Lunenburg, Massachusetts

Lunenburg is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 10,086 at the 2010 census.

Lunenburg, Massachusetts
Lunenburg Town Hall and Hadwen Park Market
Lunenburg Town Hall
and Hadwen Park Market
Official seal of Lunenburg, Massachusetts

Seal
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Coordinates: 42°35′40″N 71°43′30″W / 42.59444°N 71.72500°WCoordinates: 42°35′40″N 71°43′30″W / 42.59444°N 71.72500°W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyWorcester
Settled1718
Incorporated1728
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
Area
 • Total27.7 sq mi (71.7 km2)
 • Land26.4 sq mi (68.4 km2)
 • Water1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
Elevation
510 ft (155 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total10,086
 • Density360/sq mi (140/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
01462
Area code(s)351 / 978
FIPS code25-37420
GNIS feature ID0618370
Websitehttp://www.lunenburgma.gov/

History

Lunenburg was first settled in 1718 and was officially incorporated in 1728. The name stems from one of the titles of King George II of Great Britain, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.[1] During King George's War, natives raided the village and took settlers captive to Quebec.[2] Areas of neighboring Fitchburg were once part of Lunenburg, but broke away around this time because the walking distance to church and town meetings was too great for many. Closed in 2000, Whalom Park on Whalom Lake was a famous amusement park in Lunenburg. It closed with the rising popularity of Six Flags New England in Agawam. It was home of the famous Flyer Comet, now demolished.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 27.7 square miles (72 km2), of which 26.4 square miles (68 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), or 4.59%, is water.

Lunenburg is bordered by Townsend to the north, Shirley to the east, Groton to the east, Lancaster to the southeast, Leominster to the south, Fitchburg to the west, and Ashby to the northwest. Three state highways pass through Lunenburg. Route 2A follows Mass Ave from the Shirley line to the Fitchburg line. Rt 13 follows Electric Ave from the Leominster line to Mass Ave. Rt 13 then follows Mass Ave/Rt 2a for 0.3 miles. Rt 13 then follows Chase Rd to the Townsend Line. Rt 225 begins in Lunenburg, at an intersection with Rt 2a/Mass Ave near the Shirley line. Rt 225 follows West Groton Rd from Rt 2a to the Shirley line.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 9,401 people, 3,535 households, and 2,668 families residing in the town. The population density was 355.8 people per square mile (137.4/km²). There were 3,668 housing units at an average density of 138.8 per square mile (53.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.01% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.

There were 3,535 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.5% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $56,813, and the median income for a family was $63,981. Males had a median income of $47,451 versus $31,934 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,986. About 3.3% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 1.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government

View of Lunenburg Center, Lunenburg, MA
Town center c. 1910
County government: Worcester County
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus (D)
District Attorney: Joseph D. Early, Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds: Kathleen R. Daigneault (D)
Register of Probate: Stephen Abraham (D)
County Sheriff: Lew Evangelidis (R)
State government
State Representative(s): Jennifer E. Benson (D)
State Senator(s): Jennifer L. Flanagan (D)
Governor's Councilor(s): Jen Caissie (R)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): Niki Tsongas (D-3rd District),
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)

Library

The Lunenburg public library began in 1853.[4][5] In fiscal year 2008, the town of Lunenburg spent 1.13% ($290,801) of its budget on its public library—some $29 per person.[6]

Education

The public schools in town are the Lunenburg Primary School, Thomas C. Passios Elementary School (now closed), Turkey Hill Elementary School, and Lunenburg Middle-High School (recently opened).

Lunenburg High and Middle are now in the same building on adjacent property to Turkey Hill and Thomas C. Passios buildings.

Private schools include Applewild School, established in 1957, - a private, independent co-educational day school for grades Preschool - 8th grade located in Fitchburg, MA.

Montachusett Regional Vocational Technical High School serves the town and surrounding communities located in Fitchburg, MA.

