Luis de Guindos

Luis de Guindos Jurado (born 16 January 1960) is a Spanish politician. He was the Minister of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness of Spain between 2011 and 2018.[1][2][3]

Luis de Guindos
Luis de Guindos 2017 (cropped)
Vice President of the European Central Bank
Assumed office
1 June 2018
President Mario Draghi
Preceded by Vítor Constâncio
Minister of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness
In office
21 December 2011 – 7 March 2018
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy
Preceded by Elena Salgado (Economy and Finance)
Succeeded by Román Escolano
Minister of Industry, Energy and Tourism
Acting
In office
16 April 2016 – 4 November 2016
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy
Preceded by Jose Manuel Soria
Succeeded by Álvaro Nadal
Personal details
Born 16 January 1960 (age 58)
Madrid, Spain
Political party People's Party
Alma mater University College of Financial Studies

Early life and education

De Guindos was born in Madrid, Spain, on 16 January 1960. He is a Bachelor of Economics and Business at the Colegio Universitario de Estudios Financieros.[4]

Career

De Guindos was once the Managing Partner of Advisors AB, secretary of the magazine "Business Information Spanish", and vocal advisor to the Secretary of State for Economy of Spain and Head of Technical Office of the General Secretariat of Commerce.

In late 1996, de Guindos was appointed General Director for Economic and Competitiveness. He has served on the board of Renfe between 1997 and 2000 and the Official Credit Institute from 2000 to 2002. In May 2000 was appointed Secretary in General for Economy, and State Industrial Holdings Company. He was Secretary of State for Economic Affairs under Minister for Economic Affairs Rodrigo Rato in the last government led by José María Aznar and was succeeded by David Vegara. In this capacity, he was in charge of overseeing Spain's entry into the eurozone.[5]

Private sector, 2004–2011

In 2006, de Guindos was appointed advisor for Lehman Brothers in Europe[6][7] and director of its subsidiary bank in Spain and Portugal, where he remained until the collapse and declaration of bankruptcy of the latter in 2008. Subsequently, de Guindos became responsible for the finance division of Pricewaterhouse Coopers. Finally, and in a largely ceremonial role, he was appointed as a professor of finance at the PwC and IE Financial Sector Center of IE Business School (Madrid), between 2010-2012, before joining as a minister.[8] He was also a board member of Endesa SA, a Spanish power company.[9]

From 2011, de Guindos worked for the board of Mare Nostrum Bank,[10] which was formed in 2010 from a merger of savings banks, until he resigned to become part of the Rajoy government led by Mariano Rajoy in December of that year.

Minister of Economy and Competitiveness, 2011-2018

De Guindos has served as economy minister in Rajoy's centre-right government since it took office in December 2011 and is credited with steering Spain to economic recovery following the euro zone's 2009-2014 crisis.[11] He played a crucial role in negotiating the European Union's €100 billion bailout of Spain's stricken savings banks, and in spearheading the country's overhaul of the banking sector, labour market and other parts of the economy.[12] His implementation of a program of both structural reforms and austerity measures has earned praise from Spain's European partners and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), which estimated that no country other than Greece had implemented more structural reforms than Spain.[13]

In 2012, de Guindos and Rajoy initially blocked the appointment of Yves Mersch to succeed José Manuel González Paramo as member of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank, instead putting forward ECB General Counsel Antonio Sáinz de Vicuña y Barroso for the role.[14] At the time, analysts said that if Spain had nominated de Guindo's predecessor Elena Salgado for the board, she would have been a shoo-in instead of Mersch who was ultimately elected.[15]

In January 2014, de Guindos was elected co-chair (alongside Anders Borg, later Valdis Dombrovskis) of the EPP Economic and Financial Affairs Ministers Meeting, which gathers the center-right European People's Party (EPP) ministers ahead of meetings of the Economic and Financial Affairs Council (ECOFIN.[16][17] In August 2014, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who also belongs to the EPP political bloc, gave him her backing in his bid to succeed Jeroen Dijsselbloem as leading the Eurogroup from mid-2015;[18] Securing the Eurogroup post for de Guindos was a key political goal for Rajoy, who hoped that his appointment will cement perceptions both at home and abroad that Spain has emerged from crisis and can be taken seriously once again at international level.[19] Meanwhile, on 5 June 2015, Dijsselbloem announced he would seek a second term, prompting de Guindos saying he would mount a challenge.[20] At a Eurogroup meeting in July 2015, Dijsselbloem picked up 10 votes, with the remaining countries subsequently deciding to vote unanimously for his second term.[21]

In late 2015, de Guindos announced that Spain would have a budget deficit of less than 3 percent of GDP by 2016.[22] However, after the country missed its 2015 public deficit target of 4.2 percent during months of fruitless coalition talks following inconclusive national elections, Rajoy and de Guindos signaled they were open to asking the European Commission for flexibility on the target.[23] When the Commission eventually began formal disciplinary procedures against Spain and Portugal in 2016 for their excessive deficits in 2014 and 2015, de Guindos publicly promised that Spain would escape any sanctions from the European Union.[24]

When Spain's acting Industry Minister José Manuel Soria resigned in April 2016 following allegations of links to offshore dealings which emerged after he was named in the Panama Papers, de Guindos took on Soria's brief alongside his current responsibilities.[25] De Guindos continued to be in charge of the newly expanded portfolio in the second Rajoy Government from November 2016 on.[26]

In 2017, de Guindos was widely seen as a natural successor to replace Jeroen Dijsselbloem as next chairman of the Eurogroup but he ruled himself out early in favour of an expected candidacy to become Vice-President of the European Central Bank.[27] After Ireland withdrew the candidacy of Philip Lane in February 2018, German Finance Minister Peter Altmaier was one of the first among his peers to openly endorse de Guindos.[28]

