Lunéville

Lunéville (French pronunciation: ​[lynevil] ; German, obsolete: Lünstadt ) is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in France.

It is a subprefecture of the department and lies on the Meurthe River at its confluence with the Vezouze.

Lunéville
Theater, whose archway gives access to the château gardens.
Theater, whose archway gives access to the château gardens.
Coat of arms of Lunéville

Coat of arms
Location of Lunéville
Lunéville is located in France
Lunéville
Lunéville
Lunéville is located in Grand Est
Lunéville
Lunéville
Coordinates: 48°35′22″N 6°30′06″E / 48.5894°N 6.5017°ECoordinates: 48°35′22″N 6°30′06″E / 48.5894°N 6.5017°E
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentMeurthe-et-Moselle
ArrondissementLunéville
CantonLunéville-1 and 2
IntercommunalityLunévillois
Government
 • Mayor (2008–-) Jacques Lamblain
Area
1
16.34 km2 (6.31 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
19,161
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
54329 /54300
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

History

Eglise Saint Jacques Lunéville
Église Saint-Jacques in Lunéville, established by Stanislaus I of Poland in 1745.

Lunéville was a renowned resort in the 18th century, known as the capital of Lorraine. The grand Château de Lunéville, built in 1702 for Leopold, Duke of Lorraine to replace an older palace, was the residence of the duke of Lorraine until the duchy was annexed by France in 1766. The château was designed in the style of Versailles to satisfy Leopold's wife, Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, the niece of Louis XIV, and became known as the "Versailles of Lorraine". It includes a chapel designed by Germain Boffrand. Leopold and his wife were the parents of Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (through him they were the grandparents of Marie Antoinette).

The last duke of Lorraine was Stanislaus I, the former king of Poland. A devout Catholic, an author and a philanthropist, Stanislaus had a church built and several follies in his gardens for the amusement and education of visiting Polish nobility and followers of the Enlightenment. The more famous visitors to his court were Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, André Morellet, and Montesquieu. After the death of his father-in-law in 1766, Louis XV of France annexed the duchy and turned the castle into a barracks, but much of the original construction has survived, and what remains is open to the public and the château's intricate parterre gardens, designed by Yves Hours (a pupil of André Le Nôtre) in 1711 and Louis de Nesle in 1724, are a public park today.

It was over the nearby Parroy Forest, directly east of Lunéville, only some 11 months after the outbreak of World War I, that the first aerial victory by a fighter aircraft armed with a synchronised machine gun occurred on July 1, 1915, as Lieutenant Kurt Wintgens of the German Army air force forced down an Aeronautique Militaire Morane-Saulnier L parasol monoplane. Neither member of the French air crew was seriously wounded, while the French aircraft's Gnome Lambda engine received multiple hits to disable the aircraft.[2][3]

Treaties

The Treaty of Lunéville was signed in the Treaty House, one of the houses built up against the château gardens of Lunéville on 9 February 1801, between the French Republic and the Austrian Empire by Count Ludwig von Cobenzl and Joseph Bonaparte.

Another treaty, signed in Germany, was the Treaty of Frankfurt (1871), which made Lunéville into a border town attracting the best and the brightest of Alsace and Moselle who relocated to keep their French nationality. A new period of economic prosperity, known as the Belle Époque, restored some of the glory of Stanislas's ducal court of the 18th century.

Industry

Groupe Lunéville Sèvres
Lunéville faience was made famous for its widely copied collectable figurines mostly designed by Paul-Louis Cyfflé. This group is from 1770-1780, Sèvres museum collection.

Lunéville faience, a kind of unglazed faience produced from 1723 at Lunéville by Jacques Chambrette, became the Manufacture Royale du Roi de Pologne (“Royal Factory of the King of Poland”) after Stanislaus sponsored it in 1749. The earthenware first became famous for its detailed figurines and in the 20th century for its art deco designs, and it still exists today as "Terres d'Est".[4]

In 1858, the glass factory of Croismare was built. It became famous when the Müller brothers settled there in 1897 and began creating Art Deco glass designs.

Louis Ferry-Bonnechaux discovered a technique using beads and sequins on embroidery in 1865. His craft was widely copied and became known as Lunéville Point, and its heritage can still be seen in modern haute couture.

A subsidiary of the Dietrich company, Lorraine-Dietrich moved to Luneville after the 1871 treaty of Frankfurt. Today it is known for its trailers, but it started off as a manufacturer of cars and railway equipment.

