Lulu Press, Inc., doing business as, is an online print-on-demand, self-publishing, and distribution platform. By 2014, it produced approximately two million titles.[1]

The company's founder and CEO is Red Hat co-founder Bob Young.[2] Lulu's headquarters are in Morrisville, North Carolina.

Lulu Press Inc.
FounderBob Young
United States
Key people
Bob Young (CEO)
ProductsBooks, e-books, photo-books, calendars
ServicesPrint on demand and e-book publishing

Products produces books in print and digital form. Printed books are available in several formats and sizes including paperback, coil bound, and hardcover. Books can be printed in black and white or in full color.

In 2009, began publishing and distributing eBooks. also prints and publishes calendars and photobooks.


Authors upload their files. Material is submitted in digital form for publication. Authors can then buy copies of their own book and/or make it available for purchase in the "Lulu Bookstore".

By applying for a free ISBN and meeting distribution requirements, books can also be distributed to online retail outlets such as, Barnes & Noble, and Apple's iBookstore.

The author of a title receives an 80% royalty for print books and a 90% royalty for eBooks when sold.[3] Copyright of works uploaded and distributed via remains with the author.

Replay Photos

In January 2014, Lulu announced that it had acquired Durham-based sports photography company Replay Photos.[4] Replay Photos sells licensed images of collegiate and professional sports teams as photographic prints, custom framed photos, photos on canvas, and original wall art.[5]

Lulu Jr.

In 2014, Lulu launched Lulu Jr., which enables children to become published authors.[6] Lulu Jr. products include My Awesome Book, My Comic Book, IlluStory, and IlluStory Junior.[7] These book-making kits include materials that allow children to create their own books, such as blank story pages and markers. Finished stories and artwork can be submitted digitally or mailed to Lulu Jr. to be printed as a hardcover or a softcover book. In November 2014, Lulu announced a partnership with Crayola to produce new book-making kits such as Story By Me, Story By Me Hardcover, and Comic By Me.[8]

Lulu Blooker Prize

The Lulu Blooker Prize was a literary award for "blooks" (books based on blogs). It was awarded in 2006 and 2007 and sponsored by An overall prize was awarded, based on the winners of three subsidiary categories: non-fiction, fiction, and comics. The Lulu Blooker Prize was open to any "blook" that had been published "to date" (i.e., by the entry deadline) by any publisher.


The first competition saw 89 entries from over a dozen countries. A panel of three judges decided the winners: Cory Doctorow, Chair of Judges; Paul Jones; and Robin "Roblimo" Miller.[9]


  • Julie and Julia: 365 Days, 524 Recipes, 1 Tiny Apartment Kitchen by Julie Powell (main prize, non-fiction)
  • Four and Twenty Blackbirds by Cherie Priest (fiction)
  • Totally Boned: A Joe and Monkey Collection by Zach Miller (comics, self-published through


  • Biodiesel Power by Lyle Estill (runner up, non-fiction, see biodiesel)
  • An Historic Murder Mystery Set in the Internet Bubble and Rubble by Tom Evslin (runner up, fiction)
  • Dinosaur Comics: Huge Eyes, Beaks, Intelligence, and Ambition by Ryan North (runner up, comics)


The 2007 competition had 110 entries from 15 countries. The number of judges was increased to five: Paul Jones (chair), Arianna Huffington, Julie Powell (2006 overall winner), Rohit Gupta, and Nick Cohen.[10]


  • My War: Killing Time in Iraq by Colby Buzzell (Overall Winner and Non-Fiction Winner)
  • The Doorbells of Florence by Andrew Losowsky (Fiction Winner)
  • Mom's Cancer by Brian Fies (Comics Winner)


