut. In 2015 this was demolished to make way for a new £300,000 facility which was opened in 2016.[18] In April 2018 the Squadron lead the Royal Air Force Air Cadets action to commemorate the Royal Air Force centenary by travelling to the first RAF airfield at Saint-Omer in France and parading on behalf of the RAF and Ministry of Defence.[19]

2137 (Lymm) Squadron Badge
The badge of 2137 (Lymm) Squadron with the Lymm Cross at its centre.

Sport

Association football is played at Lymm FC (three teams) Lymm Rovers FC and Lymm Piranhas JFC whilst Lymm Rugby Union Club[20] fields four teams on a regular basis. There is angling at Lymm Dam and at Meadow View, Whitbarrow Road, Statham, where there are three-man-made lakes stocked with a variety of fish. Angling is represented by the Lymm Angling Club.[21]

Lymm has a number of other sports facilities, including Lymm Golf Club[22] and nearby High Legh Park Golf Club; Lymm Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club;[23] Lymm Oughtrington Park Cricket Club,[24] whose home ground is in the former grounds of Oughtrington Hall, a former ancestral home of a cadet branch of the Leigh family; and Lymm Leisure Centre[25] which is next door to the cricket club at Lymm High School. Burford Lane Farm is one of many horse riding venues in north Cheshire. Crown green bowling takes place in Stage Lane, the Oughtrington club having been established over a hundred years.

Lymm has a number of cycling (Lymm Velo Club), triathlon (Cheshire CAT) and running clubs (Lymm Runners).

Notable people

David Strettle
David Strettle, 2006
  • Elizabeth Pulman (1836 in Lymm – 1900) a British-born New Zealand photographer, the country's first female professional photographer, emigrated 1861
  • Gerard Dewhurst J.P. (1872–1956) an English cotton merchant, banker and amateur footballer, earning one international cap for England in 1895; grew up at Oughtrington Hall in Lymm
  • Cicely Fox Smith (1882 in Lymm – 1954) an English poet and writer
  • Kenneth Carlisle (1882 in Lymm – 1967) an English cricketer active from 1903 to 1905 who played for Oxford University
  • Robert Westall (1929–1993) author, lived on Woodland Drive in Lymm until his death
  • Sir John Stalker (1939–2019) former Deputy Chief Constable of Greater Manchester Police, lived in Lymm
  • Alex Timpson MBE (1946 in Lymm – 2016) a British campaigner for children's rights.
  • Andrew Murray (born 1956) an English professional golfer, lives in Lymm
  • Aiden Byrne (born 1972) an English chef, who starred in Great British Menu, owns The Church Green in Lymm
  • David Strettle (born 1983 in Lymm) Saracens F.C. rugby union player
  • Dan Logan (born 1985) an English musician, brought up in Lymm
  • Harry Worley (born 1988 in Lymm) a retired English professional footballer, 140 pro appearances.
  • Tom Murray (born 1990) an English professional golfer, lives in Lymm

In popular culture

2011 television series Candy Cabs was filmed in Lymm.[26]