Demographics

The population of Lunéville in 2016 was 18,566.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
179311,691—    
180010,436−10.7%
180611,555+10.7%
182111,247−2.7%
183112,378+10.1%
183612,798+3.4%
184112,285−4.0%
184612,278−0.1%
185112,476+1.6%
185615,301+22.6%
186115,528+1.5%
187212,369−20.3%
187616,041+29.7%
188118,136+13.1%
188620,500+13.0%
189121,542+5.1%
189622,599+4.9%
190123,269+3.0%
190624,266+4.3%
191125,587+5.4%
192124,366−4.8%
192623,263−4.5%
193124,668+6.0%
193623,665−4.1%
194620,377−13.9%
195422,690+11.4%
196221,618−4.7%
196823,177+7.2%
197522,709−2.0%
198221,468−5.5%
199020,711−3.5%
199920,200−2.5%
200619,881−1.6%
201119,909+0.1%
201618,566−6.7%

Notable people

Lunéville was the birthplace of :

See also

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Grosz, Peter M., Windsock Datafile No. 91, Fokker E.I/II, Albatros Publications, Ltd. 2002. ISBN No. 1-902207-46-7.
  3. ^ Sands, Jeffrey, "The Forgotten Ace, Ltn. Kurt Wintgens and his War Letters", Cross & Cockade USA, Summer 1985.
  4. ^ Website Luneville faience

External links

Arrondissement of Lunéville

The arrondissement of Lunéville is an arrondissement of France in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in the Grand Est region. It has 164 communes.

Azerailles

Azerailles is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in northeastern France.

Bauzemont

Bauzemont is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in northeastern France.

Chanteheux

Chanteheux is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Château de Lunéville

The Château de Lunéville which had belonged to the Dukes of Lorraine since the thirteenth century, was rebuilt as “the Versailles of Lorraine” by Duke Léopold from 1703 to 1723, from designs of Pierre Bourdict and Nicolas Dorbay and then of the architect Germain Boffrand, whose masterwork it became. It became the home of King Stanisław Leszczyński, last duke of Lorraine and Bar.

Lunéville was listed as a Monument historique in 1901 and by successive ordinances; its princely apartments are looked after by the Ministry of Defense while the structure is the responsibility of the Conseil départemental de Meurthe-et-Moselle.

On the night of 2 to 3 January 2003, a fire broke out that ravaged the château to the extent that the plaster vault of the chapelle royale collapsed. Passing through the attics, the fire destroyed the roof over much of the structure. The restoration of the building and its decors is under way.

Croismare

Croismare is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Damelevières

Damelevières is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Georges de La Tour

Georges de La Tour (March 13, 1593 – January 30, 1652) was a French Baroque painter, who spent most of his working life in the Duchy of Lorraine, which was temporarily absorbed into France between 1641 and 1648. He painted mostly religious chiaroscuro scenes lit by candlelight.

Lunéville-Croismare Airport

Lunéville-Croismare Airport (ICAO: LFQC) is an airport in France, located approximately 3 km (2 miles) east-southeast of Lunéville in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department. The airport is used for general aviation, with no commercial airline service.

Meurthe-et-Moselle

Meurthe-et-Moselle (French pronunciation: ​[mœʁte mɔzɛl]) is a department in the Grand Est region of France, named after the Meurthe and Moselle rivers.

Meurthe-et-Moselle's 4th constituency

The 4th constituency of Meurthe-et-Moselle is a French legislative constituency in the Meurthe-et-Moselle département.

Moncel-lès-Lunéville

Moncel-lès-Lunéville is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine

Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine (French: Charles Alexandre Emanuel de Lorraine; German: Karl Alexander von Lothringen und Bar; 12 December 1712 in Lunéville – 4 July 1780 in Tervuren) was a Lorraine-born Austrian general and soldier, field marshal of the Imperial Army, and governor of the Austrian Netherlands.

The Dressmaker of Luneville

The Dressmaker of Luneville (French:La couturière de Lunéville) is a 1932 French comedy film directed by Harry Lachman and starring Madeleine Renaud, Pierre Blanchar and Jeanne Fusier-Gir. It was made at the Joinville Studios by the French subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Fox later bought the rights to the film and remade it as Dressed to Thrill in 1935.

Treaty of Lunéville

The Treaty of Lunéville was signed in the Treaty House of Lunéville on 9 February 1801. The signatory parties were the French Republic and Holy Roman Emperor Francis II. The latter was negotiating both on his own behalf as ruler of the hereditary domains of the Habsburg Monarchy and on behalf of other rulers who controlled territories in the Holy Roman Empire. The signatories were Joseph Bonaparte and Count Ludwig von Cobenzl, the Austrian foreign minister.

The Austrian army had been defeated by Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Marengo on 14 June 1800 and then by Jean Victor Moreau at the Battle of Hohenlinden on 3 December. Forced to sue for peace, the Austrians signed another in a series of treaties. The treaty, along with the Treaty of Amiens of 1802), marked the end of the Second Coalition against the French First Republic. The United Kingdom was the sole nation still at war with France for another year.

Xermaménil

Xermaménil is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Communes of the Meurthe-et-Moselle department

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.