See also


  1. ^ "Lulu Enters Exclusive Licensing and Distribution Agreement With Easy Student Publishing for Kids' Creativity and Book-Making Products" (Press release).
  2. ^ Wolf, Alan M. (November 4, 2009). " adding thousands of e-books by traditional authors". News & Observer. Retrieved November 4, 2009.
  3. ^ Tilton, Kate (January 25, 2013). "Royalty Rates Comparison". BiblioCrunch. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  4. ^ "Lulu acquires Durham-based Replay Photos". newsobserver. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  5. ^ "Replay Photos: Help / FAQs". Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  6. ^ "Lulu Launch Lulu Junior Website and Introduce Children's Book-Making Kits". Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  7. ^ "Lulu Jr". Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  8. ^ "Lulu Jr.(TM) and Crayola Team Up to Make Children Published Authors". Yahoo Finance. November 25, 2014. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  9. ^ Gibson, Owen (April 3, 2006). "From blog to book: first awards for online writers who became mainstream successes". The Guardian. Retrieved November 16, 2015.
  10. ^ "War book wins Blooker blog prize". BBC News. May 14, 2007. Retrieved November 16, 2015.

External links


Alandi is a town and a municipal council in the Pune district in the state of Maharashtra, India. The town is popular as a place of pilgrimage and the resting place (Samadhi) of the 13th century Marathi Bhakti Sant Dnyaneshwar.

Attar (god)

Aṯtar (Arabic: عثتر‎; Musnad: 𐩲𐩻𐩧) is an ancient Semitic deity whose role, name, and even gender varied by culture.

Block post

A block post in railway signalling is the signal box at one end of a block section.


Gastronomy is the study of the relationship between food and culture, the art of preparing and serving rich or delicate and appetizing food, the cooking styles of particular regions, and the science of good eating. One who is well versed in gastronomy is called a gastronome, while a gastronomist is one who unites theory and practice in the study of gastronomy. Practical gastronomy is associated with the practice and study of the preparation, production, and service of the various foods and beverages, from countries around the world. Theoretical gastronomy supports practical gastronomy. It is related with a system and process approach, focused on recipes, techniques and cookery books. Food gastronomy is connected with food and beverages and their genesis. Technical gastronomy underpins practical gastronomy, introducing a rigorous approach to evaluation of gastronomic topics.

Girls With Slingshots

Girls With Slingshots is a completed webcomic series by Danielle Corsetto that premiered on September 29, 2004. The series follows several friends as they deal with life events like unemployment, marriage, and their sexuality. Corsetto self-publishes Girls With Slingshots on her website and has released ten volumes of the collected strips through and TopatoCo. Corsetto has received praise for her depiction of LGBTQ characters and characters with disabilities.A related webcomic by Bill Ellis and Dani O'Brien entitled All New Issues, which follows Hazel's cousin Robyn, was launched in 2010 and put on semi-permanent hiatus in April 2014.

Glossary of rail transport terms

Rail terminology is a form of technical terminology. The difference between the American term railroad and the international term railway (used by the International Union of Railways and English-speaking countries outside the United States) is the most significant difference in rail terminology. There are also others, due to the parallel development of rail transport systems in different parts of the world.

Various global terms are presented here; where a term has multiple names, this is indicated. The abbreviation "UIC" refers to standard terms adopted by the International Union of Railways in its official publications and thesaurus.

Hollandaise sauce

Hollandaise sauce ( or ; French: [ʔɔlɑ̃dɛz]), formerly also called Dutch sauce, is an emulsion of egg yolk, melted butter, and lemon juice (or a white wine or vinegar reduction). It is usually seasoned with salt, and either white pepper or cayenne pepper.

Hollandaise is one of the five mother sauces in French cuisine. It is well known as a key ingredient of eggs Benedict, and is often served on vegetables such as steamed asparagus.