2015 Sky 1 television series After Hours was filmed in Lymm in 2014.[27]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "2011 Census: Lymm". Office for National Statistics.
  2. ^ "Lymm". Archived from the original on 19 December 2007. Retrieved 10 November 2007.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Lymm Ward" (PDF). Warrington Borough Council.
  5. ^ "Lymm Village website".
  6. ^ "Contact Us." Manchester Japanese School. Retrieved on 15 February 2015. "Oughtrington Lane, Lymm, Cheshire, WA13 0RB, United Kingdom (Language Centre at Lymm High School)"
  7. ^ "The Domvilles of Lymm, Cheshire".
  8. ^ "Kenneth Carlisle statistics". Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  9. ^ "Home". www.oughtrington.co.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  10. ^ "St Mary's Lymm". Archived from the original on 8 August 2008. Retrieved 28 January 2008.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Lymm Cross  (Grade I) (1227014)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  12. ^ "Images of England: Lymm Cross". English Heritage. Retrieved 10 April 2008.
  13. ^ "M6 Junction 20A". Google Maps. Retrieved 12 June 2009.
  14. ^ "Poplar 2000". Google Maps. Retrieved 5 December 2010.
  15. ^ "Lymm village". Lymm.net. Retrieved 12 June 2009.
  16. ^ "Warrington Borough Transport". Retrieved 5 January 2009.
  17. ^ "GMPTE Timetable for routes 5, 37, 37A, 38" (PDF). Retrieved 5 January 2009.
  18. ^ "Lymm Life, page 7" (PDF). www.lymmlife.Co. uk. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  19. ^ "Warrington Guardian, page 7". https://www.warrington-worldwide.co.uk/. Retrieved 4 February 2019. External link in |publisher= (help)
  20. ^ "Lymm Rugby Football Club". Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  21. ^ "Lymm Angling Club". www.lymmanglersclub.com. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
  22. ^ "Lymm Golf Club". Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  23. ^ "Lymm Tennis Club". Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  24. ^ "Lymm Oughtrington Park Cricket Club". Archived from the original on 5 May 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  25. ^ "Lymm Leisure Centre". Lymm High School. Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  26. ^ Bourne, Dianne (4 February 2011). "Video: Candy Cabs stars love Lymm". manchestereveningnews.co.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  27. ^ "Lymm-based Sky comedy After Hours hits screens on November 2". Warrington Guardian. Retrieved 11 April 2016.

External links

Media related to Lymm at Wikimedia Commons

2016 Warrington Borough Council election

The 2016 Warrington Borough Council election took place on 5 May 2016 to elect members of Warrington Borough Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections.

Following a boundary review, all Warrington Borough Council seats were up for election, for a term of four years. The number of seats rose from 57 to 58.

The Labour Party retained overall control of Warrington Borough Council after taking 45 of the 58 seats.

David Strettle

David Strettle, (born 23 July 1983), is an English rugby union player who plays on the wing for Saracens and England.

Geoff Parker

Professor Geoffrey Alan Parker FRS (born 24 May 1944) is an emeritus professor of biology at the University of Liverpool and the 2008 recipient of the Darwin Medal.

He has a particular interest in behavioural ecology and evolutionary biology, and is most noted for introducing the concept of sperm competition in 1970.

Much of his work from the 1970s onwards has related to the application of game theory (theory of games) to various biological problems, using the evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS) approach pioneered by John Maynard Smith and George Price.

With R. R. Baker and V. G. F. Smith in 1972, he proposed a leading theory for the evolution of anisogamy and two sexes, and in 1979 made the first theoretical analysis of sexual conflict in evolution. He has also investigated the evolution of competitive mate searching, animal distributions, animal fighting, coercion, intrafamilial conflict, complex life cycles, and several other topics.

Listed buildings in Lymm

In the English civil parish of Lymm, there are 55 buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England as designated listed buildings. Of these, one is classified as Grade I and one as Grade II*; the remainder are at Grade II. Lymm is in the borough of Warrington and the ceremonial county of Cheshire. In the early 16th century, the civil parish was a prosperous agricultural area, divided into two manors, Lymm and Oughtrington. The Grade-II*-listed Lymm Hall, the oldest listed building in the civil parish, dates from the late 16th century and occupies the site of a medieval building which was the manorial seat. The largest settlement in the civil parish is Lymm, which has expanded into a small town whilst retaining its village centre. Several other small settlements within the parish remain separate, including Oughtrington; Oughtrington Hall dates from around 1810.