Transportation

The Montachusett Regional Transit Authority (MART) supplies Councils-On-Aging service for elderly and disabled residents.[7] Portions of Lunenburg are also on MART's regular bus routes.[8] The nearest rail stations are Shirley, Fitchburg and North Leominster on the MBTA Commuter Rail Fitchburg Line.

Notable people

Sanderson House, Lunenburg, MA
Old Sanderson House c. 1905

References

  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 192.
  2. ^ https://archive.org/stream/collectionshist00moorgoog#page/n284/mode/2up
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ C.B. Tillinghast. The free public libraries of Massachusetts. 1st Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. Boston: Wright & Potter, 1891. Google books
  5. ^ "Lunenburg Public Library | 1023 Massachusetts Avenue, Lunenburg, MA 01462". lunenburglibrary.org. Retrieved 2015-12-05.
  6. ^ July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What’s Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: Municipal Pie Reports Archived 2012-01-23 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2010-08-04
  7. ^ "MART: Communities served". mrta.us. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  8. ^ "MART: How To Ride". mrta.us. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  9. ^ https://www.necn.com/news/new-england/_NECN__Horse_Rescued_From_Mud_in_Lunenburg__Mass__NECN-247783761.html

External links

Abel Stearns

Abel Stearns (February 9, 1798 – August 23, 1871) was a trader who came to the Pueblo de Los Angeles, Alta California in 1829 and became a major landowner, cattle rancher and one of the area's wealthiest citizens.

Asahel Stearns

Asahel Stearns (June 17, 1774 – February 5, 1839) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts.

Born in Lunenburg, Massachusetts, Stearns graduated from Harvard University in 1797. He studied law, was admitted to the bar and commenced the practice of law in Chelmsford, Massachusetts. He served as member of the Massachusetts Senate in 1813, the same year he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He moved to Charlestown, Massachusetts, in 1815.

Stearns was elected as a Federalist to the Fourteenth Congress (March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1817). He served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1817. He was professor of law at Harvard University from 1817 to 1829. He again served as a member of the Massachusetts Senate in 1830 and 1831. He died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, February 5, 1839. He was interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery.

David Pelletier (American figure skater)

David Pelletier (born July 14, 1982 in Lunenburg, Massachusetts) is an American pair skater. With Andrea Varraux, Pelletier won the 2003 Junior Grand Prix event in Croatia and placed fourth in Ostrava. They went on to place seventh at the Junior Grand Prix Final. Pelletier and Varraux are the 2004 US National junior bronze medalists and placed eighth at the World Junior Figure Skating Championships that year.

In 2005, after his split with Andrea Varraux, he skated with, but did not compete with, Anchalee Voogd. Following their split he moved to Switzerland and Italy to study and skate.

A short clip of his skating can be seen on America's Next Top Model Cycle 9.

Pelletier is not related to Canadian pair skater David Pelletier.

Derek Kerswill

Derek M. Kerswill (born April 5, 1973 in Wilmington, Delaware) is an American musician best known for his drumming in the bands Unearth, Seemless, Kingdom of Sorrow, and multiple fill-ins/studio projects.

Dorothea Leighton

Dorothea Cross Leighton (September 2, 1908 – August 15, 1989) was an American social psychiatrist and a founder of the field of medical anthropology. Leighton held faculty positions at Cornell University and the University of North Carolina and she was the founding president of the Society for Medical Anthropology. She and her husband, Alexander Leighton, wrote The Navajo Door, which has been described as the first written work in applied medical anthropology.

Earle Brown

Earle Brown (December 26, 1926 – July 2, 2002) was an American composer who established his own formal and notational systems. Brown was the creator of open form, a style of musical construction that has influenced many composers since—notably the downtown New York scene of the 1980s (see John Zorn) and generations of younger composers.

Among his most famous works are December 1952, an entirely graphic score, and the open form pieces Available Forms I & II, Centering, and Cross Sections and Color Fields. He was awarded a Foundation for Contemporary Arts John Cage Award (1998).

Eleazer D. Wood

Eleazer Derby Wood (December 1783 – September 17, 1814) was an American Army officer in the War of 1812.

Frederick Cushing Cross Jr.