Jerome Thoms

Jerome Thoms (October 7, 1907 – November 1, 1977) was an American film editor.He edited Blondie's Big Moment (1947), Blondie's Holiday (1947), The Chance of a Lifetime (1943), A Close Call for Boston Blackie (1946), The Devil's Mask (1946), The Crimson Kimono (1959), Underworld USA (1960), Shock Corridor (1963), The Naked Kiss (1964), West of Sonora (1948), and So Dark the Night (1946). He also edited What Makes Lizzy Dizzy? (1942) and Tireman, Spare my Tires (1942). In Screaming Mimi (1958) he worked with Gene Havlick.Jerome Thoms' editing in The Crimson Kimono adds a percussive force to many of the action scenes.He worked as art director in Escape in the Fog (1945).


The LVG C.VIII was a prototype reconnaissance aircraft built in Germany during World War I.

Otep Shamaya

Otep Shamaya is the lead vocalist and namesake of the nu metal band Otep.


Pauravas was an ancient Indian dynasty in the northwest Indian subcontinent (present-day India and Pakistan). was a website formerly owned by that allows writers to share their poems with the wider community.

Print Wikipedia

Print Wikipedia is an art project by Michael Mandiberg that printed 106 of the 7,473 volumes of English Wikipedia as it existed on April 7, 2015. The project shows the spines of the first 1,980 volumes in the set, supplemented by 106 actual physical volumes, each of which runs to 700 pages. A 36-volume index of all of the 7.5 million contributors to English Wikipedia is also part of the project. The table of contents takes up 91 700-page volumes. The printed volume only includes text of the articles: images and references are not included. The project was shown at the Denny Gallery in New York City in the summer of 2015. Similar projects have been held with a printed part of the German Wikipedia (Berlin, 2015) and with the Dutch Wikipedia (Ghent, 2016)

Mandiberg originally thought of the project in 2009 but ran into technical difficulties. He then engaged an assistant, Jonathan Kirinathan, to aid with the programming of the code to compile, format and upload an entire English Wikipedia download. The print files were uploaded to self book publisher and are available for printout as paper volumes.

Mandiberg's motivation was to answer the question, "How big is it?" For a big data entity, its size is on the threshold of what can be perceived as a collection of volumes, but not so large as to overwhelm one's senses, such as the data files of Facebook or the NSA. Katherine Maher, the Executive Director of the Wikimedia Foundation, described it as "a gesture at knowledge". Wikimedia cooperated with the project and helped fund it.The task took three years, and the upload process took 24 days, 3 hours and 18 minutes. It was completed on 12 July 2015. PediaPress had attempted to raise money for a full English Wikipedia printout on Indiegogo in 2014, with a goal of $50,000 (£30,000), but the project was pulled. The pulled project had intended to print 1,000 volumes, which would include 1,200 pages each: 1,200,000 pages in total equal to about 80 meters of shelf space. Mandiberg later assured people that he won't be printing out the entire collection, claiming an entire collection is not necessary for people to comprehend the true size of Wikipedia, and once people have seen a portion of it, it will help them realize its size. Mandiberg estimates that the printing costs of a full printout would be around $500,000. The Denny art exhibit featured only a selection of actual printed volumes with about 2,000 of the other volumes represented as spines on the wall. The show revolved around the actual upload of the print files to


A razor is a bladed tool primarily used in the removal of unwanted body hair through the act of shaving. Kinds of razors include straight razors, disposable razor, and electric razors.

While the razor has been in existence since before the Bronze Age (the oldest razor-like object has been dated to 18,000 BC), the most common types of razors in current usage are the safety razor and the electric razor, though other kinds are still in use.