From the 16th century, industries developed in the parish, including quarrying, tanning, iron working, powder making and fustian cutting. Workers' cottages from the fustian-cutting industry have survived. The extension of the Bridgewater Canal, completed in 1776, facilitated industrial development. The canal runs through the northern part of the town of Lymm's centre, and many of the listed structures are associated with it, including three aqueducts, two bridges and a dock. Rapid industrial expansion occurred in the early 19th century, generating a need for an increased water supply. The damming of Bradley Brook in 1821–24 created a lake to the south of the town. Two bridges associated with Lymm Dam are listed. One carries the former toll road from Warrington to Stockport, now the A56. The other is the most recent listed structure in the civil parish, constructed for William Lever (later Viscount Leverhulme) in 1918–19 to serve housing for his workers, which was never built. The arrival of the railway in 1853 further accelerated growth in Lymm, with substantial mid-Victorian houses being built for business owners on the edges of the town in Gothic and Italianate styles.Many of the listed buildings lie within the three conservation areas of the town of Lymm, which encompass the old village centre, the dam and the lake, as well as the Victorian suburbs to the north and west of the centre. Lymm stands on the Mid Cheshire Ridge, with sandstone bedrock, and many of the listed buildings are constructed from this material. Crags and outcrops are present on the surface, for example, under Lymm Cross, which is listed at Grade I. There are also a few listed timber-framed buildings, which are relatively rare in the borough of Warrington. Unusual listed structures include an octagonal water tower with battlements, icehouse, pigeon house, mounting block, milepost, stone-lined well, war memorial, water-point case and the village stocks.

Lymm Baptist Church

Lymm Baptist Church is a Baptist Church situated in the village of Lymm near Warrington, England, located on the main A56 road.

Lymm Baptist Church is one of several churches whose main concern is to express the love of God through words and actions to all in the local neighbourhood.

The church is lively, friendly, informal outward-looking, with a congregation of some 200 people of all ages and backgrounds who have discovered that Jesus Christ is as relevant today as he was in the 1st Century AD and that knowing him makes a great difference to life.

Lymm Cross

Lymm Cross is in the village of Lymm, Warrington,Cheshire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building.The cross dates from the early to mid-17th century and was restored in 1897. It is constructed of sandstone and stands on an artificially stepped natural outcrop of red sandstone. Its shaft stands in a square pavilion of red sandstone with square corner pillars. It has a stone roof with a pedimented gable to each face and ball finials. Above the cross is an extension which carries a stone ball and an ornate weather vane. On the east, south and west gables are bronze sundials of 1897 carrying the inscriptions "We are a Shadow", "Save Time" and "Think of the Last".The adjacent stocks are separately Grade II listed.

Lymm Hall

Lymm Hall is a moated country house in the village suburb of Lymm in Warrington, Cheshire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

Lymm High School

Lymm High School is a secondary school and sixth form with academy status, located in Lymm, Warrington, Cheshire. The school and the local council refer to it as an independent state school.

Lymm RFC

Lymm Rugby Football Club is an English rugby union team based in Lymm, Cheshire. The club runs six senior sides (including two colts teams) and a full range of junior sides, with the first XV currently playing in North Premier, a fifth tier league in the English rugby union system. The club also fields teams in squash and recently formed a hockey club.

Lymm RL

Lymm RL are a rugby league side based in Lymm, Cheshire. They play in the North West Merit League.

Lymm railway station

Lymm railway station was a station to the west of Whitbarrow Road, Lymm, England on the Warrington and Stockport Railway. It opened on 1 November 1853; and it closed to passengers on 10 September 1962. The railway was absorbed by the LNWR. The station was on the southern most railway line between Liverpool to Manchester.

M56 motorway

The M56 motorway, also known as the North Cheshire motorway, is in Cheshire and Greater Manchester, England. It runs from Junction 4 of the M60 to Dunkirk, near Chester. With a length of 33.3 miles (53.6 km), it is often busy with long-distance commuter traffic towards North Wales. It serves commuters heading to Manchester, particularly those from the wider Cheshire area, and gives access to Manchester Airport from the national motorway network.The road forms part of the unsigned Euroroute E22.