In March of 2018, De Guindos finally left his position as Minister and Román Escolano replaced him. On 14 March 2018, a majority of the European Parliament endorsed him as new ECB Vice-President.[29]

Other activities

European Union organizations

International organizations

Research organizations

  • ELCANO – Royal Institute for International and Strategic Studies, Member of the Board of Trustees[37]

Political positions

De Guindos, who is married with two children, is a practicing Roman Catholic. In September 2014, he attended the beatification of one of the leaders of the conservative Opus Dei movement. Yet in the press he has said he supports the right of gay people to marry and did not support the government's 2014 proposal to outlaw abortion.[38]

During his second term in office, de Guindos rejected a potential bailout of troubled Banco Popular with public money.[39]

References

  1. ^ John Fraher and Angeline Benoit (April 27, 2012). "Spain Rules Out Bailout as De Guindos Says Banks Funded". Bloomberg. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  2. ^ "Ministerio de Economia Luis de Guindos presenta el cuadro macroeconómico que prevé un crecimiento del 3% para 2004" (PDF). Ministry of Economy and Finance (Spain). Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  3. ^ Daniel Woolls and Sarah DiLorenzo (June 9, 2012). "Europe bailout of Spain could cost $125 billion". The Washington Times. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  4. ^ Empresa (EOC) insider: Luis Jurado Retrieved June 10, 2012
  5. ^ Nicholas Hirst (October 2, 2014), Luis de Guindos: reform champion European Voice.
  6. ^ "Spain names ex-Lehman executive as economy minister". BBC News. December 21, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  7. ^ "Spain's new Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy has named ex-Lehman Brothers banker Luis de Guindos in the pivotal job as economy minister". RTÉ News. December 21, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  8. ^ "Luis de Guindos deja Pricewaterhouse y pasa al Instituto de Empresa". El Pais. February 2, 2010. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  9. ^ Emma Ross-Thomas and Charles Penty (December 22, 2011), Lehman Banker, Budget Expert Picked to Steer Spain's Economy Bloomberg Business.
  10. ^ "Commercial Banks: Company Overview of Banco Mare Nostrum, S.A." Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  11. ^ Robin Emmott (April 25, 2015), Spain to bid for euro zone chair in challenge to Dijsselbloem Reuters.
  12. ^ Tobias Buck and Peter Spiegel (June 9, 2015), De Guindos fights for eurogroup job, with Spanish pride at stake Financial Times.
  13. ^ Nicholas Hirst (October 2, 2014), Luis de Guindos: reform champion European Voice.
  14. ^ Andrew Gardner (November 22, 2013), Mersch appointed to ECB European Voice.
  15. ^ Claire Davenport (November 5, 2012), Spain opposes appointment of Yves Mersch to ECB Reuters.
  16. ^ Council of the EU and Ministerial meetings European People’s Party (EPP).
  17. ^ Spain: Luis de Guindos appointed Co-Chairman of the EPP Ecofin Ministers group European People’s Party (EPP), press release of 28 January 2014.
  18. ^ Merkel backs Spain economy minister to lead Eurogroup RTÉ News and Current Affairs, August 25, 2014.
  19. ^ Tobias Buck and Peter Spiegel (August 25, 2014), Angela Merkel backs Luis de Guindos to chair eurozone finance ministers’ group Financial Times.
  20. ^ Toby Sterling (June 5, 2015), Netherlands' Dijsselbloem seeks second term as Eurogroup president Reuters.
  21. ^ Zeke Turner (July 13, 2015), Dijsselbloem secures second term Politico Europe.
  22. ^ Gernot Heller (September 1, 2015), Spain is best example that Europe is doing things right: Schaeuble Reuters.
  23. ^ Rodrigo de Miguel and Sarah White (February 12, 2016), Spain likely missed deficit goal in 2015: economy minister Reuters.
  24. ^ Jesus Aguado (July 7, 2016), Spain says will escape EU deficit sanction, set new fiscal path Reuters.
  25. ^ Paul Day (April 15, 2016), Spanish minister resigns after links to offshore deals alleged Reuters.
  26. ^ Adrian Croft and Jesús Aguado (November 4, 2016), Cabinet reshaped by Spain's Rajoy draws strong opposition criticism Reuters.
  27. ^ Mehreen Khan (December 5, 2017), The Eurogroup’s revolution is on hold Financial Times.
  28. ^ Maria Tadeo and Carolynn Look (February 19, 2018), Spain Secures ECB for Guindos After Long Campaign to Regain Seat Bloomberg News.
  29. ^ www.europarl.europa.eu: Parliament endorses Luis de Guindos as new ECB Vice-President
  30. ^ Board of Governors European Investment Bank (EIB).
  31. ^ Board of Governors: Luis de Guindos European Stability Mechanism.
  32. ^ Board of Governors Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI).
  33. ^ Board of Governors European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).
  34. ^ Board of Governors International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  35. ^ Board of Governors Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), World Bank Group.
  36. ^ Board of Governors World Bank.
  37. ^ Board of Trustees ELCANO – Royal Institute for International and Strategic Studies.
  38. ^ Nicholas Hirst (October 2, 2014), Luis de Guindos: reform champion European Voice.
  39. ^ Andrés González and Jesús Aguado (May 19, 2017), Santander or Bankia viewed as likely saviors for Spain's Popular Reuters.
Political offices
Preceded by
Elena Salgado
as Minister of Economy and Finance
Minister of Economy and Competitiveness
2011–2018
Succeeded by
Román Escolano
Government offices
Preceded by
Vítor Constâncio
Vice President of the European Central Bank
Designate

2018–present
Incumbent

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