Space elevator

A space elevator is a proposed type of planet-to-space transportation system. The main component would be a cable (also called a tether) anchored to the surface and extending into space. The design would permit vehicles to travel along the cable from a planetary surface, such as the Earth's, directly into space or orbit, without the use of large rockets. An Earth-based space elevator would consist of a cable with one end attached to the surface near the equator and the other end in space beyond geostationary orbit (35,786 km altitude). The competing forces of gravity, which is stronger at the lower end, and the outward/upward centrifugal force, which is stronger at the upper end, would result in the cable being held up, under tension, and stationary over a single position on Earth. With the tether deployed, climbers could repeatedly climb the tether to space by mechanical means, releasing their cargo to orbit. Climbers could also descend the tether to return cargo to the surface from orbit.The concept of a tower reaching geosynchronous orbit was first published in 1895 by Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. His proposal was for a free-standing tower reaching from the surface of Earth to the height of geostationary orbit. Like all buildings, Tsiolkovsky's structure would be under compression, supporting its weight from below. Since 1959, most ideas for space elevators have focused on purely tensile structures, with the weight of the system held up from above by centrifugal forces. In the tensile concepts, a space tether reaches from a large mass (the counterweight) beyond geostationary orbit to the ground. This structure is held in tension between Earth and the counterweight like an upside-down plumb bob.

To construct a space elevator on Earth, the cable material would need to be both stronger and lighter (have greater specific strength) than any known material. Development of new materials that meet the demanding specific strength requirement must happen before designs can progress beyond discussion stage. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been identified as possibly being able to meet the specific strength requirements for an Earth space elevator. Other materials considered have been boron nitride nanotubes, and diamond nanothreads, which were first constructed in 2014. In 2018 single-crystal Graphene was also proposed as a potential material.

The concept is applicable to other planets and celestial bodies. For locations in the solar system with weaker gravity than Earth's (such as the Moon or Mars), the strength-to-density requirements for tether materials are not as problematic. Currently available materials (such as Kevlar) are strong and light enough that they could be practical as the tether material for elevators there.

Supreme Court of Haiti

The Supreme Court of Haiti (French: Cour de Cassation) is the highest court in the Haitian legal system. The Supreme Court building is located in Port-au-Prince.

Thomas Cocklyn

Thomas Cocklyn was an 18th-century English pirate, known primarily for his association and partnership with Howell Davis and Oliver La Buze. He was reportedly elected captain "due to his brutality and ignorance" when first sailing from New Providence in 1717. Though referred to as "Thomas" by most later pirate historians and writers, contemporary trial depositions record his name as Jeremiah (last name Cocklyn or Cocklin).On April 1, 1719, Cocklyn was a participant in the capture of the West African-bound English slave ship the Bird Galley at the mouth of the Sierra Leone River, after he had been marooned by fellow pirate captain William Moody for attempted mutiny. The three pirate captains celebrated their victory on board the ship for nearly a month before releasing its captain, William Snelgrave, and giving him the Bristol Snow and the remaining cargo left from the pirates' week-long occupation of the ship.Due to disagreements between the captains, the three parted ways on May 10, 1719. At least one source says Cocklyn died on Madagascar, with captaincy of his ship Victory going to Richard Taylor, who afterwards sailed with Edward England and Jasper Seagar.

Track bed

The track bed or trackbed is the groundwork onto which a railway track is laid. Trackbeds of disused railways are sometimes used for recreational paths or new light rail links.

According to Network Rail, the trackbed is the layers of ballast and sub-ballast above a prepared subgrade/formation (see diagram). It is designed primarily to reduce the stress on the subgrade.

Other definitions include the surface of the ballast on which the track is laid, the area left after a track has been dismantled and the ballast removed or the track formation beneath the ballast and above the natural ground.The trackbed can significantly influence the performance of the track, especially ride quality of passenger services.

War Emergency Radio Service

The War Emergency Radio Service (WERS) was a precursor to the civil defense and Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Service systems in the United States.

At the start of the Second World War the United States Congress had suspended all amateur radio activity throughout the country. WERS was established by the Federal Communications Commission in June 1942 at the insistence of the American Radio Relay League. WERS would remain in operation in through the end of the Second World War in 1945. At the end of 1944, five thousand radio transmitters operated under 250 licenses. WERS was to provide communications in connection with air raid protection, and communications during times of natural disaster. WERS licenses were given to communities and not individuals. One of the requirements for individuals to participate in the WERS was to hold an Amateur radio license.


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