Neil Fairbrother

Neil Fairbrother (born Neil Harvey Fairbrother, 9 September 1963) is a former English cricketer, named by his mother after her favourite player, the Australian cricketer Neil Harvey. He was educated at Lymm Grammar School.

Fairbrother retired from all cricket in 2002, and became Director of Cricket at International Sports Management. In February 2018, Fairbrother set up Phoenix Management.

North Premier

North Premier (formerly known as National League 3 North) is a level five league in the English rugby union system. It is one of four leagues at this level, with its counterparts; London & South East Premier, South West Premier and Midlands Premier. The format of the league was changed at the beginning of the 2009–10 season following reorganisation by the Rugby Football Union when the league was formally known as North Division One. A further name change from National League 3 to Premier was introduced for the 2017-18 season by the RFU in order to lessen confusion for what is a series of regional leagues. The fourteen teams in the division are drawn from across northern England and is the highest regional rugby union league in the north of England.

The champion club is automatically promoted to National League 2 North and the runner-up meets the second placed team of Midlands Premier in a play-off, with the winner also gaining promotion.

River Bollin

The River Bollin is a major tributary of the River Mersey in the north-west of England.

It rises in Macclesfield Forest at the western end of the Peak District, and can be seen in spring form, from the Buxton to Macclesfield road. The stream then descends the 10 miles (16 km) through Macclesfield and The Carrs Park in Wilmslow where it has a confluence with the River Dean, near to Styal Prison. For the following 10 miles (16 km) it defines the southwestern portion of the border between Greater Manchester and Cheshire before merging with the River Mersey north of Lymm. It flows through the Styal country park and was used in the cotton calico factory there, Quarry Bank Mill, as a source of power. Near to the Quarry Bank Mill site there is a natural weir. The Bollin is culverted underneath the southern runway of Manchester Airport.

The town of Macclesfield used to dispose all its waste and sewage into the Bollin. The profusion of human sewage in the Bollin was still common in 1850.

St Mary's Church, Lymm

St Mary's Church is in the village of Lymm, Cheshire, England, standing on a bank overlooking Lymm Dam. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Chester and the deanery of Great Budworth.

St Peter's Church, Oughtrington

St Peter's Church is in Oughtrington Lane, to the east of the village of Lymm, Cheshire, England. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Macclesfield and the deanery of Bowdon. Its benefice is combined with that of St Werburgh, Warburton.

WA postcode area

The WA postcode area, also known as the Warrington postcode area, is a group of sixteen postcode districts in England, which are subdivisions of nine post towns. These postcode districts cover north Cheshire (including Warrington, Frodsham, Knutsford, Lymm, Runcorn and Widnes), eastern Merseyside (including St Helens and Newton-le-Willows) and small parts of Greater Manchester (including Altrincham).

Warrington

Warrington () is a large town and unitary authority area in Cheshire, England, on the banks of the River Mersey, 20 miles (32 km) east of Liverpool, and 20 miles (32 km) west of Manchester. The population in 2017 was estimated at 209,700, more than double that of 1968 when it became a New Town. Warrington is the largest town in the county of Cheshire.

Warrington was founded by the Romans at an important crossing place on the River Mersey. A new settlement was established by the Saxons. By the Middle Ages, Warrington had emerged as a market town at the lowest bridging point of the river. A local tradition of textile and tool production dates from this time.Historically part of Lancashire, the expansion and urbanisation of Warrington coincided with the Industrial Revolution, particularly after the Mersey was made navigable in the 18th century. The West Coast Main Line runs north to south through the town, and the Liverpool to Manchester railway (the Cheshire Lines route) west to east. The Manchester Ship Canal cuts through the south of the borough (west to east). The M6, M56 and M62 motorways form a partial box around the town.

The modern Borough of Warrington was formed in 1974 with the amalgamation of the former County Borough of Warrington, part of the Golborne Urban District, the Lymm Urban District, part of the Runcorn Rural District, the Warrington Rural District and part of the Whiston Rural District.

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