Frederick Cushing Cross Jr. was born 8 July 1917 in Lunenburg, Massachusetts.

Frederick Lincoln Emory

Frederick Lincoln Emory (April 10, 1867 – December 31, 1919) was an American football coach and professor of mechanics and applied mathematics. He served as the first head football coach at West Virginia University, coaching one game in 1891. The single game that he coached was played on November 28, 1891 against Washington and Jefferson. The West Virginia Mountaineers lost by a score of 72 to zero, the second-worst loss in the history of the program.He died in 1919 from heart-related problems.

Gordon Edes

Gordon H. Edes (born September 24, 1954) is an American sportswriter. He was appointed the team historian for the Boston Red Sox by the club's owners Fenway Sports Group in late 2015. Before that, he had covered the team for 18 years (1997-2015), first for the Boston Globe, and then for ESPN Boston. He is best known for his long-time coverage of the Boston Red Sox baseball beat for the Boston Globe. He is a voter for the Baseball Hall of Fame.

He attended High School at Lunenburg High School in Lunenburg, Massachusetts, graduating in 1972. He attended North Park University in Chicago from 1972-1975, but did not graduate.

Hickory Hills Lake (Lunenburg, Massachusetts)

Hickory Hills Lake is the largest private lake in Massachusetts, located in the town of Lunenburg in Worcester County.

Jennifer Benson

Jennifer E. Benson is an American state legislator serving in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. She is a Lunenburg resident and a member of the Democratic Party.

Jonathan Grout

Jonathan Grout (July 23, 1737 – September 8, 1807) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts. Grout was born in Lunenburg, Massachusetts and served in the First United States Congress.Grout built the first optical telegraph in the United States, connecting Martha's Vineyard and Boston.

Josiah Litch

Dr. Josiah Litch (April 4, 1809 – January 31, 1886) was a Methodist Episcopal preacher in the New England region of the United States, who was best known for his connections with the Millerite movement, and for using Bible prophecy to predict a loss of power for the Ottoman Empire.

Lunenburg (CDP), Massachusetts

Lunenburg is a census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Lunenburg in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 1,760 at the 2010 census.

Lunenburg High School

Lunenburg High School is the high school of the town of Lunenburg, Massachusetts in north-eastern Worcester County. The school educates students from Lunenburg. In 2016, a new Middle/High School building was completed.

Mary L. Padula

Mary L. Padula is a former politician who represented the Second Worcester and Middlesex District in the Massachusetts Senate from 1983 to 1991 and served as Massachusetts' Secretary of Housing & Community Development from 1991 until the post was eliminated in 1996.Prior to serving the Senate, Padula was the executive secretary for the town of Lunenburg, Massachusetts from 1953 to 1983.

WTYN (FM)

WTYN (91.7 FM) is a radio station airing a Christian format licensed to serve Lunenburg, Massachusetts. The station is owned by Horizon Christian Fellowship and is an affiliate of RenewFM. WTYN's programming consists of Christian music and Christian talk and teaching programs such as Turning Point with David Jeremiah, and Truth for Life with Alistair Begg. The allocation of 91.7 to Lunenburg follows a long drawn out dispute involving WAVM, University of Massachusetts Boston (owner of WUMB-FM, whose Stow repeater WUMG started during this time and shares time with WAVM), and Living Proof, Inc (the original applicant of what became WTYN).

Whalom Park

Whalom Park was an amusement park located on Lake Whalom in Lunenburg, Massachusetts, that operated from 1893 to 2000. The site was redeveloped into a 240-unit condominium complex.Whalom Park was established in 1893 by the Fitchburg & Leominster Street Railway as a traditional, English-style park of gardens and walking paths. At the time of its last day of operations in 2000, Whalom was known as the 13th oldest amusement park in the United States, as well as the second-oldest trolley park in the world. The park had been in continuous seasonal operation for 107 years.The "Flyer Comet" wooden roller coaster was one of the park's best-known rides. Most remaining structures at the park, including the Flyer Comet, were demolished in October 2006, to make way for development.

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